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were sent, with four thousand men under command of a Pasha, to attack Titul; which, on the fourth day, wns surrendered by captain 77ms, on condition that the garrison, consisting of only one hundred and twenty Germans, and two hundred Rascians, should be conducted to the imperial army. But, when they came to march out, the Pasha's lieutenant would not suffer the Rafcians to pass, giving orders to put them all to the sword. Thos, resolved not to bear this treachery, came to such high words with the Pajha, that the latter drew his simeter; but Thos, being too quick for him, shot him dead with a pistol, and then another Turk near him. The breach now being irreconcileable, he caused his men to fire on the Turks; whence ensued a most desperate fight. But the imperialists, being overpowered by numbers, they were almost all flain, after killing five hundred of the enemy. Prince Mean time prince Lewis, being arrived on the 29th of
Lewis July at Peterwaradin, next day sent word to the JVazir, by marches a spy who was taken, that he was marching towards him with his whole army; which soon after, by reinforcements, amounted to sixty-fix thousand and seventy men. With these he advanced first to Carlo-wist, and then to Salankement (C); where being informed, that the whole Turkish army had passed the Save, and encamped at Semlin (or Semelin) on the Danube, opposite Belgrade, he marched on the 12th of August within cannon-shot of the Turkish camp. This being pqsted on a rising ground, not to be attacked without great -disadvantage, it was resolved next day to march back to Salankement, where their provisions were lodged; the enemy being too strong in shipping for their vessels to attend them. The 16th, the imperial forces began their march, which the Turks, mistaking for a flight, on the 17th attacked their rear, but were repulsed with loss. It was now expected that next day there would be a general battle. But, instead of that, the W&zir, following the advice of the French who were about him, marched half a league beyond them (D), that he might cut-off their communication with Peterwara•c 1 _ din; and there the Turks posted themselves with such expekemen dition, that, in twenty-four hours, they had fortified their
(C) OtSlankemen; which, ac- milit. deFcmp. Ottoman, part ii.
cording to count Marsfgti, who p. 96.
gives a plan of the battle, is a (D) Count Marjigliiays, he
ruined castle on the south side made this forced inarch under
of the Danube, opposite to the favour of the night,
camp camp with regular walls the height of a man, and bastion* planted with cannon, leaving only a passage for coming in and going out of the camp.
This was an unlucky step for the Germans: for, by that means, not only fourteen hundred recruits fell into the enemy's hands, and were all slain excepting thirty, but they also intercepted one hundred and fifty waggons carrying provisions to the imperial army from Peterwaradin, which was their grand storehouse; besides one hundred ships belonging to their siittlers. The imperialists, after this loss, perceiving no deliverance but in their swords, on the 19th, armed with despair, by break of day, put themselves in a posture of battle, and marched directly towards the Turks', so that about noon, both armies drawn up, faced each other at a small distance. The prince of Baden commanded the right, and count Donewaldt (E) the left wing.
The Turkish army consisted of about one hundred thou- 7£*Turksand men(F), of whom sixty thousand were the best soldiers in ifh army the Othman empire; besides fifteen thousand of the veteran Janizaries. They were advantageously posted, having the Danube on their backs (G), and in their front a deep ditch, with earth thrown-up behind them. However their left wing (H) lay somewhat more exposed than the right. On the other hand, the greater part of the imperial infantry was divided into twenty battalions, flanked with two regiments of horse, and the greater part of the biggest cannon. The rest of the army was drawn-up in the usual form: and, on the signal of a bomb, all marched in an equal line, till within two hundred paces of the enemy; and then the cannon, on both fides, began to play. At first it was intended to attack the enemy's left wing (I), before the right, to give room for the
(E) Or Tinevold, as Marfigli (G) The Danube also covered calls him: he commanded the their left flank, as it did the right horse; prince Lewis the infantry, of the imperialists. Their right
(F) Our author, in another wing, which, consisted of the place, says, that the Wa%ir had cavalry under the Serajkitr, was drawn from all parts no fewer not so well covered. Yet, bethan 80,000 good experienced ing very numerous, they flanked soldiers; besides 10,000 order- the imperial horse.
ed for Great Waradin, under (H) Rather the right more
xbtSereJkierTopalHnffeyn Pajbd than the left; or the infantry,
of Si/i/Ma. Afterwards they which was more intrenched with
were said to amount to 87,226 the Danube, covering their
horse and foot, being counted flank.
