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buildings are the Hôtel de Ville, which has a bust seat of Philippe-le-Long's wife, Jeanne, where of Henry IV.; the palais de justice, the college, as many as ten religious houses were founded. with a good portico to the chapel, library of 35,000 It was fortified, 1420, and suffered cruelly in volumes, and cabinet of natural history; hospital, the civil wars. The streets are crooked and theatre, fountains, made by Cordier de Béziers, old-fashioned. Parts of the castle are left : and and a triumphal arch begun by Napoléon, but it has also a good bridge and quay, to which finished by Louis XVIII.
steamers from Dijon come; a Hôtel de Ville, Bouchardon, the sculptor, and Lamoise, the built 1568, a library of 6,000 volumes, salle de Jesuit, are natives.
spectacle, and a very superior mill, with 14 Manufactures of druggets, gloves of good quality, wheels, for grinding corn, oil, tan, &c. iron, cutlery, &c.
Hotel.-Du Sauvage. The falls of the Marne are 1 kil. distant.
At 18 kil. north-west of it, is Fontaine-Française, From Chaumont, up the Marne, the next stations marked by a pillar, where Henry IV., with a are
small force, fought the Duc de Mayenne, with Foulain (7} miles),
18,000, in 1595. The stations towards Auxonne, Rolampont (8 miles).
down the Saône, are Langres (18 kil.), an ancient town, sous-pré Montoche (3 miles); Talmay (64 miles); fccturo, bishopric, &c., and seat of the cutlery trade, Pontallier (34 miles); Lamarche (2} on a hill-side by the Marne, which here runs miles). through a cultivated plain, 1,457 feet above the sea. Hence to Auxonne (7} miles), on the Lyons line.] Ilere the Marne, the Aube, the Meuse, &c., take From Chalindrey on the main line, the next their rise. It is the Roman Langonum, and there is station is yet an ancient triumphal arch in the west wall, Kortes (5} mile:). Then built about 240, by the Emperor Gordian. The old Charmoy (49 miles). Coach to Fayl-Billot, Romanesque Cathedral of the 11th century, has a which has a good cutlery trade. modern front, and a fine view from the top. A
La Ferté-sur-Amance (27 miles). This is library of 30,000 volumes is to be seen at the Hôtel
the station for Bourbonne-les-Bains (10 miles). de Ville, and a museum in St. Didier's old church. It has two theatres, a college, priests' seminary,
[BOURBONNE-LES-BAINS, &c. A walk through the Belie Fontaine prome In department Haute-Marne, in a pleasant spot, nade leads to the Fontaine de la Grenouille, among
where the Apance and Borne meet, is noted for large trees. Diderot was a native, a cutler's son.
its warm baths, called La Fontaine and Grand The cutlery made here is of a superior kind.
Bassin, at a temperature of 1269 to 132o. They Hotels.—De l'Europe; De Paris; De la Poste. are useful in cases of rheumatism, paralysis, Population, 10,130.
scrofula, &c., and much frequented between The next station to Langres is
June and October. Here are a military hosChalindrey (64 miles), where a branch line turns
pital, with 500 beds, and an establishment for off to Gray and Auxonne.
civilians, containing 50 baths, besides assembly [The stations are as follow
rooms, &c. Both the baths and living aro Maatz (8 miles).
moderate. Among the walks that of MontChamplitte (7} miles), an old fortified town. morency is the best.
Population, 3,200, The château is now the Population, 4,100.
HOTELS.-Du Commerce; Des Vosges.]
Vitrey (5 miles). Coach to Fresnes, &c. Gray (6 miles), where the line is continued to Mussey (7 miles), on the Saône, in department
Auxonne, as in Route 21. Gray, up the Saône, Haute-Saône. Coaches to Corre, Passavant, where it becomes navigable, is a sous-pré- Darney, Combeaufontaine (population, 800), Vaitte. fecture of 6,200 persons (department Haute- Monthureux-les-Baulay (44 miles). Saône), on a hill-side, and was the favourite | Port d'Atelier (45 miles).
