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XIII. THE CUSTOMS.

The principal officer employed in the collection of the duties on imports and tonnage, is the Collector, to whom the Naval Officer is at once an aid and a check. The Surveyor superintends and directs the inferior officers of the customs; and all three are appointed by the President and Senate.They formerly held their offices for an indefinite period; but, by an act of the 15th May, 1820, their appointment is now limited to four years.

Weighers, gaugers, measurers, and inspectors, are appointed by the Collector, with the approbation of the principal officer of the treasury department. For the duties of these several officers, see the act of Congress of the 2d of March, 1799. Public appraisers are authorized by an act of the 20th of April, 1818. Their business is to appraise imported goods subject to duty ad valorem, when they are suspected to have been invoiced below the true value. They are appointed by the President and Senate, and hold their commissions during the pleasure of the President.

COLLECTORS OF THE CUSTOMS.

NAMES.

Where employed.

Date of appointment.

Compensa

tion.

Leonard Jarvis,
Samuel A. Morse,
Edward S. Jarvis,
Joshua Carpenter,
Denny McCobb,
Thomas McCrate,
William King,
John Chandler,
John F. Scamman,
Barnabas Palmer,
Mark Dennet,
Daniel Lane,

William Pickering,

Maine.
Passamaquoddy, April I, 1830, 1652 88.
Machias, January 28, 1828, 471 77.
Frenchman's Bay, March 2, 1827, 431 72.
Penobscot, March 19, 1830, 956 00.
Waldoborough, March 3, 1829, 1285 15.
Wiscasset, March 11, 1829, 813 88.
Bath,

March 23, 1830,2084 97.
Portland,

March 11, 1829, 3100 00. Saco,

March 11, 1829, 590 57. Kennebunk, March 11, 1829, 717 96. York,

March 11, 1829, 296 03.
Belfast,

Nov. 30, 1826, 906 84.
New Hampshire.
Portsmouth, April 8, 1830,2186 39.

Vermont.
Allburg,

February 15, 1830, 1368 53.
Massachusetts.
Newburyport, March 24, 1830, 1154 45.
Gloucester, March 24, 1830, 2992 24.
Ipswich,

April

1, 1830, 250 00. Salem,

January 3, 1829, 2381 04. Marblehead, February 19, 1830, 1238 42. Boston,

April 7, 1829, 4000 00. Plymouth, March

11, 1829, 1068 41. Dighton,

March 22, 1830, 513 48. Barnstable, March 3, 1830, 837 57. New Bedford, March 8, 1830, 2588 45. Edgartown, February 19, 1830, 779 22. Nantucket, January 28, 1830, 574 00.

Archibald W. Hyde,

Samuel Phillips, William Beach, Timothy Souther, James Miller, Benjamin Knight, David Henshaw, Schuyler Sampson, William Wood, Isaiah L. Greene. Lemuel Williams, John P. Norton, M. T. Morton,

NAMES.

Where employed.
Date of appointment. Compensa-

tion. Rhode Island.

$ Walter R. Danforth, Providence, March 11, 1829, 2518 79. Nathaniel Bullock, Bristol & Warren, January 2, 1828, 1169 17. Christopher Ellery, Newport,

April 5, 1828, 431 33.

Connecticut. Noah A. Phelps, Middletown, March 11, 1829, 2451 52. Richard Law,

New London, Dec. 24, 1826, 922 42. William H. Ellis, New Haven, March 11, 1829, 2305 09. Walter Bradley,

Fairfield, January 28, 1830, 880 26.

New York. Thomas Loomis, Sackett's Harbor, March 23, 1830, 836 07. Jacob Gould,

Genesee,

March 23, 1830 767 21. John Grant, Jun. Oswego,

May

2, 1830, 680 03. Seymour Scovell, Niagara,

March 23, 1930, 416 40. Pierce A. Barker, Buffalo Creek, March 22, 1830, 1031 58. Baron S. Doty,

Oswegatchie, March 23, 1830, 980 94. John P. Osborne,

Sag Harbor, March 10, 1830, 594 79. Samuel Swartwout, New York, March 29, 1830, 4000 00. Aaron Ogden, (assistant) Jersey City, March 23, 1830, 1000 00. David B. McNeil, Champlain, May 2, 1830, 1104 34. Jere Carrier,

Cape Vincent, March 23, 1830, 480 00.

