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out nearly 300 to different parts since its establish- | making. From Neufchâtel a short branch tail turns ment. It deserves the support of all who wish well off to Chaux de Fonds and Locle, the great seat to Protestantism in France.

of the Swiss watch trade, in a gorge of the Jura. (A short branch rail here turns off vid Beau The Doubs rises under Mont Rixon, in the Jura

court (7$ miles), Morvillar8 (5 miles), &c., range, 3,120 feet above the sea, and about 80 kil. to Delle (5 miles), a small town on the Swiss south-south-west of Pontarlier. At 25 kil. northfrontier, with a douane and old Castle.]

east of this town, near Morteau, in a rocky dehle, Hericourt (5 miles), in Haute Saône. Popula

only 32 feet wide, it turables over a fine fal!, called tion, 8,000, nearly all Protestants, as are most of the

the Saut-de-Doubs, about 86 feet down. people of this quarter of France. From this station

From Salins, as above-mentioned, on the road it is 64 miles to

towards Geneva, there is a rail to Belfort, on the line to Mulhouse, as in Route 62.

Champagnole, in a pretty spot on the ascent ROUTE 22.

of the Jura, under Mont Rivel, on the Ain, which

turns mills for making wire, &c. Paris to Dijon, Dole, Salins, Pontarlier, ST. LAURENT (12 kil.), at the top of the Jura and Geneva,

range, has a douane or custom-house, and an old By rail to Salins, as in Route 21. Thence by

castle commanding a wide prospect.

Hotel.-L'Ecu. rail to

Thence down to Mesnay-Arbois, whence Arbois may be

MOREZ (12 kil.), in a narrow gorge of the Bienne, reached, where Pichegru was born. Andelot

lined with mills and forges. Population, 3,200. (16 miles), where a branch turns off for Champ

Clockwork, tourne-broches (jacks), pins, nails, agnole (8 miles) towards Geneva, as below. From Andelot, the Pontarlier line passes on to

cotton thread, &c., are made; and there is a good La Joux (41 miles), Beaujeailles (38 miles),

trade in Gruyère cheese, timber, wine, &c. Frasne (5 miles), and La Rivière (3 miles), to LES ROUSSES (3 kil.), on a lake near the Swiss

Pontarlier (7} miles), a border town and sous frontier, in the highest part of the Jura mountains, préfecture, of 5,010 population, under the second which may be ascended for the prospect. The last chain of the Jura mountains, at a height of 2,700 French custom-house is here; and here also the feet above the sea, well built, with a college, bar rivers divide, some towards the North Sea, others racks, Hôtel de Ville, library, &c.; besides manu towards the Mediterranean. A road turns off to factures of iron, paper, tools, leather, wormwood, Noyon, on the Lake of Geneva. &c. General d'Arçon, who made the floating bat- LA VATTAY (5 kil.), or LAVATAY, a small collec. teries at the siege of Gibraltar, was born here. tion of châlets, from which there is a short cut Hotels.-Des Voyageurs; National, &c.

towards Gex, through the narrow defile of Monts Conveyances to Lausanne and Neufchâtel (in Faucilles, which brings you to the south side of the SWITZERLAND). See BRADSHAW's Hand-Book to mountain, and all of a sudden discovers one of the Switzerland. The first place is reached via Jonques, grandest prospects in Europe, taking in the Lake of Lignerolles, Orbe, and Chavorray station, on the Geneva, Mont Blanc, part of Savoy, &c. The traLausanne and Yverdun line. At the second place veller must look out for this, by all means; especially there is a change to the diligence for Berne. We towards sunset, pass

Gex (15 kil.), a small sous-préfecture (in departFort de Joux (4 kil.), near the defile of La Clause, mcat Ain) of 2,900 souls, at the bottom of Mont St. on a precipice about 640 feet high, where Mirabeau Claude, on the Jornans, between the Jura mounand the unfortunate Toussaint l'Ouverture were tains and Lake of Geneva, of which it commands a confined. NEUFCHÂTEL, on the lake of Neufchâtel, fine view, as well as of the Alps, the Jura chain, is 164 leagues (about 66 kil.) to the north-east, &c. Gruyère cheese, watches, &c., are made. down the picturesque Val Travers; which gives Hote's.-De la Poste; Des Etrangers; Du Pont name to one kind of asphalto now used for road- I d'Arcbe,

