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shall confer with the new collector, who has not yet arrived, but who is expected daily.

If it is the expectation of the department to maintain a supervision over the interests of the revenue, under the restrictions thereby conveyed, it will be disappointed. It will only be necessary to state that the services of a steward are worth $150, and seaman $100 per month; and that the present pay of an officer will not furnish him with the absolute necessaries of life. No medical officer is allowed, and at this place a physician would charge from $50 to $100 for a single visit afloat. I have taken the responsibility of serving to the officers, as well as to my own mess, the proper ration, charging the same. It is the only means in our reach for support.

Congress having refused to extend the naval laws over the service, I have neither the power to arrest nor punish deserters. The officers have intimated to me their intention to resign; to which course they will be impelled by the most urgent necessity in order to support themselves. Pork is $50, beef $30, flour $35 per barrel; sugar 25 cents, potatoes 40 cents, butter $1 50 per pound; and we are compelled to do our own washing on board.

There is no qnestion that a great amount of illicit trade is prosecuted in this bay, and that the most vigilant measures are necessary to prevent it. I shall remain at my post until fairly starved out, trusting that the department may inake some provision for our maintenance, and to secure to us, in this climate, medical treatment. At present, I rely entirely upon the kindness of Commodore Jones, who has done all in his power to assist

us.

November 25.-Since writing the above, the new collector has arrived, to whom, as the proper officer, I have made known my views upon the prevention of smuggling on this coast, which will be communicated to you. In addition I would merely state that the revenue boatmen at this port receive one hundred dollars per month, and can scarcely live.

Lieutenant Chaddock, upon whom all my reliance was placed, has been compelled, in self-defence, to resign his commission, and I am left with three officers, and not a seaman among them. Awaiting some action of the department, I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

ALEX. V. FRASER, Captain. Hon. SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY,

Washington.

UNITED STATES REVENUE BRIG LAWRENCE,

Sansolito, November 25, 1849. Sir: Your several letters applying for leave of absence from this time to the expiration of the present month, and tendering your resignation as first lieutenant in the United States revenue marine, to take effect the 30th instant, are received. - Your request for leave of absence is granted, and a copy of your tender of resignation shall be transmitted, through the collector of the customs, for the consideration of the honorable Secretary of the Treasury; the appoint

mentioned place. His case, as with all others in the same service, is peculiarly hard and unjust. The law makes no provision for the employment of a medical officer on board of the revenue vessels, although the officers and men contribute to the hospital fund. Consuls refuse to receive them because their perquisites are not increased by their presence, and, as in the case of three seamen left at Valparaiso, and three at the Sandwich islands, they have been obliged to supply themselves with medical advice and maintenance from their own scanty earnings; while in the merchant service, as well as in the navy, seamen are provided for. I have directed Lieutenant Bowlin, as well as the men who were left, to present to me, on the coast, triplicate bills for their reasonable expenses, which I. shall have the honor of presenting to the honorable Secretary, not doubting the liberality and justice of his decision.

Subsequent to the date of my last communication, I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the letters from the department of April 14, 1849, relative to clothing procured from the navy agent at Norfolk for the use of the crew; and of the 25th July, 1849, relative to the contract for ship chandlery for the New York station in the years 1847-'48. To the first of these communications I have only to state, that I reported the fact, with the amount, to the department prior to leaving Norfolk; and that the amount, one hundred and forty-six dollars and seventy-two cents, ($146 72,) was at that time credited in my accounts, as subsequently has been that received from Mr.'Parks, consul at Rio de Janeiro, and that from the navy agent at the same place.

In reply to the latter inquiry, I have to state that every communication received at the revenue bureau, from my connexion with it in April, 1843, until July 1, prior to my departure, was left upon file, bound, indexed, and registered; and that what was not known prior to my arrival at the department, a full index and register of all papers issued and received was constructed by me from the burning of the treasury buildings, in 1833, until the above-named period. The inquiry.appears to convey a suspicion of neglect, or of intentional

I do recollect distinctly, that on one occasion there was but one bid received, and that through the custom-house at New York, from C. A. Secor & Co.; that it was referred to the honorable Secretary of the Treasury, and that he, at my suggestion, took the responsibility of delaying the opening of it for two days in consequence of the uncertainty of the mails during the winter season; that none other was received; and that this one was accepted, because, on comparison with those received from other stations, from New Orleans to Maine, the prices were found to be fair and reasonable. Lieutenant Pierce, fortunately on board of this vessel, was at the department at the time. Al bids were first received by the Secretary, endorsed and opened in the presence of the chief clerk and the officer who was my assistant. If there be any person at the department who can place his hand upon the records as I could have done, the facts of this case will require no time to develop themselves, as all cases of doubt were referred by me to the Secretary in writing. I recollect, likewise, that in numerous cases bidders had offered so low as to defy all competition.

I am likewise in receipt of the new regulations for the government of the service, the provisions of which, from my own interpretation, must go into effect at the end of the present month. On this subject, however, I

error.

for support.

shall confer with the new collector, who has not yet arrived, but who is expected daily.

