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furies empty, amuses the officers for some time with words, and then endeavours to separate the chief" authors of the disturbances, under pretence of promoting them, in order to fend them to remote cities. By this conduct, the former hatred of the soldiers is revived against him, when assembled in the Orta Jami; they run through the streets, crying out, the Wazir ought to be put to death, as an enemy to Solt&n, Soleyman, a deserter, and a violater of his promises.

Presently after they surround his palace, whither,—, w . on the first alarm of their meeting, he had retired with « , , his officers; and, on being denied admittance to speak to vtn. that minister, attempt to break open the gates : but Siavus Pajba repels them with the arms which he found by chance in the palace; and kills above twenty Janizaries. The soldiers, more enraged at this slaughter, rush with their whole force upon the gates, and break them open. Mean time the Wazir shoots several with arrows from his chamber opposite to the gate, while his officers, about ioo in number, prevent the rebels from ascending, and force them into the Di■wan Khtineh (F). A bloody conflict hereupon ensues, wherein above 150 of the conspirators are killed upon the stairs, and as many wounded. But, at last, many of the Waztr's party being slain, the rest fly to the top of the house, and throw themselves into the street. Upon this, Siavus PAJb& retires again to his chamber; and, in the door, kills twelve Janizaries with his sword. At last, rather wearied with conquering than conquered himself, he is beaten down, and killed *' "J'4"'' by the soldiers, who cut his body in pieces, and throw them into the streeta.

R IC JUT relates several matters which pasted before the death of the Wazir, not mentioned by our Turktfb his

Cant. Hist. Othm. p. 350, & seqq.

preserve the empire, and be a wards the stair-cafe; where peo

check to the tyranny and vices pie standing may hear what is

of his successors, as well as of doing above. The Wazir sits

his ministers, by being an en- opposite to the stairs,in an alcove

couragement to the soldiery to made in the wall He is obliged

watch over the conduct of the to administer justice there Fri*

Pa/has, and reform the govern- days, Saturdays, Mondays, and

nient when grown negligent or Wednesdays, Thursday is a day

corrupt. Cant. of rest: the other two days are

(F) That is, the house of judg- for the Soltan s di'vdn. If hin

mintjBt place where the people's dered by business ot state, which

complaints are heard. It is a is rare, the Chaujh Bajhi'--sup-'

large hall on the second floor plies his place.—Cant: of the Wazir's palace, open to

B 3 torians.

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torians. According to him, Shaus Pajha made his entry into Constantinople, on the ist day of November, with great so1 lemnity; and presented the prophet's standard to the Soltan, . who, moving three steps forward, took it from him, and gave it to Mqftafa, the Seliktar, or Silahdar: then receiving his brother's seal, in the fame manner, returned the Wazir another with his own name upon it. Cbaneesat Notwithstanding this, the fury of the mutineers was court. not yet abated: for they committed several great men to prison; and had Rajeb Pdfbd strangled; although it was believed that the chief promoter of his death was the Wazir, who envied him on account of his great abilities. They likewise turned out their -dga, and chose in his room the Seliktar, a man but twenty-five years old, who had formerly beeni a surgeon in the Saray, and of no experience in military affairs.

This, however, proved a merit in his character, as it made him the fitter to be governed by them: for now the Wazir himself was forced to grant them all their demands, and apMontffro- prove m writing such methods as they judged proper for •7 • raising money; one of which was to tax the great officers