[About 28 kil. to the west-north-west is

into department Ain, a district of wet marshes ST. CLAUDE, another sous-préfecture (in depart- and lakes, but very fertile, up the Veyle, to ment Jura), and a seat of a diocese, in a Pont de Veyle (6 miles). A model farm of M. picturesque valley in the Jura range, where Perceval is seen here. the Bienne and Tacon join. The cathedral is Vonnas (5} miles). Population, 1,440. not remarkable. Many toys in bone, ivory, Mézériat (2} miles). The Jura mountains in wood, as well as buttons, musical instruments, view. nails, copper goods (quincaillerie), &c., are Polliat (38 miles). Population, 1,500. And 6 made. Population, 6,320.

miles from this is Around it are some Objects worthy of notice. As

BOURG, or Bourg-en-Bresse, the falls of Flumen and Queue du Cheval (i.e.,

on the line from Lyons to Besançon (see page 100), Ilorse Tail)-Foules Cave--the intermittent springs of Noire Combe-the Pont de la Pile

47 miles from one, 97 miles from the other, and on the Ain--and the Pass leading to Tour-du

23 miles from Mâcon. Meix. Sept-Moncel (12 kil.) is noted for its

HOTELS.-Du Palais; De l'Europe; Du Nord; Du

Griffin. Population, 14,050. cheese, and manufacture of stone carvings.]

The chief town of department Ain (formerly La FERNEY (12 kil.) or FERNEY-VOLTAIRE, on the

Bresse), in a fine spot on the Reyssouse ; founded by Swiss side, is a small village of watchmakers, on a

the Dukes of Savoy, and given up to France, 1350. beautiful part of the Geneva lake, formerly the

One of its fountains is dedicated to the memory of residence of Voltaire, from 1759 to 1778. They show

General Joubert. A good bronze statue of Bichat, his sitting-room and chamber, with portraits of

the surgeon, by David, is in the Bastion promenade; him, of Frederick the Great, Catherine II. (in

Nôtre Dame church contains some noticeable tapestry, worked by herself), Franklin, &c.; also

carvings. At the Hôtel de Ville is the Musée Lorin, a pyramid (which once held his heart), set up by

of 117 paintings, bequeathed to the town, 1856. the Marquise de Villette, his adopted daughter,

There are also a prison on the site of the ducal with the words “Son esprit est partout, mais son

château, and a large hospital outside the town. ccur est ici" (his spirit is everywhere, but his heart

In Faubourg de Brou is the fine Gothic church of is here). The theatre is gone, but the church he

Brou, built in the 15th century, by Margaret of built, “Deo erexit Voltaire," remains. Mont

Austria, whose motto, “Fortune, fortune, fortune," Blanc is in view.

is repeated all over it. It is 228 feet long. It At 6 kil. further is

contains many specimens of arabesque, stained Geneva, to which omnibuses run; and thence

windows, and tombs of the dukes of Savoy. The there is railway communication with Lausanne,

dial was set up by Lalande, the astronomer, who Lyons, Chambéry, &c.

was born at a house in the town, with “ Obserca

toire, 1792," upon its front. ROUTE 23.

Good poultry is got here. (Mont Cenis Route.)

From Bourg, through the forest of Seillon, to

La Vavrette (64 miles). Pont d'Ain (5 miles), Paris to Mâcon, Bourg, Chambéry, Mont

on the Ain, here crossed by a suspension bridge. Cenis, and Turin; with branches to

On Mont Olivet (about 1,000 feet high) is an old Lyons and Geneva.

castle of the dukes of Savoy. Population, 1,470. By rail the whole way. Distance from Mâcon to 1 (CERDON (13 kii.), is near the fine fall of Marcelin, "Geneva, 101 miles ; to Chambéry and St. Michel, not far from the great fall of the river Fogue, in under Mont Cenis, 73 miles.

a wild spot. Mâcon Station, as in Route 20. Mâcon is the NANTUA (19 kíl. further), a sous-préfecture, &c., birth-place of Lamartine. Leaving this we cross of 3,701 souls on a lake between the mountains the Saône by a viaduct on five iron arches, each 118 in the Jura chain, having a Lombard church, feets pan, with heavy embankments on both sides, where Charies the Bold was buriod.

