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of old residents and pioneers, of which he considers the recitals by Vallejo the most important out of the one hundred and sixty of those whose activity was noticeable before 1848. He acknowledges that he has found much of this latter material a strange and inexplicable mixture of truth and fiction, but he claims to have guarded his narrative wherein it has been used by the corroboration and corrections of official documents.

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YL'CATAN, 1500-1700.* There are two amor.g the local histories which have something more than a local scope : the Annals of San Fransisco (N. Y., 1855), by Frank Soulé and others, and John S. Hittell's Hist. of San Francisco (1878, etc.).*

The bibliography of Yucatan has been elsewhere given to be supplemented by titles in the list pretixed to Bancroft's Central America. The Papers relative to the rupture with

I California, i. p. viri; ix. 54, 56, 57; Carter. Suan José (1871); Warner and Hayes, Iss Anmi Pasloral. 7).

scles. The various commercially prompted county Ante, II. 420. histories hardly need enumeration. There are a * The old M: tonnia de Yucation (1685) of (* few good local monographs: Frederick Hall's gulludo was continued to 1650 onis, and was

From a map compiled by Dudley Costello, 1854, given in C. St. J. Fancourt's Hist. of Y'wasilan (I ondan, 1854). Cf. ante, 11. 384.

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Note. — Reduced from a map in Prévost's Voyages (Paris, 1754), vol. xii.

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Spain (London, 1672) gives the diplomatic fence between the two countries relative to the English occupancy of Campeche and Yucatan by their cutters of logwood.1 For a later period see Serapio Banquiero's Ensayo histórico sobre las Revolucionas de Yucatan (Merida, 1871-72).

The bibliography of Guatemala has been already sketched (ante, II. p. 419), some of the works coming down to the later period; but the main recourse for titles is, as before,

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Bancroft's list to his Central America (vol. i.) and his general review of sources (vol. ii. pp. 735–762), covering the colonial period of the Central American provinces, which is mainly, however, a grouping of various published collections of voyages, which include such as touched at some point the Spanish-American coasts. The Spanish contributions

never completed as the title promised. Los tres parts, while the English urged the priority of Siglos de la dominacion Española en Yucatan, ó Cabot (Stevens, Bibl. Geog., no. 2588). The quessea Historia de esta provincia desde la conquista tion was still pending when it was settled by a hasta la independencia (vol. i., Campeche, 1842; convention between Spain and England, July 14, ii., Merida, 1845).

1786, in accordance with which Faden, the Eng1 The book also sets forth the French claim lish cartographer, issued a Map of the part of to catching cod on the Newfoundland banks be- Yucatan allotted to Great Britain for the cutting cause of early visits of the Biscayans to those of logwood (London, 1787).

* From Prévost's Voyages (Paris, 1754), vol. xii.

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* Reduced from the map in Venegas' Noticia (Madrid, 1757). Other engravings of the same map will be found in the English (1759), French (1767), and German (1769–70) translations of Venegas. Cf. Bancroft's No. Mexican States, i. 471; his Arizona, 370.

same volume, and again with more detail in some respects in the California Pastoral, ch. 22.

Of the narratives or description pertaining to California previous to the Spanish occupation in 1769, Bancroft can only count eight books which supply independent informa• tion, though he gives fifty-six that, with more or less of borrowing, in some way concern the country, though of not one is that region the sole subject.

From the time when Cortés began the cartography of the Pacific Coast in his map of the southern end of the peninsula of California, there is a succession of views as to its contour, based on knowledge or theory, running down the history of the region till its thorough occupation by the Spaniards. This has been traced in another volume, and it involves a series of maps from that of Castillo in 1541 down.

