Street Paving and Maintenance in European Cities
Press of C. S. Nathan, 1913 - 437 páginas
The results of a study of paving and pavement maintenance conditions in the leading cities of Europe, made on a trip undertaken for that purpose by direction of the late mayor of New York (W.J. Gaynor).
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accordance addition Administration allowed amount applicable asphalt assistant authorities Berlin bitumen Borough bridges building carried cement charge Chief classes cleaning close Company completion compressed concrete foundation condition construction contract Contractor Corporation cost Council course curb Department depth direction district electric employed Engineer entire excavation executed existing expense furnished given granite gravel hard Highways importance inches joints laborers laid laying length less lighting lines London macadam maintained maintenance material meter miles municipal necessary openings operation Paris pavement paving payment period present principal proper rails railway removed repairs repaving road roadway sand sewers showing side sidewalk specifications square yards stone stone block stone pavement streets supply surface taken tests thickness tracks traffic tramway usually various width wood blocks wood pavement
Página 215 - The use of travelling is to regulate imagination by reality, and instead of thinking how things may be, to see them as they are.
Página 273 - Curbstones to be of syenite, straight or circular as required, 6 inches thick at top, 7 inches thick at 5 inches below, and not less than that thickness for the remainder of the depth. To be not less than 12 inches deep nor less than 3 feet in length; to be carefully dressed on top, 8 inches down face and 3 inches down back, the remainder of each stone to be hammer-dressed. The head joints to be neatly and accurately squared throughout the entire depth.
Página 240 - Board shall have power, with the approval of the Treasury — (a) to make advances to county councils and other highway authorities in respect of the construction of new roads or the improvement of existing roads ; (b) to construct and maintain any new roads ; which appear to the Board to be required for facilitating road traffic.
Página 270 - The foundation is generally of hand-pitched rock, 10 inches deep as for ordinary macadam, but in some cases a bed of 6-inch concrete has been used on main roads. Pitch macadam is also being much used as a surface covering for old boulder pavements, many of which still exist in Liverpool in old streets, where the traffic is very small. The cost of pitch macadam may be taken at is. (24 cents) per square yard per inch of depth.
Página 275 - After the paving is laid, the joints shall be filled with hard, clean, dry shingle; the setts shall then be thoroughly rammed and additional shingle added until the joints are perfectly full. The joints shall then be carefully grouted until completely filled with a hot composition consisting of coal pitch and creosote oil, and, finally, the paving is to be covered with ^in.
Página 271 - Carriageway.—Excavate or fill in the ground, as the case may be, to the requisite level, and remove all surplus material; properly form and trim off the surface, and thoroughly consolidate the same, and then lay a foundation of (a) not less than 6in.
Página 238 - The Board of Trade. The London County Council (2 being members of the Council and 2 not being members of the Council). City of London Corporation (1 being a member of the Corporation and 1 not being a member of the Corporation). Trinity House.
Página 273 - ... on edge in the manner of a rough pavement. Over this a coating of gravel is to be laid of sufficient thickness to fill in the interstices and to form a smooth surface to the foundation, which must be thoroughly consolidated by rolling with a steam roller before the paving is laid. The paving shall consist of 4...
Página 240 - XXIX. -HIGHWAYS. [Street maintenance. — The streets in the Administrative County of London are maintained by the metropolitan borough councils and the City Corporation. The boundaries between boroughs generally run along the middle of the roadway, but for purposes of street paving, etc., the road or street is divided transversely at an agreed point (subject to the approval of the London County Council), and each of the adjoining boroughs becomes responsible for the maintenance of the entire width...