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cut off. There were about fifty citizens asssist the subjugation of the State to the spectators of the fight, and all applauded rebellion, by stirring up enemies to her the energy and tact of Colonel Sigel in peace from without. Leaving Jefferson conducting his retreat, and in posting his City the 20th of May, the day before men at every point where he could reach Governor Jackson's truce with General his mounted enemy. His conduct satis- Harney was signed, having no confifies the Union men here that he can be dence, he tells us, in that armistice, he relied

upon as a military commander." arrived in three days at Fort Smith, in As an indication of the animus of the Arkansas, where he had the satisfaction leaders of the insurgents at this time, we of an interview with General McCulloch, may present a passage of a treasonable who had just made his appearance in manifesto addressed “To the People of that quarter.

"Since then,” said he, Missouri, issued on the 8th of July at “in Arkansas, Tennessee and Virginia Nashville, by the Lieutenant-Governor my efforts have been directed unceasof Missouri, Thomas C. Reynolds, who ingly, to the best of my limited ability, like the rest of the rebel administration, to the promotion of our interests, indishad left the seat of government in an- solubly connected with the vindication of ticipation of the approach of General our liberties and our speedy union with Lyon, and who, it appears from his own the Confederate States. Rest assured statement, had since, diligently occupied of the profound sympathy with which his time in fomenting the revolt. As the people of the Southern Confederacy early as the middle of January Lieuten- regard our condition ; though engaged in ant-Governor Reynolds had been in a war against a powerful foe, they would strumental in securing a hearing before not hesitate still further to tax their both Houses of the General Assembly of energies and resources, at a proper time, Missouri, of a Mr. Russell, an agent of and on a proper occasion, in aid of MisMississippi, who boldly presented him- souri

. The avowed and decided policy self a fortnight after the formal secession of the Confederate States is to add her of that sovereign State, to address loyal to their numbers as soon as her sovereign Missouri, by the most glowing appeals to people desire the union. That desire her pride and interest, her destiny as being unquestionable to any one acthe Empire State of the South, control- quainted with their real sentiments, her ling the trade of the West from the union with her Southern sisters is merely territory of the Hudson Bay Company a question of time, and the opportunity in one direction, to Santa Fe in another ; which the course of events will sooner promising all this and more if the State or later certainly afford." "I rejoice would join the Southern Confederacy. to learn, from various sources,” he adds, Ilaving thus paved the way for revolt mingling instruction in the art of war at home, Lieutenant-Governor Reynolds, and appeals to heaven with his incitein due time, engaged as a propagandist ments, “even amid the present gloom, of his principles abroad. Going beyond you remain confident of final success. Governor Jackson, in May, in his de- We are draining to the very dregs the mand for “open, immediate and vigorous bitter cup of Federal usurpation ; but war," he was now, in July, seeking to the medicine was needed to cure the


diseases of our body politic. The mili- they were committing the most odious tary advantages lately obtained by our acts of tyranny in the suppressing of freeoppressors are not surprising, for our dom of speech, breaking up postal comperilous uprising at the call of our Gov- munications, destroying railroads and ernor was made without the previous bridges, and performing other cruel acts concert with your natural allies, which of devastation, it is instructive to conwas almost indispensable for success. trast the spirit in which the national ofiBut the fortune of war is prone to cers in Missouri entered upon the work change ; be ready to take advantage of forced upon them, of maintaining the reait. Do nothing weak; nothing rash. sonable authority of the Government. Whenever a favorable opportunity oc- We have seen the conciliatory terms of curs, rally to the standard of your Gov- the Proclamation issued by General ernor, or those coöperating with him ; Lyon. The language of the officers but partial uprisings, in defenceless posi- under his command, who preceded him on tions, or without due concert of action, the march in Missouri to the southward

