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. It has been insisted upon, that temporal
blessings in the land of Canaan were plainly * promised to the people under the law of Moses ; and thence it has been argued, that these were the only sanctions of the law, the only rewards of obedience. But this doth by no means follow: because godliness, under the gospel, hath the promise both of this life, and of that which is to come ; and it is still the effect of righteousness to exalt every na. tion. The present blessings of this life do not exclude the blessings of the other, neither can a nation be blessed, as such, but in the present life. The promises of God are very nearly alike under both Testaments. We Christians have a promise, that, even here, our obedience shall be rewarded with houses and lands : but lest we should forget what is to come, the enjoyment of these things is tempered with persecutions : Mark x. 30. even as God, for the correcting and spiritualizing the minds of those who were under the law, preserved wicked heathens, for thorns in their sides, and terrors upon their borders. The Holy Patriarchs never enjoyed the blessings promised in their literal sense: to them, therefore, as to us, they were no more than signs of better things: and under every age ·
of the Mosaic dispensation, they who entered by faith into the ways of God, and the language of his law, voluntarily renounced, like the family of the Rechabites, the enjoyments of this world, and made themselves pilgrims and sojourners upon earth, such as the best of their fathers had been before, and as all good men were to be after.
It has been objected farther against the doctrine of immortality in the Old Testament, that life and immortality were brought to light by the gospel. But, if by bringing to light we understand the revealing of what was not known before, the expression is not true; because the resurrection of the dead was cer. tainly known to the Jews before the gospel ; and the greater part of them in our Saviour's time never thought of disputing it. Therefore, when it is said, that iminortality (the word is incorruption, and means the incorruption of the body) was brought to light, the sense is, that not the doctrine, but the thing itself was brought to light, by the fact of our Saviour's resurrection, and the actual abolition of the power of death. It might, indeed, be said, with respect to all mankind, that the thing was then brought to light: but, if it is understood of the doctrine, that can be ap.
plied only to the Gentiles, who had no knowledge of the resurrection ; and the wisest of them mocked as soon as they heard of it. Therefore take it either way, and there, will be no objection from this text against the doctrine of the resurrection in the Old Testament.
But it is objected farther, that if this doctrine is revealed in the law and the prophets, it is in a way so faint and obscure, as if it were intended that the Jews should not learn it. This merits consideration : however, if the Jews did learn it, and receive it, as they undoubtedly did, then there must be in us some misunderstanding of the case. Accordingly we shall find, and must allow, that there is an obscurity in the law, arising partly from design in God the lawgiver, and partly from ignorance in man. When we read the historical, prophetical, or ceremonial part of the law, we see the wisdom of God there delivering itself in parables ; and for the same reasons as our Saviour did afterwards ; covering up the precious doctrines of life under a veil : which method, while it rendered them still more precious to the wise, who could see and understand, secured them from profane
heathens * The sense I have here fallen upon, coincides so ex. actly with the words of a Jewish writer, that I shall set them down for the Reader to reflect upon. « Servans res conditam, et relinquens doctis et sapientibus eruendam, ex variis legis locis, illam futuram beatitudinem. Atque hæc eadem causa est, cur nulla mentio aperta fiat in Genesi ; sub metaphora tantùm proponatur.” Menasseh Ben Israel, de Resur. Mort, lib. 1. cap. 13.
heathens and carnal Jews. They could not despise them, for they could not see them *.
The life and spirit of the signs and figures in the Christian mysteries are now as effectually lost to our Deists, Socinians, and other like disputers of this world. They who do see through this method, which God hath constantly observed from the beginning of the world, from the tree in Paradise, to the lamb of the Passover, and from thence to the bread of the Christian sacrament, see the better for it ; while those, who have not an heart to understand, are blinded, and confirmed in their unbelief. Not only the immortality of the soul, and the resurrection of the dead, are doctrines of the law lost to a carnal mind, but all other great' doctrines are lost in like manner : the corruption of man's nature, the bondage of sin, purification of the heart by
grace, atonement by the shedding of blood, the true character of the Messiah, the calling of the Gentile world, were none of them to be found in the law, according to the sense of the carnal Jew; neither are they now seen by the disputing Christian. Therefore let us all endeavour to put off this Jewish spirit, and pray in the words of the Psalmist, who understood all these things, open thou mine eyes, that I may see the wondrous things of thy law! The letter of the law is the shadow of truth, and nothing more. Of this some have been ignorant, while the world allowed them the reputation of great learning; and this ignorance produced the monstrous proposition published amongst us of late years, that a revelation came to man from the living God, without life in it: which is so far from being an improvement in literature, or divinity, that it must be shocking to the ears of intelligent Christians; and, being false and heretical, stands condemned in the Articles of the Church of England.
But now, lastly, give me leave to tell you, that the moral doctrine to be drawn from the words of the text, is a matter of great consideration : and I desire you will lay it up in your minds. God calls himself the God of VOL. Ví.