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The Educational Institution for Young Ladies of Madame Cherrier, 60, Faubourg St. Jaques, is recommended with great confidence.
To Visitors passing only One day at Paris, the following general instructions may be of service. See BRADSHAW's Illustrated Guide to Paris. " Take up your abode at one of the Hotels near the Boulevards, or the Rue St. Honoré. Breakfast at 8 o'clock, walk along the Boulevards, from the Boulevard des Italiens, to the Madeleine, one of the most beautiful and modern churches in Paris. Here you may take a remise (a superior kind of cab, something like an English brougham), for which you will have to pay two francs 25 cents. an hour. The coachman expects about 5 sous the hour, If you give the driver to understand that your object is to see all you can of Paris, he will take you by the most public streets, and point out the principal public buildings in the line of route. You will find remises in nearly every street, under some shed or building, and often, as the cabs, threading the streets or on stands. They are always ready, and you will find the coachmen sometimes civil and obliging. They are known by a red figure.
"Drive then to Nôtre Dame (see below for description of the places mentioned), visit the Palais de Justice and the Sainte Chapelle, which is very near it. Then proceed to the Gardens and the Palace of the Luxembourg. You will only have time to view the exterior, and to take a momentary glance at the Picture Gallery, filled with the works of living artists, which it contains. Direct your course next to the Hôtel des Invalides, where your passport will gain you admission to see the church, and tomb of Napoléon, one of the richest sights in Paris, it on a Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, Saturday, or Sunday, after twelve o'clock. From the Invalides drive to the Place de la Concorde, and here (discharging your remise) walk through the Gardens of the Tuileries, to view the ruined Palace, whose principal front faces them. Go out by one of the gates on the left, into the Rue de Rivoli, and cross over to the Palais Royal, which, with its half-ruined Cour d'Honneur and its shops, cafés, and restaurants, is always interesting. At the southern extremity, the end facing the Louvre, is the Palace, formerly inhabited by Prince Jerome Bonaparte, uncle to the Emperor, and by Prince Napoléon and the Princess Clothilde, his wife. Near the Palais Royal you will find a luncheon, from 1 franc 25 centimes (14}d.) upwards. After lunch, a few minutes' walk will take you_to the Louvre and the Place du Carousel. In this Place you will do well to pause a moment, to reconnoitre the extensive pile of buildings that surround you on every side, and the two palaces, the palaces of the Louvre and the Tuileries, on the right and left of you, as well as the triumphal Arch which rises before the entrance into the château. After this, you will be able to spare a little time to inspect some of the galleries of curiosities and paintings which the Louvre contains. The Louvre may be entered any day of the week except Monday, by a passport. On Sundays it is open to the public without restriction, and always closes at four in the afternoon.
"When you leave the Louvre, you would do well to take another Remise by the hour, drive through Place de la Concorde and the Champs Elysées, to the Barrière de l'Étoile. Outside this Barrière is the magnificent arch, the Arc de Triomphe, which it will well repay you to mount. Should you like it you can prolong your drive to the Bois de Boulogne, remembering to visit the Chapel of St. Ferdinand, which is situated a hundred yards or so in the avenue opposite the Port Maillot. The Bois de Boulogne, in which two lakes have been constructed, is a most fashionable resort between the hours of four and six. The charge for the Remise, for coming outside the Barrière, is three francs per hour.
"On your return to the city, you will find good dinners at the Restaurants, after which amusement of every description will be open, to drive away the ennui of the next three or four hours. The theatres, at some of which, however, the language and representations are not fit for ladies, or the cirçus, or one of the operas, or some other diverting spectacle of the kind, are always open; but should pone of these gay sights attract you, you will be much amused by walking along the boulevards, taking your coffee, or an ice, on the outside of one of the cafés, and watching the curious stream of human beings that roll by you.
