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BVENTS OF THE FRANCO-GERMAN WAR, 1870-1.
1870. July 6.-Duc de Grammont protests against the election of Prince Leopold of Hohenzollern to the
throne of Spain. 13.-The King of Prussia at Ems refuses the demand of Count Benedetti, the French ambassado:.
that he would never accept the Spanish crown for any of his family. 15.-France declares War against Prussia. 21.–At Saarlouis, a French vedette fires at a Prussian sentinel, misses, and is killed by the
Prussian, the first blood drawn in the war. , 22.-Kehl Bridge on the Rhine blown up by the Prussians. , 28.- The Emperor and Prince Imperial arrive at Metz. He proclaims the "God of battles wii!
be with us." August 2.-Saarbrück bombarded and taken by the French in presence of the Emperor and the Prince
Imperial, who here "received his baptism of fire." 1 4.-Weissenburg stormed by the Crown Prince. General Douay killed, 30 officers and 1,000
men taken prisoners, with 22 cannon and 4 mitrailleuses. , 6.-The Crown Prince defeats McMahon at Wörth or Fröschwiller-4,009 prisoners, many
cannon, baggage. 6.-Prince Frederick Charles defeats General Frossard at Spicheren; Saarbrück retaken by
the Germans. 7.-Paris proclaimed in a state of siege. Emperor announces that "all may yet go well.” 10.-Strasbourg invested and bombarded on 19th. 10.-Ollivier Ministry succeeded by that of General Montauban, Count of Palikao. 14.-German victory at Pange or Courcelles, near Metz. 14.-Nancy occupied by the Germans. 16.-Battle at Mars-la-Tour, and French driven back by Prince Frederick Charles on Metz--2,000
prisoners, 7 cannon, 2 eagles. 17.-Emperor and Prince Imperial at Châlons Camp. 18.-Trochu appointed Governor of Paris. 18.--Battles at Gravelotte and Doncourt, and French under Bazaine driven by the King into
Metz, which was completely invested on 28rd. 20.-McMahon evacuates Châlons, and marches towards Reims and the north-east frontier.
25.Vitry capitulates---16 gung. , 29.- De Failly defeated at Montmédy-4,000 prisoners. „, 30-31.-McMahon defeated at Carignan, Beaumont, and Bazeilles, on the Belgian frontier. The
last place, Bazeilles, burnt with all the population. Sept. 1.-Marshal Bazaine's sortie at Metz repulsed. , 1-2.—Total defeat of McMahon at Sedan; followed by the surrender of the Emperor arı!
80,000 men; 16,000 escaped into Belgium. The Emperor meets the King at M. Amour's
Château de Bellevue, and is sent to Wilhelmshöhe, near Cassel, arriving on 5th. 4.-Emperor deposed, and Republic proclaimed under a Government of National Defence, with
Trochu as President. 5.-Reims occupied. 6.-Prince Imperial arrives at Hastings, where the Empress in her fight from Paris arrives on
9th, brought over in Sir J. M. Burgoyne's yacht, the Gazelle. , 9.-Laon surrenders-350 French and German blown up by an accidental explosion. , 12.-Crémieux leaves Paris for Tours, as Delegate of the Government.
Sept. 19.-Investment of Paris, and beginning of First Siege. Crown Prince reaches Versailles,
the German head-quarters, on 20th. , 19.-General Vinoy (who escaped from Sedan) defeated at Villejuif--2,500 prisoners, 7 guns. 22.-Jules Favre tries to negotiate a peace with Bismarck at Ferrières, the King's head
quarters, without success. 27.--Strasbourg surrenders-17,000 men and 451 officers. 30.-General Vinoy's sortie from Paris repulsed. 8.-Gambetta, the Minister of War, escapes from Paris in a balloon, to Amiens, and proceeds to
Tours, where a delegation of the Ministry is seated. 9.--Garibaldi arrives at Tours. 10.--At Orléans, General Von der Tann defeats the army of the Loire-1,000 prisoners and
3 guns. Orléans occupied on 11th-2,000 prisoners. 12.-Epinal taken. 16.--Soissons capitulates--4,630 men, 90 officers, and 128 guns. 16.-Châteaudun taken; and Chartres and St. Quentin on 21st. 24.---Schleststadt capitulates--2,400 prisoners and 120 guns. 27.-Metz capitulates—Three marshals—Bazaine, Canrobert, Lebeuf-66 generals, 6,000
officers, and 173,000 men, the remnant of the French army, taken prisoners. It was
entered on 31st. 30 --The Empress visits Wilhelmshöhe incog. , 31.-Demonstration of the Commune against General Trochu and the Government at the Hôtel
8.-Verdun capitulates--163 officers, 4,000 men, and 136 guns.
