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Plain theology for plain people. Boothe, C. O. 9oc. Am. Bapt. Pub. Soc

Poetical works. See Milton.
Political economy. See De Quincey.
Population, Principle of. Malthus, T. R. $2. Ward, L
Porter, L. H. Cycling for health and pleasure. (Ag2)
D. p. 25c....
Wheelman Co
Poulton, E. B. Colors of animals. (Ag23) D. (Inter.
scientific ser., no. 67.) $1.75...
Appleton
Power and weakness of money. Worcester, J. H. 50C.
Presb. Bd. of Pub
Præterita. Ruskin, J. 3 v. ea. $1....
Wiley
Prankist pair (A). Ginisty,-. $1.50; $2.25; P. 75C.
Belford
Preachers (The). (Ag16) D. (Minerva ser., no. 25.) p.
50c....
.......Minerva Pub. Co
Preston, Margaret J. Chimes for church children.
(Ag2) T. 50c..
Presb. Bd. of Pub
(Ag9) D. 75c.
Hunt & E

Price, J. E. Epworth league workers.

W. B.

...Leslie

Lippincott

Priestcraft, Origin of. See Ptolemy, G.
Primrose ed. See Bishop: Ecilaw.
Prince Lucifer. Pierce, E. W. p. 25c..
Promised king. Butler, A. R. $1......
Ptolemy, G. W. B. Origin of priestcraft. (Ag9) 12°,
P. 25c...
Free Thought Pub. Co
Questions of the day. See Shriver.
Rachel Du Mont. Westbrook, M. $1.50...... Munsell
Rambles in the Black Forest. Wolff, H. W. $2.50.
Longmans, G
Ramirez, J. Carmencita, the pearl of Seville. (Ag2)
12°, p. 50c..
Law and Trade Pr. Co
Rarahu. Loti, P. $1; p. 50c...........
Gottsberger
Real estate titles, Examination of. Martindale, W. B.
shp. $2.50...
.....Central Law Journal Co
Rectum and anus, Diseases of. See Kelsey, C. B.
Red cover ser. See Barnum; Shillaber.
Refraction and diseases of the eye, Essentials of.
Jackson, E. $t; $1.25....

..Saunders

Lovell

...Lovell

Reincarnation. Walker, E. D. p. 50c. Rejected addresses. Smith, H. $2; $3.50..Lippincott Reverend gentleman. Cobban, J. M. p. 50c....Lovell Rexdale, R. Saved by the sword. (Ag30) D. (American novelists' ser., no. 39.) P. 25C... Rialto ser. See Daudet. Richardson, C. A., and Hook, A. J., eds. American street-railway decisions. V. 1. (Ag30) O. shp. subs. net, $5 ....Am. Street-railway Assoc Rights, remedies and practice at law. Lawson, J. D. V. 6. shp. $6 ..Bancroft-W

.Century

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Gilbert B'k Co

Sewell, Anna. Black Beauty. (Aga) D. (Seaside lib., no. 1421.) P. 20c.... ...Lovell Shadows and ideals. Saltus, F. S. net, $2.50.. Moulton Sheriffs, Law of. Murfree, W. L. shp. $6. Shillaber, B. P. Mrs. Partington's new gripsack. (Ag9) D. (Red cover ser., no. 85.) p. 25c.......Ogilvie Shipp, J. Memoirs of the extraordinary military career of John Shipp. N. il. ed. (Ag16) O. (Adventure ser., no. 3.) $1.50... Macmillan Shriver, E. J. Want and wealth. (Ag3c) D. (Questions of the day ser., no. 63.) P. 25c.. Putnam Should women speak in mixed public assemblies ? Broadus, J. A. p. 5c.... .Bapt. B'k Concern Sixty days in Europe. O'Brien, T. V. p. 25C. Bancroft Skeleton essays. Ogden, C. bds. 75c.; p. 50c.

Dick & F

Skin diseases. See Stelwagon, H. W. Slocum, H. W., jr. Lawn tennis in our own country. (Ag16) O. $1; p. 50c...... ..Spalding G. P. Humphrey Smith, G. Barnett. Life of the Right Honorable William Ewart Gladstone. 12th ed. (Ag16) 8°, $1.50.