Port-sur-Saône (59 miles), on the Saône, has , mairie, theatre, &c. The college is a large builda trade in iron, cattle, &c., and remains of a castle, ing, as is the Hôtel de Ville, built 1836. Frequent on an island near the bridge. Population, 2,100. markets and fairs are held. Coaches to Luxeuil Coaches to Combeaufontaine (13 kil.) and Scey
(Route 59), Villersexel. sur-Saône, where there was once the fine seat of
(VILLERSEXEL (19 kil.), on the Oignon, has the the Beaufremont family.
fine château of Lafayette's nephew, the Marquis Vaivre (4} miles).
de Grammont--a family whose castle stood At 2} miles further is
formerly on the Montagne de Grammont (within
view), with a Roman camp on it, and who VESOUL,
founded a hospital here, 1769, as well as the
ancient abbey of Vieux-Croissant.] 2364 miles from Paris, 684 from Mulhouse. HOTELS. – De la Madeleine ; De la Cigogne
Ronchamp (61 miles), on the Rohan. (Stork); De l'Aigle Noir (Black Eagle.) Popu
Champagney (34 miles), on the Rohan, a lation, 7,600
mining village of 3,100 souls. Coach to Plancher
les-Mines. This small capital of department Haute Saône (once part of Franche Comté) in the valley of the
[HÉRICOURT (16 kil. south), on the little river Durgeon, belonged to the Besançon archbishops,
Luzonne, a bustling village of 3,000 persons, the Duke of Burgundy, &c., and, after suffering in
chiefly Protestants, .who use the nave of the the wars of the 16th and 17th centuries, was joined
church, while the Catholics take the choir. It to France by the peace of Nimwegen, 1678. The
has several old houses, and the castle of the old walls are gone, as well as its impregnable castle,
dukes of Wurtemburg, who obtained it, 1561, which stood on La Motte, a peak of 1,320 feet high
along with Montbeliard.] to the top, covered with vineyards, and com Bas Evette (5 miles), is 41 miles from manding a noble prospect.
BELFORT, Most of the buildings are modern-the oldest being the church, built about 11750. with a Or Befort, close to the new German frontier, 2745 square tower, and an ancient tomb. The pré- | miles from Paris, 30 from Mulhouse. Here the fecture was built 1822 ; in the library are 23,000
vare 23.000 | rail from Dijon and Besançon falls in (Route 21), volumes, with a museum: there are also public as well as the old road, and five other high roads, baths, a salle de spectacle, cavalry barracks (built making it a good place for trade. 1777), a priests' school, pepinière or nursery, &c. | Hotels. — De l'Ancienne Poste; Messageries Trade in wine, grain, &c.
Tonneau d'Or. Here the Nancy and Epinal rail comes in, by
Belfort is a sous-préfecture of 8,100 souls, in means of which the baths of Plombières may be
department Haut-Rhin, and a first-class fortress,
in a healthy part of the Savoureuse, between the reached, within 7 miles of Aillevillers, the nearest station (Route 59), about 40 miles from
Vosges and Jura mountains. It has three gates
and faubourgs, and is divided into Haute and Vesoul.
Basse Ville. The church was built, 1728; there Colombier (5 miles), near two old castles,
are a good Hôtel de Ville, a college, and a library Creveney-Saulx (3ę miles).
of 20,000 volumes; also a military hospital and Genevreuille (54 miles).
barracks. Lure (6f miles), a sous-préfecture, in depart- ' On the rocks above is the castle (or bel forth ment Haute-Saône (population, 3,250), on the wide built 1228, and held by the Austrians, till given up marshy plain of the Oignon. It was once a strong to France by the treaty of Munster, when it is place, and had an abbey, of the 7th century, parts fortified by Vauban, being the first on his system of which, in the Grand Rue, or High street (where Another rock to the north is crowned by a ruined many large houses are seen), are used for the tower, called Pierre Miotte. The Fort, commandin
the entrance into Switzerland, was besieged by | Trade in pottery, hemp, ribbons, wine, cattle, &c. the Germans at the conclusion of the war of 1870-1; 1 Hotels. De la Tête d'Or (Golden Head). Coaches and here Manteuffel, by a rapid advance, defeated to Ferrette and Basle (33 kil.east), which is reached Bourbaki in his attempt to raise the siege, and after passing a frontier douane at St. Louis. drove him and his levies over the Swiss border. It [FERRETTE (20 kil. south-south-east), or La Feris retained by the French under treaty, and is to rette, has the picturesque remains of its old be greatly strengthened.
