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The SAME to the SAME. 1746, July 26 (-August 6]. Woolterton.—“You asked me twice who sent for Prince Charles to the army, as I am a free thinker in politics, and sometimes, perhaps too often, a free-talker, am in no secret, and have no bias but the truth ; Lord G[ranvi]lle by the influence of the P[rince] of W[ales] to prevent the D[uke] of C[umberland] from having the command in Flanders managed I don't doubt this affair with the Count of V[ienn]a thro' the canal of Was[ne]r, and yet I doubt whether the K[ing] will see it, or the Mi[niste]rs dare see it, et sic omnia.

My heart pants for the event of a battle in Flanders ; if we lose it, we are undone ; if we get it, I am afraid we shall be more warlike than ever, tho' not much more able to recover what we have lost; the two late great deaths are providential strokes for our favour ; shall we make a right use of them ? God knows, if we are governed by our own real interest and that of the Public, we can't make a bad use; if by the dictates of the Court of Vi[enn ja we shall not make a good one. That Court is indeed necessary and inseparable from the public good, but that Court will, if suffered, make their own particular views of ámbition, avarice, vengeance, and pride go before the public good.”

EDWARD WESTON to the SAME. . 1746, August 5 [-14]. Wh[itehall].-" I reckon you are not at all sorry to be quit of the Breda job, as your honour is saved by the consideration of the necessity of your residence at the Hague. I should bo glad to know what character the ministers go in, for I think you used to call them ambassadors.... Things seem now to me to be in such a situation that all will depend on the word C[ape] Breton. TREVOR MSS. ... Our Ministers are so deeply engaged in domestics, that the despatch of Lord Sandwich and Keene will be almost miraculous."

The EARL OF CHESTERFIELD to the Same. Same date. London.—“ Lord Sandwich will, I believe, set out for Holland this day sevennight, but whether authorised and instructed as it is there expected he should be, is another point. I was much pressed, as you have probably heard, to make you a visit, but I believe, in a very little time, neither you nor any of my friends in Holland will bo surprised, that I declined it. I can submit to the opinions of others, but I cannot act against my own. I was and am still convinced, that the Dutch are very unwilling to conclude with France without us. But I am as much convinced too, that when a new Minister shall appear (if that should be the case) to have no new instructions, no ultimatum, no specific points, by way of basis for a pacification, the Dutch will not delay much longer the signing what, I believe, has for some time been agreed upon between them and France. If things have lately changed a little to our advantage, I think we ought to avail ourselves of those favourable moments, to mend the conditions of the pacification, rather than to delay the conclusion of it. But this opinion of mine is not the prevailing opinion here.

I am ashamed to be so troublesome to you as I am often forced to be. with my Irish recommendations, for I am now obliged to mention Lord Charlemont, a young Irish nobleman of a very good estate, who is already or will be soon at the Hague. I only beg that when he waits upon you, you will let him know that I mentioned him to you. A boy, in whom I interest myself much more, will in about a fortnight pass through the Hague to Lausanne, and you will give him leave to receive your commands, and wait upon Bobby, as they are both Parthenians."

HENRY Pelham to the SAME. 1746, August 12 [-23].--"I verily believe Lord Sandwich is well intentioned. He has a good capacity, great application, and is naturally cautious, a quality more necessary for himself, than for the business he goes upon. I shall make no remark on his instructions. I hope they will prove sufficient, but fear the contrary. What makes me particularly trouble you at this time is chiefly on your own account; you know I am a well wisher to peace and am certainly a well wisher to you, the first I can only prove by professions, the second, I hope to do by actions. I see the difficulties you are under, and am no stranger to the variety of incidents that attend your station. We are none of us in places for life, the best thing we can do is therefore to serve our friends whilst we are able. The best thing I could do for you, was most earnestly to recommend you to the king, in which I have succeeded, for an employment that will probably become vacant soon, I mean a Commissioner of the Revenue in Ireland. It is a 1,0001. & year clear and weil paid; no constant attendance expected. I believe you must go over there to qualify, and then you take turns with the other Commissioners for a few months' residence in the summer, but that don't happen often. If this is agreeable to you, I shall think myself very happy, for I can assure you, not only the respect I have always had for you and your family, but the particular circumstances of your present situation, have made me very desirous to procure you some settlement for your ease, and I hope for your honour, in case of events."