belonging to the late Soltan, down to the astrologers and goldsmiths, most of whom were fined to the full of what they were worth. The next method of raising money was, by admitting to ransom those who were imprisoned. These sums, thus collected, being sufficient to discharge the arrears due to the soldiers, things grew calm for a time; so that, on the 17 th of November, Soltan Soleymdn went in the morning by boat to the Saray of Ayub; where he was girt with the sword by the Nakib Effendi; and, when the ceremonies were over, rode back through the city, but with no great pomp. Civil list After this, he began a reform at court, by lessening the reduced, number of hawks and hounds. He reduced that of his horses to one hundred; made one hundred-and-fifty of his pages SpahVs, and changed the rest. The like was done in the court and chambers of the women: by which retrenchments eight thousand purses were saved yearly to the treasury. These proceedings greatly pleased the soldiers; but, the money falling short to pay them, it created new commotions. And now it was the W.lzir's turn to conjure up more; which he performed by the old method, in going over with the rich men once again. Among the rest, the Kizlar dga, whom he began with, was forced to pay nine hundred purses, besides his effects to a great value; and then banished to Rhodes. But the money raised, still falling short by two hundred purses,

the the sum was made-up by coining the silver and gold taken A. D. from the horse-furniture in the Soltdn's stables. 1688.

After this, things became quiet for the space of two *-"""V^ months; during which time the Soltan had thought of fend- ***"""'' ing an ambassador to France, England, and Holland, to no-n,lrt tify his advancement to the empire: but this uncustomary project, was superseded by the preparations for war, and breaking out of new commotions. For the soldiers, asiembiing with more insolence than before, in a very rude manner, demand of the Wazlr, the removal of Kyoprili, the Kaymaykam, from his office; which was immediately done, and he sent to the castle of the Dardanels, very glad to get safe out of their hands. At the fame time, several other officers were discharged; and such as the rebels nominated from among themselves, put in their room by the Wazir 1 whom they also forced to renew his oath to stand by them. ;„&// tk This done, he set up the horse-tail, as a signal of his Wazir; march into the field, in order to divert them from their designs; and made Shabdn Aga, his Kyehaya, Kaymaykam, as a man whom he could trust in his absence to govern the city. But, having nominated Zvlfikar Effendi, a person obnoxious ' to the mutineers, to the post of Kyehaya, Tesfuji, the most able and active among them, came and told him, that if he made that man Kyehaya, he would kill him before his face. This affront the Wazir dissembled, hoping they would soon render themselves odious to the people; as in fads they did, by taxing chimnies, giving orders for quartering soldiers, and raising money by extraordinary methods.

Mean time the Wazir, in concert with Kyoprili, and the , . Janizar-Aga, procured a Khatti Sharif', importing, " that the ienjcr *f_ "grievances of the soldiers having been redressed, and all their „/Æsi/. "just demands, gratified, it was their duty to be obedient "to the Soltan, as well as those officers set over them by "his authority, and not to meddle with affairs relating to "the goveSnent; and that, whoever was refractory, should "be punished as a rebel." This mandate, being sent to the Aga of the Janizaries, he assembled the chief officers; and, having read it to them, asked, whether they would obev it or not? They answered, yes; for none but the common soldiers joined with the mutineers. But Tesfuji cried out, he is a villain who obeys that mandate. Whereupon he was, by the Aga's order, carried into an inner room, and put to death. The Wazir also sent to seal up his house, in order to confiscate his estate; as he did by several others of the chief mutineers, whose persons he ought first to have secured.

B 3 Soon

A. D. Soon after, the Janizar Aga, thinking by his own autho1688. rity to disperse an assembly pf the malecontents in the Okmey'—""V-—1 dan (G); he was no sooner espied by Haji AU, an Armenian The Wa- reuegad0; anci a great friend os' Tesfuji; but he came up to zir sim- Yaxn, saying, You have murdered our companion, and endeapru ence. vsurej t0 j^ ^ijsention among us: then, striking him with his simeter, he was immediately cut in pieces. After this, the mutinous mob robbed the Tej'terddr'% house of a considerable sum of money, designed for paying the soldiers; and then assaulted the Wazir's house. But the Tefterd&r, and captain Pdjhd, being there with some other friends well armed, the rabble were repulsed. At length, the Wazir, thinking to pacify the tumult, resigned up his office; which proved his ruin : for now, on the loss of his authority, all his friends forsaking him, the mutineers broke into his palace, and Haji AU shot him with a pistol, while others wounded him mortally in the belly ; after having fought courageously, and killed several with his own hand., He could not be prevailed on to withdraw, saying, that he could not live long; and therefore would not abandon his family to the fury of such miscreants b. The fidi- After this, excited by a rage unheard of-among the Turks, tion quajb- they break into the womens apartments; and, cutting off the *d: noses, hands, and feet, of the Wazir % wife (H) and sister,

