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earth, and reserves to her own vessels the exclusive right of commerce at a fixed rate of duties. As, for instance, a vessel built in the United States, owned by a citizen of Chili, pays 10 per cent. more upon the duties than is charged to a vessel owned by the same parties, built in Chili. sel built in, and owned by citizens of the United States, is charged 20 per cent. upon the duties charged upou Chilian vessels. This, of course, is upon foreign products, and does not apply to American goods. It amounts to this: that our vessels employed in the China trade are required to pay 20 per cent. upon the duties charged to Chilian vessels, employed in the same trade, in the ports of Chili.
Therefore, I conclude that the Chilian flag is not entitled to any special privileges in the ports of the United States, and if permitted to enter at all, should be subject to a discriminating duty; otherwise, those nations who concluded a perfect treaty of reciprocity with the United States would not be fairly treated.
I offer this for your consideration, and only regret that I am so much * occupied that I could not go more into detail. With sentiments of respect and esteem I remain, your obedient servant,
WM. G. MOORHEAD,
Consul of the United States of America. Captain J. L. Folsom,
Cellector of the port of San Francisco, &c.
MONTHLY SUMMARY STATEMENT.
The United States in account with James Collier, collector of the port of San Francisco, California, from 12th to 30th
4th quarter, 1849.
To amount of receipts for duties, hogpital dues, tonnage, and light dues, &c.,
30 | By amount of disbursements made to
clerks, inspectors, contingent expenses,
&c., &c... 30 Balance due the United States..
$113, 942 60
$10,075 47 103, 867 13
4th quarter, 1849.
113, 942 60
113, 942 60
I certify, on honor, that the above exhibits a true account of all moneys received by me during the month of November; that the disbursements have been faithfully made; and that the balance due the United States is now in hands,
COLLECTOR'S OFFice, San Francisco, November 30, 1849.
Coast SURVEY OFFICE,
Washington, March 16, 1849. DEAR SIR: Under date of August 17, 1848, I received from the Secrea tary of the Treasury the letter of which the following is a copy:
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, August 17, 1848. SIR: Inclosed you will find a bill, passed during the last session of Congress, extending the laws of the United States over the territory of Oregon, to which I invite your attention, with a view to the commencement of a survey of the coast of the United States on the Pacific. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. J. WALKER,
Secretary of the Treasury. Prof. A. D. BACHE,
Superintendent U. S. C. S. In conference with the Secretary of the Treasury, the plans for commencing the survey were submitted, and I received oral directions to mature them, and to take the preparatory steps. These executed, I communicated with the department on the 21st October, and received the following reply:
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, October 23, 1848. Sir: Your letter of the 21st instant, communicating the execution of my oral instructions of August last, is received, and the arrangements which you have made approved. The department also approves of the following recommendations:
1. The detail of assistant Jas. S. Williams and sub-assistant Geo. Davidson for section X of the coast survey, to commence such work as may be designated in the instructions of the superintendent, and the furnishing of the parties with all instruments needful to the work.
2. The employment of such aids and such lands in the parties as may be necessary, and the allowance of the requis outfits. The persons to receive the pay and allowances fixed by the department for the Gulf of Mexico, or as may be necessary and usual on the western coast to secure goed hands, and as may be approved by the superintendent. The officers to receive the allowances which apply to the sections on the Gulf of Mexico.
3. The general disbursing agent of coast survey is authorized to ad. vance for the expenses and pay of this party, up to July 1, 1849, a sum not to exceed eight thousand dollars, which sum he shall receive from the treasury in addition to the usual advance.
4. The organization of a hydrographical party, under the command of Lieutenant W. P. McArthur, United States navy, assistant in the coast survey, to accompany, or to follow as soon as practicable, the land party.
A copy of a letter relating to light-houses, beacons, buoys, &c., on the western coast, from the Fifth Auditor, is herewith transmitted.
The department requests that you will further the views of that officer, as far as practicable, by directing immediately such surveys as may be necessary for placing buoys and beacons, or locating light houses, as may not interfere with the general plan of the work-reporting the results to
this department; and that you will report, as early as convenient, in regard to the location of light houses, buoys, &c., at the entrance of Columbia river, referred to in section 27 of the law to establish a territorial government in Oregon. The accounts for necessary expenditures in the execution of this duty will be rendered to and paid by the collector at Astoria, who will be the superintendent of lights for the district of Oregon. (Note.-Subsequently modified, as far as relates to light-houses a entrance to Columbia river.)