Orléans--the only French victory gained during the war.
one lost by the Germans. 24.-Thionville capitulates—4,000 prisoners, 200 guns. 27.--La Fère capitulates--2,060 prisoners, 70 guns. 27.-Manteuffel defeats the Army of the North, near Amiens, which is occupied on 28th. 28.--At Beaune-le-Rolande, Prince Frederick Charles defeats the Arm of the Loire-2,600
killed and prisoners. 28.--Amiens occupied. „ 29-30.-Repulse of sorties from Paris by Ducrot, at Issy, Le Hay, &c. French establish themselves
at Champigny. Dec. 2.-Brie and Villiers on the Marne retaken by the Germans. , 3.- Prince Frederick Charles defeats d'Aurelles and the Army of the Loiro at Orléans--10,000
prisoners, 77 guns.
16.-Vendôme occupied. 1 18.-Storming of Nuits.
21.–Tours surrenders, but is not ocoupied. The French Delegation retires to Bordeaux.
3.-Goben defeats Faidherbe's Army of the North, at Bapaume.
7.-General Roye defeated at Jumièges, near Rouen. , 8-9.-Von Werder defeats Bourbaki at Vallerois, and Villersexel, near Vesoul-1,300 prisoners.
10.-Peronne capitulates-3,000 prisoners. , 6-12.-General Chanzy and the Army of the Loire retreating towards Le Mans; where he is totally
routed by the Duke of Mecklenburg on 12th. About 33,000 prisoners taken, with several
guns, mitrailleuses, stores, locomotives, and 400 railway wagons.
18.-At Versailles, the King of Prussia is proclaimed German Emperor.
28.--Capitulation of Paris-armistice for 3 weeks. All the Paris forts occupied on 29th. Feb. 1.--Bourbaki's army of 80,000 escapes into Switzerland.
14.-National Assembly meets at Bordeaux.
200 millions. March 1.-A force of 30,000 Germans enter Paris under the Arc de Triomphe. Treaty of Peace voted
at Bordeaux. 3.-Germans evacuate Paris. 6.-Communists hoist the red flag at Paris. 7.-Germans give up the Forts on left bank of Seine, and move the head-quarters from Versailles. 18.-Rising of the Commune at Paris; who seize the artillery at Montmartre and shoot Generals
Lecomte and Thomas. 19.-French Government leaves Paris for Versailles. National Assembly meets there on 20th.
Emperor Napoléon arrives at Chislehurst. April 2.-Second siege of Paris begins,
6.-Fighting between the Communists and the army under McMahon, at Courbevoie and Neuilly.
8.-Investment of Paris begins by the army.
16.-Communists throw down the Vendôme Column.
Ville, Palais de Justice.
May · 24.-Communists shoot the Archbishop of Paris, Pres. Bonjean, and other hostages, at La
30.- Victor Hugo expelled from Brussels.
27.–Subscriptions for the Indemnity loan at Paris. July 31.-M. Thiers elected President of the French Republic. Sept. 21.-Rochefort condemned to imprisonment for life. Oct. 8.--Election of Councils-General in France. , 22.-Convention with Germany signed at Frankfort ; providing for the evacuation of several
departments. · 1873. Jan. 9.-Death of Napoleon III. at Chislehurst. March 15.-Treaty with Germany, providing for the final payment of the indemnity of 200 millions
sterling, and the evacuation of the remaining Departments, by 5th September, 1873.
