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tion of its commercial business. This fast progress is a sample, but certainly is not to be regarded as the measure, of the future advancement of the city. So many circumstances incline to favor that advancement, that it is difficult to estimate the rate by which it may hereafter proceed. It will probably not be long before the products of the fisheries of the East, the importations of the Atlantic frontier, the productions, mineral and vegetable, of all the North-western States, and the sugars of Louisiana, will find their way hither by inland water communication. Much of this, indeed, has already taken place, and is of daily occurrence. Many, who remember the competition between Buffalo and Black Rock, for the site of the city, will doubtless live to see the city spread over both. This singular prosperity, Fellow-citizens, so gratifying for the present, and accompanied with such high hopes for the future, you owe to your own industry and enterprise, your favored position, and to the flourishing condition of the internal commerce of the country; and the blessings and the riches of that internal commerce, be it ever remembered, are the fruits of a united government, and one general common commercial system.

It is not only the trade of New York, of Ohio, of New England, of Indiana, or Michigan, but it is a part of the great aggregate of the trade of all the States, in which you so largely and so successfully partake. Who does not see that the advantages here enjoyed spring from a General Government and a uniform code? Who does not see, that, if these States had remained severed, and each had existed with a system of imposts and commercial regulations of its own, all excluding and repelling, rather than inviting the intercourse of the rest, the place could hardly hope to have been more than a respectable frontier post? Or can any man look to the one and to the other side of this beautiful lake and river, and not see, in their different conditions, the plain and manifest results of different political institutions and commercial regulations?

It would be pleasant, Fellow-citizens, to dwell on these topics, so worthy at all times of regard and reflection; and especially so fit to engage attention at the present moment; but this is not the proper moment to pursue them; and, tendering to you once mora my thanks and good wishes, I take my leave of you by expressing my hope for the continued success of that great interest, so essential to your happiness—The Commerce Of The Lakes, A Wew

DISCOVERED SOURCE OF NATIONAL PROSPERITY, AND A NEW BOND OF NATIONAL UNION.

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An address was also made to Mr. Webster in behalf of fjie mechanics and manufacturers of Buffalo, to which he returned the following reply:

I Need hardly say, Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen, that it gives me much satisfaction to receive this mark of approbation of my public conduct, from the Manufacturers and Mechanics of Buffalo. Those who are the most immediately affected by any measures of the Government, are naturally the earliest to perceive their operation, and to foresee their final results. Allow me to say, Gentlemen, that the confidence you express in my continuance in the general course which I have pursued, must rest, and may rest safely, I trust, on the history of the past. Desiring always to avoid extremes, and to observe a prudent moderation in regard to the protective system, I yet hold steadiness and perseverance, in maintaining what has been established, to be essential to the public prosperity. Nothing can be worse than that what concerns the daily labor and the daily bread of whole classes of the people, should be subject to frequent and violent changes. It were far better not to move at all than to move forward and then fall back again.

My sentiments, Gentlemen, on the tariff question, are generally known. In my opinion, a just and a leading object in the whole system is the encouragement and protection of American manual labor. I confess, that every day's experience convinces me more and more of the high propriety of regarding this object Our Government is made for all, not for a few. Its object is to promote the greatest good of the whole; and this ought to be kept constantly in view in its administration. The far greater number of those who maintain the Government belong to what may be called the industrious or productive classes of the community. With us labor is not depressed, ignorant and unintelligent. On the contrary, it is active, spirited, enterprising, seeking its own rewards, and laying up for its own competence and its own support. The motive to labor is the great stimulus to our whole society; and no system is wise or just which does not afford this stimulus, as far as it may. The protection of American labor against the injurious competition of foreign labor, so far, at least, as respects general handicraft productions, is known historically to have been one end designed to be obtained by establishing the Constitution; and this object, and the Constitutional power to accomplish it, ought never to be surrendered or compromised in any degree.

Our political institutions, Gentlemen, place power in the hands of all the people; and, to make the exercise of this power, in such hands, salutary, it is indispensable that all the people should enjoy, first, the means of education, and, second, the reasonable

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ADDRESS

TO THE CITIZENS OF PITTSBURGH, JULY 9, 1833.

Mr. Wunn arrived at Pittsburgh on the evening of the fourth of July, accompanied by a numerous cavalcade of citizens. He was immediately waited on by a committee, with the following

LETTER.

To m Hon. Dactkl Webster.

Pittsburgh, July 4, 1833.

Sir: At a meeting of tho citizens of Pittsburgh, the undersigned were appointed a committee to convey to you a cordial welcome and an assurance of the exalted sense which is entertained of your character and public services.

The fueling is one which pervades our whole community, scorning any narrower discrimination than that of lovers of our sacred I'nion, and admirers of the highest moral and intellectual qualities, steadily aiid triumphantly devoted to the noblest purposes.

The resolutions, under which the committee act, indicate no particular form of tribute, but contain only an earnest injunction to seek the best mode by which to manifest the universal recognition of your claim to the admiration and gratitude of every American citizen. It will be deeply mortifying to us, if our execution of this trnst shall fail adequately to represent the enthusiastic feeling in which it had its origin.

The committee will have the honor of waiting on you in person at such an hour as you may please to designate, with a view to ascertain how they can best fulfil the purposes of their appointment. It will be very gratifying if your convenience will permit you to partake of a Public Dinner at any period during your stay.

We have the honor to be, with the highest respect,

JAMES ROSf", RICHARD BIDDLE,

BENJAMIN BAKE WEll, BAMI'EL P. DARLINGTON,

CHARLES AVERY, MICHAEL TIERNAN,

WILLIAM WADE, SAMI'EL FAHNESTOCK,

8AMCEL PETTIGREW, THOMAS BAKEWELL,

GEORGE MILTENBERGER, WALTER IL LOWRIE,

IS.WC LIGHTNER, WILLIAM W. IRWIN,

BYLVANtS LATHROP, ROBERT S. C \SSAT.

JOHN' ARTHI'RS, CORNELII'S DARRAGR.

ALEX. BRACKENRIDGE, BENJAMIN D\RLINGTON,

WILLIAM ROBINSON, Jo». M:\ILLE B. CRAIG,

GEORGE A. COOK. Wit.soN M.-C \NDLES,

W. W. FETTERMAN, OWEN ASHToN,

SAMUEL ROSERI'RGH, CHARLES S1MLER,

WILLIAM MACKEY, THOMAS SCOTT,

JAJaED JOILNSTON, CHARLES U. IBKAXl.

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