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1715; the Freethinker, 1718; the Plain Dealer, 1724: the Universal Spectator, 1728; Memoirs of the Society of Grub-street, 1730; Fog's Journal, 1732; Common Sense, 1737; the Chama pion, 1739; the Female Spectator, 1744; the Parrot, 1746; the Student, 1750; the Inspector, 1751 ; the Covent-Garden Journal, 1752; the Grays-Inn-Journal, 1752; the Old Maid, 1755; the Prater, 1756, and the Visitor, 1760.*

To the task of selection, it became nece ary, for the interest of the work, to add that of arrangement; for, had the papers followed each other merely in the order of time, a want of pleasing and perspicuous distribution, with regard to the nature of the subjects chosen, would have been inevitably felt. I have, therefore, intermingled the

gay,

the didactic and the narrative, in such a manner, as, I flatter myself, will sufficiently arrest and relieve the attention of the reader, and, at the same time, harmonize with the best models of periodical composition.

That the Gleaner might possess all the advantages which are now annexed to the best editions

grave and the

* For characters of these papers, and, indeed, of every other which has been written for a century back, I must refer my reader to the Essays on Periodical Literature, lately published in five vols. foolscap 8vo.

of our Classical Essayists, I have given translations of all the mottoes, and added tables of contents and indices. For the sake of uniformity, also, I have prefixed mottoes to those papers which originally did not exhibit such an ornament; and I have, likewise, occasionally substituted a new motto, where the old one appeared to me not sufficiently pleasing or apposite.

As the essays united in these volumes are, for the sake of exciting universal interest, of a nature as general as possible, the necessity for notes has, consequently, not been frequent; these are, therefore, rather critical, than explanatory; or so far illustrative, as parallel passages, or subsequent discoveries and narratives, might furnish materials. It may be observed, that the number or page of the original work, which has been selected, is carefully noted at the close of each paper

of the collection. Not only has strict attention been paid to avoid any thing which might militate, in the sınallest degree, against the great truths of religion and morality; but care has also been taken, that nothing should appear which could offend the most delicate mind, and that the whole should subserve the best interests of virtue.

To conclude: it is my wish, that the Gleaner

should form a valuable accompaniment to the Classical Essayists; to which, I trust, it will establish a claim, by condensing into a convenient compass, and with a suitable arrangement, the best essays of the best periodical papers which, independent of the standard works already mentioned, have been published in this country to the year 1797.*

Hadleigh, Suffolk, Dec. 1810.

* The Works from which the Essays, forming the Third and Fourth Volumes of the Gleaner, are taken, will be found enumerated in an Advertisement prefixed to Volume the Third.

TO

V.

No.

INTRODUCTION.

I. Selkirk, Alexander, an account of his living

alone four years in a desolate island ..

II. Critics, an essay on them and on criticism

III. On superstition and its effects

IV. Florella, a fairy tale

V. Parallel between poetry and painting.

VI. The same concluded

VII. Descriptions in poetry, the reason why

they please

VIII. Alfarute, a tale
IX. On the civilities and ceremonies of po-

liteness among the Romans
X. On the too partial administration of jus-

tice. Letter from a criminal going to
be executed. Dying speech of a crimi-

nal
XI. On the marvellous and irrelevant in the

history of medical cases, instances of

XII. On the daily and ordinary course of pri-

vate life

among

the Romans

XIII. The same continued ....

XIV. The same concluded
XV. Theodosius and Eudocia, history of
XVI. On the shortness of life
XVII. On the moralization of stories in conver-

sation, with specimens.
XVIII. An imitation of the allegory of Cebes
XIX. A fairy tale for the female world
XX. On the tythe-bill: five arguments for pass-

ing it...
XXI. Psychostatics, or the initation of the alle-

gory of Cebes continued
XXII. The same concluded ...

XXIII. Reflections on the tombs in Westminster

Abbey

XXIV. Marriage, happiness or misery of, a re-

verie

VOL. I.

b

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