“ Should your stay be prolonged for Two days, you would do well to take a run down and see the château and gardens of Versailles. This is an occupation that will fill up the whole day. In the evening you will again be at liberty to select which of the many places of amusement you may like best. There are many gardens open after sunset, brilliantly lighted up with variegated lamps, where dancing and other gay amusements take place; such as the Jardin Mabille, &c. As, however, these spots are much frequented by the Demi Monde, they should be avoided by ladies and children. There are also in the Chainps Elysées, cafés chantants, where you may hear pretty good singing and sip your coffee, or have an ice, at your leisure. The Jardins alluded to above are not visited by the élite of Parisian society, but they give to a foreigner å good insight into the habits and amusements of the French people.
“Should your stay extend over Three days, a visit to Père la Chaise, the Jardin des Plantes, the Gobelins's Manufactory (should it be on a Wednesday or Saturday), the Panthéon and the Hôtel de Cluny is recommended. An examination of these places will fully occupy your day until five or six o'clock, when the evening attractions of Paris are again open to your choice.
"Should your visit extend over Four days, you will find the ruined Château and Park of St. Cloud, a short distance out of town, and the museums of the porcelain manufactory at Sèvres, very interesting. You may go to St. Cloud by the railway to Auteuil, where an omnibus will be waiting to take you for two sous, by a pleasant drive through the Bois de Boulogne, the village, and across the Seine, to the Park gates. From Sèvres to St. Cloud is only a short walk through the Park. If you are a good walker you should visit the Terrace of Meudon, about a mile and a-half beyond Sèvres, on the hill. This spot commands a very fine view of Paris and the river. Cabs may be obtained at St. Cloud to take you to Sèvres and Meudon, should you prefer to ride.
"Should it be your intention to remain Five days, and your stay be over a Sunday, you might witness mass at any of the principal churches. The service commences exactly at ten o'clock.
"Should your visit extend over Six days, the Hôtel de Cluny, the Musée des Beaux Arts, and the Musée d Artillerie should be visited; also St. Germains and the Abbey of St. Denis, which, though on different lines of railway, may easily be accomplished in one day. St. Denis should be seen first.
“Should you remain Seven days, a trip to Fontainebleau will be highly interesting; and should you have more days than these, you would do wisely to repeat your visits to the Louvre, thé Luxembourg, the Hôtel des Invalides, &c." *** In the short description of Paris which follows, the subjects run alphabetically, as most convenient on the
whole for reference. Streets will be found under the proper names, as “Rivoli (Rue de)” for “Rue de Rivoli,” or Rivoli Street. When the stranger comes upon a large building, church, &c., he has only to look down this list for the street it is in, and he will find it described there, or else described under its own head. Places in the immediate neighbourhood of Paris must be looked for in the General Index to
the Hand-Book. For further details, see BRADSHAW's Illustrated Guide to Paris. N.B.-Those objects most worthy of notice are in thick type. Though special days for visiting are sometimes
mentioned, yet nearly all are accessible to strangers upon the production of a passport. Académie.-See Palais de l'Institut. Académie de Musique, in Rue Lepelletier.
Arc de Triomphe de l'Etoile, at the end of Avenue de Neuilly, and so called because seven or eight roads spread from it like a star, is an enormous triumphal arch, begun 1806, and finished 1836. It is 152 feet high, 137 broad, and 68 thick; the centre arch, 90 feet high, by 45 wide; and is covered with groups and bas-reliefs of the events of the Revolution and the Empire, from 1792 to the peace of 1815. By this arch, the Grande Armée entered Paris after the peace of Tilsit; Louis Napoléon, on his return from the provinces, 1852; and the Germans after the capitulation of Paris, 1871. A fine view from the top. Outside of it, on the Neuilly road, is the beautiful Chapel of $t. Ferdinand, built 1842-43, on the
spot where the Duc d'Orléans was killed by his horses taking fright. One Ane marble group was designed by his sister, Maria of Würtemburg, who sculptured the well-known Joan of Arc. Open till dusk. Shot marks made 1870 are seen.
