Imagens das páginas

RICAUT gives a more advantageous character of him j as that he was a very good-natured- prince, who seared no hurt himself, nor intended harm to any body: that he was of a lively, free, jocund, humour; being both a poet and a musician, so that he made verses and fang them. He played well also on the Citern and Koloffeo after the Persian manner. The fame author fays, that the cause of his death was a great defluxion on the lungs; that, in his last agony, he desired to speak to his brother Mostafa; and that, Mojiafa not being to be persuaded to go ta him, he ordered him to be told all his desire was, that he would permit his son to live '. i f He had large black eyes, a pale complexion, a round sandy * 'beard, with a mixture of black; a strait and long nose, a middle stature, with a prominent belly, occasioned rather by the dropsy than fat'.


The Reign of Mostafa II.


Transactions to the Battle of Olasli.

22 Soltan A FTER Ahmed's death, xheWazir Sham Tarabolus Alt Mostafa. _/"\_ Pasha attempts to set aside Mostafa, eldest son of Mohammed IV. as Kyoprili Mostafa Pajhd had done on the death of Solt&n Soleyman II. but not with the like success. To gain this point, he calls a council of the principal officers of state, and exhorts them to place Ibrahim, the son of Ahmed, a prince of three years old, on the throne; alledging that it was unjust to give the crown from the son of a Soltdn, who had died in possession of it, to the son of one who had been deposed. These were his pretences: but his true reason was, that he feared to lose, under a prince of vigour, and versed in affairs, as Mostafa was, that absolute power over the state and army, which he had enjoyed under Ahmed, and hoped to continue, without danger or controul, under his infant son. But, before he could gain the great men to his opinion, Nezir Aga, the Hazanddr Bajhi (N), informs Mostafa of his


* Ricaitt, ubi supr. l Cant, ubi supr.

(N) Or keeper of the treasure Aga, and continued so the whole, deposited in the womens Saray. reign of Mojiafa, with so much He was soon after made Kisz'er anthojity, that the Ifazirs feared brother's death; and, releasing him from his confinement, calls on him to assume the Othman sceptre. The prince readily agrees to such grateful advice; and, while the IVazir is' consulting about the election of a Soltan, without his knowledge ascends the throne, where he is first saluted emperor by Chalik Ahmed Aga (O), and Cherkies Mohammed Aga (P).


This election being notified to the rest of the courtiers, it ?"fcms» was extremely agreeable to them, and all met to kiss the L

Soltan's robe. The Wazir himself, finding his designs prevented by the domestick officers, hastens, with an air of joy in his countenance, to pay his devoir; and is presented with a robe lined with sables by the new emperor: who, dissembling his resentment, orders him to take care of the affairs; and the third day after declares his intention to command the army in person against the Germans ( QJ. He examines, orders, and disposes, every thing; appoints great cannon to be cast, and directs the military preparations: nor was he unmindful of his father's faithful officers, dispersed in distant countries; these he rewards with new posts. Among the rest, Elmas Mohammed Pasha (R), his father's most beloved chamberlain, is sent fbr out of Bosnia, and first made Nishanji Pajbd (S),

ed him. But, after Mostafa t deposition, the rebels laying on him the blame of all which had been done amiss, he was sent to Egypt. Cant.

(O) Chalik signifies maimed or wounded. He was Imrahor, but would never accept of a Ttojhdlik. There was another of the name, who was made fanizar-Aga by the rebels under Ahmed III.—Cant.

(P) He succeeded Cha'ik Ahmed Aga as Buyuk Imrahor, or great sword-bearer; was afterwards Pajhd of Hales; then of 'Jerusalem j and, lastly, Sjirajkier of the Morea, as he no w is. Cant.

( QJ According to Ricaut, on this occasion, there having been only i 5 purses left in the treasury by Ahmed, the great officers and Ulema were taxed; the Wazir in a million and half, besides five millions in jewels. The queen mother advanced seven

millions and a half in ready mo-
ney; and half a million was
taken from the widow of the
late Soltan.