Smith, Alex. Dreamthorp. (Ag2) 16°, $1.25..

Ward, L Smith, H. and J. Rejected addresses. (Fitzgerald.) (Ag30) 16°, $2; 34 cl. $3.50....... Lippincott Smith, Mrs. Lucy T. Frances Kane's fortune. (Ag23) D. (Lovell's Westminster ser., no. 8.) p. 25C..... Lovell Smuggler's secret. Barrett, F. .... Lovell P. 50c. ..Lovell South Carolina. Sup. ct. Repts. V. 31. (Shand.) Soldiers three. Kipling, R. p. 2oc.... (Ag9) O. shp. $5.75.... Woodrow Southeastern reporter, V. 10. Lovell Permanent ed. (Ag2) O. (Nat. reporter system, state series.) shp. $4. West Pub. Co Sowing the wind. Linton, Mrs. E. L. p. 25c..Harper -Same. p. 50c..

Rita, (pseud.) See Booth, Mrs. O. Robinson, C. S., ed. Laudes domini, Scriptural songs. (Ag30) O. $1. Robinson, F. M. Disenchantment. (Ag23) S. (Lippincott's ser. of select novels, no. 112.) p. 5oc.Lippincott -Woman of the world. (Ag30) D. (Seaside lib., no. 1457.) P. 20c....

Robinson, F. W.

Keeper of the keys. (Ag23) D. (Lovell's inter. ser., no. 109.) p. 50c.... Lovell Rockel, W. M., and White, C. R. Mechanics' and sub-contractors' liens. (Ag23) O. shp. $3; hf. shp. $2.50.... W. H. Anderson Romance of the wire. Edwards, Mrs. M. B. p. 25c. Lovell

Ruskin, J. Præterita. 3 v. (Ag23) 16°, (Ruskin lib.) ea. $1.

Russian (A) princess. Turnerelli, T.
Ryhoves of Antwerp, Noble, A. L.

St. Matthew, Gospel of. Gibson, J.

Wiley p. 25c....Lovell $1.15. Presb. Bd. of Pub M. $1.50. Armstrong (Ag9) sq. O. hf. ....Moulton

Saltus, F. S. Shadows and ideals. mor. net, $2.50..... Sanitary and economic cooking. Abel, Mrs. M. H. 40c.; p. 35c. Same, Ger. text, 6oc.; p. 55c.

Am. Public Health Assoc

Saved by the sword. Rexdale, R. p. 25c... Lovell
Scanlan, C. M. Law of hotels, boarding-houses and
lodging-houses. (Ag16) 12°, $1....
Scarlet fortune. Herman, H. p. n. p.
School bulletin pubs. See Diehl; Northam.

Caspar

Lovell

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Spalding's lib. of athletic sports. See Am. Intercollegiate Assoc.

Sparhawk, Frances C. Lazy man's work. (Ag23) D. (Am. authors' ser., no. 14.) p. 50c..... ..... Lovell Sparks, F. Longmans' school trigonometry. (Ag16) Longmans, G

Ia, Soc... Spencer, J. A. Memorabilia of sixty five years (18201886.) (Ag2) 12°, $1.50.... Whittaker Standard humorous dialogues. Kirton, J. W. 40c. Ward, L Starr, M. A. Familiar forms of nervous disease. (Ag2) 8°, $3... Wood Starting-points. Fairfield, A. H., ed. $1; $1.25. Stelwagon, H. W. Essentials of diseases of the skin. Lothrop (Ag30) 8°, $1; interleaved, $1.25..... ....... Saunders Stepping stones to Bible history. See Butler, A. R.

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Struggle for existence. Delpit, A. p. 25c.Waverly Co

Maverick. Fitts, J. F. p. 25C..

Stuart, Esmé. The vicomte's bride.
ell's inter. ser., no. 106.) p 50c....
Studies in the Book. Weidner, R. F. $1.
Sullivan, J. L. See Barnum, P. T.