Hotels.-Du Nord; De l'Ecu (crown piece); Artemare (2 miles) Here Mont Colombier, and D'Angleterre.]

the fall of Cerveyrien (6 kil.) may be visited. The Ambronay (3 miles), near a Roman fort, called mountain (close to the station) is nearly 5,030 feet Motte Sarrasin. The Gothic church was part of above sea. The tooth-like peaks of hills about here an abbey founded by St. Bernard.

are called molars. Ambérieu (4} miles), at the junction with the Culoz (5 miles), on the Rhône, under the southdirect line from Lyons. (See A, below.) Population, side of the Colombier mountain. Here the branch 2,470. It stands at the foot of the Jura mountains. line to Geneva parts off, viâ Leyssel, &c., as below. The source of the Gardop is at hand, near Mont | The direct line to Chambéry, crosses the Rhône by Luisandre, which stands 2,653 feet above sea. a bridge of 685 feet, into Savoy, annexed to France Across the Rhône (to the south) is the large and 1860, by the name of department Savoie. The line curious grotto de Balme.

passes under Mont du Chat, along the beautiful (A. The stations towards Lyons are as follows:-, lake of Aix, or du Bourget, to Leyment (41 miles), in a gorge. Meximieux Chatillon (ó miles). Then to

(5 miles), under an old castle. Population, Aix-les-Bains (10 miles), in a basin of bills, 2,500. Montluel (8 miles), stands below the where the branch to Annecy turns off. ancient Mons Lupelli, on the Séreine. Popula

Hotels.-Imperial; Grand Hotel de l'Europe; tion, 2,800. It was the capital of Valbonnes.

Grand Hotel de l'Univers. Steamer on the lake. Beynost (27 miles). Miribel (2 mile:).

Population, 2,000. Population, 2,920. Thence to St. Clair, on the

This is the Roman Aquae Gratianae, near Rhône, and over to Les Brotteaux, in the

Bourget Lake, still much frequented fur its suburbs of Lyons. See Route 20.)

warm sulphur springs-temperature 100° to 11:. From Ambérieu, the rail passes up the valley of

Casino, bath, reading-room, and park. Montthe Albarine, among wooded heights and remains

mellian wine. Excursions to Haute Combe Monof old forts, to

astery, founded 1225; Bourget Casile; and BorSt. Rambert-en-Bugey (7 miles), or St. Ram

deaux, under Mont du Chat (5,210 feet high). bert-de-Joux, where the river Brévon falls in, on

Among Roman remains are a Doric triumphal the Albarine, among mountains, with a population

arch, and pieces of baths, and a teniple to Venus. OP 2,800, employed in the manufacture of linens, damasks, silks, velvet, and paper.

[The line to Annecy passes by [A pass to the right, 20 kil. long, leads to

Albens (8 iniles), where Roman coins of ClauBELLEY (33 kil.) a sous-préfecture and bishopris, dian, &c., have been found. Rumilly (8

on the Furan, near the Rhône. It was rebuilt 1* miles), on the Cheron; the Roman Rumi!after a fire in 1335 by the dukes of Savoy, and liacum, with a population of 4,000. Annecy given up to France, with the district of Bugey, (12 miles), the old capital of the Duchy of 1609.

Savoy, now the chief place of department Haute Ty.e Cathedral has two pillars of a Roman temple Savoie, which extends to the Lake of Geneva

to Cybele, and a good clock-tower. Hotels.--- and Mont Blanc. The town (population, 10,740) Loyola; Tissot.]

stands on a plain among mountains, near The mountain valley becomes more wild to

Annecy Lake, which is 9 miles by 3, and gives Tenay, where the river forms several cascades. outlet to the Fier, a branch of the Rhône. It has The line ascends, and then descends to the valley cotton factories, print works, glass, paper, and of the Rhône, at

steel mills; also a castle of the former Counts, Rossillon (84 miles), marked by an old fortress. bishop's palace, a cathedral (where St. Francis Through a tunnel of 1,883 feet, to

de Sales, one of its bishops, was buried, 1632), Virieu-le-Grand (41 miles), where the vine and a statue te Berthollet, the chemist, who begins to appear. Population, 250. Coach to was a native. At Anneciacum, the Roman Beley (as above).

town, 2 miles north-east, are some inscriptions.

