Acerca deste livro
A minha biblioteca
Livros no Google Play
Remote History. - Ancient Records.-Historians.—Three
Periods of Polish History.-Military Despotism.— Dethrone-
ment of Popiel.—Piast's Accession.—Pjast Dynasty.-State
of Poland.-Accession of Mieczylas.- Introduction of Christ-
ianity.—Boleslas the Great.-Invested with Regal Dig-
nity.-Defeats the Russians.—Is again victorious. -- Ob-
tains the Name of The Terrible.'--Casimir I.-Polish Re-
volution.-Insurrection of the Serfs.- Casimir recalled from
Exile.—Boleslas II. takes Kiow.— Infidelity of the Polish
Women. Murder of the Bishop of Cracow. — Boleslas
excommunicated and dethroned. His Character.--Anec-
dotes. - Polish Militia. — Campaigns of Boleslas IV. -
Reign of Casimir II., called the Just. The Teutonic
Knights.- Casimir the Great.-Formation of the Diet.
Polish Laws.—Pacta Conventa.—End of the Piast Dy-
Hedwiga marries Jagellon, Duke of Lithuania.- Jagellon
Dynasty commences 1386.—Lithuanians.— Their Origin,
Religion, and History.-Union with Poland.--Union of the
Romish and Greek Churches.—Jagellon defeats the Teu-
tonic Knights.-Wladislas succeeds, 1433.- Defeats the
Sultan Amurath.-Is killed in the Battle of Varna.-Casi-
mir IV.-Subdues the Teutonic Knights.-Polish Prussia
added to the Kingdom.-Origin of the Polish Diets, 1468.
- State of Learning in Poland under Casimir.-'Printing
introduced. - John Albert, 1492. --- Ascendancy of the
Nobles.-Alexander.-Sigismund I.-Annihilation of the
Teutonic Knights.- Sigismund-Augustus. — Order of the
Livonian Knights suppressed.—Union with Lithuania con-
solidated.—State of Learning under Sigismund.-Coperni-
cus.--Zaluzianski, the Polish Linnæus.--Religious Toler-
ation.— Trade of the Jews.-Termination of the Jagellon
Dynasty, 1572.—Remarks on this period
Poland becomes an elective Monarchy.--Religious Toler-
ation.—Henry of Anjou elected.-Henry absconds.-Ste-
phen Batory. - Introduces the Jesuits. – Disciplines the
Cossacks.--Origin, Manners, &c., of the Cossacks.—Sigis-
mund III., Prince of Sweden, elected.-Swedes revolt and
expel Sigismund. - Demetrius the Russian Impostor.
War with Russia. - The Poles take Moscow, and
Czar prisoner to Warsaw.-A Pole, Czar of Russia.--Zol-
kiewski.-War with Gustavus Adolphus.— Wladislas VII.
-The Revolt of the Cossacks.- Casimir III.-Charles Gus-
tavus overruns Poland.—Is repelled.- Treaty of Oliva.-
Project of Partition.-Revolts of the Nobles.-Casimir ab-
dicates the Throne.- Liberum Veto.......
Michael Wieçnowiecki elected.-Intrigues against him.-
War with Turkey. - Treaty of Buczacz. – Royal Con-
federation.- Treaty broken.- Death of Michael.-Battle of
Chocim.-Election of Sobieski.--Sobieski's Ancestry.--Life,
&c.- Battle of Leopol.-Coronation.-Sobieski's Danger.-
Treaty of Zurawnow.--Alliance with Austria.-Siege of
Vienna.-Sobieski succours Vienna and defeats the Turks.
-Leopold's Ingratitude.-Sobieski defeated by the Turks.
--Consequences of this War.-Intrigues.- War renewed. -
Complaints of the Diet.-Religious Persecution. --Sobieski
takes the Jews into Favour.--Disorders of the Government.
Augustus II., Elector of Saxony, raises himself to the
Throne.— Detains his Saxon Troops in Poland.—Makes
Peace with Turkey.-Attemps to seize Livonia.—Forms
an Alliance with Peter the Great of Russia.—Defeated by
Charles XII. of Sweden.Dethroned by Charles XII.-
Stanislas raised to the Throne.—Augustus resumes the
Crown and is again deposed.-Charles defeated at Pultowa.
-Augustus reascends the Throne.--Charles XII. prisoner
in Turkey.-Returns to Sweden.-Attempt to assassinate
Stanislas.— Death of Charles.--Oppression of the Protest-
ants.--Death of Augustus......
Stanislas re-elected. The Russians enter Poland and
claim the Elector of Saxony King.–Siege of Dantzig.-
Escape of Stanislas from Dantzig.–Stanislas abdicates.-
Augustus III.—Count Brulh, Prime Minister.-Intrigues
of the Czartoryski family.-Frederick the Great invades
Saxony.-- The death of the Empress Elizabeth terminates
the War.-—Intrigues of Poniatowski and Catharine.—Life,
Education, &c. of Poniatowski.--Catharine murders Peter
and is proclaimed Empress.- Poniatowski's disappointment.
