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m:les), &c., to Châtillon-sur-Seine (91 | Hotels.-De la Poste ; Du Mulet; De la Pomme miles), on the Nuits branch of the Lyons line d'Or (Golden Apple). (Route 20), which comes from the south-west; Clairvaux (8 miles), up the Aube, now a central and is continued north-east from Châtillon House of Correction for 2,000 prisoners from thirteen to Chaumont, via Brion-sur-Ource (5$
departments, was once famous for the Cistercian miles), on a branch of the Seine, Courban
abbey, founded 1105-14, by Hugh, count of Troyes, (31 miles), Veuzaulles (37 miles), near the
and St. Bernard. Here was the capacious Tun of Aube, Château Villain (9} miles), as below, Clairvaux, which held 2,000 hectolitres (each 24 and Bricon (5 miles), on the main line next gallons) of wine; with smaller casks, which held to Chaumont (7} miles).]
250 to 1,000 hectolitres. Straw hats, gloves, &c., From Troyes, the next stations are
are made. A little north-west, in the forest, is Rouilly-St. Loup (5 miles), Lusigny (41 miles). | Arconville a great heap of stones, or cairn, graduin a forest, Montieramey (41 miles), on the
ally made by the contributions of passers by, on Barge.
the spot where a Huguenot was killed in the wars
of the League. ' Vendeuvre (64 miles), among hills and vineyards, at the Barse's head, has an ancient Château,
Maranville (34 miles), in department Haute
Marne. which belonged to Henry of Luxembourg, 1614.
[To the north-east is Cirey Château, where Voltaire and a church, with this inscription to a woman
lived with the Duchesse de Châtelet. About (1599): "qui ami bien, tard oublie." The ground
12 kil. north-west of this stands Tremilly, the is so strong that it takes eight or ten horses to the
old moated seat of the Trémouilles, flanked by plough. In the charming valley of Val-Suzenay is
two pyramidal towers, &c., and now belonging a pilgrim's chapel, where a fête is held on the 8th of September.
to the Broglie family.] Jessains (miles).
Bricon (64 n.iles), where the Châtillon loop Coach to Brienne-Napoléon.
line comes in, viâ Château-Villain, as above. (BRIENNE-NAPOLÉON (14 kil. north-north-west),
[Château-Villain (5 miles), on the Anjou bcwas formerly Brienne-le-Château, so called from
longed to the Orléans family, and was one of the fine seat built by Louis, its last count, and
the finest seats in Champagne, before the was noted, till 1790, for the military school,
Revolution. ARC-EN-BARROIS ( 2 kil, southin the Minimes convent, to which the young
south-east) higher up the Anjou, was a fortiCorsican, Napoléon, was sent as a king's pen
fied town in Burgundy, and latterly the property sioner, 1799-84. Nothing is left of it. In 1814,
of Madame Adelaide d'Orléans.] . the allies were defeated here by Napoléon. He
At 7} miles from Bricon is was nearly run through by the lance of a
CHAUMONT, or Chaumont-en-Bassigny, Cossack, who was shot dead at the Emperor's fcet.]
1624 miles from Paris. Bar-sur-Aube (6 miles), a sous-préfecture of Here the lines from Blesme and Neufchâ: eau 4,150 souls, in a fine spot among the vineyards of | come in, riâ Bulogne (see Route 54). the Aube, belonged to the early kings of France, HOTELS.—De l'Ecu de France (French Crownand was noted for its trading fairs, attended by piece); De les Arbre d'Or (Golden Tree); De la the Dutch, Germans, &c. Besides remains of a | Poste. Population, 7,140. castle on Châtelet hill, it has a hospital of the 11th Chief town of department Marne, on a ridge of century, two ancient churches, and a stone bridge. the Marne, where the Suize joins. It grew out of over which Charles VII., in 1440, threw his rebel- a castle built by the Counts of Champagne, was lious subject, the Bastard of Bourbon, tied up in a fortified by Louis XII., and is known in modern sack. In 1814, Marshal Mortier here defeated the times for the treaty signed here by the Allies, Au trians, who, a little after, defeated Oudinot. | against Napoléon, 1814. Some parts of it are well Trade in white wine, eaux-de-vie, &c.