Excursions, on the Lake, to Château Duindt, | Luggage examined at Modane. (See Special

and Château de Monthen, where St. Bernard Edition of BraDSHAW's Continental Guide, and was born ; also to the Castle of Faverges, the BRADSHAW's Hand-Book to Italy.) Roman Fabriacarium, where they forged iron From Culoz, as above, towards Geneva, the rail and copper. It is 22 miles to Geneva, and 30 passes to 40 round to Chamounix and Martigny, under | Seyssel station (84 miles), opposite the village Mont Blanc. (See BRADSHAW's Hand-Book to which lies on the Swiss side of the river, and is Switzerland).]

reached by a suspension bridge, with the douanes From Ais the line proceeds for 10 miles to of the two countries upon it. Here Seyssel asphalte CHAMBERY.

is quarried. Pass the iron viaduct of the Vézéronce,

121 feet high. The Pyrimont Seyssel mines of HOTELS.-De France; Des Princes. Cost of living, asphalte are close by. The Rocky banks of the 8 to 10 fr. a day. Cold tea should be drunk instead

Rhône are now pierced by a succession of tunnels, of water. Population, 18,000. The ancient Camperi the longest being Paradis (3,33 feet), opening acum, on the Leysee, and former capital of Savoy, out upon the Credo mountains (5,360 feet high), and now the chief place of department Savoie, and an

Arlad Castle. archbishop's see. It has a cathedral, a Sainte Bellegarde (113 miles), a buffet at the Swiss Chapelle, at the Castle, built 1230, on a rock, by border. Every one coming into France is strictly the Counts of Maurienne, its feudal owners; Town

searched. House, Academy, Theatre; with a Poor House and

Here the fall of the Rhône, the deep bed of the Hospital, founded by a wealthy native, General de

Valserine, may be visited; also the tine viaduct of Boigne, who made his money in India, where he

the Valserine, 820 feet long, on 11 arches. Leaving was in Scindiah's service. He spent £150,000 on

Bellegarde, we enter the grand Credo tunnel, 12,796 his château here, and died 1830. His statue is

feet long, ventilated by six shafts, the deepest here Walks, on the Promenade de Vernay, and

being 705 feet down to the line. It took 3 years the Terrace. To Grande Chartreuse from here is

to make. about 9 hours, on foot, to

The fort of Ecluse, built by Vauban to guard Montmelian (9} miles), or Montmeillan, a

the deep pass, becomes visible. Two short tunnels fortified post on the Isère, where the line from

of 279 feet and 606 feet, to Grenoble falls in. (see Route 25.) Follow the

Collonges (7 miles). Population, 1,280. river to Chamousset (8 miles), which may be further

Chancy (14 mile). La Plaine (3} miles), tho ascended by road to Moutiers and the little St.

first place within the Genevese territory. Satigny Bernard Pass; also round to Annecy and Cha

(3 miles). Population, 1,044. Meyrin (2} miles'. mounix; but the rail ascends the valley of the Arc,

Here the line attains its culminating point, 1,331 to Aiguebelle (6 miles), La Chambre (14)

feet above sea level, and Mont Blanc may be caught miles, St. Jean de Maurienne (6iniles). The

sight of. Pass a long cutting and embankment to line between this and St. Michel was for a time

Geneva, 100% miles from Lyons, 114 from blocked up, 1872, by a land slip { mile long, which

Mâcon, 38, from Paris. (See BRADSHAW's Handhali buried the neighbouring houses.

Book to Switzerland). St. Michel de Maurienne (7 miles), where the Pass and Tunnel routes of Mont Cenis part off.

ROUTE 24. k is about 50 miles by either to Susa, on the Italian Lyons to St. Etienne, Andrezieux, sile. The Pass Route, along the diligence road, is

Montbrison, Roanne. traversed by Fell's climbing rail in 4 hours. The

By railway, 841 miles, 4 to 5 hours. Over the Tunnel Route strikes off near Modane, to the south

Saône, at Mulatière bridge, to we3', and passes through Col de Fréjus by a Tunnel

Ou lins (3 miles), on the west bank of the harly 8 miles long, to Bardonnechia on the Italian

Rhône, in a pretty spot, having a church in which sile, shortening the distance by twy hours, and

Jacquard is buried; and the Château du Perron, opened December, 1870, after 12 years' labour. | which belongs to the Lyons Hospital.