....Lovell Reveil

Sullivan's Chicago law directory for 1890. 14th ed. (Ag2) S. p. $1.... W. B. Sullivan

Summerville prize. Archibald, Mrs. G. 8oc.

Hunt & E Sunday picture album. (Ag16) 4°, $2.50. Nelson Sunday-school science, Ten lessons in. Holmes. R. S. p. 20C...... .....Hunt & E Sweeney, T. A vindication from a northern standpoint of Gen. Robert E. Lee and his fellow-officers. (Ag16) O. p. 25c.... .....Starke Swett, Lucia G. New England breakfast breads, luncheon and tea biscuits. (Ag23) obl. S. $r........ Lee & S Tacitus. Annals, books 1-6. (W. F. Allen.) (Ag16) D. (College ser. of Latin authors.) $1.65... ...... Ginn Taking of Louisburg, 1745. Drake, S. A. 50c. Lee & S Tale of Chloe. Meredith, G. p. 25c.. Talmon, T. American heroine. lib., no. 12.) p. 25C....... Taylor, A. McA. Jean Grant.

..Lovell

(Ag16) D. (Columbian Columbian lub. Co

(Ag16) D. p. 50c.

A. Lovell (Ag2) D. (SeStreet & S

Taylor, R. M. Detective Bob Bridger.
cret service ser., no. 34.) P. 25C....
Teachers' handbooks. See Peck.
Ten boys who lived on the road. Andrews, Jane. 50c.

That girl of Johnson's. Ludlum, J. K.

Lee & S P. 25c. Street & S (Ag2) D. (Lov.....Lovell

(Ag16) D. (Sea.. Lovell

Thomas, Annie. The love of a lady. ell's inter, ser., no. 104.) P. 50c.... Thomas, Bertha. House on the Scar. side lib., no. 1447.) P. 20c...... Thompson, D. P. Demon trapper of Umbagog. (Ag16) D. (Columbian lib., no. 10.) p. 25c. Columbian Pub. Co Thornton, J. P. Training for health, strength, speed and agility. (Ag16) 12°, 75c... Excelsior Pub. Co Throop, M. H. New York justice's manual. 11th ed. (Ag2) O. shp. $4... ....H. R. Parsons

Lothrop Harper

.Macmillan

Toltec cup (The). Wheeler, A. C. p. 75c..Vanderpoole
Townsend, M., comp. U. S.: an index to the United
States of America. (Ag9) D. $1.50...
Toxar. Nicholson, J. S. P. 30c..
Tragedy of the mountains. Hill, A. F. p. 25c.
Columbian Pub. Co
Training for health, strength, etc. Thornton, J. P. 75c.
Excelsior Pub. Co
Treasury of sacred song. Palgrave, F. T., comp. hf.
vel. $2.
Trevert, E. Experimental electricity. (Ag23) D. Sr.
Bubier Pub. Co
Trigonometry, School. Sparks, F. 8oc..Longmans, G
True friend. Sergeant, A. p. 20c.; 50c... Lovell
- to herself. Walworth, Mrs. J. H. p. 25c...Street & S
Tunstall, Nannie W. No. 40. 3d ed. (Ag16) D. p 50c.
Randolph & E
Turf-fire stories. O'Connor, B. $1.25................ Kenedy
Turnerelli, T. Russian princess. (Aga) D. (Seaside
lib., 1371.) P. 25c......

..... Lovell Two brothers. Maupassant, G. de. p. 50c....... Lovell United States. Circuit ct. Rules of practice for ninth circuit, district of Nevada. (Ag2) O. p. $t....J. G. Fox - Sup. ct. Cases. (Davis.) V. 135 (Ag16); v. 136 (Ag30) O. shp. ea. $2.50.. .....Banks

Repts. Complete ed. (Williams.) Book 33. (Ag23) O. shp. $5... ...Lawyers' Co-op. Pub. Co for beginners, Short hist. of. Scudder, H. E. net, 60c..... Taintor

Index to. Townsend, M., comp. $1.50....Lothrop

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Viera. Zubof, R. I. P. 50c.......
Waite, C. W. Helen. (Ag2) 8°, $2..
Walford, L. B. The havoc of a smile.
(Lovell's Westminster ser., no. 12.) p. 25C..

