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in your possession. You will return to the owners all the property you may have, and which was taken by the Indians. Very respectfully, &c.,
S. W. KEARNY, Brigadier General, and Governor of California. Mr. J. J. WARNER,
San Diego, or Agua Calienta.
MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA, April 30, 1847. Sır: Your communication of the 15th April has been received. I desire that you continue to discharge the duties of alcalde; and it is hoped that a sufficient number of good citizens will be found, who, in the ab. sence of the military, will be ready to assist you in carrying into effect
I have not abolished the duty “established for the sale of aguardiente," nd your informant had no authority for saying that I have done so; I have made no decree on the subject. Very respectfully, &c.,
S. W. KEARNY, Brigadier General, and Governor of California. Don J. MARIANO BONILLA,
Alcalde, f.c., San Luis Obispo.
MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA, April 30, 1847. Sir: I have received a communication from W. E. P. Hartwell, in which he states that the mission of San Rafael, under the charge of Mr. Timothy Murphy, has long been owing him (Hartwell)“ the amount of $267 33), and that the former governor of California, Don Manuel Micheltorena, sent to said Murphy, in the year 1844, two separate written orders for him to pay the said amount out of whatever property the mission might have.” Hartwell also requests that I should give you an order to pay the same. In order that I may understand this matter, and the nature of the debt in particular, I have to request that you will at the earliest opportunity furnish me with a full statement of the subjects mentioned in the extract from Mr. Hartwell's note above quoted. Very respectfully, &c.,
S. W. KEARNY, Brigadier General, and Governor of California. Mr. T. MURPHY, San Rafael, California.
HEADQUARTERS TENTH MILITARY DEPARTMENT,
Ciudad de los Angeles, California, May 13, 1817. Sir: My letter (No. 10) of May 3, informed you of my intention of coming to this place with Colonel Stevenson and two companies of his regiment, (7th New York volunteers.) We reached here on the 9th, and I find the people of this part of California quiet, notwithstanding some rumors to the contrary, circulated (and I fear originated) by some of our own officers, to further their own wicked purposes.
I leave here to-morrow for Monterey, and will close my public business there as soon as possible, and then proceed to St. Louis, (via the South Pass,) where I hope to be by the 20th of August, and where, if this reaches you in time, (it will go by Santa Fe,) I shall expect to receive orders for my further movements. I shall be prepared to go at once wherever it is deemed my services may be needed.
I this morning started Lieutenant Colonel Frémont to Monterey to close his public business there before he leaves for Washington. His conduct in California has been such that I shall be compelled, on arriving in Missouri, to arrest him, and send him under charges to report to you.
I shall be accompanied from Monterey by Lieutenant Colonel Frémont, Major Swords, (quartermaster,) who goes to settle his accounts and bring his family here, Captains Cooke and Turner, Ist dragoons, who go to join their companies, and Assistant Surgeon Sanderson, who has resigned. My escort will be the men of the topographical parties who came to this country with Lieutenant Colonel Frémont and Lieutenant Emory, and thirteen of the Mormon battalion. I am, sir, &c.,
S. W. KEARNY,
Brigadier General. Brig. Gen. R. JONES,
Adjutant General U. S. 4.
MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA, May 31, 1847. Sır: I enclose herewith a copy of all communications and papers issued by me relating to the civil department of Upper California since the 1st instant, the date of my letter to you, (No. 9,) transmitting a copy of those previously issued by me.
I shall leave here tomorrow for Washington city, leaving Colonel Mason, 1st dragoons, in command of the troops in California, and consequently in charge of the civil department in the Territory. Very respectfully, &c.,
S. W. KEARNY, Brigadier General and Governor of California. Brig. Gen. R. JONES,
Adjutant General U. S. A., Washington.
MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA, May 3, 1847. Sır: In addition to the instructions from Commodore J. Biddle of March 29, which you have received, I have to direct that
will receive for customs and fees, as collector of the port and harbór-master at this place, nothing but specie, treasury notes, and drafts, and that you will settle your accounts quarterly with Major Swords, (quartermaster,) turning over to him what moneys you may have on hand, taking his receipts for the same; which receipts and settlement, as certified by him,
will be full and sufficient vouchers for you. Your salary as collector and harbor-master will be $1,000 (one thousand dollars) per year, commencing from January 28, 1847. Respectfully, &c.,
S. W. KEARNY, Brigadier General, and Governor of California. Mr. T. H. GREEN,
Collector, foc., Monterey.
MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA, May 4, 1847. Sir: The instructions to you from Commodore Biddle, of March 29, and from me, April 26, will be sufficient for your government for the present. I have now to state that your salary as collector of the port and harbor-master at Santa Barbara will be $1,000 (one thousand dollars) per year, provided the duties of import collector there cover that allowance. Yours, respectfully,
S. W. KEARNY, Brigadier General, and Governor of California. Don PEDRO CARRILLO,
Collector, Sc., Monterey.
MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA, May 5, 1847. Sir: General Kearny, (?) before leaving this place for the south, turned over to me, for such action as I think proper, the complaint made to him by Maria Roza Archuleta against her husband, Francisco Rochin. The parties must refer their case to the decision of arbitrators: that is the course most likely to give satisfaction. Let Francisco Rochin choose one arbitrator, and Maria Roza Archuleta another, and the two thus chosen must choose a third. Then let the three arbitrators in your presence hear what both parties have to say, and decide whether Francisco Rochin and his wife, Maria Roza Archuleta, shall be separated for three, six, or twelve months, if separated at all. Very respectfully, &c.,
S. W. KEARNY, Brigadier General, and Governor of California. John BARTON, Esq.,
Alcalde, &c., San José.
Los ANGELES, CALIFORNIA, May 12, 1847. Sır: Your salary for performing the duty of collector of the port and harbor-master at San Pedro will be one thousand dollars per year, commencing from the 25th August, 1846, the date of your appointment, the same to be paid half-yearly. You report to me that you have on hand $1,731 “ government paper,” and $766 in specie. You will be allowed to retain your half year's salary ($500) from the specie; the balance, with
the “government paper," you will turn over tą Lieutenant Davidson, 1st dragoons, acting assistant quartermaster at this place, and in future settle quarterly with him, or with such officer as the commanding officer of this district may designate. Very respectfully, &c.,
S. W. KEARNY, Brigadier General, and Governor of California. Mr. D. W. ALEXANDER,
Collector, &c., San Pedro.
Know all men by these presents, that I, S. W. Kearny, brigadier general United States army and governor of California, by virtue of authority in me vested, do hereby appoint George Hyde alcalde of the district of San Francisco, vice Edwin Bryant, resigned. Given at Monterey, capital of California, this 28th May, 1847.
S. W. KEARNY, Brigadier General, and Governor of California.
HEADQUARTERS TENTH MILITARY DEPARTMENT,
Monterey, California, May 30, 1847. Sır: I enclose herewith a copy of department orders, including No. 19, which have been issued, by my directions of this date, to Lieutenant Colonel Burton, 7th New York volunteers, for him and two companies of his regiment to proceed to Lower California.
I shall leave here to morrow for Missouri and Washington city, where I hope to be by the last of August, and when I shall be ready for any duty which may be assigned to me. The officers and party which accompany me from here you were informed of in my letter (No. 11) of the 13th instant.
Colonel Mason, 1st dragoons, succeeds to the command of the 10th military department. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
S. W. KEARNY,
Brigadier General. The ADJUTANT GENERAL U.S. A.,
CIUDAD DE LOS ANGELES, March 21, 1847. Sir: You are hereby ordered and permitted, in the case of F. Huttman, to receive “government payment” in payment of his custom-house dues.
J. C. FREMONT,
Governor of California. WM. H. RUSSELL,
Secretary of State. David W. ALEXANDER,
Collector of the port of San Pedro.
N. B. Mr. Huttman will be entitled to the usual discount by prompt payment.
W. H. R.
HEADQUARTERS TENTH MILITARY DIVISION,
Monterey, March 27, 1847. SIR: You will proceed to the southern military district of this Territory, and inspect the troops in that quarter. You are hereby clothed with full authority to give snch orders and instructions in that country, upon all matters whatever, both civil and military, as in your judgment you may think conducive to the public interest. You will then return to this place. I am, sir, very respectfully, &c.,
S. W. KEARNY, Brigadier General, foc., Governor of California. Col. R. B. MASON,
H. S. TURNER, Captain, &•c., foc.
HEADQUARTERS TENTH MILITARY DEPARTMENT,
Monterey, California, March 28, 1847. Sir: This will be handed to you by Colonel Mason, 1st dragoons, who goes to the southern military district clothed by me with full authority to give such orders and instructions upon all matters, both civil and mili. tary, in that section of country, as he may deem proper and necessary. Any instructions he may give to you will be considered as coming from myself.
I deem it proper to suggest to you, that, should there be at the pueblo any unsettled accounts or demands against the government, incurred by your orders or approval, which you may not have already authenticated and completed for the action of the disbursing officers, you at once do so, as it may be necessary for you to proceed from here to Washington city; and, should there be any of the party which accompanied you from Missouri still with you, and under pay from the Topographical Department, you will cause them to come to this place, that they inay be returned home and discharged, and be of no further expense to the United States, unless they prefer being discharged at once in this country.
In twelve days after you have re-embarked the volunteers at San Pedro, I desire to see you in this place.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Brigarlier General, and Governor of California.
Com's Bat'n Cal. Volunteers, Ciudad de los Angeles.