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California, Captain Francis Smith, Commander. Cook, which is elaborately chronicled in A VoyBy the Clerk of the California (Theodore Swaine age to the Pacific Ocean. Undertaken by the ComDrage). Adorned with Cuts and Maps (London, mand of his Majesty, for making Discoveries in 1748).
the Northern Hemisphere. To Determine the Henry Ellis's Voyage to Hudson's Bay, by the Position and Extent of the West Side of North Dobbs Galley and California (under Moor and America ; its Distance from Asia ; and the PracSmith) in 1746–7, for discovering a North-West ticability of a Northern Passage to Europe. Per. Passage, with an historical account of the efforts formed under the Direction of Captains Cook, hitherto made for the finding that passage (Lon. Clarke, and Gove, in his Majesty's ships the Resodon, 1748).1
lution and Discovery. In the Years 1776, 1777, Reasons to shew that there is a great probabil- 1778, 1779, and 1780. In three Volumes. Vol. I. ity of a navigable passage to the Western Ameri- and 11. written by Captain James Cook ; Vol. III. can Ocean through Hudson's Straights and Ches. by Captain James King. Illustrated with Maps terfield Inlet (London, 1749), which contains affi- and Charts from the Original Drawings made davits of Henry Ellis and Jeremiah Westall. by Lieut. Henry Roberts, under the Direction of
Ellis formulated his views in his Considera- Capt. Cook. Published by Order of the Lord's tions of the great advantage which would arise Commissioners of the Admiralty (London, 1784). from the North West Passage (London, 1750). The bibliography of the attempts to explore
On the side of the Pacific, the chief interest from the North Pacific is given in Chavanne's attaches to the famous expedition of Capt. James Lit. über die Polarregionen (pp. 188, 286), and
1 Beside the London editions of 1748, 1749, there was a reprint in Dublin in 1749; French editions at Paris (1749) and Leyden (1750); a Dutch edition at Leyden (1750), and a German at Göttingen (1750). Cf. CarterBrown, iii., nos. 875, 900, 901, 926, 927, 928.
NOTE TO THE MAP ON P. 112. — After a plate in the Encyclopédie, Suite du Recueil de planches (Paris, 1777). There are also Jefferys' maps dated 1753 and 1776. Other schemes of these fantastic notions will be found in the map in Harris's Voyages (London, 1705), vol. i., with its lake of Thongo or Thoya ; and in that accompanying William Doyle's Some Account of the British Dominions beyond the Atlantic, particularly the important question about the North West Passage (London, 1770).
Cf. the maps of Samuel Engel, which are repeated in his Mémoires (Lausanne, 1765), Geog. Nachrichten (Leipzig, 1772), and his Extraits raisonnés (Lausanne, 1779).
From Gerrit de Veer's (Gerard le Ver’s) Vraye description de trois Voyages, faicts en trois ans (Amsterdam, “M.VI'c” = 1600), to the north as high as 80° N. L., where he speaks of a country “lequel on presume estre Groenlande.” This volume has some curious engravings showing the experience of Arctic voyaging at this early date.
DETROIT DE DAVIS
Arluna codeo Salado
MER I GAV
Biriere de 'Ouest suwand los Francon
BEHRING'S STRAITS, 1772.7 * From Gerrit de Veer's Vraye Description (Amsterdam, 1600).
† Part of the map in the French Encyclopédie (1777) illustrating the article on the north passage to India, and given in its Suite du Recueil de planches. This represents the knowledge that Cook was sent to increase.
VOL. VIII. – 8
* From Gerrit de Veer's Vraye Description (Amsterdam, 1600). † After a reproduction in the Encyclopédie, Suite du Recueil de planches (Paris, 1777).
there is an early summary of the matter in A ories and reduplicated notions which prevailed Concise Account of Voyages for the Discovery of may be traced in the maps of such representaa North West Passage, Undertaken for finding a tive compilers as Cluny, Vaugondy, and Forster, new Way to the East Indies. With Reflections not to name others. There were at the same on the Practicability of gaining such a Passage. time some positive experiences recorded, as by By a Sea Officer (London, 1782).
Samuel Hearne in his Journey from Prince of During the latter part of the eighteenth cen- Wales's Fort in Hudson's Bay to the Northern tury there were little or no positive additions to Ocean, for the discovery of a North West Passage, the knowledge which the geographers had of etc., 1769–72 (London, 1795) ; with some commerthe higher American North, and the varying the- cial prophecy, as in John Meare's Voyages in the
Years 1788-9, from China to the North-west O'Reilly's Greenland, the adjacent seas and the Coast of America, with Observations on the Prob- N. W. passage to the Pacific Ocean, illustrated in able Existence of a North-west Passage, and Ac- a voyage to Davis's Strait in 1817 (Lond., 1818). count of the Trade between the North-west Coast His map indicates how there had grown up, as to of America and China (London, 1790).1
the traditionary views of Baffin, a distrust, which It was in 1817 and 1818 that the interest was it was the work of the rising interest to dispel. revived, in a way that has been maintained ever No effort attracted much attention, however, since in a remarkable manner. One of the ear- till Capt. John Ross, of the royal navy, published liest of these new discussions, but before the new his Voyage of Discovery, made under the Orders interest was fairly developed, is in Bernard of the Admiralty, in his Majesty's Ships Isabella
1 There was a French translation, Paris, 1775, and a German, Berlin, 1796, with annotations by J. G. Forster.
* After the Encyclopédie, Suite du Recueil de planches (Paris, 1777).