Walker, E. D. Reincarnation.
occult ser., no. 6.) p. 5oc.....

(Ag2) D. (Lovell's

Lovell

Walworth, Mrs. J. H. True to herself. (Ag16) D. (Select ser., no. 52.) p. 25C......

Street & S

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Want and wealth. Shriver, E. J. p. 25c ......Putnam Ward, J. H. The White Mountains. (Ag9) D. $1.25. Appleton Warren, J. C. Healing of arteries after ligature in man and animals. (Ag16) 8°, $3.25... ..... Wood Weidner, R. F. Studies in the Book. 3d ser. (Ag16) 12°. $1. Revell Westall, W. Strange crimes. (Ag2) D. (Seaside lib., no. 1431.) P. 20c...... Lovell Westbrook, Mary. Rachel Du Mont. (Ag9) sq. 8°, hf. cl. $1.50... Munsell

West Virginia. Sup. ct. of appeals. Repts. V. 33. (Ag23) O. shp. $4.50.... West Va. Pr. Co

What Pierre did with his soul. Ohnet, G. $1.50; P. 75C....... .....Belford (Ag2) D. p. 75c. Lew Vanderpoole

Wheeler, A. C. The Toltec cup.

White, C. R. See Rockel, W. M.
White, Sallie J. Cookery in the public schools. (Ag30)
D. 75C....
..Lothrop

White harvest fields. Hazard, M. C. p. 5c.

Cong. S. S. and Pub. Soc White Mountains (The). Ward, J. H. $1.25..Appleton Whose hand? Willis, W. G. p. 25c.......Rand, McN Wild Margaret. Fleming, G. p. 25c............Lovell Willis, W. G., and Green, Mrs. Whose hand? (Ag23) D. (Globe lib., v. 1, no. 130.) p. 25c................. ..Rand, McN Will o' the wisp. Bell, Mrs. H. $1.25....Longmans, G. Wills, C. J. See Philips, F. C.

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Che Publishers' Weekly.

FOUNDED BY F. LEYPOLDT.

SEPTEMBER 6, 1890.

The editor does not hold himself responsible for the views expressed in contributed articles or communications.

All matter, whether for the reading-matter columns or our advertising pages, should reach this office not later than Wednesday noon, to insure insertion in the same week's issue.

In case of business changes, notification or card should be immediately sent to this office for entry under "Business Notes." New catalogues issued will also be mentioned when forwarded.

Publishers are requested to furnish title-page proofs and advance information of books forthcoming, both for

entry in the lists and for descriptive mention. An early copy of each book published should be forwarded, to in

sure correctness in the final entry.

"Every man is a debtor to his profession, from the which, as men do of course seek to receive countenance and profit, so ought they of duty to endeavor themselves by way of amends to be a help thereunto."-LORD BACON.

MODERN CENSORSHIP.

AMONG the many laws of the Middle Ages regulating the affairs of the people, even in the minutest details, the one undertaking to decide what books might be printed and sold, and what plays should be acted on the stage, was considered the most odious and often led to revolt against paternalism in government. Gradually this sort of censorship has been expunged from the statute-books of modern countries, and what remains of it in a modified form is essentially if not wholly political, and then (excepting possibly in Russia) is enforced only in critical times.

The one feature that made this censorship in Europe bearable at all was the fact that it was a State function, discharged by an official who was held strictly responsible under the law for his acts, and who was removable when he erred. In a country where there was such a thing as public opinion or representative government, this censorship might at least be made to execute the will of the majority. It was not an altogether arbitrary, irresponsible power, self-perpetuating and independent of public opinion.

