Imagens das páginas

copyrighted book, in a particular manner or for particular purposes, upon such terms and conditions as may be agreed upon. In such case, the legal title remains in the proprietor, and a beneficial interest, to the extent which is agreed upon, rests in the other party, who has acquired an equitable right in the copyright, and who will be properly styled an assignee of an equitable interest. (Curtis on Copyright, 225.)

In these two cases, as the Messrs. Black and the proprietors of the legal title are all made parties, and properly so, whether the Blacks are licensees or are owners of an equitable interest in the copyrights (Goodyear v. New Jersey Central R. R. Co., I Fish, 626; Goodyear v. Allyn. 3 Fish, 374). I do not conceive it necessary to determine at this time by what name the publishers' interest in the copyrights may be more properly called.

The question is reduced to this: Does the fact that the copyrighted books were inserted by permission in an encyclopædia, as a part thereof, permit an unauthorized use of them in a reprint of such work?

If a poem or an essay for which a copyright had been secured in this country by the author, a citizen of the United States, should be permitted to be inserted in a volume of poems or essays, a part of which was publici juris, it could not reasonably be claimed that the author had thereby abandoned his copyright, and that his book could be reprinted by itself without his consent in this country.

It cannot be contended that the defendant would have a right to reprint Walker's or Johnston's treatises in separate volumes, without the consent of the respective proprietors. Can then the poem or essay be printed, without the consent of the author, as a part of an unauthorized reprint of the entire volume?

The defendant takes the affirmative in these cases. because, 1st, the work as a whole is a foreign work and the bulk of the volume is publici juris, and, 2d, because the insertion of Walker's and Johnston's articles in the twenty-third volume was for the manifest purpose of preventing citizens of the United States from reprinting that volume, which would have been, but for those articles, publici juris, and therefore was an at: tempt which will not receive the favor of a court of equity.

Upon the first point, there is no vital difference in regard to the infringement of an author's copyright, whether it is printed in a separate volume or in connection with authorized material. If the author has a valid copyright, it is valid against any unpermitted reprint of his book, and the fact that his book is bound up in a volume with fifty other books, each of which is open to the public, is immaterial.

The argument of the defendant upon this part of the case is mainly directed in support of the second point, and is this: The Encyclopædia Britannica, as a whole, was the production of aliens, who could obtain no copyright in this country, and is a work of great value to the whole people. Except for the introduction of a few articles which were copyrighted in the United States, it could have been reprinted here in cheap form, and the defendant, when he entered upon his undertaking, had good reason to suppose that it could be thus reprinted.

The employment of citizens of the United States to write articles which were to be used in some of its volumes and the purchase of an inter

est in the copyright of such articles, were an attempt to deprive the defendant and other likeminded persons of a privilege which they would otherwise have enjoyed and were for the purpose of giving the foreign owners of the encyclopædia an advantage in the sales of the work in this country; the attempt contained an element of unfairness, because the book, if written by foreigners, could be reproduced here, and the complainants have only a color of copyright interest, and therefore should not receive the sanction of the courts.

The statements in the preceding paragraph, with the exception that the effect of the plaintiff's interest in the Johnston and Walker's articles had an element of unfairness in it, are true, and present by themselves no adequate argument in favor of the defendant. The acts of Johnston and Walker were in accordance with the statutes of the United States, the acts of the Messrs. Black were for the purpose of making a use of the statutes which might assist them against pecuniary loss, and give them a more unobstructed field for their large commercial venture. The disputed point is whether there was an element of fraud or injustice in the scheme which would prevent a court from regarding it with favor.

There was no impropriety in soliciting competent citizens of the United States to write upon its history, and I can perceive no unfairness or injustice towards the defendant company in the plaintiffs' use of the copyright-laws for their pecuniary advantage, and as a weapon with which to repel a competition which is more enterprising than considerate. There was no trap set for the defendant, whose officers must have known that the Ninth Edition was, in great part, a new work, and that its contributors would not be confined to one country. It must be recollected that the question now to be considered does not relate to the extent of the decree, but whether the bills show a right to any decree; and it will be a subject for future consideration, whether the prayer of the bill should be granted to its full extent.