built; but there is little worth notice. Among the
buildings are the Hôtel de Ville, which has a bust | seat of Philippe-le-Long's wife, Jeanne, where of Henry IV.; the palais de justice, the college, as many as ten religious houses were founded. with a good portico to the chapel, library of 35,000 It was fortified, 1420, and suffered cruelly in volumes, and cabinet of natural history; hospital, the civil wars. The streets are crooked and theatre, fountains, made by Cordier de Béziers, old-fashioned. Parts of the castle are left; and and a triumphal arch begun by Napoléon, but it has also a good bridge and quay, to which finished by Louis XVIII.
steamers from Dijon come; a Hôtel de Ville, Bouchardon, the sculptor, and Lamoise, the built 1568, a library of 6,000 volumes, salle de Jesuit, are natives.
spectacle, and a very superior mill, with 14 Manufactures of druggets, gloves of good quality, wheels, for grinding corn, oil, tan, &c. fron, cutlery, &c.
Hotel.-Du Sauvage. The falls of the Marne are 1 kil. distant.
At 18 kil, north-west of it, is Fontaine-Française, From Chaumont, up the Marne, the next stations marked by a pillar, where Henry IV., with a
small force, fought the Duc de Mayenne, with Foulain (7} miles),
18,000, in 1595. The stations towards Auxonne, Rolampont (8 miles),
down the Saône, are Langres (18 kil.), an ancient town, sous-pré Montoche (3 miles); Talmay (64 miles); fecture, bishopric, &c., and seat of the cutlery trade, Pontailler (31 miles); Lamarche (24 on a hill-side by the Marne, which here runs miles). through a cultivated plain, 1,457 feet above the sea. Hence to Auxonne (7} miles), on the Lyons line.] Here the Marne, the Aube, the Meuse, &c., take From Chalindrey on the main line, the next their rise. It is the Roman Langonum, and there is station is yet an ancient triumphal arch in the west wall,
Hortes (5} mile). Then built about 240, by the Emperor Gordian. The old Charmoy (4) miles). Coach to Fayl-Billot, Romanesque Cathedral of the 11th century, has a which has a good cutlery trade. modern front, and a fine view from the top. A
La Ferté-sur-Amance (27 miles). This is library of 30,000 volumes is to be seen at the Hôtel
the station for Bourbonne-les-Bains (10 miles). de Ville, and a museum in St. Didier's old church. It has two theatres, a college, priests' seminary,
[BOURBONNE-LES-BAINS, &c. A walk through the Belie Fontaine prome In department Haute-Marne, in a pleasant spot, nade leads to the Fontaine de la Grenouille, among
where the Apance and Borne meet, is noted for large trees. Diderot was a native, a cutler's son.
its warm baths, called La Fontaine and Grand The cutlery made here is of a superior kind.
Bassin, at a temperature of 126°' to 132o. They Hotels.-De l'Europe; De Paris; De la Poste. are useful in cases of rheumatism, paralysis, Population, 10,130.
scrofula, &c., and much frequented between The next station to Langres is
June and October. Here are a military hogChalindray (64 miles), where a branch line turns
pital, with 500 beds, and an establishment for off to Gray and Auxonne.
civilians, containing 50 baths, besides assembly [The stations are as follow
rooms, &c. Both the baths and living are Maatz (8 miles).
moderate. Among the walks that of MontChamplitte (7} miles), an old fortified town. morency is the best.
Population, 3,200, The château is now the Population, 4,100.
Hotels.--Du Commerce; Des Vosges.]
Vitrey (5 miles). Coach to Fresnes, &c. Gray (6 miles), where the line is continued to Mussey (7 miles), on the Saône, in department
Auxonne, as in Route 21. Gray, up the Saône, Haute-Saône. Coaches to Corre, Passavant, where it becomes navigable, is a sous-pré- | Darney, Combeaufontaine (population, 800), Vaitte. fecture of 6,200 persons (department Haute- Monthureux-les-Baulay (41 miles). Saône), on a hill-side, and was the favourite Port d'Atelier (41 miles).