It seems to be reserved for our country to develop a censorship that lacks this feature. The new censors for we have several now,

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rival guardians, indeed, of public morals self-appointed, practically irresponsible, irremovable, and yet are able to do much mischief, and, as the Examiner (from which we quote largely) truly says, cause great expense and annoyance without doing anything to abate the evils against which they are ostensibly contending." These censors are the secretaries or managers of certain societies, organized under various names, for the prevention of vice and crime. It should be acknowledged at once, and with emphasis, that they have accomplished and may still accomplish a vast amount of good in their own proper field. There is a class of books that have no claim to be considered literature, as well as of pictures that have no standing among works of art. The traffic in such books and pictures has always been conducted in holes and corners, and for the most part by disreputable men. To suppress this traffic was good work and was done so thoroughly that the societies organized for that purpose

are now at a loss to find a good reason for continued existence.

"In order to justify their continuance " to again quote the Examiner, which has anticipated our own thoughts on the subject-" and have a plausible cause for which to beg funds, the managers have been compelled to do some very questionable things. They have constituted themselves censors of literature and art on a large scale. We hold it to be axiomatic that the people, or their representatives in congresses and legislatures, have never intended to invest irresponsible persons of this kind with the powers of a general censorship. A book may be coarse without being vicious, and it may be vicious without being coarse. The self-constituted censors naturally direct their warfare against the former class of writings, which are morally innocuous, and let pass the latter, which are often corrupting in a subtle and insidious way.

"Books that are obviously literaturė marked, that is to say, by a certain intelligence and culture and intended to be read by cultivated people-whose prime intent is evidently not to incite to vice, though in the hands of the unwary they may have that effect, are not fit subjects for the voluntary censor's action. So, in effect, the courts and grand jury of this city have lately decided, by refusing to punish the publishers of certain books. These books are trashy, or coarse, fitted to disgust the reader rather than to do him a moral injury. The vogue of such books cannot last, and their sale is chiefly promoted by the free advertising they receive through such misdirected efforts to suppress them."

We desire to call your attention to a paragraph in the copyright law is supposed to apply to Canada, Senate Tariff bill, entirely apart from the book schedule, | but Canadian publishers complain that they are and the more likely to be overlooked, which provides that hampered with burdensome royalties which enall books with colored illustrations or having any litho- able American publishers, free from such disabiligraphic work whatever shall pay a duty of 35 per cent. ties, to practically control the Canadian market This has been done at the instance of the American Lithog- with American reprints of English works. Sir raphers' Association to advance their own private inter- John Thompson hinted at a satisfactory adjustests. It certainly would seem that the present rate of ment of the dispute by the following statement : duty-25 per cent.-on all books is sufficient without any "I am convinced that the Canadian contention is such discrimination in favor of a private interest. right. I am satisfied that any legislation on the E. P. DUTTON & Co. subject of copyright which is desired by the Canadian Parliament will be conceded by the imperial authorities. The copyright act passed by our House was not disallowed; it can be brought into operation by an imperial proclamation, but this has not yet been done pending consultation with her Majesty's Government."

NEW YORK, Tuesday, Sept. 2, 1890.

The above letter has been sent to the press, and the subject has been editorially commented upon in the Evening Post, but on the whole, we think, rather loosely. In the first place the paragraph referred to is not entirely apart from the book schedule, and in the second place does not provide that "all books with colored illustrations," etc., shall pay a duty of 35 per cent. The paragraph in question will be found in the Senate bill reported by Mr. Morrill under" Schedule M-Pulp, Paper and Books, ¶ 400," and reads as follows: "Papers known commercially as surface-coated papers, and manufactures thereof, cardboards, lithographic prints from either stone or zinc, bound or unbound (except illustrations when forming a part of a periodical, newspaper, or in printed books accompanying the same), and all articles produced either in whole or in part by lithographic process and photograph, autograph and scrap albums, wholly or partially manufactured, 35 per centum ad valorem." It will be noticed that this can in no way be construed to cover "all books with colored illustrations," and that it really touches only books wholly produced by lithographic process. Nevertheless the discrimination seems to us unjust, especially as it is in favor of but a few concerns in this country engaged in the poorest and cheapest kind of lithographic work as against the bulk of the bookbuying people. For years the American Lithographers' Association have been lobbying to get this protection, and we trust that measures will be adopted to defeat their scheme. The only way in which they can get control of the business they are after is to meet their foreign competitors in the quality of their work. A few of the American art printing houses long ago recognized this, and as a result are furn shing not only the home market, but the foreign as well.