Several objections of a more technical character are made to the bills. They are demurred to for insufficiency of the affidavits. Bills, in certain cases, which are specified in the Chancery text-books, are required to be verified by the oath of the party, and the New York Chancery practice required that bills for injunctions should be thus verified. In the federal courts, whenever a bill for an injunction is to be used as evidence, either upon a motion for preliminary injunction or in any other way, it must be verified, but there is no imperative rule requiring verification of a bill, at the time it is signed, which prays only for a common injunction (Woodworth v. Edwards, 3 W. & M., 120; Hughes v. No. Pac. R. Co., 18 Fed. Rep., 106).

The next alleged cause of demurrer is that the bills are uncertain and contradictory, because it does not appear whether the alien plaintiffs claim as co-owners of the copyright or as licensees.


The bills allege the terms of the agreement of assignment, and then say that if, by such agreement, an interest in the copyright was assigned and transferred to the Messrs. Black the agreement was an exclusive license. That is a correct form of equity pleading. The facts are stated and the conclusions therefrom are stated in an alternative form.

The next point is that it does not appear that the agreements or assignments between the

authors and the Messrs. Black were in writ- right, be transferred by parol. ing.

The bills declare in substance that the complainants are the only persons who have a legal or equitable title to the copyrights, and allege the nature and extent of the equitable title, and that it was acquired by assignment from the proprietors.

It is further averred that the complainants are well seized of said copyright, and are the owners thereof. It is not necessary, where all the legal and equitable owners are joined, to state the formalities or the mode of conveyance by which the equitable interests became vested in the co-complainants, and if the owner of the entire legal title is a complainant, it is immaterial whether the equitable owners became vested by an instrument in writing or by parol.

(Lawrence v.

Dana, 4 Cliff, 1; Callaghan v. Myers, 128 U. S., 625.)

The other additional points referred to the averments of the bill in regard to the plaintiffs' licensees and to the propriety of attaching to the bill the maps as exhibits. The pleader attached to the bill copies of the infringed and of the infringing maps as part thereof. His course in regard to these two particulars was proper. The demurrers in Nos. 4718 and 4719 are overruled. The demurrer in No. 4750, is sustained, with leave to amend as hereinbefore stated. Rowland Cox, for the plaintiffs. James A. Whitney, for the defendant.


The eighth cause of demurrer is to the effect FUNK & WAGNALLS WITHDRAW THEIR that the bill of complaint does not show that the ownership of the copyright is vested in any of the Messrs. Black. I have so fully remarked upon the theory of the bill and of the law in regard to legal and equitable ownership of copyright that it is not necessary to discuss this point further.

The seventh cause is that the charge of infringement is not made upon knowledge. It is made positively, as a fact, but the affidavit does not assert that the averment is within the knowledge of the affiant. The averment is sufficient and the necessity of an affidavit has heretofore been considered.

The ninth, tenth, and eleventh points do not seem to me to require extended remark.

The defendant has also demurred in No. 4750 upon a ground peculiar to that case, viz., that McAlan, being a foreign administrator, and never having taken out ancillary letters of administration in the State of New York, cannot sue in the courts of that State. [After examining this point and citing authorities the Court sustained the demurrer, with leave to the complainant to amend (if ancillary letters of administration shall be taken out in the State of New York) within thirty days after the date of the order upon the demurrer.]

In No. 4719, additional and different reasons of demurrer are relied upon.

The principal new causes are that the alleged assignment of the inchoate right is not averred by the bill to have been in writing, and that it is clear upon the face of the bill that the reprinted maps were never legally copyrighted by the complain


The position of the defendant is that an atlas is a bundle of maps; that there is no such thing as a manuscript of a map; and therefore the manuscript cannot be transferred to the assignee; and furthermore, that every assignment of an inchoate right before copyright is obtained must be in writing. The alleged invalidity of the copyright is upon the ground that the book or atlas was copyrighted, whereas it is said that each map should have been copyrighted.