Instructions will be given to the commander of the revenue brig Lawrence to furnish such facilities to the persons and parties of the coast survey, by the use of the vessel, boats, or crew, as may not seriously interfere with the revenue duties. The revenue cutter Ewing will be loaned to the coast survey, to be temporarily replaced by one of the coast survey vessels, until the alterations directed in the schooner Polk have been completed. Directions will be immediately given for the transfer of that vessel to such person as you may designate.
The department favorably considers your suggestion in regard to the land surveys, and proposes to act upon it, at a later date.
The department has communicated with the War and Navy Departments in reference to the arrengements for the survey of the western coast, and has offered to carry out any suggestions which may be made not interfering with the general design of the coast survey.
Should further instructions be necessary, in consequence of any suggestions which may be made, you will be duly advised of them. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. J. WALKER,
Secretary of the Treasury. Prof. A. D. Bache,
Superintendent U. S. Coast Survey, Washington, D. C.
The whole of the arrangements for the execution of the work have been carried out. Yours espectfully and truly,
A. D. BACHE. Hon. MCCLINTOCK YOUNG.
Coast SURVEY OFFICE,
Wushington, March 19, 1849. Sir: In compliance with your oral request, I send herewith a copy of the instructions issued by me to the two parties of the coast survey detailed under the direction of the Treasury Department for the survey of section X-the coast of Oregon.
The party for the land work of the survey consists of assistant James S. Williams, Brevet Captain D. P. Hammond, United States army, and sub-assistant Joseph S. Ruth.
The hydrographic party consists of Lieutenant Commanding W. P. McArthur, United States navy, Lieutenant W. A. Bartlett, and four other officers.
The instructions to assistant Williams bear date August 28 and Septem
ber 22, 1848, and January 25, 1849, and are numbered 1 and 2. Those to Lieutenant Commanding McArthur are dated October 27, 1848, and March 10, 1849, and are numbered 3 and 4. An abstract of the instructions precedes them. Very respectfully yours,
A. D. BACHE. Hon. W. M. MEREDITH,
Secretary of the Treasury.
UNKONOONUC STATION, NEAR MANCHESTER, N. H.,
August 28, 1848– September 22, 1848. SIR: Having received oral directions from the Secretary of the Treasury to commence the survey of the coast of the United States on the Pacific by the survey of Oregon, section X, you will make all the necessary preparations to set out as early as transportation can be procured and the instruments collected, and other arrangements can be made.
It is desirable as a preparation:
1st. That you repair to West Point and assist Captain T.J. Lee, United States topographical engineers, assistant in the coast survey, in the astronomical observations in which he is engaged, so as to become versed in the practice and renew the theory.
2d. That you proceed to the station of my party at Unkonoonuc, N. H., which I will make an astronomical and magnetic station, and where twin instruments to those which you will take for astronomical purposes to Oregon will be mounted. You will there obtain practice with these instruments, and provide yourself with memoranda on all points relating to their use and computation of results. (If there is time, magnetic ob. servations here—dip, variation, intensity ).
3. That you proceed to the office to collect there, or on your way, the equipage, instruments, books, &c., which you will need, and obtain forms for computing the geodetic, astronomical, magnetic, and other results used by the parties of the survey; and with Captain Humphreys go over the computations of the geodetic work.
4. To proceed to South Carolina to turn over the work in section V to the assistant who may be appointed to take charge of it, and to give him any information necessary to begin.
5. That you proceed to Bodie's island, in North Carolina, and remain some days with me, assisting in measuring the base there. The time for this will be about November 20.
6. That in Washington you provide yourself, from assistant S. C. Walker, with the blank forms for computing occultations and moon cul. minations, and practise in the reductions which they indicate.
7. This will leave the review of no part of the land work, of which you have not had recent practice, unmade, except the magnetic observations.
I expect you to attend personally to the execution of all directions which I may give to others for your preparations; to send as much of the equipage and part of the instruments as can be prepared by the steamer Massachusetts, under charge of a careful hand, and the rest in the following month-November-by the mail steamer, or otherwise, as may be