Port-sur-Saône (54 miles), on the Saône, has | mairie, theatre, &c. The college is a large builda trade in iron, cattle, &c., and remains of a castle, ing, as is the Hôtel de Ville, built 1836. Frequent on an island near the bridge. Population, 2,100. markets and fairs are held. Coaches to Luxeuil Coaches to Combeaufontaine (13 kil.) and Scey- | (Route 59), Villersexel. sur-Saône, where there was once the fine seat of
(VILLERSEXEL (19 kil.), on the Oignon, has the the Beaufremont family.
fine château of Lafayette's nephew, the Marquis Vaivre (41 miles).
de Grammont--a family whose castle stood At 2} miles further is
formerly on the Montagne de Grammont (within
view), with a Roman camp on it, and who VESOUL,
founded a hospital here, 1769, as well as the
ancient abbey of Vieux-Croissant.] 2364 miles from Paris, 68' from Mulhouse. HOTELS. — De la Madeleine ; De la Cigogne
Ronchamp (61 miles), on the Rohan. (Stork); De l'Aigle Noir (Black Eagle.) Popu
Champagney (34 miles), on the Rohan, # lation, 7,600
mining village of 3,100 souls. Coach to Plancher
les-Mines. This small capital of department Haute Saône (once part of Franche Comté) in the valley of the
[HÉRICOURT (16 kil, south), on the little river Durgeon, belonged to the Besançon archbishops,
Luzonne, a bustling village of 3,000 persons, the Duke of Burgundy, &c., and, after suffering in
chiefly Protestants, who use the nave of the the wars of the 16th and 17th centuries, was joined
church, while the Catholics take the choir. It to France by the peace of Nimwegen, 1678. The
has several old houses, and the castle of the old walls are gone, as well as its impregnable castle,
dukes of Wurtemburg, who obtained it, 1561, which stood on La Motte, a peak of 1,320 feet high
along with Montbeliard.] to the top, covered with vineyards, and com Bas Evette (5 miles), is 44 miles from manding a noble prospect.
BELFORT, Most of the buildings are modern-the oldest being the church, built about 1750, with a
Or Béfort, close to the new German frontier, 274 square tower, and an ancient tomb. The pré
miles from Paris, 30from Mulhouse. Here the fecture was built 1822 ; in the library are 23,000
rail from Dijon and Besançon falls in (Route 21), volumes, with a museum; there are also public
as well as the old road, and five other high roads, baths, a salle de spectacle, cavalry barracks (built
| making it a good place for trade. 1777), a priests' school, pepinière or nursery, &c. HOTELS. - De l'Ancienne Poste; Messageries Trade in wine, grain, &c.
Tonneau d'Or. Here the Nancy and Epinal rail comes in, by
Belfort is a sous-préfecture of 8,100 souls, in means of which the baths of Plombières may be
department Haut-Rhin, and a first-class fortress, reached, within 7} miles of Aillevillers, the
in a healthy part of the Savoureuse, between the nearest station (Route 59), about 40 miles from
Vosges and Jura mountains. It has three gates Vesoul.
and faubourgs, and is divided into Haute and
Basse Ville. The church was built, 1728; there Colombier (5 miles), near two old castles,
are a good Hôtel de Ville, a college, and a library Creveney-Saulx (34 miles).
of 20,000 volumes; also a military hospital and Genevreuille (5$ miles).
barracks. Lure (6} miles), a sous-préfecture, in depart On the rocks above is the castle (or bel fort), ment Haute-Saône (population, 3,250), on the wide built 1228, and held by the Austrians, till given up marshy plain of the Oignon. It was once a strong to France by the treaty of Munster, when it was place, and had an abbey, of the 7th century, parts fortified by Vauban, being the first on his system. of which, in the Grand Rue, or High street (where Another rock to the north is crowned by a ruined many large houses are seen), are used for the tower, called Pierre Miotte. The Fort, commanding
the entrance into Switzerland, was besieged by | Trade in pottery, hemp, ribbons, wine, cattle, &c. the Germans at the conclusion of the war of 1870-1; Hotels. De la Tête d'Or (Golden Head). Coaches and here Manteuffel, by a rapid advance, defeated to Ferrette and Basle (33 kil. east), which is reached Bourbaki in his attempt to raise the siege, and after passing a frontier douane at St. Louis. drove him and his levies over the Swiss border. It (FERRETTE (20 kil. south-south-east), or La Feris retained by the French under treaty, and is to rette, has the picturesque remains of its old be greatly strengthened.
