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British Empire, under Sir G. Elliot, as viceroy; 1 Bastia (9 kil.) but finally returned to England, and died there Hotels.-Hotel de France, kept by M. Staffe, 1807. He lies in St. Pancras old church. His bed-room, 3 fr.; table d'hôte, including wine, 3 fr. bronze statue was set up in the public square, 1854. | Hotel d'Italie. He founded an university at his house in Corte, English Consul.-W. Jesse, Esq. now styled a college, to which Boswell contributed Electric Telegraph, viâ Cape Corte, to Spezzia. Johnson's and Addison's works, and some of Population, 20,000. Foulis's classics. These are gone, but his own books This is the military head-quarters of the island. are here, with paintings bequeathed by Cardinal and a fortified town, opposite Italy and Elba, 35 Fesch. The house of Gaffori, the patriot leader miles from the latter, and upwards of 200 miles east against the Genoese, is shown, with the shot holes of Marseilles. The English bombarded it, 1745 ; still in it. The Castle is perched on a rugged and and took it, 1794, Nelson aiding in the Agamemnon. inaccessible rock, and was only taken by the The French were 4,000 strong. It stands at the French by starving the garrison. It commands a foot of some hills, on a little bay, which, with the magnificent view of the valley, the gorges of the help of a mole, makes a harbour for small craft, derivers, and the mountains around. Here Napo- | fended by a Genoese tower, in Terra Nuova, or New léon's eldest brother, Joseph, was born, 1768, his Town. father being then secretary to Paoli; who, it is said, At the mouth is the Leone Rock, a piece of limesolicited the viceroy to find employment for the stone, washed by the sea into the shape of a sitting future Emperor in the English service.
lion, with his head raised, and serving as a breakMonte Rotondo, Monte Conia (6,600 feet), may be water. Bartolini's statue of Napoléon is on the visited from Corte: also Soveria, on the Golo, the Grand Place. The houses are in the Italian style. birth-place of Cervione, one of Napoléon's best and amongst the best buildings are the old cathegenerals; Alando, where Sambruccio, the patriot dral church of St. John; Ste. Croce Chapel, a pretty leader, was born ; and Niolo, a fine basin, ap structure; a palais de justice, or cour impériale; proached by steep and difficult passes.
college, or high school, gendarmerie barracks, &c. The Tavignano falls down to the east coast at the Trade in wine, olive oil, good marble (from Tour of Aleria. At Bozzo, near Corte, the first Ponte-alla-Leccia, &c.), corn, fish, timber, cattle, revolt against the Genoese broke out, 1729, when tobacco, soap, wax, liqueurs, &c. the collector had seized the goods of a poor woman There is a fine view of Elba and its mountains, for fivepence taxes.
the table land of Pianosa, Capraja, and Monte MONTE ALBANO (12 kil.)
Cristo, and the Tuscan coast, especially from the PONTE-ALLA. LECCIA (9 kil.), at the bridge on the mountain of Sierra di Pigno (3,500 feet), close to Golo (which runs white and milky), on the banks the town. Monte Cristo, which now belongs to of which, at Borgo, which the road passes, the Cor- Mr. W. Taylor (Forester's Rambles), gives name sicans beat a superior force of the French, under to Dumas' well-known novel. From Bastia, the Marbeuf, 1768 ; but in the next year they were
line of mountains strikes south-west, dividing the finally defeated at
island, popularly, into di quà and di là, dei Monti, PONTENUOVO (8 kil.)
or, this side (east), and that side (west) of the LUCINA (13 kil), near the Golo's mouth and the centre ridge. east coast, not far from Vescovato, the seat of that Coach to Corte, Ajaccio, Calvi, Bonifacio. Steamer Cassabianca, who, with his son, was blown up in to Marseilles every week; to Leghorn every Thursthe Orient, at the battle of the Nile.
day. BIGUGLIA (10 kil.), is close to a narrow lagoon of A narrow peninsula, 7 miles by 22, stretches from the same name, 8 miles long, and abounding with hence, north, to Cape Corte (the ancient Sacrum), fish and wild fowl. To the left of it is Murato, with traversed by a ridge of slate and marble, which is a church shaped like a Turkish mosque, built of 4,540 feet high at Mont Stello, abcut the middle of black and white marble, by the Pisans.
