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Table of land measures adopted in the republic of Mexico.

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Sitio de ganado mayor..
Criadero de ganado mayof
Sitio de ganado menor.
Criadero de ganado menor:.
Caballeria de tierra..
Media caballeria.
Cuarto caballeria ò suerte de tierra
Fanega de sembradura de maiz..
Salar para casa
Fundo legal para pueblos.

Rightangled parallelogram
Rightangled parallelogram
Rightangled parallelogram

1, 104





1, 200


11, 111, 1115
2,777, 7777

609, 408
304, 704
152, 352
56, 784

1, 440,000

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The Mexican vara is the unit of all the measures of length, the pattern and size of which is taken from the Castilian vara of the mark of Burgos, and is the legal vara used in the Mexican republic. Fifty Mexican varas make a measure which is called cordel, which instrument is lised in measuring lands.

The legal league contains 100 cordels or 5,000 varas, which is found by multiplying by 100 the 50 varas contained
in a cordel. The league is divided into two halves and four quarters—this being the only division made of it. Half
a league contains 2,500 varas, and a quarter of a league 1,250 varas.

Anciently, the Mexican league was divided into three miles, the mile into a thousand paces of Solomon, and one of
these paces into five thirds of a Mexican vara; consequently, the league had 3,000 paces of Solomon. This division is
recognised in legal affairs, but has been a very long time in disuse—the same as the pace of Solomon, which in those
days was called vara, and was used for measuring lands. The mark was equivalent to two varas and seven-eighths-
that is cight marks contained twenty-three varas, and was used for measuring lands.

APPENDIX No. 10. .

I, Brigadier General S. W. Kearny, governor of California, by virtue of authority in me vested by the President of the United States of America, do hereby grant, convey, and release unto the town of San Francisco, the people, or corporate authorities thereof, all the right, title, and interest of the government of the United States and of the Territory of California in and to the beach and water-lots on the east front of said town of San Francisco, included between the points known as the “Rincon" and “Fort Montgomery,” excepting such lots as may be selected for the use of the government by the senior officers of the army and navy now there: Provided the said grant hereby ceded shall be divided into lots, and sold at public auction, to the highest bidder, after three months' notice previously given; the proceeds of said sale to be for the benefit of the town of San Francisco.

Given at Monterey, capital of California, this 10th day of March, 1847, in the 71st year of the independence of the United States.

Brig. Gen. and Governor of California.


Know all men by these presents, that I, Richard B. Mason, colonel Ist regiment of dragoons United States army, and governor of California, by virtue of authority in me vested, do hereby appoint J. R. Suyder, of Mon. terey, and Timothy Murphy, of San Rafael, commissioners with full power to examine into and correct certain alleged irregularities in the proceedings and records of the office of the late alcalde of Sonoma, J. H. Nash, and to settle according to equity and justice all questions of title to town lots sold or granted by said Nash.

Done at Monterey, capital of California, this 26th day of August, 1847, and the 72d of the independence of the United States.

Colonel 1st Dragoons and Governor of California.


Monterey, August 26, 1847. Messrs: By a decree of the governor of this date, you have been appointed commissioners to examine into certain alleged irregularities in the sales of town lots in the town of Sonoma, by J. ř. Nash, late alcalde of said town, and also to settle all questions of title to said lots sold by Nash according to equity and justice, so that innocent purchasers shall not suffer.

It has been alleged that deeds for public lands were made out and signed by said Nash in May and June last, after he (Nash) ceased to be alcalde, (which was on the 10th of April, 1847,) and that these titles have been recorded prior to titles given by the same authority in December and January last; that titles have not been given in comformity with the petitions

of applicants and the established rules or usages of sale; that certain petitions and titles have been antedated; that lots have been sold which were previously granted or sold to other persons, and the same recorded; that the original plan or survey of the town has been changed, and also the manner of numbering the lots, and in addition to other irregularities, that the said alcalde has failed to turn over to his successor in office a full account of his sales and expenditures, and the public funds in his hands. You are empowered by the governor to examine into all these alleged irregularities and defalcations, and to correct the proceedings and records of the said alcalde, (Nash,) and to settle questions to titles to town lots sold or granted by said Nash. You have full power to call for persons and papers, and to examine witnesses,

A full record of your proceedings will be signed by each commissioner and turned over to the alcalde of Sonoma, to be transmitted by him, with his remarks, to the governor of the territory for approval.

You will examine thoroughly into the receipts and expenditures of said Nash as alcalde, touching the sale, &c., of lots in Sonoma, with a view of showing in what manner and for what purposes expenditures have been made, and to determine the amount of public money arising from said sales still unaccounted for, and yet to be turned over to his successor in office.

Should you find any irregularities in the numbering of lots, or any unauthorized change in the original plan or survey of the town of Sonoma, you will restore the original plan, or take such other measures as in your judgment may be best calculated to secure the just rights of all the parties interested.