New Jersey. James Parker,

Perth Amboy,

March 11, 1829, 2459 04. Ebenezer Elmer, Bridgetown, May

6, 1830, 463 03. Gresham Mott,

Burlington, March 28, 1828, 188 42. Mahlon D. Canfield, Great Egg Harbor, January 28, 1830, 482 71., George W. Tucker, Little Egg Harbor, March 11, 1829, 300 82.

Pennsylvania.
James N. Barker, Fhiladelphia, March

11, 1829, 4000 00. Thomas Forster, Presque Isle, March 9, 1729, 436 13.

Delaware. Henry Whiteley,

NewCoruland.

February 16, 1830, 344 89. J. H. McCulloch, Baltimore, May

1, 1830,3672 48. Alexander Randall, Annapolis,

Dec.
19, 1826,

365 71. George Hudson,

Snowhill, January 26, 1829, 383 42. John Willis,

Oxford,

March 9, 1829, 537 63. John Ennalls,

Vienna,

January 4, 1829, 200 00. Thomas R. Johnson, St. Mary's, April 9, 1829 278 00.

Dist. of Columbia. Thomas Turner, Georgetown, March 1, 1830, 1304 91. George Brent,

Alexandria, February 16, 1830,

Virginia. James Gibbon,

Richmond,

January 4, 1829, 1702 96. Robert S. Garnet, Tappahannock, January 9, 1830, 685 79. Conway Whittle, Norfolk,

March

19, 1830, 904 83. John B. Roberts, East River,

January 28, 1830, 330 82. Nathaniel Holland, Cherry Stone, March

3, 1829, 315 33. William Nelson,

York Town, April 3, 1830, 251 91. Charles McIndoe, Petersburg, March 23, 1830, 666 90. William P. Curtis, Folly Landing, January 10, 1829 253 46.

North Carolina. Stephen Charles, Camden,

March 23, 1830, 200 00.

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with the Names of the Registers and Receivers of the Public Moneys.

Office. Steubenville, Ohio, Marietta, do. Cincinnati, do. Chillicothe, do. Zanesville, do. Wooster,

Registers. Receiv's of Public Moneys. David Hoge,

Samuel S. Stokely.
Joseph Wood,

David C. Skinner.
Peyton S. Symmes,

Moses Dawson.
Thomas Scott,

Isaiah Ingham.
Thomas Flood,

Bernard Van Horne.
Joseph S. Lake, Samuel Quinby.
Thomas B. Van Horne, Robert Young.
James B. Gardner, Joseph H. Larwill.

do. Piqua,

do. Tiffin,

do.

Office.

Registers. Receiv's of Public Moneys.
Jeffersonville, Indiana, William Lewis,

William H. Hurst.
Vincennes,
do. John Badollet,

John D. Wolverton.
Indianopolis, do. Arthur St. Clair, James P. Drake.
Crawfordsville, do. Samuel Milroy,

Israel T. Canby.
Fort Wayne,

do. Robert Brackenridge, Jonathan McCarty,
Kaskaskia, Illinois, Shadrach Bond, Edward Humphreys.
Shawneetown, do. James C. Sloo, John Caldwell.
Edwardsville, do. William P. McKee, Benjamin F. Edwards.
Vandalia, do. Charles Prentice,

William L. D. Ewing.
Palestine, do. Joseph Kitchell, Guy W. Smith.
Springfield, do. William L. May, John Taylor.
Detroit, Mich. Ter. John Biddle,

Jonathan Kearsley.
Monroe, do. Robert Clark,

Charles J. Lanman.
St. Louis, Missouri, William Christy,

Bernard Pratte.
Franklin, do. Hampton L. Boon, Uriel Sebree.
Cape Girardeau, do. George Bullit, John Hays.
Lexington,

do. Jonathan S. Findlay, Andrew S. McGirk. Palmyra, do. William Carson,

Henry Lane.
Batesville, Ark. Ter. Hartwell Boswell, John Redman.
Little Rock, do. Bernard Smith, Benjamin Desha.
Ouachita, Louisiana, John Hughes, Henry Bry
Opelousas, do. Valentine King, Benj’n Robert Rogers.
New Orleans, do. Hilary B. Cenas, William L. Robeson.
St. Helena, C. H. Thomas P. Davidson, Alexander Gordon.
Washington, Mississippi, B. L. C. Wailes, James Duncan.
Augusta, do. William Howze,