it, near the Grotto of Brando. At Olmeta (olma
a' o!m), Marshal Sebastiani was born. On the CARGESE, on the Gulf of Sagone, which belongs west side of it, at 10 kil. west of Bastia, is
to about 700 descendants of the Greeks, whom the St. FIORENT, OR ST. FIORENZO, which is well
Genoese brought over in 1676, and is the best cultibuilt, but unhealthy, with a good harbour or road,
vated spot in the island. One of their little hamlets where the English squadron used to anchor in the
was called Paomia. The natives showed the most war. It was taken by General Dundas and Sir J.
cruel jealousy towards them. At first they used Moore, 1794 ; and by Nelson in the Agamemnon.
the Greek, but, since 1822, they have used the To the north of it are the towers of Farinole and
Roman liturgy. A convent of St. Basil, founded by Negro, with another called Mortella, which fur them, was abolished by the Genoese. nished the original model for the Martello Towers At 30 kil. further on is Ajaccio, described above. on the Kentish coast.
The road hence to Bonifacio is extremely inFurther on are the towers of Sisco, and of Seneca,
teresting, being up and down mountain ridges and the latter on a sharp peak, and so called after the
round the tops of hills, with distant prospects of the Roman philosopher (though of a later date), who
sea. The first places you come to are Cauro and was exiled here by Claudius, and relieved his
Col San Gorgio. About 30 kil. from Ajaccio, is discontent by writing a treatise on Consolation. St. MARIA, to the north-east of which are the TIe mentions the scorching heat of summer, and the Guitera baths, near the lead of the Taravo, which sirocco winds, which bring sickness. Another, is full of picturesque scenery and old castles. Near celled tramontona, blowing from the mountains, OLMeTo is Monte Buturetto, 3,000 feet high, on brings snow; and there is also a fierce gusty wind which stand the ruins of Arrigo della Rocca. called the lion wind.
Further on we pass the Taravo, down which, near Near Cape Corte is Porto Centaro, where Bos
another castle height, is Sollacaro, already menwell landed, 1765,-struck, not only with the prospect
tioned, where Boswell had his first interview with of the mountains, covered with vines and olives, and
Paoli, at an old house of the Colonnas (where the odour of the myrtle and other aromatics, but | Dumas lays the first scene of his "Corsican Browith the sight of the peasants, all carrying arms.
thers.") "For ten minutes we walked backwards The first house he visited was Siguor Antonetti's,
and forwards through the room, hardly saying & at Morosaglia, about a mile up the country.
word, while he looked at me with a steadfast, keen,
penetrating eye, as if he searched my very soul." A coast road from St. Fiorenzo leads past Monte
This soon wore off, and they became excellent Arazzo to Ile Rousse, or
friends. Boswell did his best to please the CorsiIsola Rossa (45 kil. from Bastia), a little town
cans; went about in a Corsican dress " with an air of 1,100 souls, founded by Paoli, opposite an island
of true satisfaction," played to them on his flute, of the same name, and now turned into a fortified
sang Italian and Scotch songs, and finished with post. Here the Calvi steamer touches. The pass
Garrick's "Hearts of Oak," which he translated 10 Calvi, over the Col di Tenda, is 4,520 feet high,
into Italian for them, to their great delight. ner J. Asto, 5,000 feet.
“Cuore di querco," cried they, "hravo, Inglese!" Calvi (about 20 kil. further), on a rocky point in
It was quite a joyous riot, adds Boswell. The road the Gulf of Calvi, has a good harbour, and an old castle, which Marshal de Thermes attempted to
now skirts the Gulf of Valinco to take without success. Population, 1,400.