CANADIAN COPYRIGHT.

SIR JOHN THOMPSON. Minister of Justice, who has just returned to Ottawa from a two-months' trip to England, is reported to have had several interviews with the Colonial Minister about the copyright question. As is well known the Dominion Parliament passed a copyright law which the Imperial Government thus far has refused to allow to go into operation, despite the protests of the Dominion Government. The imperial

SOME WOMEN PUBLISHERS.

From the N. Y. World.

lishing association is held by a woman who is THE active presidency of one New York pubmore than seventy years old. Mrs. Charlotte Wells was early associated in the business started by her brothers, the Messrs. Fowler, more than half a century ago. She alone of the family remains in the organization. As President of the Fowler & Wells Company she is known as C. F. Wells. As early as her twentieth year Miss Charlotte began the study of phrenology, and soon came to New York with her brother, who had already made a business beginning in this city. Her connection with the publishing house then established has continued uninterruptedly from that time. In 1844 she married Mr. Wells, who had entered into business with the Fowler brothers.

In 1855 O. S. Fowler withdrew from the business, and when the war broke out Mr. Wells was in Europe with the remaining brother. The establishment was conducted by Mrs. Wells during a period of great difficulty. Her husband died in 1875. Until recently Mrs. Wells has read all the manuscripts and proofs of the entire series of books and journals published by the house. She has shown great regularity in business habits. An original as well as a gigantic task was undertaken when eight or nine years ago the Church Union was established by Mrs. E. B. Grannis, for the advancement of unity in faith among different Christian sects. courage. Among other interests she has been Mrs. Grannis has worked with active in the formation of a society for the promotion of social purity-an assemblage of which at her house recently celebrated her fiftieth birthinsane has been the motive of some part of her day. The amelioration of the condition of the earnest labor. Formerly her publication occupied an office in the Tribune building, but since the purchase of a valuable residence in East Twentysecond Street, near Madison Avenue, the business is provided for there. A staff of prominent clergymen, including Dr. Crosby, are her contributing editors. The journal is issued on the 15th of each month.

Mrs. Jenness Miller is well known as the publisher of a magazine devoted to hygienic dress and physical culture. The establishment of Mrs. Miller in Fifth Avenue is the only one of its class in this country with corresponding pretensions.

While only in its second volume the Business Woman's Journal, published by the Mary F. Seymour Publishing Company, is already widely known in the United States and other countries. Its founder had previously built up the most

extensive stenographic and typewriting establishment in this country, with main offices at No. 38 Park Row, and with several branches. The instructor, "Practical Hints to Stenographers," has been for some time in circulation. Miss Seymour holds the offices of Notary Public for New York County, Commissioner of Deeds for New Jersey, and Commissioner of the United States Court of Claims, to which a reappointment has recently been made. The new bi-monthly magazine under her direction, a distinctly suc cessful venture, is now published by a stock company consisting of women.

The appearance of the Woman's Illustrated World was recorded among journalistic facts about a year ago. The first important business venture of the publisher, Mrs. A. F. Scott, was in the purchase of a German newspaper and printing office. She had previously kept the books of her husband, who was in the printing business. By undertaking the publication of an art work, which she subsequently sold to the Messrs. Scribner, she was led to form a partnership with a firm of art publishers, issuing photogravures, etchings, etc.. thereby gaining a business experience. Mrs. Scott speaks French, German and Italian. The journal is established in Twentythird Street, with Helen Elbertson Smith as the editor.

Another index of the life of women under the stimulus of new conditions is shown in the Woman's Cycle, a semi-monthly journal edited by Mrs. Croly (Jennie June), of which Mrs. C. J. Haley is the publisher. Both these members of Sorosis are well known, and the journal is widely circulated through women's clubs.