Bac (Rue de), contains the Musée d'Artillerie, and (No. 120) St. François Xavier's church. Near it is St. Thomas d'Aquin's. In or near this street 18 houses were burnt by the Communists, 1871; including the Caserne Bonaparte, the Cour des Comptes, the Conseil d'État, the Palace of the Legion of Honour, and the Foreign Office.
Bains de Ligny.-The largest swimming bath in Paris, and quite a sight on days of tropical heat, frequcnt in Paris, in July. Among other features, des hommes serieux, or, grave and potent seniors of 45, are seen deliberately soaping and washing their feet on the steps of the baths, which are sheeted over with human forms. CAUTION.-Do not leave gold or your watch in the Cabinets unless the door be well fastened. Entrance, 75 centimes; linge (i.e., drawers (caleçons] and towel), 25 centimes.
Banque de France, Rue Croix des Petits Champs; rebuilt from Mansard's designs 1720, on the site of the Hotel of the Counts of Toulouse, and given over to the bank 1811.
Bazaars. At 20, Boulevard Bonne Nouvelle ; 12, Boulevard Montmartre; 27, Boulevard Poissonnière. No. 14, in the last, is for travellers.
Bibliothèques.-BIBLIOTHÈQUE DE L'ARSENAL, Rue de Sully, where cannons were cast till the time of Louis XIV., is now a library of 200,000 volumes. Open daily, 10 to 3.
BIBLIOTHÈQUE ST. GENEVIEVE, near that church, in the old abbey buildings (14th to 16th centuries), contains 200,000 volumes and 3,000 MSS., with portraits of sovereigns from Philippe le Hardi to Louis XV.
Bibliothèque Nationale, or National Library, Rue Richelieu, No. 58, was once Cardinal Mazarin's hotel, and is now a large pile, 540 feet by 130. It contains 1,400,000 printed volumes; 125,000 MS. genealogies (39,000 being French); 150,000 medals; gems ; 9,600 volumes of engravings, from the fifteenth century; 90,000 portraits ; 300,000 maps; 150 volumes of French history; 59) volumes of plans, views, &c.; besides several marbles. In the ground floor are Voltaire's bust, a silver missal, the first psalter printed with a date (1459), models, &c. Among the MSS. are those of Galileo, St. Louis' prayer book, Fénélon's Telemachus, and autograph letters from Henry IV, downwards. Some of the missals are as old as the 5th and 6th centuries. Cardinal Mazarin's painted gallery is 140 feet long. Readers bring their own pens as well as paper. Visitors, Tuesday and Friday, 10 to 3. A fountain, by Visconti, stands opposite, in Place Louvois, near which the Duc de Berri was assassinated, 1820.
Bicêtre.--See Index to the Hand-Book.
Bois de Boulogne, the Hyde Park of Paris, on a flat spot to the west of the city, between the fortifications and the Seine; and so named from a village near it. Wellington camped here 1814. It has been partly restored since the siege of 1870-1, when the trees were cut down. It contains two or three lakes, a cascade 27 feet high; a Cercle des Patineurs for the Skating Club; a Jardin d'Acclimatisation or Zoological Garden; and a Hippodrome or Race Course of 153 acres. Concerts at the Châlet des Iles, a pretty spot. Here new equipages and dresses come out at the Fête de Longchamps in Passion Week; so called from the old Abbey of Longchamps near the drive. Mont Valérien overlooks it.
Bourse, or Exchange, near the Rue Vivienne, was built by Brongniart and Labarre, 1808-26, is 212 feet by 126, with 66 Corinthian pillars round it, and a metal roof. The large Doric ball is 116 feet by 76, and has a painted ceiling and a marble pavement, at the east end of which is the parquet, a space railed off for stock-brokers. Galignani, Rue de Rivoli.