At the time that the Voticia de la Californii, y de su conquista temporal, y espiritual hasta el tiempo presente. Sacada de la historia manz'sirita, formada en Mério año de 1739, por el padre Miguel Venegas; y de otras noticias y relaciones antiguas y modernas. Añadida de algunos mapas was published in Madrid in 1757,8 the name of California was applied generally to the peninsula now known as Lower California, and it was under other names - New Albion, for instance, to the English - that the upper regions were known previous to the Spanish occupation, and almost wholly through the mantime explorers of the coast, whose reports were embodied, more or less at length, in the great collections of

1 (f.ante, II. p.442. This map has been also Prof. George Davidson, of San Francisco, in the reproduced on a larger scale and in colors in the pursuit of his studies to identify the landfalls of Congrès des Améra anistes, Madrid meeting, ii. the earliest maritime observers. He first pub330, with a notice by Fernander Duro.

lished a summary of his conclusions in the Bul. ? Cf. ante, II. pp. 444, etc. The wild discus. letin of the California Academy of Sciences (ii. sion over the supposed Straits of Anian is in- 325), and then at length in his liyases of Discots cluded (p. 455), but reference also may be made ery and Exploration on the Northur'st (out of to a paper by Novo y Colson in the Congrès des Ameriu, 1539-1003, which makes Appendix vii. Améntumistes, Madrid, p. 122, Nordenskjold's of the Report for 1880 of the l'. S. Crust and Ge 17,2, ii. 214, and a recent paper by W. Barrows odeti Suntry, with a chart illustrating the land. in the 17.24. Amer. History, March, 185), on falls of Cabrillo and Ferrelo. He places Drake's "America the world's puzzle." The discussion Bay under Point Reyes. (Cf. ante, II. 444 ) also involves the question of the insularity of The tirst Mappe monde engraved in Russia was California, which by no means confined the insu. the work of Basile kiprianoti in 1707. (f. Lalarizing to what we know now as Lower Calitor. banoti's (artes géographiques, no. 51.) The nia, but the island was made to extend its north- tracks of Russian explorations before 1703 are er verge some distance above San Francisco also shown in a map published at St. Petersburg Bay. One of the earliest discussions of this in 1775. question was in the Hist. of the works of the 3 Ante, II. 401. For editions sce Carter. lernad (London, 1099). (f. Sabin, viii. no. Brun (stalo, ne, iii. nos. 1179, 1239, 1 300), 1001, 32.;:8 Since the statement was made in Vol. 1710, 3037. The Venegas manuscripts which II. p. 464. the editor has been favored by Pro- Father André Buriel (ed. 1702) used in preparing fessor C. A. Jos, now resident in Muna h, with a this work are preserved in the l niversity library des ription of the original MS, of the Aruno and in the college of Saint Gregory at Mexko. di More of Dudley, which is preserved in the 1

Leclerc, no, 1035. The Jesuit William Gordon roval library in that cly. The drawn maps are began at La l'ar in 17 34, and ended at Santiago in three large parchment bound volumes, and a in 1; 1;, a Vis. Itina de las Mi 1*.1 Jesust 19 few of the drawings are on vellum. The collec- en la 1:24:,"pnia é mai, des de su astahimiinte tion is called Tadien deis 4 part de Mowile, fm. (197) kusia 777", which is pra ed in (white's 1., 11., 11., and the third volume contains maps of (ale. Jan, 151, at 2015 " Henrico Hudson, 2do viago, 1613." " America * like France Drake, linschoten (anti, II. Australe," " Honduras," Vargua," and 451, Damer, Woodes Rogers, Shelvor ke, etc "Venue)," Mr. Charles A. Schott has used Of Drake and the early bexoks on him, and of these maps in Buchant, ma 5, 10 l S. (af Link botrn, there is suthient said in another Sorry, to establish the vrtion of the needle Volume (up8*, Vol. 111). Dampier's Vilin in 1640 From drop of the edition of 1601 in are was published in London in 16) 1»), the posal library at Munich (Quartih, in 1955, Woodles Rivers (rutin tingite *#* and the no, 25,212, held a copy in three vols, 201 maps, Iliad at London, 1;; George Sheets he's at £25) photographs were laken for the use of Pirine round the land, 1714-1;2:, 41 1. 'n len,

VOL. VIII. – 17

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