The publisher as well as the editor of the American Kindergarten Magazine is Miss Emily M. Coe, President of the American Kindergarten Society and Principal of the Normal Kindergarten Training-School, which she established as the first of the kind in this city. After being graduated at Mount Holyoke with high honors, Miss Coe was for some time a teacher in colleges and seminaries. From her studies of educational theories and methods, including the Froebel Kindergarten system, she finally developed what is known as the American system, which she teaches. Her inventions in apparatus for the work, shown conspicuously at the Centennial Exhibition, in a building erected for the purpose at her own expense, received the highest award. In 1879 Miss Coe began the publication of her magazine. She has a home in East Orange, N. J., and gives instruction by correspondence to mothers and teachers unable to attend the Normal School courses given in Twenty-second Street. In addition to other work she conducts training classes at State Normal schools, institutes and conventions in all parts of the country. Mrs. Sophia Baennlich recently has been promoted to the business management of the Engineering and Mining Journal. From a beginning on the lowest rung she has risen to the top of the ladder. First as a typewriter in the office of Mr. Rothwell, editor of the Journal and President of the Scientific Publishing Company, she improved her mind in technical study. Finally she was made exchange editor. Next a vacancy in the office of Secretary and Treasurer of the Company was well filled by her appointment. So much executive ability was shown that, after a connection of ten years with the establishment, the financial management has been given entirely into her hands. Probably no other woman holds

such a position among technical publications. With other cares she has recently superintended the government work on statistics connected with gold and silver for the new census.

As a publisher of etchings and other fine points Mrs. Janet E. Runtz Rees succeeds J. D. Waring, for whom she was business manager. She held such a position previously in the Prang establishment. She is of Flemish extraction, although of English birth and training. She was first known in this city as a journalist.

At the Paris Exposition a medal was awarded the Teacher, a journal first issued three years ago by Miss Mary R. Hargrove, a teacher in the public schools, and then twenty-two years of age. This young publisher has not only ceased to teach, but has transferred the business of her magazine to other hands, having her time wholly employed in editorial duties.

The publication of the Critic was begun by Miss Jeannette Gilder and her brother.

In the directories appear names of women classed as publishers who have a capitalistic and nominal, rather than an active, business connection. Among such are Lillian E. Lovering, 731 Broadway, and Mrs. Catherine M. Barker, of Bleecker Street, represented as a Masonic publisher.

A few journals are published by societies of women. Of these is the Advocate and Guardian, issued semi-monthly by the Female Guardian Society, under the management of the Executive Committee. On the society plan is published the Silver Cross, the monthly magazine representing the King's Daughters, and being under the immediate direction of the Central Council, of which Mrs. Bottome is President.

HOW POPE AND DRYDEN WERE PAID.

Extract from Murray's Magazine.

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DRYDEN published his works by subscription. At first he had difficulty in obtaining money for his manuscripts. He offered his "Troilus and Cressida" to Tonson for £50, but the bookseller could not raise the money. Dryden then applied to Lavalle, another bookseller, for a portion of the copy money, and the two booksellers published the work conjointly. Dryden, like his fellows, prepared plays for the stage, which were more remunerative than his poems and translations, published as books. Dryden's "Translation of Virgil " was one of his most successful enterprises. It was published by subscription, and Dryden received about £1300 for the translation. He was less successful with his Fables," which contained about twelve thousand lines. The work included "Alexander's Feast," one of the noblest odes in our language. Tonson gave him 250 guineas for it, and offered to make up the amount to 300 when a second edition was called for. Dryden dedicated the book to the beautiful Duchess of Ormonde, and received for his incense a present of £500-a donation worthy of that noble house. The book, however, went off slowly; fifteen years elapsed before a second edition was called for, and the poet was by that time in his grave. Tonson paid the agreed surplus to Lady Sylvester, daughter of one of Lady Elizabeth Dryden's daughters, for the benefit of his widow, then in a state of lunacy. Pope was more successful than Dryden. As the success of Tonson had been founded on the reputation of Dryden, that of Lintott was established by his connection with Pope. Three thousand copies of the "Rape

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