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A- D. After this second victory, prince Lewis ordered Niffa 1688. to be strongly fortified, and sent out a party; who, having u..—y»J advanced as far as Dragoman within four hours of Sofid, TekehV*- brought word that the Turks had deserted the fortress of ftatid. Mqst&fa Pqfba Palanka, and other castles in that abandoned country, The news of this great defeat was carried to court by Mqstafa Aga, who had been sent thither with letters by Jufigar, the Turkish ambassador at Vienna, and detained for some months by prince Lewis. Mean time that general being ^.,,. informed, that Orfirwa and Fetijlau were burnt, and Tekeli, t*ktn w**k ^ome Turkijh troops, was encamped near Widdin, where he had a stately house, he resolved to return that way to the Danube, and defeat him. Accordingly, setting out Oflober 4th with but a few forces, on the 14th came unexpectedly on the enemy; who, hastily getting in order of battle to the number of twelve thousand men, maintained a doubtful light for some time with unusual bravery, but, at length, were routed, leaving one thousand slain, with a great quantity of ammunition and provision, behind them. The castle, refusing to surrender, was so battered, that, on the 19th, the besieged, to the number of two thousand five hundred fifty-nine, capitulated to be convoyed to Nikopolis, whither Tekeli had fled before the battle; and there, with tears in his eyes, came out to meet them. The taking of Widdin was the more important, as it secured all the country gained by the two last victories; and cut off relief from Teme/war, and other Turkish garrisons in Hungary.

SECT. II.

'Administration of Ahmed Kyoprili, with the Recovery of Belgrade, and other Conquests.

T TPON the news of these misfortunes, Soleymdn hastens 'trlV3 **"' from Sofia to Adrianople, and returns an answer, till then deferred, to his ambassadors at the German court; ordering them to insist only on the restoration of Belgrade^ without mentioning the other provinces of Hungary. But Maurocordatus finding such things could not be proposed, conceals his orders; and pretends the Soltan would not give up any-thing, excepting what he had before-mentioned. Yet afterwards being reminded by his colleague, that both their lives would be in danger, if they mould be found to neglect the Soltdn's commands, he communicates the real state of the affair to the emperor; and receives such an answer as, he expected: for although Leopold, who was unable to carry on the war with success against two enemies, would A. D. gladly have made a truce upon terms, yet he was obliged to 1688. put off the affair to another time; because the Turkish am- V^"V>*J bafladors had not full power to make a peace; and he thought it dishonourable, after so many victories, to fend any of his own to the Porte, as it were to sue for peace.

Thus great advantages were lost which were never to ^ tut tut of procured again, only to preserve a trifling punctilio. Soltan'

Soleymdn, before he left Sofia, with consent of his council, had agreed to almost all the demands of the confederates; and caused instructions to be drawn up for his ambassador, to the following purpose: "that he mould use his utmost en"deavours to procure a peace, and give no ear to the French "promises; that he should labour to persuade the emperor "to restore Belgrade, and make it the limit of both domi"nions; that, in cafe of any scruple, he should first offer "Kanijia, then Giula, Temefwar, or else Great Waradin, in"stead of it; that, to content the Poles, he should propose "to demolish Kaminiek; and, if that would not do, to sur"render it. Lastly, as to the Venetians, that they sliould "keep what they had taken, and no mention be made of "Negropont. These instructions were carried back by Mof"tafa Aga, who brought the letters from the ambassador r."

Mean time the two armies in Poland do nothing but fliew Run;an, themselves to each other, being divided by the river Tyras, or ierUf,e or. Neister. But the Czars of Ruffta, raising, it is said, four hundred thousand men, send them, with fourteen hundred cannon, under the conduct of Basilius Galliczin, against the Tatars. Yet these vast preparations were rendered useless by the Czar's own regiment, which revolted while the Ruffians were besieging the city Or, commonly called Prœkop (S); and, by drawing into their party many of the most considerable officers, the army is forced to return home without success. In their retreat, they are attacked by the Tatars; and, thro' the perfidiousness of their intestine enemies, suffer a great Obliged to loss in the rear. At their return, Peter Alexiowitz, who"triatthen reigned alone, making a strict enquiry into the sedition, shuts up his sister, who had been the chief cause of the rebellion, in a monastery; banishes Galliczin, as privy to the conspiracy, to Archangel, and confiscates his estate; kills, like wild beasts, twelve thousand Streltzi's (T), publickly in the

y Rjcaut, ubi supr.

(S) It Hands on the isthmus, thence, by some, Preccfenfitn which gives entrance to the pen- Tartary. iosula of Krim, called from (T) Or Sterliti.

market

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market places and streets ; and, having abolished this military order, forms a regular militia after the manner of other Christian princes.

In the Morea this year, the Venetians besiege Monembajfia (Or Malvafia), and cut-off all provisions; while Liberaki, lately made prince of that country, attempts to relieve the city, but is repulsed with loss z. .Affairs of This war in the Morea requires a more particular account Albania, from the Christian historians: but, before we proceed to it, ir will be proper to speak of what passed in Albania. Count Picalomini, who commanded in those parts, sent word in Otlober to prince Lewis, that all the Albanians having submitted to him, he intended soon to subdue the country from Skutari to Novibaz&r, but wanted forces; hereupon the prince sent him three regiments under the prince of Hanover. With this reinforcement, he marched from Procopia to Pristina and Klina (or Klin), where six thousand Arnauds (or Albanians) met him with thirteen hundred carts of provisions. After this, he arrived at Kazianek, a little city with a castle; from whence he marched to Scopia (or UJhpia), whose Greek and Turkish inhabitants had abandoned it, and fled to Mahmtid Pajha encamped in a valley with ten thousand men. But these were so terrified at the bare shouts of the Germans, and noise of their cannon, which they fired for joy, that they fled also in great confusion into the woods, where many were killed by the Hujfars; and two thousand carts recovered which had been pressed in the country to carry-off the inhabitants into slavery. Places re- P ICO LO MINI, marching forward, burnt the antient ducid. feat of Ladijlaus Cziocchi, and then returned to Kazianek, where his distemper, supposed by some to be the plague, greatly increased. From thence he removed to Panni, where he heard that the governor of Pyroth, having invaded the enemy's country, and defeated a party of fifteen hundred Turks encamped near Dragoman before-mentioned, some hours from Sofia (T), was afterwards defeated by several larger bodies who came against him. After much fatigue, he arrived at the city of Profferin, where he was met by the archbishop of Albania, and patriarch of Klementa, with eight thousand Arnauds, both Greeks and Turks, who came to submit themselves. Soon after this, the brave count departed