GUIDE TO PARIS. Paris, the capital of France, and perhaps the finest city in Europe, is on the Seine, 143 miles from Havre, 236 from Calais, and about 360 from London, from which it may be reached in eleven or twelve hours. It lies in an oval, 20 miles round, on both sides of the river, that part on the north side being the largest; whilst the oldest part is on the Iles de la Cité and St. Louis in the river, or in the neighbourhood of these islands. Including the Banlieu or environs, such as Neuilly, Belleville, Batignolles, Montmartre, and other well-known spots, now brought inside the new Barrières, it contains 1,825,000 souls, 50,000 houses, 1,350 streets, 183 covered avenues, 30 boulevards, 20 parishes or arrondissements, 40 churches, 27 theatres, 50 casernes or barracks, and 90 public establishments. Both banks of the Seine (a mere canal in comparison with the Thames) are lined with 33 broad Quays, and large buildings, and joined by 30 bridges. The houses are so numbered, that you can tell how near you are to the river (which runs nearly east and west), whether you are going from or towards it; the streets parallel to the river being painted in black letters, with the numbers down the stream (or west), and streets perpendicular to it in white letters, with the numbers from the stream; the odd numbers are on one side of the street, and the even on the other.
The principal objects are the Champs Elysées, Tuileries and Palais Royal (both burnt by the Commune, 1871), Madeleine, Hôtel de Ville (burnt, 1871), Portes $t. Denis and St. Martin, July Column, and Père la Chaise, on the north side; the Hôtel des Invalides, Luxembourg, Panthéon, and Jardin des Plantes, on the south side; the Pont Neuf and Nôtre Dame, in the centre. Among the most lively streets and thoroughfares are Rues de Rivoli, St. Honoré, Vivienne, Richelieu, Neuve-des-PetitsChamps, the Boulevards (which thread the outskirts or Faubourgs), and the Quays. The unrivalled Passages, or Arcades, are also very gay, viz., the Passages des Panorama, de l'Opera, du Saumon, Jouffroy, Vivienne, Colbert, Choiseul, Vero-Dodat, Delorme, &c. Here all the knick-knacks or articles de Paris, are sold. A circle of fortified walls, 26 miles round, commanding every point near the city, was first planned by M. Thiers, and completed in 1846, at a total cost of 53 millions sterling. A good French pun, “Le mur murant Paris rend Paris murmurant," originated when the old walls, which occupied the site of the boulevards, were erected.
On passing the Barrière, the baggage is examined. Porters, called commissionnaires, ply at every station or coach-office, who will convey the traveller to any of the Hotels for } franc, or 1 franc with luggage,
British Embassy and Consulate.-39, Rue de Faubourg St. Honoré. Hours, 10 to 3.
Hotels.-There are a great many Hotels in Paris, some magnificent in appearance, but dear and uncomfortable; others cheap but questionable. The following are carefully selected as deserving our recommendation:
The Grand Hotel and Hotel du Louvre, situate in the Hotel de Londres, 8, Rue St. Hyacinthe, St. Honoré, near Boulevard des Capucines, and in the Place du Palais Royal. | the Palais Royal and the Tuileries.
el Des Deux Mondes et d'Angleterre, 8, Rue d'Antin, Grand Hotel de l' Univers, 29, Rue de Chalons, oppnsito
ate cannot be too highly recommended for its com- | the Railway Station of Lyons, kept by Mr. Joos. fort, cleanliness, and moderate cbarges. Excellent table d'hôtel. Hot, cold, and shower baths,
Hotel du Congres et due Colysee, 28, Rue du Colysée, quiet,
comfortable, and clean. Splendide Hotel, Place de l'Opera, Rue de la Paix and Avenue Napoleon ; magnificent establishment, with all the Hotel du Prince Regent, 10, Rue St. Hyacinthe, St. apartments in front.
Honoré; goud accommodation, moderate prices. St. James's Hotel, 211, Rue Saint Honoré ; excellent. The
Maison de Famille.-Mansion, 26, Avenue de Fried'and, Hotel Bergere, Rue Bergere, belongs to the same proprietor.
kept by Mrs. Taylor. Grand Hotel Mirabeau, 8, Rue de la Paix ; an exrellent Hotel Bruxelles, 33, Rue du Mail, conveniently situ ted; house, is the finest part of Paris ; good Table d'hôte at
moderate charges. 5 francs. Hotel Meurice, 228, Rue de Rivoli ; a fine situation; con
Hotel de Belgique et de Hollande, close to the principal ducted by H. Scheurich.
Boulevarus. Hotel Bedford, 17 and 19, Rue de l'Arcade, near the Muller's Royal British and American Hotel, 89, Ruo Mudeleine, excellent in every respect.