ROBERT Trevor to Henry PELHAM.

1746, August 26.- Expressing his gratitude for the offer of the place mentioned in his letter of the 12th, and requesting bim “to lay me nt our Royal Master's feet with the liveliest professions of my submission and gratitude.”

Horario WALPOLE to ROBERT Trevor. 1746, August 26 [-September 6). Woolterton.—“ Your last binted to me that the French bad got possession of Huy and Liege. I am told that at Co[ur]t it is extremely slighted, otherwise I should think they had got a great advantage by cutting off our communication with Breda, &c., from whence we could most easily bring our provisions; but I see things in so confused a light, and know so little the use we are like to make of events, or what is the plan for peace or war (if there be any plan) that I am at a loss to judge whether any extraordinary event is for our advantage or disadvantage. I know a certain plausible maxim, which is the foundation of all the measures of a certain Co[urt, viz., that they are ready to make peace, as soon as they shall be indemnified for what they have suffered, and can have sufficient security that the like shall not happen again ; and if they are to be the sole judges of this indemnification and of this security, the L[o]rd have mercy upon us.”

Robert Trevor to HENRY Pelham. 1746, September 23.-"I hope you have never once admitted a thought of my being capable of limiting my thanks for the late proof of your friendship for me to the ostensible letter I wrote you on that occasion; how long soever the want of a safe conveyance for a more confidential one may have hindered me from indulging myself in that pleasure. At present, accept the overflowings of a heart, which for some time past has known no comfort, but that which has flowed from the prospect you have opened to me; and which, for God's sake, realize as soon as possible, before the clouds, which I think I see arising and thickening, overcast it, and make me lose sight of it for ever. As I am persuaded, you have nothing so much in view in your intended provision for me, as my personal advantage and ease, let me conjure you to enter still a little farther into the ticklish circumstances of my present residence, and to contrive some plausible handle of rescuing me out of it, before I grow more insignificant to my friends, and more obnoxious to my enemies. I have oftener than once taken the liberty to apprise you, that neither my humour, nor indeed my conscience would ever allow me to be made the instrument of meracing, scourging or subverting this Republic; and as I somewhat apprehend such services may ere lorg come to be expected ; I had much rather escape receiving, than be driven to decline executing instructions of that tendency; and my most ardent prayer is, to be gently laid up, and fairly paid off, before affairs come to that extremity, as to render my arrears desperate, and my very retreat insecure.

Perhaps just at present a timely evacuation of this invidious post together with the inoffensiveness of my personal character, and the compassionate circumstances of my private fortune, may still secure, and cover my Quietus in Ireland. But on the other hand I foresee that the Nova Consilia, et Spes with which the Italian successes will soon inspire the Court of Vienna, and consequently ours, coinciding with the passion of the many with us for Cape Breton, and of the one for TREVOR MSS. Oostfrise, will render not only unfashionable but criminal a politician, with whom no acquisition, either in, or out of Europe, can compensate the loss of the Netherlands ; nor all the caresses, and compliments of our sucking eleemosynary ailies, the confidence and co-operation of the Dutch, low, and distressed as they are; and who besides is neither sanguine enough to flatter himself, that this state will sacrifice its own provinces, after the Austrian ones, to our new American idol ; or that we shall be able to reconquer the Netherlands with subsidiary, mottled, and inferior armies. The very catastrophe of the Republic of Genoa, for which doubtless bonfires are lit all over England, is considered here as a melancholy memento to this country of what even an auxiliary is to expect from an incensed, superior neighbour." Draft.