Catacombs are in the gypsum under the south side of Paris, formerly excavated for houses, and after 1786, used as a receptacle for bones from the crowded graveyards, but now stopped up. They extend over about 200 acres, and are reckoned to contain 3,000,000 skeletons or skulls, piled in order along the galleries. One entrance is in a garden, near Barrière d'Enfer, but it is not opened without a special order. Some made logan stones are seen below, with a collection of remarkable heads, and the well-chosen inscription, “ Memento quia pulvis es” (Remember, for thou too art dust!). The smell is close and disagreeable. A part of the quarries under Rue du Marché aux Chevaux is turned into cellars for Dumesnil's brewery. It is difficult now to obtain permission to visit the Catacombs.
Cathedral.-See Notre Dame.
Cemetery of Père la Chaise, a pleasant spot, outside the Barrière d'Aunay, so called from the confessor of Louis XIV., Father Lachaise, the superior of the Jesuits, who had a seat here. It was turned into a burial ground, 1804; covers 100 acres, and is prettily laid out with groups of trees, cypresses, &c. The most remarkable monuments in Paris are in this cemetery, which is also the largest and most frequented. A guide will point out the best. There are about 15,000 tombs, among which are those of Abélard and Heloise, a beautiful Gothic canopy; C. Perier, the minister; Labedoyère, who led the revolt from the Bourbons, in the Hundred Days; Volney; Abbé Sicard Beaumarchais; Marshals Davoust, Lefèbre, Ney ("Sta viator, heroem calcas"), Junot, Masséna, Suchet; Lavalette, with a carving of his escape; General Foy, with sculptures by David; B. Constant; Molière; Lafontaine; Madame de Genlis; Laplace; Aguado, the banker; Talma; Sir S. Smith, who died 1826; Prince Demidoff; the Queen of Oude; Mademoiselle Rachel ; Rossini (1868); and A. Fould, the financier. The Doric Chapel is 56 feet by 28, and commands a fine view over Paris and the neighbouring country. Here the Russians bivouacked, 1814; and the troops when investing the insurgents of Belleville, 1871. Several tombs were injured.
CHAISE (Rue de la) has the Hospice des Ménages.
Champ de Mars (Field of Mars), a vast space between École Militaire, and Pont de Jéna, 2,700 feet by 1,320, planted with trees, and bordered by sloping banks and ditches, now used for reviews. races, &c. The slopes were made in eight days, by the voluntary labour of all ranks of the people, in 1790, when Louis XVI. swore at the Autel de la Patrie (erected here 14th July) to maintain the new constitution. Other signal events have marked it since that disastrous period.
Champs Elysées, or "Elysian Fields," a promenade, with rows of trees, planted 1616, by Marie de Medicis, and replanted, 1764. The Allies encamped here in 1814-15; the Germans in 1871; and here the fêtes are held. It includes the French Palais d'Industrie; the Chapel Marboeuf (Protestant); and a Circus or Cirque (1 to 2 francs). The first-mentioned is a splendid stone building for a permanent Industrial Exhibition, opened in 1855; it rests on arches, and is 800 feet long by 400 feet wide. In its neighbourhood are the Panorama, Géorama (a globe like Wyld's, 35 feet diameter), Swimming School, Jardin d'Hiver (Winter Garden), Jardin Mabille, and other dancing places. A wide planted walk leads down it, past the Rond Point Fountain in the middle, to the Arc de l'Étoile, on to Neuilly and St. Cloud.
Chapelle Expiatoire, Rue d'Anjou St. Honoré, a small plain building, in the form of a cross, erected by Louis XVIII. to the memory of Louis XVI. and his queen, whose statues it contains.
Church of St. Etienne du Mont is chietly in the Renaissance style of the 16th century, with a tower as old as 1222, and is one of the most striking churches in Paris, containing many details worth notice, and good pictures. It has lately been restored. Pascal, Racine, Rollin, &c., were interred here.