drag them naked through the streets; and commit other execrable crimes upon the (laves and female domestics (I). That minister's family, being thus destroyed, they rove like ravenous wolves through the city, and kill and plunder all they meet, as if partners with the Wazir in his guilt. A dreadful face of things appears, and the whole city would have been ruined, if the Ulema, who were the first authors of the tumult, had not composed it: for, assembling at the imperial palace, they there display the Sanjdki Sharif of Mohammed \

b Ricaut, vol. iii. in Soleyman II.

(G) A field without the city, gave them all her jewels, yet

where they used to (hoot with they treated her inhumanly, and

bows and arrows. wounded her; on which, it was

(H) She wgs daughter of the reported, ihemifearred and died:

great and famous Wax.fr Kiofriti that his eldest daughter, not

Ahmed Pajba, and sister of Kio- delivering her pendants soon

prili Mojfafa Pa/hd, who short- enough, they cut off her ears

■Jy after retook Belgrade. Cant. with them: and that they fold

(I) Ricaut does not mention a younger daughter, with a

this dragging thro' the streets, slave whom they carried away,

He fays, that, altho* his wife, for six dollars,
the daughter of old Kuperlee,

and,

and, by their criers, proclaim, that all Mussulmans, who A. D. would not be deemed infidels, should repair to that standard. 1688. The summons is obeyed, first by the citizens, and then by *^"V^w> the Janizaries, who, that they might not appear rebels, presently lay down their arms, crying out, that they had taken them up not against the Soltan, but his enemy the Wazir; whom having punilhed, they were ready to do whatever the Soltan should think proper c.

According to. Ricaut, this commotion was appeased as- the manner ter another manner. The tumult having now lasted three hmu. or four days, the rebels seemed to be absolute masters, for there were no officers alive who had any authority over them; when a small accident ruined their anarchy, after they had domineered for five months, killing and displacing the Pashas 'at pleasure. At this time four Janizaries having taken lome embroidered handkerchiefs out of certain (hops, the shopkeepers made a great clamour ; and, by the encouragement of an Amir, all rose, fell on the plunderers, and killed two of them. Hereupon the Amir, putting a piece of linen on a stick, and holding it up, cried out, Let all true Mussulmans repair to the Saray, and pray the Soltan to put forth the prophet''s Jlandard, and dejiroy these rebels. Upon this, the injured citizens crouded thither, which so encouraged Soleymdn, that at noon the standard was erected; and the people, by proclamation, ordered to come and fight under it.

This having brought an incredible number together un- „ , . der the walls of the palace, a Sheykh, or preacher, called •»." to them thrice from thence; and asked, whether they were contented with the present emperor i they answered in the affirmative, with three great shouts: but said, they would have the Gyurbas, or ringleaders of the mutinous militia, destroyed. Thirteen of them were thereupon taken, and cut to pieces; and the rest fled. The Mufti also was degraded for fiding with them; and Tab&k Effendi, who had been deposed by the mutineers, restored to that dignity. The Nifanji Bdfbi, an old man, was created Wazir; and a young man, fifth page of the royal chamber, made Aga of the Janizaries. Other vacant places were supplied, and the next day, all being quiet, as if no disturbances had happened, several Armenians and others, who, disguised like soldiers, mixed with the rioters to rob, were discovered and hanged. After this, the plunderers were, by proclamation, pardoned; who, within three days, should restore the goods or money to the injured citizens; which had a surprizing effect.

e Cant, ubi supr. p. 353.

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