His intrigues.-Factions against Augustus.—Death of Au-
Forced election of Stanislas-Poniatowski.- Bold resistance
of Mokranowski.—Confederation.- The Confederates offer
the Crown to Henry, brother of Frederick the Great.-
Coronation of Stanislas.—Anecdote of Stanislas.--Claims
of the Dissidents ; supported by Russia; rejected by
the Diet.--Confederacy of the Dissidents.--Confederacy of
the Constitutionalists.-Repnin's Treachery.-Polish Bishops
banished to Siberia.—Dissidents confirmed in their rights.
-Confederacy of Bar.–Attempt to seize Repnin.-Bar
taken by the Russians.-Rupture between Russia and
Turkey.--Defeat of the Turks. - State of the Confederates.
-The Confederates transfer their Council to Eperies.-
Visited by Joseph II. ... ........
Grand Plan of the Russian Campaign, in 1770.-Insurrec-
tion of Greece.-Elphinston sails into the Dardanelles.-
Russian Fleet in the Levant.-Defeat of the Turks by
Land. - State of the Confederates.-French Agents, M. de
Taules, Dumourier, and Vioménil.—Valiant Defence of
Czenstochowa. – Vioménil's account of the Confederates.---
Saldern, and Russian cruelties.—The Austrians seize Zips.
The Prussians enter Poland. Attempt to carry off
Stanislas from Warsaw.-Decline of the Confederacy.-
Treachery of Zaremba. Treaty between Russia, Austria,
and Prussia.-Dispersion of the Confederates...............
Origin of the Plan of Partition.— Prediction of Stanislas.-
Relations of the three Powers. Frederick. Maria
Theresa.-Kaunitz.---The Emperor Joseph has an inter-
view with Frederick at Neiss.-Interview at Neustadt.-
Frederick’s Encroachments and Tyranny in Polish Prussia?
-The Austrians seize Zips.-Prince Henry's Visit to
Petersburg.-Prince Henry proposes the Partition. The
three Powers sign the Treaty of Partition.-Division.-
“ Defences” of the three Powers.--" Deductions,” &c.-
The Diet of Partition.—Patriots, Reyten, Korsak, &c. -
Poninski, the Marshal.-Reyten's bold resistance.— The
Diet appoint Commissioners.—The Treaty is ratified.-Per-
manent Council.-Inaction of Foreign Powers.
State of Poland. Stanislas proposes a Reform.-Diet of
1788, or Constitutional Diet.-Alliance with Prussia.-
Constitution of the 3d of May.-Irresolution of Stanislas. ---
Treachery of Frederick William.- Opposition of Russia to
the Polish Reform.- Confederacy of Targowica.-Frederick-
William's Letter to Stanislas.- The Russians enter Poland.
---Irresolution of Stanislas.—The Prussians enter Poland.
- Frederick's Manifesto.—Opposition of the Confederates
to Russia overcome. -Frederick's claims.—Tyranny of
Sievers.- Concession of the Dięt.-Second Partition . 295
Patriots at Dresden and Leipzig.---Patriotic Conspiracy at
Warsaw.—The Patriots of Warsaw correspond with Ko-
sciusko.-- The Russian Minister orders the Troops to dis-
band.-Madalinski refuses and marches to Cracow.-Ko-
sciusko enters Cracow.-Confederacy of Cracow.-Kosciusko
declared Generalissimo. Kosciusko's Life. Kosciusko
marches against the Russians.- Insurrection at Warsaw
and expulsion of the Russians.—Lithuania.—Barbarities at
Warsaw.-Kosciusko’s Camp at Wola.—The King of Prus-
sia invests Warsaw; retreats; Insurrection in Great Po-
land.--Suwarow marches against the Patriots.—Battle of
Macieiowice, and Kosciusko taken Prisoner.—The Rus-
sians take Praga.-Massacre of Praga.—Warsaw surrenders.
-Russian, Prussian, and Austrian prisoners.-Third Par-
tition.-Stanislas' Abdication ; Death; and Character...... 321
Polish Patriots at Paris and Venice.-- The French Directory
promise Assistance.--Polish Confederacy at Paris. -Oginski
sent to Constantinople. Buonaparte's Letter to Oginski.-
Polish Confederacy in Walachia broken up.—The Emperor
Paul, on his Accession, liberates the Polish Captives. —Ko-
sciusko.-Polish Legions; in Lombardy; at Rome.--Suwa-
row in Italy defeats the Second Legion.- Battle of Novi.-
Legion of the Danube.—Legions perish in St. Domingo.
War declared between France and Prussia.-The French en-
ter Warsaw.— Treaty of Tilsit.-Grand Duchy of Warsaw.-
Frederick Augustus.—New Constitution.--Diet of 1809.
War with Austria.--The Austrians enter Warsaw,- Prince