Irigny (34 miles).

turns above a hundred factories of various sorts. Vernaison (2 miles), opposite Solaise.

Grindstones are quarried in the neighbourhood, of La Tour-de-Millery (14 mile).

the white sandstone of which the houses are built. Grigny (14 mile), opposite Ternay, is a little The Hôtel de Ville, in the Grand Place, is a large port, and has remains of a fine château of the pile, including the bourse (exchange), chamber of Moulceau family.

commerce (conseil de prud'hommes), museum of Givors (24 miles), is placed where the canal and minerals and practical arts, and a biblioth the Gier join the Rhône, and has a basin or port, 5,000 volumes. The church is of the 11th century. 880 feet long. Population, 10,000. There are im There are bridges, a school of mines, a college, the portant glass-works and foundries here, and a government gun factory, a salle de spectacle large new church, in the Grecian style. A junction (theatre), gas works, &c. The ribbons produced of 3 kil. places it in communication with Chasse, here are of great beauty, and worth upwards of on the Marseilles line, across the Rhône.

45,000,000 francs yearly. About 500,000 tons of St. Romain (3 miles).

coal are exported. Burel (2} miles).

Conveyances : Rail to Le Pay (sée Route 28), Couzon (3 miles), near a tunnel of 2,950 feet. Montbrison, &c.

Riva de Gier, close to the last station, a manu [Across the Mont Pilate ridge, dividing the basins facturing town of 12,000 souls, on the Gier, where of the Loire and Rhône, lies BOURG-ARGENTAL tho canal to Givors ends in a large basin, is at the (23 kil. south-east), which stands in the valley middle of the best coal-field in France. They make of the Deune, under an old castle, and is noted glass, steel, machinery, railway carriages, silk, for its white silk manufacture. Annonay (see &c., here. It is in department Loire. Some dis Route 20), is 15 kil. further. tance to the right, at Champonost, are to be seen From St. Etienne, on the railway to Montbrison many arches of a Roman aqueduct.

and Roanne, by a succession of inclined planes Grandecroix (34 miles), or Les Rouardes. only, you pass

St. Chamond (3 miles), under a cultivated hill, Villars (34 miles). where the Janon joins the Gier. Population, 8,300, La Fouillouse (2} miles) and St. Just (2} It is well built, and has two churches, a college miles), where the line to Montbrison turns off. and library, public baths, and a ruined château, [It passes Andrézieux (2 miles), near the with many foundries, cotton and silk mills. Loire, Bonson (mile), Sury-le-Comtal Ribbons, lace, nuils, copper goods, &c., are made. (2 miles), St. Romain-le-Puy (34 miles),

Hotels.--Du Chapeau Rouge (Red Hat); La Tête whence it is 41 miles to d'Or (Gold Head).

MONTBRISON. Many fossil plants, of the usual tropical cha- | HOTELS.-Du Centre; De la Poste; Du Lion d'Or. racter, are found in the coal mines.

Population, 7,200. Terrenoire (5 miles). Then through a tunnel This town, viâ which there is a correspondence of 4,900 feet (only a single line), to St. Etienne with Clermont (see Route 53), was chosen for (14 mile).

the capital of department Loire, on account of ST. ETIENNE (354 miles from Lyons).

being near the middle of it, and stands on the

Vizezy, under a volcanic rock, which bears some HOTELS.-De l'Europe; Du Nord; De la Paix;

remains of a castle built by the counts of Forey, De la Poste.

and gives name to the place. Population 96,700. In 1804 it was only 24,000. The old town walls are gone; it is ill built; and

A sous-préfecture in department Loire, on the the only edifice worth notice is Nôtre Dame Fuens, with little to recommend it beyond its Cathedral Church, founded 1205, by Guy IV., manufactures of fire-arms, tools, cutlery, hardware, Comte de Forey, whose marble effigy, with a and ribbons, which are some of the most important lion at the feet, is inside. It is a plain Gothic in France. It stands under Mont Pilate (3,516 feet building, having but one tower completed, and high) on a rich bed of coal and iron; and the river a lofty vault. St. Maurice church has a dome

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