(R) For his great beauty call-
ed Elmas, or the diamond, by
Soltan Mohammed IV. He was
discrete, sober, and prudent,
free from covetousness (a rare
instance among the Turkijh no-
bility), and a great lover of ju-
stice; except when reasons of
state obliged him to make away
with rivals. Though not so ex-
perienced in war, as other old
Pajhas, the defect was supplied
by good natural parts, and a
wonderful quickness in execut-
ing affairs.—Cant.

(S) He who sets the Tura, mark, or character, oftheSo/tans name at the top of all the Fermdns, or orders which are made. This is a very honourable place.—Cant.



then Rekiub Kaymaykam (T). By this means he gains such a reputation, that the people revere him as a fun rising from behind a thick cloud; and the soldiers come voluntarily, offering themselves to serve under him the ensuing campaign. Puts him ■^lLL things being ready, early in the spring, he commands to death, the Wazir to encamp without Adrianople. Three days after, . disguising himself to know what was said of him, and his ministers, by the soldiers, he finds, that they still supposed every thing to be directed at pleasure by the Wazir, without his knowledge. As this increased his resentment against that great officer, he resolves to destroy him; and, perceiving, while he examines the warlike stores, that the carriages of the larger cannon were not sufficiently strengthened with iron, sliarply reprimands him. The Wazir, to clear himself, casts the blame on the TopcM Bdjhi (U) : but this latter, in his own defence, declares, that the Wazir had refused to give him the iron which was wanting. The Wazir not being able to deny this, Soltan Mqstafa orders him to be put to death, and his body to be exposed for three days in the Sirik Meyddn". TaiesL'vp- He is succeeded by Elmas Mohammed Pq/hd before-menpaa»</l i- tioned, a person of most acute genius, and worthy that digtul. nity; but not without the murmurs of the old Pajhds, who

resented that they should be commanded by a youth unexperienced in affairs. However, Soltan Mojiafa, regardless of these murmurs, pastes the Danube (W), with his army, near Belgrade, and takes Lippa (X). Afterwards he reduces Titul, and demolishes the walls of both places. Mean time, being informed by the Tatar scouts, that Veterani, with 7000 Ger

Cant, in Mostafall. p. 395, & scqq.

(T) That is, Deputy stirrup- (X) On the 7th of September

holder, who is appointed to 1695, putting all the garrison

transact affairs when the Wazir to the sword: for the Turks hav

is at war.—Cant. ing got a good way before, the

(U) Overseer os the cannon, elector of Saxony, who had a

and soldiers thereto belonging, somewhat stronger army, not

with the Kombaraji, or gunners, able to overtake them, on ac

The powder, balls, and rest of count of the bad ways, after four

the artillery, are under the care days march was obliged to tarn

of the Jebeji Bajhi. Cant. back to his former camp, Jeav

(W) He set out the 10th of ing the enemy at liberty to atJune, with an army of 50,000 tack Lippa; which they took by men, ordering, among other re- storm, after four hours deregulations, that no man should rate engagement. Ricaul.

be served by boys, or ride into
cultivated grounds. Ricaut.

mans mans from Tranfilvania, was within eight hours march of the imperial army, commanded by Frederick Augustus (Y), elector of Saxony, he fends Mahmud Beg Ogli, Beglerbeg of' Rum Hi, with the light-armed forces to intercept them, and follows hastily with the rest of his army. The second day he comes in sight of the Germans, who might be called the most courageous troops which Germany ever produced: for, without any sign of fear, they halt; and, in a manner, challenge to battle the Turks, pouring upon them in prodigious numbers.


M AHMUD Beg Ogli, though much superior in strength, Veterani orders his troops not to engage, but only keep the enemy in attacked. play till the arrival of the Soltan, who immediately orders his Janizaries to attack them on all sides. On the other hand, the imperial general, leaving two regiments to guard the camp, had drawn-out but 5000 men into the field; who yet so bravely sustain the shock of the Othmdns, that, after a short opposition, they are obliged to retire. The Soltdn, perceiving from a distance so unexpected a slaughter of his men, in a rage advances; and, killing several of the runaways with his own hand, urges the rest to renew the fight. The Turks, excited by the shame of their repulse, passing by the left wing of the Germans, attack their camp surrounded with carriages, and break into it, though with considerable loss. Veterani, seeing this, leads back his troops; and, falling on the plunderers, makes a greater slaughter than before.