worse than useless. Watch the was the same. Two proclamations were opportunity to strike with effect. Mean- issued on the 4th of July-one by Major while let each one of you quickly pre- Sturgis, another by General Sweeny. pare ; nearly all of you doubtless are Both promised to loyal citizens the amaware that your ordinary rifles and shot plest protection in the enjoyment of their guns with Minié balls are equal to the rights and liberties, and sought to reliere weapons of your foes, and in your prac- them from the usual oppressions and tised hands will rarely fail of their even inconveniences of war. In answer marks. Be not impatient of delay. to representations artfully made by the Success in war depends greatly on a insurgents, that the object of the moreproper combination of preparation, pre- ment of the army was “to steal and set caution and daring; on blows surely free the slaves, and thereby encourage a given at the right time and place. You servile insurrection," and commit various have this inestimable advantage ; if the injuries on persons and property, he hopes given you, by me now and by said : “The Government and troops others, of effective aid, should incite the thus vilified you are called upon to judge enemy to increase his forces in Missouri, for yourselves. Upon our march thus he but weakens himself elsewhere and far, we have religiously observed the hastens in Virginia his own defeat, laws of your State, and protected you in which is your victory ; if he remains in the full enjoyment thereof. In no inactive, he but shortens the time of your stance has property been seized for the captivity. Be of good cheer ; be but use of the troops. Everything required true to yourselves, invoking the aid of has been fairly purchased, and its full the Almighty, who has so visibly favored equivalent paid for in gold. We have the Southern cause, and sooner or later been ever diligent in guarding the solthe deliverance will surely come.” diers from committing the least impro

While such was the desperate resolu- priety, and wherever detected, have tion of the insurgents to inflict the dead- punished them with extreme severity."* liest evils upon the country, and while * Proclamation of Major S. 1), Sturgis, Camp Washing

ton, near Clinton, Mo., July 4, 1861.



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Equally emphatic was the declaration of Convention on taking the oath of office, General Sweeny, in command oi' an ad- will show his lively sense of the danger vance portion of the southwest expedi- and responsibility of the work before tion at Springfield. “The troops under him. "Gentlemen of the Convention," my command," said he, “are stationed said he, “what is it that we are now in your midst by the proper authority of threatened with ? We apprehend that

Government. They are amongst we may soon be in that condition of anyou not as enemies, but as friends and archy in which a man, when he goes to protectors of all loyal citizens. Should bed with his family at night, does not an insurrection of your slaves take place, know whether he shall ever rise again, it would be my duty to suppress it, and or whether his house shall remain intact I should use the force at my command until morning. This is the kind of danfor that purpose. It is my duty to pro- ger, not merely a war between different tect all loyal citizens in the enjoyment divisions of the State, but a war between and possession of all their property, neighbors, so that when a man meets slaves included.” General Sweeny, who those with whom he has associated from issued this proclamation, a native of Ire- childhood, he begins to feel that they are land, but who had lived in America from his enemies. We must avoid that. It his childhood, had acquired distinction in is terrible. The scenes of the French the Mexican war as an officer of a New Revolution may be enacted in every York regiment of volunteers. He had quarter of our State, if we do not suclost an arın at Churubusco, subsequently ceed in avoiding that kind of war. We served in the west, and at the outbreak can do it if we are in earnest, and enof the rebellion held the rank of Captain deavor with all our power. So far as I in the 2d Regular · Infantry. He was am concerned, I assure you that it shall then made Colonel, and afterwards Brig- be the very highest object-the sole aim adier-General of Volunteers.

of every official act of mine—to make On the first of August the popular sure that the people of the State of MisConvention of Missouri, which had been souri can worship their God together, elected at the call of the late Legislature, each feeling that the man who sits in the were reassembled at Jefferson City, Mis- same pew with him, because he differs souri, and in conseq:ience of the recent with him on political questions, is not his proceedings in the State holding the office enemy--that they may attend the same of Governor vacant, elected a distin- communion and go to the same heaven. guished citizen, who was one of its mem- I wish for every citizen of the State of bers, Hamilton R. Gamble, Provisional Missouri that, when he meets his fellowGovernor in place of the disloyal Gover- man, confidence in him may be restored, nor Jackson. No one apparently regret- and confidence in the whole society reted the necessity of this step more than stored, and that there shall be conversaGovernor Gamble himself, but some civil tions upon other subjects than those of government was required, and the Con- blood and slaughter ; that there shall be vention thus undertook to supply the something better than this endeavor to need. A passage from the new Gover- encourage hostility between persons who nor's address, which he delivered to the entertain different political opinions, and

It re

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something more and better than a desire says they will help us to expel from our to produce injury to those who may dif- borders the population hostile to our fer from them.”

