Imagens das páginas

A. D. standard in that city; and lists above three thousand voluni&93- teers, under the title of Darwifhes, without pay, or allowV^V>J ance of provision, merely in the name of God, and in confidence of the divine assistance. With these he comes to Adrianople; and, marching to Selim's temple, at the time of noon-day prayers, first performs his orisons with great devotion, and then makes a speech; in which he tells them, "It was revealed to him from God, that the cause of the "Othman ill success of late was not the valour of the Getty Mifri "mans, nor the sins of the whole nation, but the ill conduct Effendi. "of seventeen great men, and governors of the empire, as the "Wazir, Janizar Ago., Kaymaykam, Tefterdar, Reis Ef"fendi, and others whom he named: that, unless these "were put to death, no advantage could be hoped against "the Germans, but greater calamities, and even the de"struction of the whole empire, were to be expected; that, "there being no occasion for a numerous army against the "Infidels, he had, by God's command, collected a body "of soldiers, few in number, and unarmed, but animated "by a divine power, and untainted with sin; with whom "he would undertake, not only to stop an innumerable host "of Gyazvrs, but likewise drive them from the borders of "the empire." Th Wa- The noise of this affair bringing together great numbers, zir alarm- not on^ °^ tne common people, but Janizaries, Spain's, and tjm others of the better fort, the Sheykh harangues them for four

hours together. The Wazir, being informed hereof, and fearing a sedition, sends the Kaymaykam to desire the Sheykh to come to him: but Mifri Effendi answers, "That he was "the servant of God, sent to the people of God, to declare "what had been revealed to him; and could see no reason "why he should abandon his call, in obedience to such a "Gyawr as the Wazir was." The Kaymaykam, perceiving, on account of the people, that he could use no compulsion, returns to the Wazir; tells him what he had heard, and advises him instantly to disperse the aflembly, since the Sheykh's whole discourse tended to sedition against_the nobles, and probably the Soltan himself. The Wazir having sent for the Janizar Jga, and other officers branded by Mifri Effendi with the name of Infidels; they fend to inform Ahmed, by a Talkhijb, that the Sheykh, with a body of soldiers disguised like Dar■wifhis, was in the Selimtyah, giving odious appellations to his majesty, and charging the great officers of state with being Infidels, as well as friends to the Germans; whence he declared, that the divine blessing could not be expected upon the Othman court.



The Salt An, enraged by such misrepresentations, orders" the rebel to be seized; and, since he could not be pat to death, as wearing the green turban (Y), to be banimed with his sol- _, lowers to Prasa. BnyukU 'Most as a hereupon fends again the L \s/!',"i Kaymaykan, attended by the Janizar Agafi, and a good number of soldiers, who, in the Solttln's name, salute the Sheykh, still holding-forth, and inform him; that his majesty, hearing of his sanctity, desired to enjoy his conversation, and that he would instantly come to the palace. Mtsri Effendi told them, " That, although they seemed to be sent "rather by SheytAn than the Soltan, yet that he would go "where-ever they lead him: he added, that, to convince "them he spoke nothing of himself, they mould, in a few "hours, receive tokens of a divine evidence." Having said this, he mounted the Soltdn's chariot, attended with the guards; and pastes with great honour through crouds of people: but, as soon as he is at some distance from the populace, he is put into a covered waggon, and conveyed to Rodo/lus, from whence he is transported to Prusa (Z).

His prediction however was fulfilled two days after by a Hispredic great whirlwind and storm, which threw down almost alltio" 'utrithe tents in the camp; some of which falling on the fires pre--^* pared for dressing dinner, and their flames catching hold of the rest, above a thousand tents were consumed in one hour's space: nor were the rest saved without great difficulty. The people looked-on without giving their assistance, saying, it was a judgment for banilhing the servant of God, and witness of the truth. The Solt&n himself, struck with terror, sends the Sheykh a respectful letter, and " intreats his pardon; "confessing himself deceived by the treachery of his ministers; "and desiring him to return to Adrianaple, in order to give "the army his benediction." Misri Effendi answers, "That "he knew at the first the fault of his banishment was in the "great men, and not in the Soltan: that he had therefore "long since forgiven, and even forgotten, the crime: but that •' he could not return to Adrianople; because the spirit, which