If it is the expectation of the department to maintain a supervision over the interests of the revenue, under the restrictions thereby conveyed, it will be disappointed. It will only be necessary to state that the services of a steward are worth $150, and seaman $100 per month; and that the present pay of an officer will not furnish him with the absolute necessaries of life. No medical officer is allowed, and at this place a physician would charge from $50 to $100 for a single visit afloat. I have taken the responsibility of serving to the officers, as well as to my own mess, the proper ration, charging the same. It is the only means in our reach

Congress having refused to extend the naval laws over the service, I have neither the power to arrest nor punish deserters. The officers have intimated to me their intention to resign; to which course they will be impelled by the most urgent necessity in order to support themselves. Pork is $50, beef $30, flour $35 per barrel; sugar 25 cents, potatoes 40 cents, butter $1 50 per pound; and we are compelled to do our own washing on board.

There is no question that a great amount of illicit trade is prosecuted in this bay, and that the most vigilant measures are necessary to prevent it. I shall remain at my post until fairly starved out, trusting that the department may make some provision for our maintenance, and to secure to us, in this climate, medical treatment. At present, I rely entirely upon the kindness of Commodore Jones, who has done all in his power to assist us.

November 25.-Since writing the above, the new collector has arrived, to whom, as the proper officer, I have made known my views upon the prevention of smuggling on this coast, which will be communicated to you. In addition I would merely state that the revenue boatmen at this port receive one hundred dollars per month, and can scarcely live.

Lieutenant Chaddock, upon whom all my reliance was placed, has been compelled, in self-defence, to resign his commission, and I am left with three officers, and not a seaman among them. Awaiting some action of the department, I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

ALEX. V. FRÅSER, Captain. Hon. SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY,

Washington.

UNITED STATES REVENUE BRIG LAWRENCE,

Sansolito, November 25, 1849. Sir: Your several letters applying for leave of absence from this time to the expiration of the present month, and tendering your resignation as first lieutenant in the United States revenue marine, to take effect the 30th instant, are received. Your request for leave of absence is granted, and a copy of your tender of resignation shall be transmitted, through the collector of the customs, for the consideration of the honorable Secretary of the Treasury; the appoint

ment of a collector of the customs at this port having, in my opinion, annulled my power to accept it.

If you desire it, leave will be granted to you until the decision of the department be known, provided it meets with the approbation of the collector. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

ALEX'R V. FRASER, Captain. Lt. J. S. S. CHADDOCK,

United States Revenue Marine.

UNITED STATES REVENUE BRIG LAWRENCE,

San Francisco, November 25, 1849. Sir: I have the honor to transmit a copy of the resignation of J. S. S. Chaddock, esq., first lieutenant in the United States revenue marine, the reasons for which are therein expressed. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

ALEXÄR V, FRASER, Captain. Hon. WM. W. MEREDITH,

Secretary of the Treasury, Washington.

U.S. REVENUE BRIG LAWRENCE,

San Francisco, November 26, 1949. SIR: I have the honor to transmit the resignation of Second Lieutenant E. C. Kennedy, of the United States revenue marine, to take effect on the 15th day of January next, 1850; and an application for relief from this station from Second Lieutenant Wm. R. Pierce, with a qualified tender of his resignation, to take effect on the 1st day of March next, 1850; by which the department will perceive that I shall be entirely unassisted in the discharge of my duties, or in the care of the vessel. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

ALEX. V. FRASER, Captain. Hon. SECRETARY, OF THE TREASURY,

Washington.

U.S. REVENUE BRIG LAWRENCE,

Bay of San Francisco, November 26, 1849. Sir: Finding it impossible, almost, even to subsist on my compensation as second lieutenant in the revenue service at this place, in consequence of the very high prices charged for the actual necessaries of life, I would respectfully request that I may be relieved from duty here.

I regret to be compelled to pursue this course, after having left home in the vessel with the intention of remaining; but I feel it to be a duty which I owe to myself, and to others who are in a measure dependent on me, to ask; and the request is a reasonable one, when I ask to be relieved for the reasons above stated.

If, however, I cannot be relieved, I must then request that this may be accepted as my resignation from the service, to take effect from and after the first day of March next; but this I would have by no means construed into a threat, being too well aware what effect that would have.

Trusting that the request to be relieved may be granted, I shall remain by the vessel, discharging my duties, until a reasonable time to hear from Washington shall have elapsed. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

W. R. PIERCE,

Second Lieut. U. S. Revenue Service. Hon. SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY,

Washington.

U. S. REVENUE BRIG C. W. LAWRENCE,

San Francisco, Upper California, Nov. 27, 1849. SIR: My pay being insufficient to support myself and others, I have the honor to resign my commission as a second lieutenant in the revenue service of the United States, to take effect from and after the 15th of January. Respectfully, your obedient servant,

EDMD. C. KENNEDY,

Second Lieut. U. S. Revenue Service. Hon. Wm. M. MEREDITH,

Secretary of the Treasury, Washington, D. C.

U.S. REVENUE BRIG LAWRENCE,

Sansalito, California, November 30, 1849. Sır: In consequence of my pay being inadequate for my support on this station, and the precarious situation of the officers of the revenue service, (a number of them having already been dismissed without warning,) I am compelled to tender my resignation for your acceptance, as first lieutenant in the revenue service of the United States. I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,

J. S. S. CHADDOCK,

First Lieut. U.S. Revenue Service. Capt. Alex. V. FRASER, Com. U. S. Revenue Brig Lawrence,

Bay of San Francisco, California. A true copy of the original.

ALEX. V. FRASER, Captain.

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