Pasquier, close to the Havre and Dieppe Stations. Hotel de la Place du Palais Royal, 170, Rue de Rivoli; English Family Boarding House, 3. Cité Retiro. Entranco comfort, good situation, and moderate charges.
Rue Boi by d'Anglas, and 30, Fau ourg St Honoré. Hotel des Etrangers, 3, Rue Vivienne, good situation and Grand Hotel Ju'es Cesar, Avenue Lacuée, and 20, Rue do comfort b.e. N. Lepony, Dew Proprietor.
Lyon. Kept by Mr, Callais, Moderate charges. Hotel Buckinghom, 32, Rue Pasquier (ex Rue de la Made
Hotel de Dunkerque et de Folkestone, 32, Rue Lefit e, orer. Jeine). The prop i-tor speaks English.
looking the Boulevard des Itajiens.-Mrr. Droff, proprittır. Grand Hotel du Parlement, Boulevard de la Madeleine,
Grand Hotel de la Louisiane, 36, Rue du Colisée, near the and 18, Place ce la Madeleine; well situated, comfort,
Colisée aud the Bou evards, recon. I ended, m derate charges.
Hotel de Lille et d' Albion 223, Rue St. Honoré, a well. Hotel Stehr, 74, Boulevard Magenta ; very good English conducted god Loure.
estab ishment; very moderate charges. Hlutel de Rivoli 202, Rue de Rivoli, T. Stolle, proprietor; Hotel Meyerbeer, situated at the round point of the Champs Very good, opposite the Tui erie , charg s moderate.
Elysées. Eutrance, 2, Rue Montaigne. Grand Hotel de Normandie, 256, Rue St. Honoré, &ood and
Grand Hotel de Rome, 1, Rue de R'Ie, close to the Made. m.derate.
lei..e, the Champs Elysées, aud the Boulevards. Hotel de Calais, 5, Rue Neuve des Capucines,a comfortable
Hotel du Palais (Family Hotell, 28, Avenue cours la and reasonable house.
Rei.e. London and New York H. tel, convenietly situated, near the Madeleine and Champs Elysées.
Hotel de Paris and Albion, 41, Rue Caumartin. Kept by
Mr. Bellé, Dew proprietor. Hutel Fo kestone, 9, Rue Castellane, very comfortable, and charges moderate.
Hotel Liverpool, li, Rue Castiglione. Weil situated Hotel Vouillemont, 15, Rue Buigsy d'Anglas, near the between the Tuileries Gardens and the Rue de la Paix, Ma e.eine, iu good situation ; good and quiet.
Diner Europeen, formerly Palais Royal; now 14, Boule Hotel de la Grand Bretagne, 14, Rue Caumartin, very vard des Italiene. Entrance, Rue Lepeletier, 2. quiet, recommended. Hotel du Chemin de fer du Nord, Place du Chemin de fer
Hotel Scrite (Private Hotel), Rue Scribe, 1. du Nord, very good hotel for families and geutlemen.
Hotel de France et de Bath, an excellent Hotel, is a good Hotel du Prince Albert, 5, Rue St. Hyacinthe, St. Honoré,
situation. near the Tuileries ; 1ecommended.
Hotel Violet, Passage Violet, very quiet ; recommended. Hotel de St. Petersburgh, 35, Rue Caumartin. Entirely
Hotel Brighton, 218, Rue de Rivoli; a good hotel, clean refitted up by the Lew propriet I, M. Moite.
and quiet. Charges moderate. Hotel des Etats Unis, 16, Rue d'Antin.-F. Motte, proprietur.
Hotel de York.-An exceedingly clean house, in a f:
situation. Grand Hotel de la Havane, 44, Rue de Trevise, kept by Misses C. and L. Abry.
Grand Hotel de Malte, Rue de Richelieu ; very central,
comfortable, and quiet. Terms moderate. Hotel Bergeron, 11, Rue du 29 Juiellet, opposite the Tuileries, pear the Place Vendome. Moderate charges.
Hotel du Nouvel Opera, 43, Rue Chausée d'Antin, near the
New Opera, the Boulevard des Italiens, and the Madeleine. Family Hotel, 6, Rue Castiglione, near the Tuileries Gardens.
Grand Hotel de la Bourse et des Ambassadeurs, 17, Ruo Hotel Navarin, 8, Rue de Navarin, very comfortable and Notre Dame des Victoires, Arrangements per week at quiet Table d Hote and Restaurant