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GENERAL MCCULLOCH'S REPORT.

527

tween these batteries during the engage- taken, and Sigel's command completely ment. Hebert's regiment of Louisiana routed, were in rapid retreat, with a sinVolunteers, and McIntosh's regiment of gle gan, followed by some companies of Arkansas Mounted Riflemen, were or- the Texan regiment and a portion of Coldered to the front, and after passing the onel Major's Missouri cavalry. In the battery (Totten's), turned to the left and pursuit many of the enemy were killed soon engaged the enemy with the regi- and taken prisoners, and their last gun ments deployed. Colonel McIntosh captured. dismounted his regiment, and the two "Having cleared our right and rear, marched up abreast of a fence around a it was necessary to turn all our attention large corn-field, where they met the left to the centre, under General Lyon, who of the enemy already posted. A terrible was pressing upon the Missourians, havconflict of small arms took place here. ing driven them back. To this point The opposing force was a body of regu- McIntosh's regiment, under Lieutenantlar United States Infantry, commanded Colonel Embry, and Churchill's regiment by Captains Plummer and Gilbert. Not- on foot, Gratiot's regiment, and McRae's withstanding the galling fire poured on battalion were sent to their aid. The these two regiments, they leaped over terrible fire of musketry was now kept the fence, and, gallantly led by their up along the whole side and top of the colonels, drove the enemy before them, hill

, upon which the enemy was posted. back upon the main body. During this Masses of infantry fell back and again time the Missourians under General rushed forward. The summit of the hill Price were nobly attempting to sustain was covered with the dead and woundthemselves in the centre, and were hotly ed—both sides were fighting with desengaged on the sides of the height upon peration for the day, Carroll's and which the enemy were posted. Far on Greer's regiments, led gallantly by Capthe right, Sigel had opened his battery tain Bradfute, charged the battery, but upon Churchill's and Greer's regiments, the whole strength of the enemy was imand had gradually made his way to the mediately in rear, and a deadly fire was Springfield road, upon each side of which opened upon them. At this critical mothe army was encamped, and in a prom- ment, when the fortune of the day seeminent position he established his battery. ed to be at the turning point, two regiI at once took two companies of the ments of General Pearce's brigade were Louisiana regiment, who were nearest ordered to march from their position me, and marched them rapidly from the (as reserves) to support the centre. The front and right to the rear, with order to order was obeyed with alacrity, and Colonel McIntosh to bring up the rest. General Pearce gallantly rushed with When we arrived near the enemy's bat- his brigade to the rescue. Reid's battery, we found that Reid's battery had tery was also ordered to move forward. opened upon it, and it was already in and the Louisiana regiment was again confusion. Advantage was taken of it, called into action on the left of it. The and soon the Louisianians were gallantly battle then became general, and prohcharging among the guns, and swept the ably no two opposing forces ever fought cannoneers away. Five guys were here with greater desperation ; inch by inch the enemy gave way, and were driven he had already done distinguished serfrom their position ; Totten's battery fell vices at the battle of Rock Creek, where back ; Missourians, Arkansians, Louis- he commanded the State forces after the ianians and Texans pushed forward. The death of the lamented Holloway, and at incessant roll of musketry was deafen- Carthage where he won unfading laurels ing, and the balls fell as thick as hail- by the display of extraordinary coolstones ; but still our gallant Southerners ness, courage and skill. He fell at the pushed onward, and with one wild yell head of his brigade, wounded in three broke upon the enemy, pushing them places, and died just as the victorious back and strewing the ground with their shouts of our army began to rise upon dead. Nothing could withstand the im- the air. Here, too, died, in the dispetuosity of our final charge ; the enemy charge of his duty, Colonel Benjamin fled, and could not again be rallied, and Brown, of Ray county, President of the they were seen, at 12 m., last retreating Senate, a good man and true.” The among the hills in the distance. Thus story of the day multiplies these eulogies. ended the battle. It lasted six hours We may accept them from both sides. and a half.”