A statistical atlas is a book of maps, tables, and printed text, and is not simply a bundle of maps, and is properly copyrighted as a whole. There was no necessity of copyrighting separately each map in the book. The unauthorized reprinting of eight maps from this volume, it being alleged that all of them were originated and prepared by the authors, is an infringement of the same character as the reprinting of original statistical tables or other printed matter. An inchoate right to a copyright may, prior to the taking of the copy

TO THE PUBLIC: The Messrs. Black, of Edinburgh, have just notified us of their unwillingness to accept a share of the profits of our sales of the " Britannica," declining the three hundred pounds sterling which we, up to date, had sent them as an individual courtesy, in the absence of the national courtesy of a recognition of the services of foreign publishers and authors. It has been our custom, in the handling of foreign books, to supply in what seemed to us a just and generous way this want of national courtesy. This we have done voluntarily, and, we think, the sober, second sense of the public will say generously. We believe it true that an examination of our royalty books by any intelligent committee of business-men will prove that we have paid to foreign holders of copyright three times as much as has been paid by any other leading American house, on an average, for each foreign book that we have placed upon the market. We will be glad to open our royalty books for an exhaustive investigation along this line.

We have decided to receive no further orders for the Britannica," completing only unfilled contracts or orders. We take this step because we do not wish to be placed by our opponents (whose virulence seems to have overstepped all bounds of fairness) in the false position of opposing international copyright-a measure in which we heartily believe, and for which we have often spoken and labored. Some honest friends of this measure, on whose judgment we have long placed great reliance, assure us that the bitter controversy which is growing out of the sale of the "Britannica' by us will prove a serious stumbling-block to this measure before Congress. Out of deference to the judgment of these friends we will gladly forego what pecuniary advantages might result to us by a continuance of this sale.

We must, however, in this connection, call attention to what we are sure is a great mistake that some of the more noisy friends of copyright have made in the present controversy; that is, in claiming that property right exists in published ideas independent of statutory law. In selling the " Britannica," or in continuing its sale, we do not believe that we have violated, or would violate, any moral law-much less any statutory law. If the property right inheres, it is perpetual, and, hence, to the mind of the public, would make legally possible the formation of a kind of a hereditary literary aristocracy, based upon a monoply descending from generation to generation. The American public is in no mood just now to grow

in his recent address at the opening of the Edinburgh Public Library, given by Mr. Carnegie, referred to Mr. Stillie as having "acted as print

enthusiastic over any measure that squints that way, and, hence, will defeat every time international copyright thus injudiciously agitated. The right theory, we are sure, in reference to copy-er's devil to Sir Walter Scott, and waited on the right is that which controls in regard to patents stairs reading the proof-sheets of the novels while -the reward theory; that is, that the nation, as the Great Unknown, as he still was then, was a reward for the services rendered, gives for a correcting other proof-sheets for him to take number of years an exclusive control of the sales away." of the book or patent.


THE scandal caused by the sale of immoral literature at the bookstalls of the railway stations in Belgium has reached such a height that M. Van den Peereboom, who is the Minister of Posts, Telegraphs, and Railroads, has, according to a correspondent of the N. Y. Tribune, been forced to adopt the extraordinary course of suppressing the sale of books on all property belong

Will the friends of copyright permit us to urge in this connection that they re-read what Chancellor Kent, the great legal commentator (vol. 2, page 375), says of the copyright trials in England, which finally established, in 1774, the present common law rulings in reference to copyright? Also, it will not serve them amiss if, in connection with Judge Shipman's rulings, they re-read carefully the syllabus and opinion of Judge Butler in the application for an injunction by the Scribners against the Stoddart reprints, as founding to the Railroad Department. All bookstalls in The Reporter (9th vol., page 137). FUNK & WAGNALLS. 18 AND 20 ASTOR PLACE, July 1, 1890.


THE Board of Trustees of the Booksellers' and Stationers' Provident Association met on Tuesday, June 24, 1890. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: President, Charles T. Dillingham; Vice-President. Thomas R. Knox; Second Vice-President, Robert Morris ; Treasurer, O. M. Dunham; Secretary, Wilbur B. Ketcham. Also the following Assistant VicePresidents: B. H. Ticknor, R. K. Smith, Edward Meeks, Samuel Carson, John C. Parker, Walter R. Austin, and Harry Watts. The following new members were also elected :

Henry N. Hubbard, New York City.
Myron H. Fish, Chicago, Ill.
John S. Cook, Jr., New York City.
Thomas C. Reynolds, Philadelphia, Pa.
Andrew B. Paddock, New York City.
Jeremiah J. Denehy, Brooklyn, N. Y.
William F. Lee, Philadelphia, Pa.
William Ira Scandlin, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Lewis Otto Franz Battie, New York City.
Henry Joseph Hynes, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Milford Lambie Martin, Pittsburg, Pa,
Charles Walton, Brooklyn, N. Y.
William Brown, New York City.
Thomas J. Carey, New York City.
Charles T. Root, New York City.
William O. Allison, New York City.
John W. Baker, New York City.
Arthur C. Gamgee, New York City.




