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fTjrsdsaz -irrrCT: her thai the presence of fo many monks, trey liiti. iesarad rnrm, and made them fear some tragical ar.r:.~'cxf to —Hr arembry.

Aboct Ic years arzer, they were in such high credit at Tunata., ~ar R. Zacharuse had obtained leave to build a stately fjrjgjgae, and acadeaiy, in order to revive learning among

• De kii, vid. Aat Kit voL iT. p. 136. (S).

ether potato, whether jst/as drijti who had been crucified, night cot be the M e£ah; to which the Pharisees, who overruled the assembly, answered, on the following day, that he could not b« that person, becacse he appeared in a low and despised state; nhereas the Mesfiah was to appear in a glorious and triumphant manner. They likewise objected his being the son of a carpenter, and the aversion he had along shewn against the law ofMofts.

Here a rabbi, named Abraham, who was still unsatisfied with the pharisaic reasoning, strenuously insisted upon Ckrist't miracles; and asked them, by what power they thought he could work them c To this Ze

beJet, one of the chiefs of that sect, answered, that he wrought them by his magic art. Abraham objected, that no magic art coald give sight, hearing, or speech, to those that were born blind, deaf, or dumb : to which the other replied, that those blind, deaf, and dumb, had been so formed in the womb by magic art; and that he that cured them did nothing else but dissolve the charm by the same diabolical power. The Sadducees, tho' in other things so opposite to them, agreed with them in this; and the more readily, as they denied the resurrection, which Christ had so strenuously defended againii them.


hem. He had endowed the latter with a sufficient pension High error twenty-four doctors, who were to read lectures on the dit at Vihalmud night and day ; so that the school was to be always Clma, >pen, and some doctors teaching in it. The building, how- J\\=ver, was scarcely finished, when the emperor banished all the „' ■,?', Jews out of that capital, and turned their synagogue into a *,'%,„ * church p. They complain, that the empress superstitioufly iscribed her barrenness to their toleration; for which God punished her soon after; for that she was brought to-bed of a daughter, and died in child-bed. Not long after which, they J^-jw were all recalled, and settled m that capital. That monarch 1673.* did not a little resent the zeal with which those of Buds, sustained the siege against him; tho' in reality they did but their duty in it, seeing they Were subjects of the Ottoman empire. However, they are not only tolerated at Vienna, but are admitted to several high posts, and titles of honour; but the people, who begrudge them the wealth which they acquire under the government, sometimes raise vexatious commotions, in order to strip them of it. They were no less numerous and flourish- ~*"/' *9 ing in most other large cities of the empire, as well as in the Cf^*~ provinces of Servia, Croatia, Moldavia, Valantina, &c. and ' ** tho' they arc banished out of the city of Nuremberg, yet they are settled in most of the neighbouring towns, and have a fy- Settled in nagogue at Pfurt, and are even permitted to enter that cky, other part* under a guide who stays with them all the time. The fame oftixenmay be said of the city of Aujburg, where they had formerly^*, a synagogue and academy, and their doctors and disciples were maintained by the rich merchants of the place \ but have been since banished from it, and must buy the liberty os coming into it at the price of a florin for every hour they stay in it.

The Jews of Ratiston are accused of having stolen from the Christians there, one of their greatest faints, whom they call Emmeron, and affirm to have come from Poitott, and to have converted the Huns; whereas the former affirm him to have been of their nation, and descended from Amram the father of Moses. It is not easy to decide the controversy; only this may be fuel in favour of them, that they don't appear. so fond of saints as to steal those of the Christians; which is more than these can fay for themselves. Those of Worms are also charged, by one who abjured Judaism, tq have written the name of God on the top of their synagogue, out of a superstitious notion, that it was an effectual means of preserving

* Barbiio's Hill Judaic. Basnac. ub. sup. %. 20. *bxnja«

I'.is ot TfBiu,

it to them; insomuch, that they suffered it to be covered

with spiders webs, rather than run the risque of defacing it

by brushing them off. But the French soon convinced them

of the vanity of that notion, when they took that city, and

demolished that building to the ground. A late traveller

Numerous, reckons 30,000 Jews in Francfortr; yet they are but ill used

andiis- there; being often plundered, fined, and made to- earn

persedat water> where-ever any fire happens; and the citizens paint

rran rt»tnem in their houses in all manner of ridiculous and other

forms, on purpose to render them despicable and odious:

and yet they seem fond of living, tho' in extreme poverty and

contempt, in all these parts, and often produce some very

learned men among them (F).


r Historical remarks on a journey into Italy, dp. Bass Ac. nb. sup .§ .25.

(F) Among them was the famed cabbalist Nathan deSpira, who, about an. 1640, wrote a panegyric on the Holy Land, intituled The Good of the Earth; and another called Megillath Humucotb, or Volume of the Profundities; which is a cabbalistical comment on some verses in »he third chapter of Deuteronomy, wherein he hath discovered sundry deep mysteries, which he there explains, and removes the difficulties which occur to him.

There flourilhed another famed one at Cisenftadt, about an. 1682, named Mordechai, who set up at first for a prophet; and finding the people ready to credit him, gave himself out to be the Messiah. Those of Italy wrote letters to invite him thither, where he was according received with great respect; but the rabbi who conducted him thither having discovered his imposture, began to cry him down; but was forced by the rest to retire, and obtained a certificate from them, upon condition that

he should speak no more against him; but upon his breaking his word, was accused of divers notorious crimes. However, the false Messiah was found out, and forced to retire from Italy into Poland; and it is from the rabbi above-mentioned that we have this account, so that it can hardly be called in question.