HENRY Pellam to ROBERT Trevor. 1746, September 22 [-October 3]. Arlington Street.-" The little delay there seems to be in the execution of what I hinted to you in my last doth not proceed from any doubts of your success, but merely on account of Lord Dupplin's election, who is to make way for you in Ireland, by his removal to the Board of Trade. If the vacancy is made so long before the Parliament meets, the town of Cambridge, for which he serves, may probably expect entertainments and burgessing, which would cost him some money, and as he is a loser in profit by the change, it would be hard to put him to an unnecessary expense. However it will not be long before these matters must be settled, but to make you easy, the King has promised it and all my fellow servants seem entirely to approve of the disposition. When you hear the warrant is out, or sooner if you think proper, would it not be civil in you to write to Lord Chesterfield, in whose department in some measure your office will be. I can assure you he has been a good friend to you, not only in this affair, but in all points where your interest or credit was concerned. I have for some time seen the difficulties you were under, and do not think the prospect of them lessened, from the dazzling hopes that the successes of our allies in Italy have furnished us with. When the Conferences at Breda are opened, I suppose foreign politics will be brought to their crisis, I wish for the best, you know my thoughts, it is unnecessary if not imprudent to say more. You seem to call for a Quietus with some earnestness, can't you suppose a circumstance in which other people may long for it also ? But we are not made for ourselves, we must bear and help as long as we can, and when it will no more, we are not to blame."

HORATIO WALPOLE to the SAME. 1746, September 27 [-October 8].—Congratulating him on the birth of a son and heir, and on the prospect of his appointment as a Commissioner of the Revenue.

“I say nothing of public affairs, because I see no good prospect either by peace or war, many bad events which will naturally have their bad consequences, few good events, and no good use made of them.”

Ro[BERT] Cox to the SAME. 1746, October 12. The Camp of Ambie.—“ The General's extreme fatigue prevents him ... writing to you an account of what the French will certainly call a battle, which happened yesterday. They

TREVOR MSS. attacked the Dutch, which were on our left wing, with great vigour

and repulsed them at last, tho’ it must be confessed they behaved gallantly and with great resolution. They have lost a great many officers and men, the particulars of which are not yet known. The villages which were in our front were lined with English, Hanoverian, and Hessian infantry which were soon after attacked by 40 battalions, during which time the French continued marching other troops behind to our right, and soon were in possession of Liege. The firing from the villages was great for a considerable time, but at last was obliged to give way to the numbers and cannonading of the enemy. We lost some officers and men. ... Colonel Montagne according to all accounts is killed, Major Sole wounded and taken prisoner, Sir Henry Nisbet wounded and cannot recover, Captain Debrisò killed; these four were of Graham's regiment, which suffered the most. The Austrians were not at all engaged, nor indeed a single man in the line except the Dutch. After the French had made themselves masters of a Dutch battery which commanded the whole line, it Was thought advisable to retreat, which was done in great order to the mountain of St. Pierre, and this morning we have crossed the Meuse and are encamped on the plains of Maestricht, the name of the Camp I think is Ambie, but am not certain. ... The French it is thought have lost double the number we have, some compute our loss at 4,000 and theirs at 8, but this is guess work. . . . However it is certain the loss is great considering that not a single man in our lines was concerned.”

HORATIO WALPOLE to the Same. 1746, October 11-12). Woolterton.-" What can be the meaning . . . of thig easy reddition of all these strong towns and citadels that used to endure formerly long sieges and cost the besiegers so dear? the surprise of a Barrier town or the cowardice of a Governor in the beginning of a war is not wonderful, but to see all the fortresses tumble one after another like a house of cards, and the formality only of opening trenches sufficient to conquer immediately the strongest holds, and make a number of brave men, in a manner without spilling of blood, prisoners of war, was never heard of before; does not even your curiosity as well as your station prompt you to get some account of this sort of conjunction, where a Baton of France being in a manner only waved over a lown makes the walls crumble to pieces and the soldiers that defend them as timid as lambs? Do you wonder that our allies in Italy are like to fall out ? Experience, woeful experience has made me expect it from the beginning, it is no more than the effects of the usual conduct of the Austrians. We have always suffered it, and are resolved to suffer it. They turn every successful action to answer their own particular views. The Gencese will buy their protection of the Court of Vienna against the King of Sardinia, nothing will be done to make a diversion in Flanders, not Provence or Toulon will be the objects and consequence of the successes in Italy, but Naples and Sicily ; the King of Spain with all his pacific disposition, will be provoked to adhere to France; in short the prospect of peace or war are both big of inglorious and fatal of events (sic); and the august House of Austria will scarce suffer even Providence to prevent it."

The Earl OF CHESTERFIELD to the SAME. 1746, October 11 (-22). Bath.-" Hind you wanteil either solicitor or remembrancer with Mr. Pelham, I should certainly have been both,

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