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come an issue between the Viceroy Gelves and the archbishop, and the secular ruler (1624) had gone to the wall. Not so easy a matter was it for the prelate to deal with the Jesuits, who, despite their adversaries, grew in numbers, and labored and strove as Jesuits will.
MEXICO AND VICINITY, 1800.*
* Reproduction of a map in the annual Calendario Manual y Guia de forasteros en México para el año de 1800. – KEY: A, Laguna de Tescuco. B, Idem Chalco. C, Idem de Xochimilco. D, Idem de San Christobal. E, Idem de Zumpango. F, Idem de Xalcocan. G, Idem de Oculma. H, Refuerzo para estrechar las aguas. I, Real Desague. J, Union del Desague con el Rio Gueguetoca. K, Comunicacion para el Desague de las Lagunas. L, Loma de los Abrojos. M, Idem de la Visitacion. N, Laguna. — Cf. maps in the British Museum noted in Calvo, Rec. des Traités, x. 368.
the soldiers under Van Horn and the seamen under Lorencillo
that by a ruse came before Vera Cruz in 1683, laid it under contribution, and put its people under torments to disclose the hiding-places of their treasures.1
1 The raids of the buccaneers brought Vera Grand théâtre de la guerre en Amérique (AmCruz into prominence, and we find plans of the sterdam, 1717), and in current histories like town and its fortifications early in the eighteenth Charlevoix's Histoire de l'Isle Espagnole (Amcentury in the common war maps like Ottens' sterdam, 1723; Paris, 1731), and the one (1744)
NOTE. – The above map is taken from one given in connection with the capture of the place by Van Horn, from Oexmelin's Hist. des Avanturiers, etc. (Trevoux, 1744), vol. i. Cf. Bancroft's Mexico, iii. 193, 213.
herewith reproduced. D'Anville also included Voyages (Paris, 1754), xii.; the Allg. Hist. der one in his series of maps ; and others are in the Reisen (Leipzig, 1755), xiii. pl. 9; and the Staat Gentleman's Mag., 1740, p. 242; in A Geog. De- van America (Amsterdam, 1760), i. 150, 156. scription of the Coasts, etc., of the Spanish West In 1786 we find one of a larger scale in Tomas Indies (London, 1740); and in Jefferys' Descrip- Lopez's Plano del Puerto de Vera Cruz, and a tion of the Spanish Islands (London, 1762). The few years later (l'an ix) another, published by popular geographical collections also furnish the Marine in Paris. Uricoechea notes that of maps, generally much the same, as in Prévost's Ponzoni (Madrid, 1816), an English edition of
The French pirates had their rendezvous at San Domingo, and the viceroy sent a force (1689) to devastate the least inhabited parts of the island ; and with a turn of fortune, which easily came in those days of many hazards, the English were found ready to join the Spaniards, in 1695, in an attack on the stronger posts of that island. It proved successful, and the best French forts were demolished.
Towards the end of the century, events in the north began to have new significance by the attempts of the Jesuits in Lower California to effect
what force had already failed in, the pacification of the native tribes. This was brought about under the adroit management of Fathers Salvaterra and Kino. Meanwhile, the neighboring ocean was as much infested as ever with the audacious sea-rovers. Dampier was cruising there in 1686, and again in 1704. During his latter cruise, he tried, without much success, to capture the Acapulco galleons. A few years later (1709) Captain Woodes Rogers, sent on a cruise against the French and Spaniards in the Pacific, picked up Alexander Selkirk on Juan Fernandez ; and, while he gave a
the official “Marine ” map (London, 1838); one and a map of the London hydrographical office, showing the attack of the French, Nov. 27, 1838, based on this French survey, and printed Spangiven in the Annales Maritimes de 1839, as well as ish maps (London, 1847). Cf. Bancroft's Merthe maps made by Vice-Admiral Baudin's orders, ico, iii. 193; v. 198. which were published by the Marine in 1841;
From the map in Black's English version of the Political Essay on the Kingdom of New Spain, by Humboldt (London, 3d ed., 1822), vol. i. Cf. maps in the British Museum noted in Calvo, Recueil des Traités, X. 366.