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He asserts, that he finds many things right at home, and that he loves his country almost to enthusiasm.

I had not the least doubt that he found in his country many things to please him ; nor did I suppose that he desired the same inversion of every part of life, as of the use of tea. The proposal of drinking tea sour showed indeed such a disposition to practical paradoxes, that there was reason to fear lest some succeeding letter should recommend the dress of the Picts, or the cookery of the Eskimaux. However, I met with no other innovations, and therefore was willing to hope that he found something right at home.

But his love of his country seemed not to rise quite to enthusiasm, when, amidst his rage against tea, he made a smooth apology for the East India Company, as men who might not think themselves obliged to be political arithmeticians. I hold, though no enthusiastic patriot, that every man who lives and trades under the protection of a community, is obliged to consider whether he hurts or benefits those who protect him ; and that the most which can be indulged to private interest is a neutral traffic, if any such can be, hy which our country is not injured, though it may not be benefited.

But he now renews his declamation against tea, notwithstanding the greatness or power of those that have interest or inclination to support it. I know not of what power or greatness he may dream. The importers only have an interest in defending it. I am sure they are not great, and I hope they are not powerful. Those whose inclination leads them to continue this practice, are too numerous, but I believe their power is such,

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resentment ; since all his invectives fume into the air, with so little effect upon me, that I still esteem him as one that has the merit of meaning well ; and still believe him to be a man whose failings may be justly pardoned for his virtues. *

* And of such a man, it is to be regretted that Dr. Johnson was, by whatever motive, induced to speak with acrimony; but it is probable that he took up the subject at first merely to give play to his fancy. This answer, however, to Mr. Hanway's letter, is, as Mr. Boswell has remarked, the only instance in the whole course of his life, when he condescended to oppose any thing that was written against him.

C.

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under an able master. But this able master, was, I think, not elected before last February ; and my visit happened, if I mistake not, in November. The children were shy when interrogated by a stranger. This may be true, but the same shyness I do not remember to have hindered them from answering other questions ; and I wonder why children so much accustomed to new spectators should be eminently shy.

My opponent, in the first paragraph, calls the infer.! ence that I made from this negligence, a hasty conclusion ; to the decency of this expression I had nothing to object; but as he grew hot in his career, his enthusiasm began to sparkle ; and in the vehemence of his postcript, he charges my assertions, and my reasons for advancing them, with folly and malice. His argumentation being somewhat enthusiastical, I cannot fully comprehend, but it seems to stand thus; my insinuations are foolish or malicious, since I know not one of the governors of the hospital; for he that knows not the governors of the hospital, must be very foolish or malicious.

He has, however so much kindness for me, that he advises me to consult my safety when I talk of corporations. I know not what the most important corporation can do, becoming manhood, by which my safety is endangered. My reputation is safe, for I can prove the fact ; 'my quiet is safe, for I meant well ; and for any other safety, I am not used to be very solicitous.

I am always sorry when I see any being labouring in vain ; and in return for the Journalist's attention to my safety, I will confess some compassion for his tumultuous

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resentment ; since all his invectives fume into the air, with so little effect upon me, that I still esteem him as one that has the merit of meaning well ; and still believe him to be a man whose failings may be justly pardoned for his virtues. *

* And of such a man, it is to be regretted that Dr. Johnson was, by whatever motive, induced to speak with acrimony; but it is probable that he took up the subject at first merely to give play to his fancy. This answer, however, to Mr. Hanway's letter, is, as Mr. Boswell has remarked, the only instance in the whole course of his life, when he condescended to oppose any thing that was written against him.

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In his examination of the Messiah, he justly observes some deviations from the inspired author, which weaken the imagery, and dispirit the expression.

On Windsor Forest, he declares, I think without proof, that descriptive poetry was by no means the excellence of Pope ; he draws this inference from the few images introduced in this poem, which would not equally belong to any other place. He must inquire whether Windsor Forest has in reality any thing peculiar,

The Stag chace is not, he says, so full, so animated, and so circumstantiated as Somerville's. Barely to say, that one performance is not so good as another, is to criticise with little exactness. But Pope has directed that we should in every work regard the author's end. The Stag chace is the main subject of Somerville, and might therefore be properly dilated into all its circumstances ; in Pope it is only incidental, and was to be despatched in a few lines.

He makes a just observation, that the description of the external beauties of nature is usually the first effect of a young genius, before he hath studied nature and passions. Some of Milton's most early, as well as most exquisite pieces, are his Lycidas, l'Allegro, and Il Penserosa, if we may except his ode on the Nativity of Christ, which is indeed prior in order of time, and in which a penetrating critic might have observed the seeds of that boundless imagination which was one day to pro: duce the Paradise Lost."

Mentioning Thomson and other descriptive poets, he remarks, that writers fail in their copies for want of

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