Church of St. Eustache, Rue Coquillière, near the Halles Centralles, the largest after Notre Dame, is cross-shaped, 318 feet by 132, and 90 high, the style being a mixture of Gothic and Grecian. It was built 1532-1617. The north door and high altar are good. Colbert, the minister, was buried in it. It has lately been restored. The choir and clock were injured in the war of 1870–71,
Cụurch of $T. FRANCOIS D'AŞSISE, Rue d'Orléans,
Church of St. Germain l'Auxerrois, near Rue St. Denis, is on the site of Childebert's church, which the Normans destroyed, 886. It was the court church (being near the Louvre), and highly decorated, and is now restored. Its bells gave the first signál for the St. Bartholomew massacre. It is cross-shaped, and includes a door (1649), a west front of the 13th century, with five portals in it, and a porch built 1431-7, with frescoes by Mottez.
Church of St. Germain des Prés, near Rue Ste. Marguerite, one of the oldest in Paris, is on the site of one built by Childebert, 550-7, under the pame of the Golden Basilica, and destroyed by the Normans. It was part of a Benedictine abbey, fortified like a castle, and belonging to the learned Congregation of St. Maur. In front was the promenade called the Pré aux Clercs (Clerks' Field, answering to our Clerkenwell). The church, as restored, is 200 feet by 65, and 60 high; and includes parts of two east towers, as old as 990, an ancient west front (spoilt by a Dorie porch) and tower, Norman arches in the nave, effigies of a Duke of Douglas (1645), and of Casimir of Poland (who died about 1672), and a fine marble font. Some pieces of Notre Dame chapel (13th century), and the abbot's brick house, remain. The Abbaye prison is near.
CHURCH OF ST. GERVAIS, of the 16th century (though dated 1420), has a tower 130 feet high, and a west Grecian front; but the remainder is Gothic, especially the beautiful Lady Chapel, with its stained glass and paintings.
CHURCH OF ST. LAURENT, Rue du Faubourg St. Martin, begun 1429, is chiefly Gothic, with a Doric porch (1622) in which you see the saint's gridiron. The north aisle of the choir is the most ancient. Some good tracery is observed over the north door and tower; and pendants hang in the nave.
CHURCH OF ST. LEU and St. GILLES, Rue St. Martin, was mostly rebuilt, 1611; and has a tower dated 1236 (but really much later), with a gable front. Many genuine relics are shown here to the faithful.
CHURCH OF STE. MARGUERITE; Rue St. Bernard, built 1625-1712, in the shape of a cross, the nave being the oldest part. Besides many good pictures, it contains, they say, the grave of the Dauphin, Louis XVII. The poor boy died through the ill-treatment he received from his master, one Simon, a cobbler, to whom he was apprenticed by the bloodhounds of the Revolution, after the execution of his unfortunate father.
CHURCH OF ST. MEDARD, Rue Mouffetard, is Gothic, of the 15th century, with a Norman porch, square tower, stained windows, &c., but spoilt by modern additions. An old painting on wood, in one of the chapels. Nicole and Abbé Paris were buried here. At the latter's tomb the Convultionists began their antics, 1730.
CHURCH OF ST. MERRI, Rue St. Martin, No. 2, ag rebuilt 1560-1612, includes a beautiful florid Gothic west front, niched figures, porches, rose windows, stained glass, &c., and an old wood painting of the 14th century near the altar.
Church of Notre Dame de Lorette, Rue St. Lazare, bėgun 1823 by Le Bas; 224 feet by 96, with a square campanile tower and Corinthian portico. Its interior is highly decorated with eight frescoes of the Virgin, &c.
Church of St. Roch, Rue St. Honoré, so celebrated in all the revolutions, was built 1653-1740; and is cross-shaped, 159 feet long, with a wide flight of steps leading to a Grecian portal, 84 feet by 91 high. Paintings and bas-reliefs are seen. P. Corneille and Abbé de l'Epée were buried in it. Here Napoléon, when an artillery officer, planted his guns, and suppressed the last rising of the mob.
Church of St. Sulpice, near the Luxembourg, begun 1655, and not finished till 1797, is cross-shaped, 432 feet by 174, and 99 high. The tine double portico consists of Doric pillars, 40 feet high, supporting another range of Ionic columns, 38 feet high, by Servandoni, 1745. The ňorth tower, 210 feet high, is made up of four stories of columns. The holy water basins (benetières) are two large shells given to