But the most celebrated rabbi that Germany hath produced in the last century, was the great Isaac Loria, author of the metaphysical introduction to the cabbalah, in which he examine; the reasons which induced God to create the world. He was a native of Jerusalem, and his appellative of Jjkenafi (German), was only given him on account of his long abode in that country; for he retired again into Palestine, towards the latter end of his life, and was buried at Sapheta in upper Galilee. He wrote several other treatises, which the reader may fee in the authors quoted in the margin (11), but that above-mentioned

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We come now to those that are settled in Holland, where, If we may believe one of their writers, they enjoy greater liberty and quietness, and are more flourilhing and wealthy than in any other part of the world *. They are here of two sorts; viz. those who come from Germany, and those wKo come from Portugal and Spain, and are so divided, on ac* count of some difference in their ceremonies, that they heartily hate each other (G). Zeigler was once very considerable among the former, and came to Amsterdam, on purpose to delude them with the hopes of a messiah, whom he pretended to have already seen at Strajhurgb, and who would appear immediately as ter their conversion and agreement were compleated (H), and soon after destroy Anti-Christ's and the Turkish empire, and extend his own from one end of the world to

8 Dan. Levi De Barrios, Casade Jaacob, p. 24.

Was so highly admired by our (H) This messiah, whom he great Henry More, that he affirmed to be lineally descend

Jews in






thought it might be of singular se/vice to convert not only the Jeivs, but the heathen, to Christianity (iz).

(G) The true reason, however, of this extreme hatred, if we may believe the Germans, lies deeper, and is more justifiable; <uix. the dissimulation and remiffness of those of Portugal and Spain; who, as we have observed more than once, live in those countries, and conform in all things with the popish religion, for the sake of enriching themselves, and then retire into Holland, to enjoy with more safety the fruits of their hypocrisy. They charge them likewise with being too remiss in many things relating to their law, of wnich themselves are more scrupulous observers; and if we may judge of those in Holland by those in England, where one sort is tenacious, and the other remiss, to an extreme, if not to a fault, the charge will appear far from groundless.

ed from David king of Israel,
by the line bt Nathan, was then,
he said, but fourteen years old.
His ancestors had resided about
1600 years in the kingdom
of Tunis, whence they passed
afterwards into that of Gra~
nada in Spain, whence being
expelled by king Ferdinand,
they had settled themselves in
Germany. He was then at
Strajhurgb, where Zeigler had
seen him, and for whom he re-
ferred a diadem and sword, to
put into his hand, in order to
bring all the world under his
dominion. This was his fabu-
lous account of him. However,
this cheat must not be confound-'
ed with another jabbi of the
fame name, who was descend-
ed from the house of Salmes,
born at Landau, and was well
veised in most sciences, for this
last died about 70 years before
(13), and was called James, and
the other Philip.

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the other. He was likewise to assemble a general council at Constance, which would last twelve years, and put an end to all their feuds about matters of religion. This meffiah, however, did not appear; and the Jews found themselves vilely deluded by that impostor '.

Of those who retired thither from Portugal and Spain, one

Accused ofof their chiefs, named Michcz, of Spani/b extract, is accused

intelli- by Stradau of having promoted the wars in the Loiv Countries,

gencea- by promising the magistrates of Antwerp a powerful succour;

finals;tl" ant^ wrote to them from Conjlantinople, that the Grand Seig

nor would, in a short time, find so much work for the king

of Spain, that they would meet with no great obstruction from

him. But tho' he did not keep his promise with them, it

shews that the Jews were safer in those parts than in Spain,

since he chose to shelter himself there so early. For it was not

till about forty years after that those of Portugal and Spain came

to settle in Holland. However, their first assembly at Amjlerd<m

caused no smalljealousy among the citizens.who took them at first

for Roman-catholics in disguise; till, upon searching their house;,

especially those where they met to worship, they found nothing

but Hebrew books, and the volume of the Mosaic law: upon

which they were only charged to pray for the preservation of

the city, which they readily promised; and built soon after

The first their first synagogue there, which they called the House osja

synagogue cob, because a rich Jew of that name was the founder of it".

in Am- They reared another not long after, which they stiled Nne

sterdam. Shalom, the Dwelling of peace; and put it under the care of a

J second famed rabbi, named Judah Vega.vfho was come from Africs

built. but left it, and retired to Constantinople; where he compiled a

history of his nation, down to the destruction of Jerusalem,

by '/aus. He was succeeded by R. Uziel, who censured th«

faults and remissuel's of the Jews, in such severe terms, that he

A third, incurred their hatred; upon which a third synagogue wa>

A. C. built, to which the schismatics repaired, under the conduct

1618, of another rabbi, named Par do. This last was stiled Beth

Israel, the House of Israel. This schism lasted about 20

years, not without great heat on both sides; but was at

Ke united, length happily ended, and the three synagogues were K

A. C. conciled, and united into one, to which they gave the

1639. name of Thalmud Hathorath, or, The Study os the La-ji (I).

X. * Voetii, torn. ii. p. 95. » Strad A de bell. Belg. lib. v. p. 214. "Vid. SLva del Aaton. Alvares Sn


(I) Since then they have well as synagogues; and one of taken .care to found schools as (hem called Kethtr Hatbirab,

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