SARTENE (about 50 kil.), near the river Valinco, Coach to Bastia, by S. Fiorenzo or Ponte alla which has a population of 2,800, living in granite Leccia, the latter passing Belgodere and the beauti houses, black with age. The Tallanto wine proful Plain of Balagna.
duced here is the best in the island. It is drunk A winding road or path of about 60 kil., which on the spot by the growers. The other Corsican sometimes bends deep inland, under Monte Pagli- | wines are poor, though capable of great improveorba (8,690 feet), Rotondo, and passes Vico (whence ment. Up the country is the Monte Incudine, 6,510 a road goes to Guagno baths, a fine mountain spot, feet high, and its elevated pass, or col, which come and Corte), brings you to
into view, with the Sardinian mountains. Ste, Lucia produces beautiful orbicular granite. At 30 their conquests, and for defending the coast against kil. from this is
pirates, and come to
Tour d'Aleria, at the mouth of the Tavignano (CO Bonifacio, a fortified town of 3,000 souls, perched
kil. from Porte Vecchio). This marks the site of a on a high cliff at the south end of the island, hang
tower founded by the Dictator Sylla, now halt a ing over the Strait of Bonifacio, which divides Cor
mile from the sea. On the tomb of the Scipios, at sica from Sardinia. It is thought to be the site of
Rome, we read, “He took Corsica and the city of Ptolemy's Palæ, and was founded in 830, by the
Aleria," from which a Roman way went to Palæ, Marquis of Bonifacio, one of Charlemagne's peers.
near Bonifacio. A little north of it, at the Tour de Alphonso of Arragon long besieged it, 1421, and the
Diana, is part of a temple, built by Marius, when French took it in 1553. It is a curious closely
he founded Mariana, between two lagoons, or sea packed place, filthy and foul-smelling, with not à
lakes. Monte Capella, 3,750 feet high, lies to the yard to spare. Everything is carrild up to it on
west. The road hence passes Ste. Luciana, Tour the backs of asses and mules. The sea has under
S. Pelegrino, &c., for 60 kil., to Bastia, again. This minded the limestone cliffs here into deep caves and
flat littorale is highly pestiferous in summer, but grottoes. There is a striking walk up a limestone
produces rich crops of grass and corn. valley, between high regular cliffs, to the rains of
The circuit of Corsica thus made is upwards of St. Julian's convent.
420 kil., or 250 miles. Its greatest length is about Trade in coral, wine, and oil. Coach to Bastia | 130 miles, and greatest breadth.
130 miles, and greatest breadth, 53; area, 3,380 and Ajaccio.
square miles; total population, 236,300, of whom The islands of Perdullo, Cavallo, Lavazzi, &c., 32,360 are landed proprietors. lic in the strait, which is 5 miles broad across to
Ptolemy called this island Coornos. It was occuPoint Longosardo, near Porte Torres, where the pied in whole or part by all the nations who sucGenoa steamer calls weekly. “Agincourt Sound,"
cessively figure in the history of the Mediternear La Madalena, was Nelson's head-quarters ranean — the Greeks, Carthagenians, Romans, during the blockade of Toulon. Sardinia is essen
Saracens, &c., and at length by the Genoese, tially different from Corsica in character, though
who, however, held but a nominal possession for only separated by a narrow strait. The coast road
400 years, till 1729, when the natives revolted, from this now turns north, past Gulf de Santa
and in 1736 placed a German adventurer, Theodul e Manza, to
de Neuhoff, who was page to the Duchess of
Orléans, on the throne. He levied troops, coined PORTE VECCHIO (22 kil.), or Old Port, on the
money, and even created marquises, one of whwin bay of the same name, which makes a safe, deep
was Paoli's father. Being obliged to fly, he mortharbour, 5 miles by 1}, in the midst of an unhealthy
gaged his little “kingdom" to pay his debts, diod marsh, which, however, yields good salt. It is the
in the King's Bench, 1746, and was buried in S. Elistum of Ptolemy, and is fortified. Here Paoli
Anne's, Soho. The French, who at various times embarked on board an English frigate, in 1769,
came to the assistance of the Genoese, acquired when obliged to leave the island, after the fatal
possession of it, as above-mentioned, after 1769. battle of Pontenuovo, while his brother, Clement, retired to Vallambrosa. Pearl mussels are found;
ROUTE 21. and granite is worked in the neighbouring hills, which, at Mont Calva, are 5,130 feet high. It has
Dijon to Auxonne, Gray, Dôle, Salins, a trade in the red wine of Sari, &c. Population, Besangon, Belfort, and Mulhouse. 1,800.