rights and institutions, treating all such To aid the national Government in as enemies if found under arms. warding off the enemies of the State com- mains to be seen whether General Pillow ing from abroad ; to preserve, as far as and other officers of the Confederate possible, peace within its borders, was States will continue their endeavor to the task. A special Proclamation of make Missouri the theatre of war, upon Governor Gamble on the 3d of August, the invitation of Governor Jackson or of further showed his desire to discharge any other person, when such invasion is the duty in a conciliatory spirit. Again contrary to the act of the Confederate

. was the policy of the Government dis- States, and when the invitation given by tinctly announced as one of non-interfer- the Governor is withdrawn by the peoence with the peculiar institution of the ple. We have sought to avoid the ravState. In choosing him as Governor, aging our State in this war, and if the the Convention, he said, had given an military officers of the Confederate States assurance suflicient to satisfy all " that seek to turn the war upon us, upon the no countenance will be afforded to any mere pretext that they are invited by a scheme or to any conduct calculated in State officer to do so, when they know any degree to interfere with the institu- that no State officer has authority to give tion of slavery existing in the State. To such invitation, then upon them be the the very utmost extent of Executive consequences, for the sovereignty of Mispower that institution will be protected.” souri must be protected." He warned the citizens against obedience The Proclamation of General Pillow to the requisitions of Governor Jackson alluded to, was dated New Madrid, in and the “ Military act” of the late Legis- the southeastern portion of the State, on lature, which the Convention had annull- the Mississippi. It was addressed to the ed, and urged a new organization of the People of Missouri, and read thus :militia for the defence of the State. Of “ The forces under my command are the foreign enemies who were its assail- your neighbors, and we come at the inants he said : “ The State has been stance and request of the Governor of invaded by troops from the State of your State as allies to protect you against Arkansas, and a large force, under Gen- tyranny and oppression. As Tennesseeeral Pillow of Tennessee, has landed ans, we have deeply sympathized with upon the soil of Missouri, notwithstand- you. When you were called to arms ing the Congress of the Confederate and manifested a determination to resist States, in their act declaring war against the usurper who has trampled under his the United States, expressly excepted feet the Constitution of the Government, Missouri as a State against which the and destroyed all the guards so carefully war was not to be waged. General Pil- prepared for the protection of the liberlow has issued a proclamation, addressed ties of the people by our fathers, and to the people of Missouri, in which he when you called for help, Tennessee declares that his arıny comes at the re- sends her army, composed of her cherquest of the Governor of this state, and ished sons, to your aid. We will help



you expel from your borders the popula- shown to troops marching under such a tion hostile to your rights, and institu- banner. In this view, and for these tions, treating all such as enemies if purposes, we call upon the people of found under arms. We will protect Missouri to come to our standard, join your people from wrong at the hands of our forces, and aid in their own liberaour army, and while we have every tion. If you would be freemen, you reason to believe that no violence will be must fight for your rights. Bring such done to the rights of your true-hearted arms as you have. We will furnish amand loyal people, the General command- munition, and lead you on to victory. ing begs to be informed if any case of That the just Ruler of pations is with us wrong should occur. To the gallant is manifested in the glorious victory with army under his command, who hold in which our arms were crowned in the their keeping the honor of Tennessee, bloody field of Manassas.” though composed of Tennesseeans, Mis- It was the era of Proclamations in sissippians and Kentuckians, he appeals Missouri. From this same place, New as a father to his children, to violate the Madrid, Lieutenant-Governor Reynolds, rights of no peaceable citizen, but to the last day of July, issued his Proclamguard the honor of Tennessee as you ation to the People of Missouri authorizwould that of an affectionate mother, ing the proceedings of General Pillow, cherishing you as her sons. The field whom he had brought from Tennessee ; for active service is before you. Our and a few days after, Governor Jackson stay here will be short. Our mission is himself issued another, also of considerato place our down-trodden sister on her ble length and of greater importance, feet, and to enable her to breathe after arraigning the acts of President Lincoln, the heavy tread of the tyrant's foot. and “provisionally” declaring the politThen, by her own brave sons, she will ical connection between the United maintain her rights and protect her own States of America and the people and fair women from the foe, whose forces Government of Missouri dissolved. This march under banners inscribed with was in accordance with an arrangement of

Beauty and Booty' as the reward of Governor Jackson with the government victory. In victory the brave are al- at Richmond for the introduction of Misways merciful, but no quarter will be souri as a member of the Confederacy.

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