castle, on a rock above it, near a branch of the Trade in wine, eaux-de-vie, excellent kirsch Ill, not far from the Swiss border. It figures wasser, cheese, iron, brass, copper, &c.
in Scott's “Anne of Geierstein;" and it has a The line is continued over the frontier to
well, they say, nearly 640 feet deep.-Lucelle Chèvremont (31 miles).
9 kil. south-west of this, had a Cistercian Montreuil-Vieuil (41 miles), near the viaduct abbey burnt 1524; to which was attached the across the Rhine and Rhône canal. Coach to Delle. castle of Lewenbourg, a ruin on a hill. That Dannemarie (5 miles).
of Blomont, burnt by the Baslese, 1419, is on Altkirch (61 miles), a dull place, of 3,400 souls, another hill.] on a hill-side by the Ill, with ruins of a château Cross the canal again to built by the Counts of Ferrette, and made the seat Illfurth (41 miles), from which it is 54 miles to of the Dukes of Austria, when Alsace belonged Mulhouse, for which see BRADSHAW's Handto them.
Book to Belgium and the Rhine.
SECTION VI. ROUIES THROUGH THE SOUTH OF FRANOE AND THE
or Southern Railway; SUPPLYING BAYONNE, BIARRITZ, DAX, PAU, CAUTERETS,
ing the landes of Médoc. The surface is so per
fectly horizontal, that the streams, such as they Bordeaux to La Teste, Arcachon, Mont de
are, flow either way, or settle into shallow pestiMarsan, Dax, Bayonne, into Spain. lential lakes. It is intensely hot in summer. By rail to Bayonne, 198 kil., or 123} miles, in five Nothing but pines grow; but wild fowl, game, to seven hours.
wolves, foxes, wild boars, &c., are found in some The Embarcadère at Paris is Quai d'Austerlitz parts. The shepherds, dressed in sheepskins, go about (Orléans line); at Bordeaux, Cours St. Jean. on tall stilts, or chanques; with which, assisted by a
From this, the line passes within view of Haut pole, they will sometimes travel three leagues an Brion, which annually produces about 120 tons of hour, never allowing any thing to turn them from one of the four first-growth clarets. It must not be the straight course. Each man, besides carrying a bottled under six or seven years. Cross the Teste gun at his back for defence against the wolf, is road, by a viaduct of 2,950 feet, on 91 arches, to
also armed with a poële, or frying-pan, to serve for Pessac (34 miles), near the Pope Clement vine cooking. An attempt is to be m de to plant, drain, yards; so called after Clement V., whose property and improve this tract, under a law of 1837. they were when he was archbishop of Bordeaux. Pass Toquetoucan, a patois name for Touche tout By a bull. in 1309, he gave them to his successors doucement, or, Touch softly, because the marsh is in the primacy, with whom they remained till the dangerously soft, to Revolution.
Pierraton (4 miles). Gazinet (3} miles), near traces of a Roman way, Mios (3 miles), or Chemin de Mios, near which is called the Levade. Here you are in the country Croix de Heins, which marked a boundary (finis) in (but not yet in the department) of Les Landes, a old time. wild and desolate tract of Gascony, almost like an Marcheprime (2} miles). African desert-all sand, heath, and marsh - Canauley (3} miles). stretching about 50 leagues, and covering a mil- Facture (2} miles), near the Leyre, which runs lion of acres between the Garonne and Adour. It to the Basin of Arcachon, and which the Romans is divided into Grandes and Petit Landes, includ- called Sigman.