By rail, 1183 miles to Belfort; four trains a day, After this, you pass by an uninteresting road all five to six hours. the way, the towers of Pinarello, Fuello, Salenzara Dijon Station, as in Route 20. The next is (at the mouth of a stream which comes down from Magny (8 miles). Sari), Seposa, and others, which belong to a chain Genlis (3 miles), on the Tille. raised in past times by the Genoese, for securing ! Collonges (2 miles).
Auxonne (54 miles), where the junction from Mouchard (38 miles). Chellindry (Mulhouse line) viâ Gray, falls in. Aux Salins (41 miles) is a town of 7,360 souls, in a ogne, on the Saône, in department Côte d'Or, a rocky gorge among the mountains, at the head military post of the fourth class, fortified by Vauban, of the Furieuse, and has been rebuilt since the 1675. Population, 4,700. It has an arsenal, bar great fire of 1825, by a contribution of 2,000,000 racks, powder magazine, &c.; and it was here that francs from all parts of France. It is noted for the sledges were made for Napoléon, when he car the government salt-works (salines), an imried his ordnance over the Great St. Bernard, in mense pile, above 900 feet long, where salt is the winter of 1800. Coach to St. Jean de Losne. boiled from the brine springs in the gypsum, (ST. JEAN DE LOSNE (16 kil, south-west), an old which corresponds to the new red sandstone of
village, in a green spot, down the Saône, where Cheshire. Salt is a government monopoly in the Canal de Bourgogne joins, and near the France. There is a good trade in wine, wax, mouth of the Canal du Rhône au Rhin. It honey, and cheese. Mont Poupet, near it, is sustained a hard siege in 1636.
2,490 feet above the sea. (See Route 22.)] SEURRE, 14 miles south-west of this, lower down Returning to Dole, on the main line, we pass the Saône, where it becomes navigable, has a | down the Doubs and the Rhône and Rhine Canal, population of 3,100, and a good trade in grain, wood, charcoal, &c.]
Rochefort (41 miles). [The stations from Auxonne, on the branch to Orchamps (54 miles). Labarre (14 miles), Gray, are as under, all on the Saône :
where the loop line turns off, via Ougney (7 miles), Lamarche (74 miles).
Valay (8 miles), &c., to Gray (9} miles). See Pontailler (2} miles).
Route 62. Talmay (34 miles).
Ranchot (14 mile). Montoche (64 miles), in department Haute
St. Vit (5 miles). Saône.
Dannemarie (34 miles), in the department of Gray (3 miles), as in Route 62.]
And 45 miles further is
BESANÇON, turns off. A sous-préfecture in department Jura, | 574 miles from Dijon, 254 miles from Paris, 146 pleasantly situated on the Doubs, near the Canal „miles from Lyons, via Bourg and Lons-le-Saulnier. du Rhône au Rhin, with some fine prospects round HOTELS.-De Paris; Du Nord; De l'Europe ; it. Population, 16,610. The streets are steep. National. Besides remains of a Roman amphitheatre and OBJECTS OF NOTICE.-Roman Arch-Catheaqueduct, it has an old Hôtel de Ville, Vergy tower dral—the Chaumars Walk. (near the prison), the College de l'Arc (which be Chief town of department Doubs, a first class longed to the Jesuits), a library of 6,000 volumes, | fortress, seat of a military division, of a college, with a museum of paintings, by natives of Franche archbishopric, academy of sciences, &c. PopulaComté, of which this town was the capital. It was tion, 47,000. given up to France in the time of Louis XIV. Iron This fine old town, one of the strongest and best and coal are found here.
built in France, lies in the old province of Franche Hotel.-De Geneve, kept by M. Flutsch; well! Comté, and is the centre of its watch-making situated, comfortable, and clean.
trade. It is the Vesontio of Cæsar, on the Dubis, [From Dole, the stations to Salins are the follow now the Doubs, which still surrounds it exactly as ing:
in his time, ut circino circumductum, pene totum Montbarry (84 miles),
oppidum cingit (girdling it nearly quite round, as if Chateley (3 miles).
drawn with a pair of compasses). It stands in a Arc-Senans (34 miles).