Hereupon the Turks again fly without stopping, till met Hit brave by the Soltan : 'who, seeing Shahln Mohammed Pajba, re- defence, proaches him in these terms; "He was guilty of a great error "who called thee Shahln, that is, thefalkon, since thou doest "not, like a falkon with rapacious talons, strike at thy ene"my's head; but, like a crane, draw after thee a company "of fugitives." Shahln, stung with these expressions, rallies with Mohammed Beg the flying troops; and, resolving to conquer or die, makes a third attack upon the Germans. The Janizar-Aga, reprimanded by the Wazir, does the like by the dispersed Janizaries. Thus the sight, being renewed, continues for several hours with great ardor; and the Germans would probaby have withstood all their efforts, if Vcte*

(Y) Called by the Turks, take the Turkt at V.ppa; bat

Naal Kiran, or the horse-Jhoe they, being reinforced with

breaker, on account of his won- 6000 Tatars, were marched to

derful strength when young, wards Tranfilvania to attack Ve

Cant. The elector was ad- terani in his camp, where he

vanced again, in hopes to over- had6joomen. Ricaut.

Ivjod. Hist. Vol. JyllJ. G rani


rani had not, in the heat of the battle, been obliged by a wound (Z) to quit his horse, and get into a waggon: for, on 1 fight of this, the imperialists destitute of a commander, retire.

and re- However this retreat was performed in so good order,

treat. tnat Salt An Mostasa, perceiving it dangerous by pursuit to drive such valiant hearts to despair, privately orders the Mufti, by some means, to keep the Othmdn army in the camp. This that prelate effects by a Fetvah, declaring, That it it contrary to the precepts of the Koran to pursue too closely a flying enemy; and that he would lose the crown of martyrdom, who should perish in such a case. And indeed the Soltdn had many important reasons for restraining his soldiers from any farther engagement; since the death of 1000 horse and 1500 foot, slain on the enemy's part, had been revenged by the slaughter of the chief officers of the army (A), with about 10,000 common soldiers. The Soltdn therefore, leaving the Germans to make a secure retreat, leads back his forces towards the Danube. In this march he takes Logufh and Ka* ranfebes, places destitute of defence (B); and, demolishing them, returns triumphant through Walakhia (C) to Constantinople. On the other hand, Frederick Augustus, having rather shewn his troops to the enemy, than led them to battle, without any trophies, fends them into winter-quarters. The Poles The Poles, either on account of the king's indisposition, «wtt. or deterred by their former losses, do not venture to re-enter Moldavia this campaign; content with having secured their conquests, and defended their borders from the perpetual incursions of the Tatars. These never failed every year to lay

(Z) He wap (hot through the nor did he give any great indibody with a mufkee-ball, and cation of bravery: for in all accut over the head with a sime- tions he kept at a distance, and ter, of which wounds he died, out of musket-stiot, yet he wrote All his men were cut to pieces, several letters to his mother, having had to deal with 18,000 and several Pajhds, extolling his Janizaries, and 40,000 Spain's, actions, and declaring, that he Ricaut. had (lain 10,000 Germans, and

(A) Mahmud Beg Ogli, Beg- taken 3000 prisoners.

lerbeg of Rum Hi; Shakin Me- (C) In passing through Wa

hemed Pajhd; Ibrahim Pajhd, lakhia, strict discipline was kept.

brother of Kojah Jaffer Pajhd, A Tatar was hanged for taking

and others of the first rank. a kid by force; and two Turks

(B) According to Ricaut, the for robbing a bee-hive. The Soltdn, for these exploits, got Scltdu stopped awhile about/fiVgreat esteem among his great din, and crossed the Danube op

men; although nothing could positc to Nikopolis.
be ascribed to his experience,


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