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In the interim, Arabhji All Pa/ba(M), Kaymaykam ofCon- A. D. ftantinople (a man inferior to many in abilities, but to none in 1691. wickedness) being made Wazir by Soltan Ahmed, in the room *—"-v~—J of Kyoprili Ogli, he revives the talk of peace, and lends a fa- Wicked vourable ear to the ambassadors of Christian princes; efpeci- a2ir* ally Paget (N), the English, and Collier (O), the Dutch, who were sent for that purpose to the Porte. But, being informed by Mauro Kordatut, that Germany was so exhausted of men and money, that, very probably, the emperor could not support the war above a year or two longer ; he immediately cuts-off all hopes of peace (P), and applies himself wholly to renew the war: pursuing such measures as might at once supply the exigencies of the treasury, and remove out of the way men of superior abilities to his own. Accordingly, he puts to death many eminent persons of the first rank, under various pretences, and confiscates their estates. Not content with this, he orders even the Janizaries, and common soldiers, distinguished for their bravery, to be thrown, privately by night, into the sea; that no person might be left alive, who should be esteemed more worthy of the Wazirjhip than himself.
This cruelty being frequently complained of to the court, peace fad and those persons, whose lives were spared by accident, or aside.
(M) Arabaji signifies a waggon maker or waggon-driver; a surname given him either as having been such, or because of his stupidity. Cant.
(N) He was of a noble family,very learned, and well skilled in the Greek and Turkish languages, besides other sciences. Was very prudent, and perfectly understood the way of obtaining any thing from the Turks, among whom he left a very good name. Cant.—This was lord Paget.
(O) Born at Smyrna, where his father was consul; and, having in his youth, learned the functions of an ambassador, as well as the Greek and Turkijh, he was reckoned the wisest and most civil of all the ambassadors among the Juris. As.he also freely entertained the cour
tiers, greedy of wine, he got
(P) Ricaut fays, it was looked
Arabdji's ignorance, representing to the Soltan, that, by
The new Waztr concerted measures for settling a* peace: but the ambassadors, who had been four years at Vienna, returning home; and, being bribed, 'tis said, by the French ambassador, excite the Turks to continue the war, representing, that Germany was exhausted of its strength; that the emperor, being one hundred millions in debt, could not raise supplies; and that both Hungary and Germany were afflicted with a dearth: which representations were not so false as agreeable to the Porte.
Waradin The Wazlr therefore, laying aside all pacifick measures,
surrenders applies himself to renew the war: but, because the number of Janizaries was extremely lessened by the German sword, and ArabAji's cruelty, while the soldiers, terrified by the late defeat, could not be assembled with expedition, he fends the Serajkier, with what forces were ready, towards Hungary with orders to defend the borders, relieve the Turki/h cities, and avoid a battle with the Germans. He indeed kept the imperial troops from approaching the Save; for, being weak, they were not desirous of an engagement: but could not
Hej. 1103. hinder Heujler, lately set at liberty, from obliging Waradin, A. D. blocked-up the 3'ear before, to surrender for want of provi1692. slons, on the 21st of Ramazan 1103 c (May 25th 1692).
HE US LER, before the Turks got into the field, drew
Heusl together all the forces he could, in order to reduce the place by siege. To this end, in May 9691, he raised two bulwarks opposite those of the enemy, called Rungar and Ka~ fudan; he caused a bridge also to be laid from the Palanka of Oloschi to the old city, notwithstanding the sallies of the Turks: so that by the 7th, the imperialists had surrounded the city, and lodged themselves In the ditch. After this, the" bombs and cannon played furiously on both fides, till the
« Cant. Othm. Hist. p. 383, & scqq.
( QJ Ricaut takes notice of applying to him to turn-out the the cruelty, as well as inexpe- Kaymaykam of Adrianople. rience, of this choleric old "(R) Tarsus is a sort of cap Wazir; and fays, he was ba- worn by the Turki/h women, of listied, after being ordered to which this Wax.tr seems to have « strangled, by the StJian, for been a maker in his youth.
19th, when the heavy cannon coming-up, and a iarger breach being made, the besiegeSr, who before rejected the summons, on the 28 th, seeing the imperialists preparing for the assault, thought fit to capitulate, on condition of being convoyed to Panzova. There were found in this important fortress 5000 measures of barley, 1000 of wheat, 300 sacks of rice, 50 vats of flour, 50 brass guns, 22 mortars, 70,000 pounds of good powder, 723,000 of decayed powder, 3500 cannon-balls, 30,000 pounds of unwrought, and 4300 of wrought, iron. The garrison, to the number of 1200 fighting men, and in ail 12,000 souls, were detained without the city, till the Turks had released the garrison at Pefcobara, who had been detained there contrary to articles.
The Otkmans, being desirous of revenge, in June detached other ada strong party towards EJsek, with a design to make an incur- wantages. fion into Sclavonia; but were repulsed here, as well as at Titul and Titz, by the Rascians, while the Kroats plundered and burnt Behatz and OJirofatz. In July, the Turks attacked the fortress of Port/en near Peterwaradin, but were forced to give over the enterprize; which yet they attempted a second time, no less in vain.
There happened no considerable action on either side in Hungary this campaign, only the Kroats and Rascians made an incursion towards Meydan, with good success; and the latter had the luck to break into Morava, and take 200,000 dollars, after defeating the Turkish convoyd.