(Y) Which belongs to the the preacher, and put to death

Amirs, or kindred of Mobam- the chief ringleaders; among

vied, mentioned ina former note, whom were a rapacious Pasta,

(Z) Ricaut mentions this fe- two Agas, eleven officers, and

dition of a learned Turk against an astrologer, who could not;

the Soltan, as well as the Wazir, foresee his own fate. These tu

and ministers in general. He mults were followed by reports

places it on the I ;th> of OStober of strange prodigies and appari

1694, and fays, it was quashed tions, with which the Soltan was

by the Kaymaykam, who seized very much affrighted.

F 3 "had


Fire at

had prompted him to the first journey thither, would not "permit a second 8."

Mean time a fire happened at Constantinople, which burnt

down 20,000 houses and shops. This disaster was succeeded

v^omcan- ^ tne ngws tjiat ^ new jfjfo. 0f tjje jrays> descended from

°' Mohammed, threatened to besiege Bajfora (or Basrah), in the Persian gulf, to which he pretended an hereditary right: so that the Soltan was obliged to fend troops over, under the command of the Pa/bd of Bosnia, to reinforce the militia of those quarters. But, being arrived in the neighbourhood of that city, which is all a flat country, the Arabs let out the river by sluices; which overflowing the camp of the Turks, six or seven thousand of them perished in the waters, and the rest were all put to the sword. Teno ta- Since the taking of Great Waradin, Ghiula and Jeno had ken. been much streightened by the imperialists. The latter par

ticularly having been for some time blocked-up by Heiyler, that general, on the 16th of June, began to attack its suburbs, which he took; and, having, in a/ew days more, by his bombs and cannon, made a breach in the city-walls, the Turks, not willing to abide a storm, capitulated on the 27th of the fame month. Presently after which he went, and took the fortress of Philagoras h. Belgrade About the fame time, the Wazir marches from Jdrianopie, with a design to penetrate, by Tekeli's route, into TranJilvania (A). But, hearing at Distra, that the Germans, after taking Gena and Villagoth-uiar, had besieged Belgrade, he returns towards Chenghe Daghlari, and, with no less danger than difficulty, conducts his army through the straits of those mountains, scarce wide enough for an unarmed man to pass. The German general, being informed that the Wazir was attempting the conquest of Tran/ilvania,went loiteringly on with, the siege, which had continued twenty days already (B).

* Cant, ubi supr. p. 386, & seqq. h Ricaut, in Achmet.

(A) Ricaut says, he left Adri- ended about the 1 oth of Septem

tmopletht 26th of June, O. S. £«■ 1693; for the trenches were

with that design; but, hearing not opened till 13 days after the

the ficge of Belgrade was intend- place was invested: neither was

ed, he marched that way with the fleet, for hindering provisi

80,000 men. and supplied" the ons coming to the town, ready

garrison with 3000 men. btfore it was invested ; nor the

■ (B) According to Ricaut, ma- cannon broughtbefore the place,

ny b aril' wen; committed in till five weeks after it was in

the management of this siege, vested.

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But, when he found Buyukli Mostafa had passed the moun- A. D. tains, he pushed it with such vigour, that, by his cannon '693. and mines, he had, in eight days, not only demolished the K*r>rsJ outer walls, but also shaken the inner, in such a manner, as seemed to render him master os the city, although defended by sixteen thousand Othmdns; if thtIVaztr, leaving behind him his baggage, and larger cannon, had not, on the eighth day, advanced to its relief.

