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THE

LONDON ENCYCLOPÆDIA.

VOL. XVIII.

POTASH TO ROME.

THE

LONDON ENCYCLOPÆDIA,

OR

UNIVERSAL DICTIONARY

SCIENCE, ART, LITERATURE, AND PRACTICAL MECHANICS,

COMPRISING A

POPULAR VIEW OF THE PRESENT STATE OF KNOWLEDGE.

ILLUSTRATED BY

NUMEROUS ENGRAVINGS, A GENERAL ATLAS,

AND APPROPRIATE DIAGRAMS.

Sic oportet ad librum, presertim miscellanei generis, legendum accedere lectorem, ut solet ad.convivium couviva civilis.
Coovivator annititur omnibus satisfacere ; et tamen si quid apponitur, quod hujus aut illius palato non respondeat, et hic et

Erasmus
ille arbane dissimulant, et alia fercula probant, ne quid contristent convivatorem.

A reader should sit down to a book, especially of the miscellaneous kind, as a well-behaved visitor does to a banquet. The
master of the feast exerts himself to satisfy his guests; but if, after all his care and pains, something should appear on the
table that does not suit this or that person's taste, they politely pass it over without notice, and commend other dishes, that
they may not distress a kind host.

Translation

BY THE ORIGINAL EDITOR OF THE ENCYCLOPÆDIA METROPOLITANA,

ASSISTED BY EMINENT PROFESSIONAL AND OTHER GENTLEMEN.

IN TWENTY-TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. XVIII.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR THOMAS TEGG, 73, CHEAPSIDE;
R. GRIFFIN & Co., GLASGOW; TEGG AND CO., DUBLIN; ALSO J. & S. A. TEGG,

SYDNEY AND HOBART TOWN.

1839.

( -5 DEC 1964

LONDON:

PRINTED BY J. HADDON, CASTLE STREET. FINSBURY

THE

LONDON ENCYCLOPÆDIA.

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faint.

Id.

POT, n. s. ) Fr. and Belg. pot, in all Let me see her Arabian pothooks.

Id. PO'TABLE, adj. I the senses; Islandic and The sheep went first to pot, the goats next, and POTA'TION, n. s. Dan, potte; Goth. pott. A after them the oxen, and all little enough to keep POT HERE, | vessel in which meat is life together.

L'Estrange. POT'HOOK,

Sboiled; any vessel to hold Whenever potters meet with any chalk or marl liquids; a cup: to go to

mixed with their clay, though it will with the clay

hold burning, yet, whenever any water comes near POT'SHERD, pot,' to be destroyed or

any such pots after they are burnt, both the chalk POT'TAGE,

I devoured : to pot is to pre- and marl will slack and spoil their ware. POT'TER. serve in pots : potable is

Mortimer. .drinkable: potation, a draught : potherb is a Acorns, mast, and other seeds may be kept well, verb fit for boiling : pot-hook and pot-lid ex- by being barrelled or potted up with moist sand. plain themselves : potsherd (pot and sherd, from

Id. Belg. schaerde ; properly potshard), a fragment of A potter will not have any chalk or marl mixed a broken pot: pottage, any thing boiled for food. with the clay.

Id. Husbandry.

Pot them in natural, not forced earth; a layer of Jacob sod pottage, and Esau came from the fie.a

. Genesis.

nico mould beneath and about this natural earth to

nourish the fbres, but not so as to touch the bulbs. The woman left her water-pot, and went her way. John.

Evelyn. He on the ashes sits, his fate deplores;

Where solar beams

Parch thirsty human veins, the damasked meads And with a potsherd scrapes the swelling sores.

Unforced display ten thousand painted flowers
Useful in potables.

Philips.
Toad that under the cold stone

Sir Tristram telling us tobacco was a potherb, bid Sweltered, venom sleeping got ;

the drawer bring in t other half pint.

Shakspeare. Boil thou first i th' charmed pot.

Tatler. But that I think his father loves him not,

Suppose your eyes sent equal rays

Upon two distant pots of ale, I'd have him poisoned with a pot of ale. Id.

Not knowing which was mild or stale. Prior. My thoughts are whirled like a potter's wheel.

He like the potter in a mould has cast
The world's great fame.

id. I learnt it in England, where they are most potent

John's ready money went into the lawyers' pockets;

Id. Othello. in potting.

then John began to borrow money upon the bank Thou best of gold art worst of gold,

stock, now and then a farm went to poi. Other less fine in carat is more precious,

Arbuthnot's History of John Bull. Preserving life in medicine potable. Shakspeare.

Of alimentary leaves, the olera or potherbs afford If I had a thousand sons, the first human princi.

an excellent nourishment; amongst those are the ple I would teach them, should be to forswear thin

cole or cabbage kind.

Arbuthnot. setations, and to addict themselves to sack.

Id. Henry IV.

The columella is a fine, thin, light, bony tube, the

bottom of which spreads about, and gives it the reAt this day at Gaza, they couch potsherds of ves

semblance of a wooden potlid in country houses.' sels of earth in their walls to gather the wind from

Derham. the top, and pass it in spouts into rooms.

A soldier drinks his pot, and then offers payment. Bacon's Natural History.

Swift. Dig a pit upon the sea shore, somewhat above the Leaves eaten raw are termed sallad ; if boiled, high-water mark; and sink it as deep as the low

they become potherbs : and some of those plants water mark; and, as the tide cometh in, it will fill

which are pot-herbs in one family, are sallads in anwith water fresh and potable.

Bacon.
other.

Watts. The said potable gold should be endued with a ca.

For great the man, and useful, without doubt, pacity of being agglutinated and assimilated to the

Who seasons pottage, or expels the gout;

Harvey. mnate heat. Rivers run potable gold. Milton's Paradise Lost.

Whose science keeps life in, and keeps death out.

Harte. Gigantic minds, as soon as work was done, To their huge pots of boiling pulse would run,

POTAGER, n. s. From Pottage. A porTell to with eager joy.

Dryden. ringer.
Potted fowl and fish come in so fast,

• An Indian dish or potager, made of the bark of That ere the first is out the second stinks, a tree, with the sides and rim sewed together after

And mouldy mother gathers on the brinks. Id. the manner of twiggen-work. Grew's Museum. Whence come broken potsherds tumbling down,

POTAMOGETON, pond weed, a genus of And leaky ware from garret windows thrown :

the tetragynia order, and tetrandria class of plants; Well may they break our heads. Some press the plants with sherds of potter's clay.

natural order fifteenth, inundatæ : Cal. none; Id.

petals four; no style, and four seeds. There Egypt baser than the beasts they worship; are twelve species, all of them vegetables floating Below their potherb gods that grow in gardens. on the surface of stagnant waters, affording

Id, agreeable shade to fish, and food to cattle.
Vol XVI".—Part 1.

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