castle, on a rock above it, near a branch of the Trade in wine, eaux-de-vie, excellent kirsch Ill, not far from the Swiss border. It figures wasser, cheese, iron, brass, copper, &c.
in Scott's “Anne of Geierstein;" and it has a The line is continued over the frontier to
well, they say, nearly 640 feet deep.-Lucelle Chevremont (31 miles).
9 kil. south-west of this, had a Cistercian Montreuil-Vieuil (41 miles), near the viaduct abbey burnt 1524; to which was attached the across the Rhine and Rhône canal. Coach to Delle. castle of Lewenbourg, a ruin on a hill. That Dannemarie (5 miles).
of Blomont, burnt by the Baslese, 1419, is on Altkirch (64 miles), a dull place, of 3,400 souls, another hill.] on a hill-side by the Ill, with ruins of a château
Cross the canal again to built by the Counts of Ferrette, and made the seat
Illfurth (4) miles), from which it is 5% miles to of the Dukes of Austria, when Alsace belonged Mulhouse, for which see BRADSHAW's Handto them.
Book to Belgium and the Rhine.
ROUTES THROUGH THE SOUTH OF FRANCE AND THE
or Southern Railway; SUPPLYING BAYONNE, BIARRITZ, DAX, PAU, CAUTERETS,
| ing the landes of Médoc. The surface is so per
fectly horizontal, that the streams, such as they Bordeaux to La Teste, Arcachon, Mont de
are, flow either way, or settle into shallow pestiMarsan, Dax, Bayonne, into Spain. lential lakes. It is intensely hot in summer. By rail to Bayonne, 198 kil., or 123miles, in five Nothing but pines grow; but wild fowl, game, to seven hours.
wolves, foxes, wild boars, &c., are found in some The Embarcadère at Paris is Quai d'Austerlitz parts. The shepherds, dressed in sheepskins, go about (Orléans line); at Bordeaux, Cours St. Jean. on tall stilts, or chanques; with which, assisted by &
From this, the line passes within view of Haut pole, they will sometimes travel three leagues an Brion, which annually produces about 120 tons of | hour, never allowing any thing to turn them from one of the four first-growth clarets. It must not be the straight course. Each man, besides carryins a bottled under six or seven years. Cross the Teste gun at his back for defence agninst the wolf, is road, by a viaduct of 2,950 feet, on 91 arches, to also armed with a poële, or frying-pan, to serve for
Pessac (34 miles), near the Pope Clement vine- cooking. An attempt is to be m de to plant, drain, yards ; so called after Clement V., whose property and improve this tract, under a law of 1837. they were when he was archbishop of Bordeaux. Pass Toquetoucan, a patois name for Touche tone
bull. in 1309, he gave them to his successors doucement, or, Touch softly, because the marsh is in the primacy, with whom they remained till the dangerously soft, to Revolution.
Pierraton (4 miles). Gazinet (3} miles), near traces of a Roman way, Mios (3 miles), or Chemin de Mios, near which is called the Levade. Here you are in the country Croix de Heins, which marked a boundary (finis) is (but not yet in the department) of Les Landes, a oid time. wild and desolate tract of Gascony, almost like an Marcheprime (2} miles). African desert-all sand, heath, and marsh ! Canauley (3} miles). stretching about 50 leagues, and covering a mil- Facture (2] miles), near the Leyre, which lion of acres between the Garonne and Adour. It to the Basin of Arcachon, and which the Romas is divided into Grandes and Petit Landes, includ- I called Sigman.