A LONDON newspaper some months ago warned collectors against the extensive fabrication of autograph letters of Burns, Scott, Carlyle, and others that was going on "at or near Edinburgh." A note of this warning was made at the time in the New York Times, and the note has since reached the eye of Mr. James Stillie, of Edinburgh. "As an old bookseller and dealer in manuscripts," says Mr. Stillie in a letter to the Times, "I beg most sincerely and also in the name of my brethren, to assure you that there is not a word of truth in that paragraph." Mr. Stillie is a venerable bookseller. Lord Rosebery,

at the various railway stations have been abolished. Although the remedy thus applied is of a singularly arbitrary nature, yet no objection has been publicly expressed against its enforcement. This is perhaps due to the fact that the newspapers believe that it will largely increase their circulation. For being now the only form of literature permitted to be sold at the railway stations, travellers will no longer be tempted into buying lighter forms of reading.


A SYNDICATE of Jews has offered $200,000 for the Vatican copy of the Hebrew Bible. This is a report in Europe which the Pall Mall Gazette says is confirmed. The Gazette gives the following account of previous negotiations for the purchase of this book: "In 1512, when Pope Julius II. was desperately in need of funds in order to keep up the Holy League' against Louis XII. of France, he was approached by the Jews as his successor in the chair of St. Peter is now. They offered a comparatively small sum at first, but subsequently increased the amount, tendering at the same time a blank order on one of their number in Venice to be filled up in ducats according to the weight of the Bible, as against an equal weight of pure gold. The Pope got so far as to weigh the precious volume, and found that it scaled 325 pounds avoirdupois, or 433 poundsodd troy, which at £4 the ounce, then about the value of gold, represented the enormous sum of £20,784 and a fraction. This amount in its equivalent the Jews pressed on the Pope, who, however, either because he found himself unable to part with property in which he would not seem to have more than a life interest, or on account of the pressure brought to bear on him, declined after much hesitation to part with the volume. Should the present negotiations be more successful the amount now offered will be the largest sum ever paid for a book, whether in manuscript or in print."



EDWARD J. MCDONNELL, whose death was briefly noted last week, met with his death on an express train bound from Chicago to New York, June 24. The train was derailed at Copetown, Canada, on the main line of the Grand Trunk Railway, and hurled down an embankment. Mr. McDonnell was killed outright. He and his wife

were in the sleeper "Kinderhook." He was
half way out of the window and was pinned un-
der the heavy coach when it landed in the ravine.
He was crushed to death. He was on his way,
in company with his wife, to New York to take
the steamer for Europe, where they intended to
spend the summer. Mrs. McDonnell was also
seriously injured about the head.
Mr. McDonnell was born in Dublin, Ireland,
in 1849.
When nearly eighteen years old he
came to New York City, where he entered the
employ of Wm. R. Grace & Co., by whom he
was sent to Lima, Peru. The southern climate
did not agree with him, so he had to abandon
very bright prospects and return to the United
States. Shortly after the great fire he settled in
Chicago and with his brother, Wm. M., estab-
lished in 1881 the firm of McDonnell Bros., sub-
scription booksellers in the Grannis Block. About
that time he had obtained control of " Harper's
History of the War," which made the basis of a
successful business. They were burned out in
the Grannis Block and in 1885 settled down at
185 Dearborn Street.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

PERRY MASON & Co., publishers of the Youth's Companion, will at once begin the erection of a building for its business on the corner of Columbus Avenue and Berkeley Street, Boston. The building will be a large one, having a frontage on Columbus Avenue of more than 200 feet and on Berkeley Street of 100 feet. It is intended to use the whole building for the purposes of the paper. Probably there are comparatively few people who realize to what size the Youth's Companion business has grown. The paper' was the first weekly paper for young people published in the United States, and probably in the world. It began its existence in the year 1827, and its publisher was Nathaniel Willis, the father of N. P. Willis, the poet. At this time Boston had but a few thousand population, and the whole United States had probably less than $12,000,000 people. Mr. McDonnell was a pushing, energetic busi-During all the history of the Companion it has ness man, and exceptionally popular, his sterling business character and many amiable personal qualities having made him very highly regarded in a wide circle of acquaintances. Ten years ago he married Miss O'Neill, of Port Huron, Mich., a member of a well-known family of that place, whose brother was a few years since Mayor of the city. Three little children survive the deceased.