as they crossed the Save: besides (I) Rather it should seem the
3000 seamen, some Spam's, and right wing, for the left was at
the rabble attending armies. tacked first,
A. D. foot, who were placed on the rising of a hill, opposite to the 1691. main intrenchment of the Turks, which was fortified with 0"v>wJ eighty pieces of cannon: also to charge the enemy's horse drawn up below the hill in the plain, with intent, after having overthrown them, to force through the camp, to that part where the enemy was less fortified. Iristly at- It seems the right wing, happening to be somewhat too tacked. forward, began the engagement before the left, hindered by the high grass and bushes, could come up. But, being arrived at the very intrenchments of the enemy, the Janizaries fired on them so furiously from their breast-work, that the regiment of Souches was forced to give way, till the foot joined them. And now both cavalry and infantry, advancing to the very brink of the trenches, the las ter made several attacks on them; and, though sometimes repulsed, yet, being relieved and directed by the brave dukes of Holstein and Aremberg, they continued the fight from three in the afternoon till night. In this time, all the superior officers of the infantry were killed, excepting count Guido of Staremberg, and prince • Charles of Vaudcmont, who yet were both wounded. Thrircamp Mean time the enemy, attacking their left wing, and farttd. flanking it, were bravely repulsed by Castelli and Hoffkerchen: but the 'Turks, rallying all their horse into a body, fell on with greater fury, and charged the brigade of general Sarau, which belonged to the right wing, and cut down two battalions; while those of Offing, Beck, with the old regiments of Staremberg and Brandenburg, suffered very much. So that till fix o'clock fortune favoured the Turks; at which time things were in such a desperate condition, that the generals began to despair of saving one man; for there was no place of retreat for them. However, animated by their danger, the imperialists began to redouble their endeavours: but were ready to turn their backs, when those, who kept the baggage, and remained for reserves, advanced to their relief. At the fame time, the main body of the army, under the Brandenburg general Burfu and Brandt, coming up seasonably to succour count Sarau, he rallied again, and defended his post till an hour before night: when the brigades of Hoffkirchen and Castelli, with the right wing commanded by prince Lewis, advanced towards that side of the enemy which was not intrenched; and at last, forcing their camp, drove them from the rising grounds, where they had planted their cannon. A e 'te ^s k°n as t^lis was °bserved by the Hungarians and RasBqjer. cians, who now wanted to escape, they resumed courage, thrown. ana" came thundering-on; cutting-down all before them in the camp, which opened a way for the right wing to ad
vance: so that the Turks, being thus hemmed-in, and attacked on all sides, in a narrow ground between their trenches and the Danube, they were defeated, and began to fly. The horse, fof the most part, escaped by the opening made for the right wing: but the infantry continued to defend themselves so resolutely in their trenches, that, although the field was yielded to the imperialists, yet they received here their greatest loss; for this action cost the life of the duke of Holstein, sergeant-general, with a deluge of blood, to subdue the already conquered enemy. The remainder of the Turkish cavalry, among whom was the pri««e- Wazir himself, were forced to break their way through the narrow spaces between the lines; in which attempt many were slain, drowned, or mortally wounded. Among these last were the prime IVazir, Serastier, and Ago. of the Janizaries; who all died of their wounds at Belgrade (K).
Besides these, and many more principal officers, tins Their lost Turks were computed to have lost, at least, twenty-five thou- great. sand men (10,000 of them Janizaries J, to three thousand one hundred and sixty-one of the imperialists; among whom were many officers of note: and their wounded amounted to four thousand one hundred and thirty-fix. Here the prince of Baden, to say nothing of the other generals, got immortal honour; and the booty was very great: for, beside one hundred and fifty-four pieces of cannon, there were a great number of ensigns, with the grand IVazir's standard; ten thousand tents; ten waggon-loads of copper-money in theJVazir's tent; fifty-four trunks in that of the treasurer, twelve in silver; and twenty-four chests of Kaftans, or vests.
The news of this great defeat coming to the Soltan at Ærianop/e, he made Ali, Pafbd of Scio, and Kyehaya to Kyaprili, grand IVazir in his room, and sent him to Belgrade, Thither Sir JVilliam Hujsey, and Mr. Collier, designed to accompany him to mediate a peace. But Sir William dying on the 14th of September, an end was put to the treaty; and the French ambassador encouraging the Turks by a powerful invasion in Germany, a continuance of the war was resolved on: notwithstanding the great distress which the Othman empire was in, for want of men, money, and bread.
Mean time, a consequence of the battle of Salankemeh, Other al. besides the taking of Lippa by Veterans, was the desertion oi vantages.
(K) The Turks say, he died The Turks perhaps in the first
in the field of battle, not flying, article, the Germans in the se
bnt in pofleflion os the victory, cond. Which party is to be believed?
Brodt, in Sclavonia, by the Turks; who were defeated likewise in several small rencounters: but the prince of Baden's 1 main design was upon turning the blockade of Great Waradin into a formal siege, which he did in October. However, although the Turks, to avoid a storm, deserted the city, and half the fortress was destroyed by a bomb falling into their magazine of powder; yet winter coming-on, and the besieged resolutely holding-out, he was obliged to turn the siege again into a blockade, after building a fort which com'Affairs of manded the fortress.
the Arabs, In the beginning of the year 1692, two Arab Amirs, infesting the country about Damajhus, stopped the karawans going to Mekka, till they paid Kafar, or custom, and the arrears due to them from the So!tun, qn account of the pilgrims, were discharged. In February, a Persian ambassador arrived at Adrianople, with three hundred thirty-eight persons in his retinue, and sixty camels laden with presents for the SoltAn. He was lodged in a magnificent palace, and had his kitchen furniture all of silver. He came to congratulate the Soltan on his accession to the throne; and made the longer stay under pretence of renewing the ancient leagues, in order to pry into the weak condition of the Turks: who, .to conceal their distresses from him, wanted him to be gone. About the fame time Tekeli arrived at court, where, at the solicitation of Chateau Neuf, the Trench ambassador, he had great honours done him by the Wazir; after which he returned to Hungary b. tfthe During the transactions at the Save, the Poles, in the last
Poles, month of this year, pass the Tyras (or Niester), and make an expedition into Baffhrabia: but, being pressed with want of provisions, they, on report of the Serajiier, Buyukli Mqftafa Pasha's approach, return home without doing any thing remarkable. aWVene- Mean time the war, between the Venetians and Turks, is tians. carried on by artifice rather than arms: for the latter became masters of Garbusa, an almost impregnable castle in Kandia, by the treachery of a Spanish officer (L). They attempt the fame at Suda and Spina longa; but the Venetians, more watchful of those fortresses, discover their design, and put the conspirators to death.
k Ricaut, in Acbmet.
(L) Named Ahyjius, to be re- busa, who, as he said; had ravenged on the governor of Gar- vished his wife.—Cant.