You will assemble at Sonoma on the 10th day of September next, or as soon thereafter as practicable. You will each 'be entitled to four dollars per diem for every day you are in session, and for every day's travel going to and returning from Sonoma, (estimating a day's travel at forty miles) which will be paid to you by the alcalde of Sonoma from any funds in his hands belonging to the said town. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Licut. of Engineers and Secretary of State

for thc Territory of California. Messrs. J. R. SUYDER, Monterey,

and TIMOTHY MURPHY, San Rafael.



Monterey, California, March 10, 1848. Sie: Since writing my letter of yesterday I have found your mislaid letter of the 29th of February.

An alcalde has no right or authority whatever to sell or in any other way to dispose of pueblo lands; and, without touching the question of the legality of the case-proceedings—which resulted in the division of the lands of your pueblo, in which division some of them were set apart for the benefit of public schools, I say neither has he any power or authority

to give, grant, or sell any of the lands so set apart; and such grant, gift, or sale is utterly null and void, and of no sort of force or effect.

I remark what you say in relation to the sale of some of the pueblo lands alluded to above being entered on the records after transactions of a subsequent date to that which purports to be the sale. This evidently shows there has been something wrong; but in this case it is a matter of no moment, because any sale of those lands made by your predecessor in office, even if not antedated and recorded at the proper time, is utterly void, and of no sort of force or effect.

You will please enter this letter on your record, and file and preserve the original in your office; also, preserve on the files of your office my official letter of the 19th January last, addressed to Mr. James W. Weeks, at that time alcalde of your town. I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,

R. B. MASON, Colonel 1st Dragoons and Governor of California. CHARLES WHITE,

First Alcalde, Pueblo de San José.


Mexican law of the 17th August, 1833.

ARTICLE 1. Government will proceed to secularize the missions of Upper and Lower California.

ART. 2. In each of said missions a parish shall be established under the charge of a parish priest of the secular clergy, with a salary of from $2,000 to $2,500 per annum, at the discretion of the

government. Art. 3. These parish curates shall exact no enrolment for marriages, baptisms, burials, or any other religious functions. With respect to fees of pomp, they may receive such as shall be expressly stipulated in-the tariff to be formed for this object, with as little delay as possible, by the reverend bishop of the diocess, and approved by the supreme government.

ART. 4. The churches which have hitherto served the different missions, with the sacred vessels, ornaments, and different appurtenances now belonging to them, shall be assigned to these new parishes, and also such buildings annexed to the said churches as the government may deem necessary for the most decent use of said parish.

Art. 5. The government will order a burial-ground to be erected outside of each parish.

Art. 6. There are $500 per annum assigned to each parish as a dona. tion for religious worship and servants.

Art. 7. Of the buildings belonging to each mission, the most appropriate shall be designated for the habitation of the curate, with the addi. tion of a ground lot which shall not exceed 200 varas square; and the remaining edifices shall be specially adjudicated for a court-house, preparatory schools; public establishments, and workshops.

Art. 8. In order to provide quickly and efficaciously for the spiritual necessities of both Californias, a vicar-generalship shall be established in the capital of Upper California, the jurisdiction of wlich shall extend to

both territories; and the reverend diocesan shall confer upon its incumbent the necessary faculties, with the greatest amplitude possible.

Art. 9. For the donation of this vicar-generalship $3,000 per annum shall be assigned; but the vicar shall be at all the expense of his office, and not exact under any title or pretext any fee whatever, not even for paper.

ART. 10. If by any motive the vicar-generalship should be filled by the parish curate of the capital of any other parish in those districts, said curate shall receive $1,500 yearly, in addition to the donation of his curacy.

ART. 11. No custom obliging the inhabitants of California to make oblations, however pious they may be, although they may be called necessary ones, can be introduced; and neither time, nor the consent of the citizens themselves, can give them any force or virtue.

ART. 12. The government will efficaciously take care that the reverend diocesan himself concur in carrying into effect the object of this law.

Art. 13. When these new curates are named, the supreme government will gratuitously furnish a passage by sea for them and their families; and besides that, may give to each one from $400 to $800 for their journey by land, according to the distance, and the family they take with them.

Art. 14. Government will pay the passage of the missionary priests who return to Mexico; and in order that they may comfortably reach their convents by land, it may give to each one from $200 to $300, and, at its discretion, what may be considered necessary for those to leave the republic who have not sworn to the independence.

ART. 15. The supreme government will provide for the expenses comprehended in this law out of the product of the estates, capitals, and revenues at present recognised as the pious fund of the missions of California..


Provisional regulations for the secularizntion of the missions of Upper

California promulgated by Governor José Figueron on the oth of August, 1834.

ARTICLE 1. The governor, agreeable to the spirit of the law of the 17th August, 1833, and to the instructions which he has received from the supreme government, will, with the co-operation of the prelates of the missionary priests, partially convert into pueblos the missions of this territory, beginning in the next month of August, and commencing at first with ten missions and afterwards with the remainder.

Art. 2. The missionary priests will be exonerated from the administration of temporalities, and will only exercise the functions of their ministry in matters appertaining to the spiritual administration, until the formal division of parishes be made, and the supreme government and diocesan provide curates.

ART. 3. The territorial government will reassume the administration of temporalities in the directive part, according to the following bases:

ART. 4. The supreme government will, by the quickest route, be requested to approve of these provisional regulations.

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