About the fame time, the Serajhier of Babadaghi, Dalda* Affairs of ban Mqflafa Pajha, in conjunction with Arap Pajha, governor Moldaof Trebizond, in the end of the month of Zilkaadeh, enters via. Moldavia. There being joined by the prince of that country, and twenty thousand Tatars, under the command of Shahbaz Cyeray Soltan, marches towards Soroka: but, being detained for several days by a bloody flux, at the town of •' Orheyus, four days distant, gives the Poles, till then negligent, time to fortify that city, and reinforce the garrison. As soon as the Serajkier was recovered, he hastes, and lays siege to Soroka, whose garrison was at first terrified ; but, finding that the enemy had only seven small field-pieces, and two mortars, they resume courage, and destroy great numbers of them by sallies in the night. At length, the Serajkier, finding that the walls could not be undermined, as built on a rock, and that winter approached, is obliged to retire after thirty day9 liege, and the loss of three thousand men e.
* Ricaut, ubi supr. c Cant, ubi supr. p. 385.
Mod.Hist. Vol.XIII. F Ttf
The siege of this place is represented very differently by our historians. According to Ri'caut, the Serafkier Mojtafa 'Pajbd, on the 27th of September, with 30,000 men, fat Sorakafo-jown before Soroka, whose garrison, consisting of no more Pcg'«- tilan (500 soldiers, bravely resisted so great a power. For though the Turks, on the 1st of October, advanced their trenches to the ditch side, yet they lost 600 men in storming the place; and though, by their continual firing, they made great breaches, yet the besieged, with indefatigable industry, repaired them in the night. On the 6th likewise, they beat the enemy out of the ditch,-and countermined their sappings. However, early on the 9th, one of them having thrown down part of the wall, they began the assault, which the Poles bravely withstood for four hours, driving them from the walls, as often as they advanced, and planted their colours. In this action, the besieged took three standards, and killed 800 of the enemy; then, prosecuting their success, drove them out of most of their posts, and lodgements, flaying 1000 of their men. The Turks, dismayed at these repulses, raised their camp in the night, with such precipitation, that they left behind them two great guns, and three mortars, with ammunition and provision f. Poles re- At the end of the campaign, the Khan of Krim Tartary, ja/e peace. Kior Sefa Gyeray (S), by advice of Daltab&n Pasha, fends Darwtjb Shaban Aga, one of his officers to the king of Poland; offering to restore Kaminiek, with all Podolia and Ukrania, in cafe he would renounce his alliance with the emperor. But the Poles, who had conceived new hopes of subduing all Moldavia, from the ill success of the Turks against Soroka, pay no regard to the Khan's proposals. Venetian The fame year, the Venetians, having entirely subdued affairs. the Morea, resolve to turn their arms against Kandia; and, transporting their whole army to that island, think to surprise Kanea. But the Turks, informed of their design by a French Ihip, had put so strong a garrison into the city, that the Venetians are repulsed with great slaughter, and obliged to retire, aster a siege of fifty days(T). With equal success
(S) This was the only prince Cant —Kior signifies one blind
of the family of Chcb&n Gyeray, of an eye.
who arrived to the dignity of hopes of carrying the place, if
Khan; which he did not enjoy 1000 French, in their service,
above one year. After his depo- had not, at their first landing,
sitionthe empire of Tartnry re- deserted, and gone over to the
turr.ed ta the legitimate Gyeray 1. Turks.
Soleyman Pasha, governor of Arnaud, defeats the Monte Negrini, meditating a rebellion; he likewise recovers Za^and Panduriza. The Serajkier of the Morea, encouraged with' those advantages, makes several incursions upon the Venetians; but, attempting to seize Naupailum (or Lepanto), is repulsed with great loss. Worse luck in Dalmatia attends the Pajha of Hercegovina, who endeavouring, by AU Beg, to recover Cracow, the besiegers are suddenly attacked by the enemy; and, being put to flight, their general is taken prisoner.
The campaign of 1103 being ended, the Soltan next year Tie Wahas twins born to him at Constantinople, Selim and lira- ifotnmov him (U). As this had never happened to any Soltan before, **•. the Turks considered it as a presage of future success; and Hej.1104. for eight days celebrate the Donanma (W), with other sports ;* usual on such occasions. Amidst these rejoicings, the IVazir °'' Torposchi Ali Pajb& endeavours to renew the negotiations of peace; but, being reprehended by the Mufti, and Soltdn Ahmed declaring it done without his knowlege, he is deprived of his dignity, as a betrayer of the law and the empire. His successor, Buyukli Mojlafa PaJhA, endeavouring to put a stop to the rapines committed by several great men, through the negligence of former Wazirss, some of the offenders murmur openly, and others form a secret plot against him; but, their assemblies being disturbed by the JanizarAgaji, his friend, and the ringleaders either put to death, or banished, the city is restored to its former tranquility.
While the nevtWazir was employed in making prepa- Sedition rations for war, and had now encamped without Constants- begun nople, the Sheykh of Prusa, Misri Effendi (X), erects his
(U) Ricaut observes, that, in public rejoicings for a victory,
the midst of these rejoicings, a or a fortress taken. On such
fire broke out in three different occasions the shops are kept
places,whichburnt400o houses, open day and night, all forts
and 2000 shops. At the fame of diversions, and even wine al
time, one of the Mendra, or lowed to be drank publkkly.—■
steeples, of Soltan Soleyman^ Cant.
moslc fell to the ground j which (X) He was in great renown
was esteemed an evil omen, pre- for his sanctity; yet many
saging the next campaign to be thought him too great a fa
a bad one. About the same vourer of the Christian religion,
time, according to the same au- from some expressions in the di
thor, Soltan Ahmed began to vine poems which he published,
be afflicted with the dropsy, the and ordered to be sung in th«
fatal distemper of his familv. Jatni. Cant.
(W) So the Turks call 'their
F a standard