The Germans, perceiving, from the smallness of their num- ^Tatars bers, that they could not, at the fame time, carry on the ever. siege, and make a stand against the Wazir, who was about to thrown. attack their camp, break-up, and pass the Save with their whole army. The Othmdn general, taking their retreat for a flight, informs the Soltdn, that he had gained a victory: but, not daring to cross the river, and attack their camp, he fends Selim Gyeray Khan, with his Tatars, to ravage the adjacent provinces of Hungary, and cut-off the Germans from all opportunity of procuring provisions. The Khan, roving about incautiously, is surrounded at Khonad by the imperialists appointed to guard those parts, under the command of Hofkirkben; and (hut up in so narrow a space, that he could not make use of his horse, or find any means of escape. Being thus reduced to the necessity of submitting, or starving, if he continued in this situation, and, finding no other way to get out of it, he engaged the Tatars in a project never before heard of, or practised, among them: this was, to kill their horses, and fall upon the enemy on foot with their swords. So unexpected an attack, at first, confounds the Germans, till, resuming their courage, they inclose them a second time, now almost escaped; and make such a slaughter, that, excepting the Khan, and a few of his attendants, scarce a man pf them was saved'.

R IC A UT gives no account of this action, but'does oi" j)efeaUj another of the fame general, before Giula, on the 19th of at Giula, October, citing his letter to the duke of Croy; in which he fays, that he fell on the Turks and Tatars unexpectedly, drove them beyond the first Palanka, and made his dragoons pass the ditch on foot: that the enemy were very strong, confisting of 40 troops of horse, 1200 Janizaries, and 2800 Tatars, who came to convoy provisions into the fortress: that 1000 of these last were killed, 2500 beasts taken, and all their provision burned. He adds, that he was preparing to follow the Tatars who were marching to Debrezin; and

1 Cant. p. 390. See alsoRicAUT.

F 4 . 'perhaps

A. D. perhaps the defeat of them may be the action ascribed to Hoff

1693.. kirken by the Turkish historians.

C/"W' The imperialists had this year one other piece of success

Brunzen against the Turks: for count Batheim, Ban of Kroatia, Dal

P an matin, and Sclavonia, haviDg marched from the river Unna

and, on the 19th of September arrived at Brun

zein Maydan (C); which was one of the Soltdn's magazines,

and famous for the iron and copper mines in its neighbour-*

hood. Next day the artillery began to play; and for two

hours the Turks defended themselves bravely: but, at last, the

pallisades being cut down, the city-walls were forced, and

- above 500 men and women put to the sword, among whom

were two chief commanders, and a third taken, with many

other persons of note. They found a great number of bombs,

some 200 weight, store of brass curiously wrought, and other

rich plunder, which they carried off, and then burned the

city, with its suburbs, to ashes. This loss chagrined the

Porte: but they were more alarmed at a fire which Happened

at Constantinople on the 26th of August, and burned dpwn

one fourth part of the city k.

Poles, Ve- While the imperialists were revenging on the Tatars the

netians. many defeats given by them to the Polish armies, the Poles

themselves, either amused with new offers frpm Selim Gyeray,

or deterred by former misfortunes, continue unactive(D).

The Venetian arms are likewise quiet in Greece. However,

in Dalmatia, they besiege Klobukhi, under the conduct of

Erizzo, governor of Katarri (or Kattaro), but are repulsed

with considerable loss by the Pasha of Hercegovina; who,

notwithstanding, is soon after defeated by Canegottl.

77'irWa- Mean time the Wazir returns to Adrianople: but, while

«ir chang- he expects to be rewarded for raising the siege of Belgrade,

ed. and driving the enemy from the borders of the empire, he is

deprived of his dignity on a very slight occasion. For, going

out one day to divert himself with hawking, the Koltuk IVa

zh-lcri, who had long been his 'enemies, take a handle from

hence to persuade the easy SoltAn, that he neglected the affairs

of state, and minded nothing but his pleasures. Hereupon

Ahmed takes from him the imperial seal, and gives it to Sham

k Ricaut ubi supr.

(C) It stands on the river Sa- be sent to Warsaw; so that na, between Kaslano'vitz and it was generally believed a Bibacz, to the east. peace would be concluded : but

(D) Ricaut observes, that the he fays, the Venetian neither French ambassador procured an did, nor attempted, any thing ambassador from the Porte to in the year 1693.


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