Good men and true may be deluded by The loss in this battle was very heavy their pride or prejudices. The deepest in proportion to the number engaged. sorrow for them, the heaviest indignation It appears by official returns that the for the leaders, the traitorous conspiraloss of the Union army was two hundred tors by whom the offence cometh. and twenty-three killed, seven hundred The Union forces, the morning after the and twenty-one wounded, and two hun- battle, left Springfield, and began their redred and ninety-one missing ; a total treat under command of Colonel Sigel, to loss in killed and wounded of about one- whom Major Sturgis and the other offifisth of the number engaged. General cers assigned the direction of the moveMcCulloch, the Confederate commander, ment, a distance of about a hundred and states his loss at two hundred and sixty- twenty-five miles in a north-westerly difive killed, eight hundred wounded, and rection, to Rolla, where there was railway thirty missing General Price reports communication with St. Louis. The one hundred and fifty-six killed on the southern portion of the State was thus field, and five hundred and seventeen left open to the depredations of the Conwounded of his Missouri State Guard- federates. It was more than a month about one-eighth of his command. "This afterward, however, before they made great victory," he writes, “was dearly any further inroad upon the north, when bought by the blood of many a skillful General Price, having mustered a conofficer and brave man. Among those siderable force, appeared before Lexingwho fell mortally wounded on the battle- ton. The immediate result of General field, none deserve a dearer place in the Lyon's battle was undoubtedly to give an memory of Missourians than Richard important check to the movements of the Hanson Weightman, Colonel commanding secessionists. Its lasting influence was the first brigade of the second division felt throughout the war, and will not be of the army. Taking up arms at the forgotten in another age. When public very beginning of this unhappy contest, speakers would animate the valor of the

FUNERAL OF GENERAL LYON.

529

newly-enlisted officers and their recruits, " indomitable” General Lyon, which we untried in the experience of the camp, have already recorded in the official rethey held up the example of the courage port of Major Sturgis, he invited all to and devotion of Lyon ; when Represent-"emulate his prowess and undying devoatives in Congress would stimulate the tion to his duty. The regiments and activity of generals in the field, they corps engaged in this battle will be perpointed to the energy of Lyon ; when mitted to have ‘Springfield'emblazoned patriots would rebuke the corrupt horde on their colors as a distinguished memoof army contractors, fattening upon the rial of their services to the nation." misfortunes of the State, they turned to The body of General Lyon was placed dwell with admiration on the purity and in an ambulance to be carried from the self-denying virtues of Lyon, the single-field, and by some accident was not reminded lover of his country.

moved in the retreat ; but was recovered General Lyon was never married. He by a flag of truce and borne to Springleft three brothers and three sisters. It field. There the remains were taken in was stated at the time of his death that charge by the wife of the Hon. J. S. he had bequeathed some thirty thousand Phelps, loyal member of Congress of the dollars, the frugal gatherings of his ca- district, and entombed. . They were prereer in the public service, to the nation ; sently removed to the East by two membut this was an error. He made no bers of the family of the fallen General, such disposition of his property, nor was who were received by the Confederate he called upon to do so. That such an military authorities at Springfield with anecdote was invented and generally cred- every consideration for their melancholy ited shows, however, the view entertain- errand. At St. Louis, Cincinnati, Philaed of his character and devoted patriot- delphia, New York and Hartford, the ism. By no one was this devotion more remains were accorded public honors as warmly acknowledged than by Major- they were borne to a final resting-place General Fremont, the commander of his in the rural district of Connecticut, the department. On the receipt of the offi- village home where, forty-three years cial reports of the officers engaged at before, the lamented patriot first saw the Wilson's Creek, he issued a general order, light. A large procession, military and in which he announced “with pride and civic, attended the funeral, and eulogies the highest commendation the extraordi- and addresses were delivered in front nary services to their country and flag of the church at Eastford by the Hon. rendered by the division of the brave Judge Carpenter of Connecticut, the Hon. and lamented General Lyon. Opposed Galusha A. Grow, Speaker of the national by overwhelming masses of the enemy in House of Representatives, Governor a numerical superiority of upward of Buckingham of Connecticut, Governor twenty thousand against four thousand Sprague of Rhode Island, and others. three hundred, or nearly five to one, the When the National Legislature met in successes of our troops were nevertheless December, it was resolved, by a joint sufficiently marked to give to their ex- resolution of both Houses, that “Conploits the moral effect of a victory.” gress deems it just and proper to enter Adopting the glowing eulogy of the upon its records a recognition of the eminent and patriotic services of the late sure you that it is my firm determination Brigadier-General Nathaniel Lyon. The to protect every peaceable citizen in the country to whose service he devoted his full enjoyment of all his rights, whatever life, will guard and preserve his fame as may have been his sympathies in the a part of its own glory. That the thanks present unhappy struggle, if he has not of Congress are hereby given to the taken an active part in the cruel warfare brave officers and soldiers who, under which has been waged against the good the command of the late General Lyon, people of this State by the ruthless ensustained the honor of the flag and emies whom we have just defeated. I achieved victory against overwhelming therefore invite all good citizens to return numbers at the battle of Springfield in to their homes and the practice of their Missouri ; and that in order to commem- ordinary avocations, with the full assurorate an event so honorable to the coun- ance that they, their families, their homes try and themselves, it is ordered that and their property shall be carefully each regiment engaged shall be author- protected. I, at the same time, warn all ized to bear upon its colors the word evil-disposed persons, who may support 'Springfield,' embroidered in letters of the usurpations of any one claiming to gold. And the President of the United be provisional or temporary Governor of States is hereby requested to cause these Missouri, or who shall in any other way resolutions to be read at the head of every give aid or comfort to the enemy, that regiment in the army of the United States." they will be held as enemies, and treated