THE death is announced of Mr. F. A. Suttaby, formerly of the old-established publishing firm of Suttaby & Co., in which he relinquished his interest several months ago, when the house was turned into a limited company, and the result not being satisfactory, the business is, we understand, now wound up.


THE London Athenæum for July 5 contains articles on the continental literature of the past twelve months. They include Belgium by MM. E. de Laveleye and P. Fredericq, Bohemia by M. Cermák, Denmark by M. Petersen, France by M. J. Reinach, Germany by Hofrath Zimmermann, Greece by M. Lambros, Italy by Commendatore Bonghi, Norway by M. Jæger, and Russia by M. Milyoukov.

had but two managements, and both have followed out the lines laid down by its founder in the prospectus of the first number, published April 16, 1827. He wrote:

This is a day of peculiar care for youth. Patriots and philanthropists are making rapid improvements in every branch of education. Literature, science, liberty, and religion are extending in the earth. The human mind is becoming emancipated from the bondage of ignorance and superstition. Our children are born to higher destinies than their fathers; they will be actors in a far advanced period of the church and the world. Let their minds be formed, their hearts prepared, and their characters moulded for the scenes and the duties of a brighter day."


GEN. LONGSTREET is understood to be engaged on a history of the civil war and especially of the campaigns in which he had a share.

MISS MOLLY ELLIOT SEAWELL (whose novel "Throckmorton" is about to be published by D. Appleton & Co.) is a young lady now living in Washington City. She is, says Murat Halstead, "a niece of ex-President Tyler, and her father was a lawyer of distinction in Virginia. Her first dash in literature was in Lippincott's Magazine, to which she contributed a number of Russian stories. In 1886 Maid Marion' appeared in Lippincott's, and was a great success, necessitat

THE first number of the American Etcher hasing an extra edition of the magazine. She was just been issued by George F. Kelly & Co., 31 Union Square, New York. In form it is a large quarto, giving eight pages of letterpress, and as a supplement enclosed, a fine etching on Japan paper, in a mat. The reading-matter is chiefly an article by Frederick Keppel on ings Are," notes on general art and an article on art in Chicago. The etching is a good piece of work, easily worth twice as much as the cost of a single number of the magazine.

"What Etch

THOMAS BAILEY ALDRICH has resigned the editorship of The Atlantic Monthly and has been succeeded by Horace E. Scudder. Mr. Aldrich succeeded Mr. Howells in this important position in 1881, and has edited the magazine on the scholarly lines set by his predecessors. Mr. Horace E. Scudder has already contributed very largely to the Atlantic and is widely known as a successful author. Among his well-known books

asked by the editor to write him a complete novel, and 'Hale-Weston' was the result. She soon completed a novel, The Berkeleys and Their Neighbors,' which was recognized as something remarkable for its force and naturalness, and the reviewers had many pleasant things to say. Miss Seawell's latest success is the taking of the fivehundred-dollar prize offered by the Youth's Companion, of Boston, with her story 'Little Jarvis' (which will be published in the autumn by D. Appleton & Co.). The merit most characteristic and highly prized in the writings of Miss Seawell is the truth to life of her pen-paintings of Virginia and the Virginians, especially those phases that are marked under the revolutionary changes of the war that broke up the old ways, and infused so much that was peculiar in current and pathetic in ancient association. Miss Seawell is a true Southern woman, tall, graceful and gracious, animated and handsome."

[blocks in formation]

HENRY FROWDE, London, will publish in the fall a "Guide-Book to Books." This will contain lists of books that may be recommended as of value in every department of knowledge, and brief notes will be added, where necessary, explanatory of the scope and nature of the works mentioned in it.