x Cant. p. 363.

(T) Said here to be 6 or 7 hours, bat only 4 in the former place,

this life to the unspeakable grief of the -whole army, the- A. D, command of which devolved on Veterani. 1688.

Let Us now come to the affairs of the Mar ca. After the '■ ■>■ •* Venetians had withdrawn the Lost year from- before Negro- Venetians pont, the Doge, Morosmi, who had still an. eye upon it, win- attemPt tered with the fleet at Napoli di Romania, and ordered the channel on both fides to be well guarded. For all this, the captain Pajha broke through with several gallics, and landed' five hundred men, with proper instruments to,repair the breaches, which was accordingly done. Mean time, Morosmi, wanting forces to renew the siege of that place, resolved to attack Napoli di Malvqfia, whither he sent ten gallies and twelve galliots to assist the Maniots in building two forts near the town bridge, in order to block up the place. At the fame time Liberakhi, or Liberia, Bey of the Morea, lay encamped at Xcromerto, or Mijselonghi, near Lepanto, with one hundred Turks, one hundred and fifty Sclavonians, and some Venetians, who daily deserted to join the ensign* Bojfina and Vito, gained over by him two years before. To. put a stop to this desertion, ten chekins a head were offered^ to such as brought any to the camp; which had the desired effect.

Their next attempt was to destroy Libcrakhi, either by . -ralluring him to their camp, or rendering him suspected by.berakhi." the Turks. To this end they sent one Dambi, formerly an in-, timate of his, to Urakori, near Lepanto, where, having delivered his commission, Libcrakhi told him, he should readily have complied with the request of the Doge, who was his godfather, but was too deeply engaged with the Turks to desert them: for that he had not only married the late prince of Moldavia's widow, with an estate of twenty thousand crowns, by favour of the Wfaur, but his wife, children, and two friends, were in pledge for his fidelity. However he gave Dambi several lights into the state of affairs; promised further information to the Doge, and sent him back in opposition to Ali Bey, who wonld have carried him to the Serajiier, then lying at Zeytun with four thousand men.

On Dambi's return, the Doge set sail for Malvqfia, and r laid siege to the place both by sea and land. The garrison \A £'<• consisted of no more than seven hundred soldiers, which, Va u# with the inhabitants, made about two thousand souls. The streets were narrow, but the houses strongly built; and the upper rooms filled with earth to cover them from the bombs. Mean time, in June, the villages about Salona, which is near Zeytun, refusing to pay the Kharach, or poll-money, demanded by Libcrakhi, he marched against them: but, after a 8 bloody

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Bloody fight was defeated by the country people, under the conduct of Kharopoliti. Soon after it was resolved to leave 1 some thousand men at the pass of Korinth under Dambi, to prevent the Serajkier from entering into the Morea; while to block up Mahafia some regiments were ordered to raise certain redoubts on the fide towards the gardens, and a squadron of gallies posted there to assist the forces on shore. lut an re- The Doge, in the mean time, removed from the forts of

pulsed; St. Nicholas, which was the old Mahafia, to the new forts built at the bridge, whence they played with four fifty pounders on the town; which was not idle neither with its cannon. But on a sudden, a furious storm arose, which favoured the Turks : for it filled their cisterns with water, while it shattered the fleet, and overthrew the tents of the Christians on land. The hurricane being over, and the batteries raised, they plied the town incessantly both by sea and land, with their cannon and bombs, by which they hoped to reduce it; for, when they had made wide breaches, they hadneither men nor other preparations to storm them. They failed also to burn the galliots and other vessels, which the Turks had drawn close under the walls, for want of four ships which stayed behind. At the fame time, the officers and soldiers on shore approaching the town nearer than was safe or necessary to view the action, several were slain with musket-shot, and among the rest admiral Venier, the best sea officer belonging to the republick; while the besieged, from the concourse, apprehending an assault to be intended, sallied, and put them to flight with some slaughter.

Hack it up. After this the Doge,- despairing of taking the place by 'force, caused it to be blocked up; and, having battered down the suburbs from his ships, sailed away, intending to spend the remainder of the summer cruising in the Archipelago. But, being seized with a violent fever, and a report flying that the captain Pajha was at sea with a strong fleet, it was thought proper to return to Venice, whither they directed their course the 15th of September. While the Doge performed quarantine at Spalato, news came in the beginning of November, that the proveditor-general Molino had succeeded in his design against Trebigno, having possessed himself in that country of ten towers, seven of which he had demolistied, and garrisoned the other three, to check the incursions of the Turks *: to whose historians we shall now return.

Kvoprioli -about the end of this campaign Soltan Solcyman, la

madt Wa- bouring uuder a dropsy, by advice of his physicians, removes

air.

Ricaut, ubi supra.

from

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