General Price, the commander of the accordingly.” The Confederate Congress Missouri State Guard, issued a Proclama- at Richmond presently, on the 21st of tion after the battle, addressed to the August, on motion of Mr. Ochiltree of People of Missouri. Declaring that the Texas, passed the following resolution : army under his command " had been or- “Whereas it has pleased Almighty God ganized under the laws of the State for to vouchsafe to the arms of the Confederthe protection of their homes and fire- ate States another glorious and importsides, and for the maintenance of the ant victory in a portion of the country rights, dignity and honor of Missouri,” where a reverse would have been disashe added that it was “kept in the field trous, by exposing the families of the for these purposes alone, and to aid in good people of the State of Missouri to accomplishing them, our gallant Southern the unbridled license of the brutal solbrethren have come into our State with diery of an unscrupulous enemy; therethese. We have just achieved a glorious fore, be it resolved : That the thanks of victory over the foe, and scattered far Congress are cordially tendered to Brigand wide the well-appointed army which adier-General Ben McCulloch and the the usurper at Washington has been officers and soldiers of his brave commore than six months gathering for your mand, for their gallant conduct in defeatsubjugation and enslavement. This vic- ing, after a battle of six and a half hours, tory frees a large portion of the State a force of the enemy equal in numbers, from the power of the invaders, and re- and greatly superior in all their appointstores it to the protection of its army. ments, thus proving that a right cause It cousequently becomes my duty to as- nerves the hearts and strengthens the

DEFENCE OF LEXINGTON.

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arms of the Southern people, fighting, as ters of the motives and conduct of the they are, for their liberty, their homes Federal army, raised at such cost and and friends against an unholy despotism." self-sacrifice for the preservation of the Such were the representations made, and Union and the old liberties and prospersuch the belief inculcated in high quar-lity of the nation !

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THE DEFENCE OF LEXINGTON, SEPTEMBER 12-20, 1861.

We have now to turn our attention to the 1st Illinois regiment of cavalry, Cola position in western Missouri which be- onel Marshall, five hundred Missouri came the scene of one of the most inter- Home Guards, and the 23d regiment of esting episodes of the war. The town of the Irish brigade, a body of stalwart Lexington, the capital of Lafayette coun- men raised in Illinois, who were led by ty, situated on the southern bank of the Colonel James A. Mulligan of Chicago. Missouri river, three hundred miles This gentleman, of Irish parentage, was above St. Louis, occupies an important born in Utica, New York, in 1829. He frontier position, commanding the ap- was educated at the Catholic College at proach by water to Fort Leavenworth, Chicago, had studied law, and edited the and the direct communication with Inde- Western Tablet in that city, been admitpendence and the great overland route ted to the bar, employed as a clerk in to Santa Fé. It was a prosperous town, the Department of the Interior at Washlying in a fertile region, and one of the ington, and at the outbreak of the premost thriving settlements of the West. sent war was Captain of a militia comIts inhabitants were understood to be pany, “Shields' Guards,” at Chicago. tainted with secession sentiments, and with such antecedents, it was a natural the place afforded, of course, a favorable step to a Colonelcy of the Irish Brigade opportunity for the operations of the in- raised in that city in 1861. The youth, surgents. As the danger of its occupa- enthusiasm, and energy of this officer tion became imminent, a small force was proved important qualifications for the sent forward by order of General Fre- military career upon which he had entermont to take charge of the money in the ed, and which his command was destined banks, and protect the region from spoli- successfully to illustrate. ation in aid of the rebellion. With these Colonel Mulligan, while encamped with and several accessions of troops, there his regiment at Jefferson City, at the end were collected at this place, early in Sep- of August, received an order to march to teniber, a body of about twenty-seven the relief of Colonel Marshall's cavalry hundred men, composed of the 13th Mis- at Lexington, one hundred and twenty souri regiment rnder Colonel Peabody, miles by the road to the westward

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