fertile valley, bordered by vine-covered hille,
strengthened by forts commanding the approaches. / near Boussières, down the river, are the large The upper part, or La Ville, is the site of the old caverns, or grottoes, of Oselles, 2,620 feet long. city, where Vauban's citadel stands on a mass of [From Besançon, on the hilly road to Lausanne, rocks in the peninsula made by the river, over you pass which an old bridge, resting on great piers, made ORNANS (27 kil.), in the picturesque valley of the by the Romans, crosses to the Basse Ville. The Loue, which is crossed by two bridges. To the streets are broad and well built, and the prome north-west, on a high point, stands the old nades ornamented by fountains; one of them is castle of the dukes of Burgundy. Paper and a Nymph, with the water flowing from her breasts. cherry brandy (kirsch-wasser) are made here, Le Chaumars (Campus Martius) on the river, is the and cheese like the Gruyère. Population, 2,982. longest walk; another is the garden of Cardinal There is a waterfall at hand, called Syratu, Granville's old palace. There are six gates.
nearly 600 feet down altogether. In the neighLa Porte Noire (Black Gate), is a Roman tri bourhood are the grottoes of la Brème, Beauumphal arch, with two columns, and some statues marchais, Bonnevaux, &c. About 16 kil. left. There are also remains of an amphitheatre,
further is the source of the Loue, issuing out of a baths, inscriptions, &c. St. John's Cathedral, of
cave in a precipice, 340 feet high. Pontarlier the 11th century, has pictures by Vanloo (the is 3 kil. beyond (see Route 22).] Resurrection), Fra Bartolomeo (a St. Sebastian), The next station to Besançon, down the Doubs Del Piombo (Death of Sapphira), and others. St. and the canal, is Madeleine's church has a fine portal, built 1830. St. Roche (54 miles). James' was built 1707. At St. Francis Xavier's are
Laissey (64 miles). several pictures.
Baume-les-Dames (74 miles), the ancient Other buildings are the préfect's hôtel; the law
Balma, is a pretty sous-préfecture, on the Doubs,
under five peaks of the Jura, on one of which is a college and its garden, founded by the Granvilles;
ruined castle of the dukes of Burgundy, destroyed the palais de justice, near the préfecture, built
1476. The halle aux blé is part of an abbey, 1745-49; large caserne, or barracks; the salle de
founded in the 8th century. Great quantities of spectacle, with a Doric portico of six pillars ;
gypsum are quarried here. public library of 50,000 volumes, and some rare
[At Chaux-les-Passavant, 9 kil. south, is one of MSS.; the Musée Paris, founded by M. Paris, a
those remarkable subterranean glaciers which native, having many coins, paintings, antiques ;
are met with in various parts of the Jura museum of natural history, and St. Jacques'
Clerval (4 miles). Population, 1,400. A pretty Cæsar called it the first town of the Sequani, in place, with a castle, and furnaces round it. Belgic Gaul. It was taken by Attila, in the 5th
L'Isle-sur-le-Doub (64 miles), on a peninsula century ; afterwards became part of Burgundy, and
of the river. Population, 1,300. Pins, wire, &c., an imperial city, till given up to Spain, 1648, and to
are made here. France (with Franche Comté) in 1678.
Voujaucourt (10 miles). Then Here Hecker and Struve organised their dis Montbeliard (24 miles), a thriving place of astrous revolution of Baden in 1819. Among the 6,350 souls, in the fertile valley of the Allan, which natives are Charles Nodier, Victor Hugo, Suard, is overlooked by a feudal tower, and is the birthGeneral Moncey, M. Droz, &c.
place of the great Cuvier. Watchmaking, &c., are Manufactures of watch and clock-work, hats, carried on. druggets, carpets, coarse woollens, thread, yarn, Hotels.-Du Lion d'Or (Golden Lion); De la &c. The canal from the Rhône to the Rhine passes Balance.. by.
This is the nearest station for the Glay Institution, Conveyances to La Chaux-de-Fonds (28 kil.), the oldest evangelical training College in France. Lure, Vesoul. In the neighbourhood are the Its object is to prepare teachers, missionaries, &c., Château de Montfaucon, built by Louis XI. and for that country, free of charge; and has sent