THE INTERNATIONAL NEWS Co. have become the General Agents for America for the "Directory of Technical Literature," published by Fritz von Szczepanski, Leipsic. This claims to be a catalogue of all books, annuals, and journals published in America, England, France, and Germany, including their relations to legislation, hygiene, and daily life, aiming to give to the technologist the most recent and reliable information concerning publications dealing with the arts, and to the theorist an accurate index of general literature called for in his studies. The directory gives title, contents, list of illustrations, publisher, size, and price of the various publications and periodicals bearing upon technology throughout

the civilized world.

Catalogue of New and Second-hand Books. E. Dufossé, 27 Rue Guénégaud, Paris, Une importante collection de cartes, plans et vues relatifs à L'Afrique et aux iles africaines, (7th ser., No. 1, 34 p. 16° ;) also, Une importante collection de cartes, plans et vues relatifs à l'Asie et à l'Archipel Indien. (7th ser., No. 2, 34 p. 16°.)— Miller's Old Bookstore, 2 Arcade Court, Chicago, Americana, local histories, etc. (June, 167 titles. David Nutt, 270 Strand, London, Miscellaneous with a collection of early printed books from the library of Sir Edward Sullivan. (No. 19, 450 titles.)-Henry Stevens & Son, 39 Great Russell St., London, Americana. (No. 20, 34 p. 16°.)-C. L. Van Langenhuysen, 434 Cingel, Amsterdam. Bibliothèque de Mgr. O. A. Spitzen, especially rich in works on Thomas à Kempis and editions of the Imitatione Christi. (1254 titles.)

[blocks in formation]

GRAND RAPIDS, MICH.-L. B. Brewer, bookseller and stationer, has sold out.

GRAYVILLE, ILL.-T. J. Matthews, bookseller, has sold out to J. A. Shelton.

seller, has gone out of business. HARVARD, NEB.-George W. Martin, book

LIGONIER, IND.-J. H. Hoffman, bookseller and stationer, having been appointed postmaster at that place, his business will be continued under the management of Grant Himes.

LOUISVILLE, KY.-The Baptist Book Concern has purchased the book-store of Charles T. Dearing for about $50,000 the transfer to take place July 1. Mr. Dearing, who will remain with the new establishment, is well known in the Southern book trade. He began when a boy with a little news-stand on Third Street, between Market and Jefferson, and by politeness to his customers and persistent attention to business he built up the best newspaper trade in the city. As he prospered in business he enlarged his stock, and finally moving to the corner of Third and Jefferson, renting the large store, where he did so well that the adjoining store was taken and both thrown into one. Next he bought the entire property and handsomely improved it. For several years he has kept one of the best general book-stores in Kentucky. This stock will soon be greatly enlarged to adapt it to the demands of a Baptist Book Concern for Southern Baptists, who number 1,200,000. By the terms of the agreement Mr. Dearing will shortly arrange to dispose of the Fourth Street branch house, so that his undivided attention will be given to the Baptist Book Concern.

LYONS, N. Y.-Mrs. H. B. (Carrie R.) Lent, bookseller and stationer, has been succeeded by M. M. & C. Young.

MARION, O.-C. G. Wiant, bookseller and stationer, has dropped wall-paper from his line, and with newly-papered store, new counters, shelves, and other improvements, is prepared to push the legitimate trade in books and stationery

to the full extent.

NEW HAVEN, CONN.-F. T. Jarman, bookseller, has disposed of his stationery stock to H. J. Augur, who will occupy half of Mr. Jarman's store at 123 Church St., with a fine stock of art goods. Mr. Jarman will continue his business in the same lines as for nearly forty years past.

NEW ORLEANS, LA.-Wm. Muhl, bookseller and stationer, is dead.

NEW YORK CITY.-The F. A. Stokes Co. and O.

Wiegand the bookbinder had their premises damaged by smoke and water resulting from a fire fn the building they occupy at the corner of University Place and 9th St. As the Stokes serious. have only temporary offices their loss was not

NEW YORK CITY.-Fletcher H. Bangs, assignee of the late firm of White & Allen, advertises that all creditors and persons having claims against Joel Parker White and Frank Allen, composing the firm of White & Allen, and of Joel Parker White individually, are required to present their claims, with the vouchers therefor duly verified, to him, the substituted assignee, for the benefit of the creditors, at his office, No. 739

FT. SMITH, ARK.-Wright & Bradley book- Broadway, New York, on or before the tenth sellers, have dissolved partnership.

(10th) day of September, 1890.

« AnteriorContinuar »