George B. Dameron.
Mount Salus, do. Gideon Fitz,

James C. Dickson.
St. Stephens, Alabama, John B. Hazard, John Henry Owen.
Huntsville, do, Benjamin S. Pope, Samuel Cruse.
Tuscaloosa. do. John H. Vincent, William G. Parrish.
Cahawba, do. Gurdon Saltonstall, Uriah G. Mitchell.
Sparta,

do. Wade H. Greening, John S. Hunter,
Tallahassee, Flor. Ter. George W. Ward, Richard K. Call.
St. Augustine, do. Charles Downing, William H. Allen.

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XV. BANK OF THE UNITED STATES.
The charter of the Bank of the United States was granted on the 10th of
April, 1816; and it will expire on the 3d of March, 1836. The original capital
amounted to $ 35,100,000; and the government became a stockholder of
$7,000,000, or one fifth of the whole stock.

Nicholas BIDDLE of Philadelphia, President.
William McILVAINE, do.

Cashier.
The bank is in Philadelphia ; and besides the principal bank, there were in
January, 1830, 22 offices of discount ; namely, at Portland, Portsmouth, Bos-
ton, Providence, Hartford, New York, Buffalo, Pittsburg, Baltimore, Washing-
ton, Richmond, Norfolk, Fayetteville, Charleston, Savannah, Mobile, New
Orleans, Nashville, Lexington, Louisville, Cincinnati, and St. Louis.

State of the Bank, April 1, 1830.
Notes discounted,
$32,138,270 89. Specie,

$9,043,748 97. Domestic bills discounted, 10,506,882 54. Public deposits,

8,905,501 87. Funded debt held by the Bank, 11, 122,530 90. Private deposits,

7,704,256 87. 2,891,890 75. Circulation,

16,083,894 00. Funds in Europe, equal to specie,2,789,498 54.

Real estato,

XVI. PUBLIC DEBT.

A TABLE showing the amount of the Public Debt of the United States,

at several periods, from 1791 to 1830, reckoned on the 1st of January of the different years. [Partly from Niles's Register.]

In 1791 $75,169,974 | There was some increase of the Debt in each of these six

1796 81,642,272) years, except 1794, in which there was a reduction of it. 1799

77,399,909 The Debt was increased in consequence of the military 1801

82,000,167 preparations against France, before the year 1801, when Mr. 1803

Jefferson's administration commenced. 74,731,922 1804 85,353,6433

The Debt was increased by the purchase of Louisiana, in 1809

1803, for the sum of $15,000,000. " Mr. Jefferson's adminis56,732,379

tration ended March 3d, 1809. 1810 53,156,532

The Debt was at its lowest amount in 1812, in Mr. Madi. 1812

45,035,123 son's adıninistration, and before the war. 1813 55,907,452. The Debt greatly augmented by the war:-highest amount 1816 123,016 375 3 in 1816. 1817 115,807,8057. Mr. Monroe's administration. Rapid reduction of the 1820 | 91,015,566

Debt since 1816, the receipts from the customs, &c. being

large. 1821

89,997,427 1822 | 93,546,676

The Debt increased in consequence of the purchase of 1923 90,375,877

Florida, in 1821, for the sum of $5,000,000 ; and a diminution

in the receipts from the customs &c. in the years 1820, 1821, 1824 90,269,777 &c. Mr. Monroe's administration ended in 1825. 1825 83,788,432 1826 31,054,059 1827

Mr. Adams's administration commenced on the 4th of 73,987,357

March, 1825, and ended on the 3d of March, 1829. 1828 67,475,622 1829

58,362,135 1830 49,565,405

General Andrew Jackson's administration began on the 4th of March, 1829.

LEAD Produced at the United States Lead Mines, annually, from 1823 to the

30th of September, 1829.

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