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XXIX. RELIGIOUS DENOMINATIONS.
Members) Minig- Church- or Comters. es. muni
cants. Calvinistic or Associated Baptists,
2,914 4,384 304,827 Christian Society,
300 1,000 30,000 Mennonites,
30,000 Free-will Baptists,
16,500 Free Communion Baptists,
30 40 3,500 Seventh Day Baptists,
3,000 Six Principle Baptists,
400 Methodist Episcopal Church, 17 Conferences, 1,900 476,000 Presbyterians, (Gen. Assem.) 19 Synods 98 Presbyt. 1,491 2,158 173,329 Reformed Dutch Church, 1 Gen. Synod ; 16 Classes 150 185 11,713 German Reformed Church, 1 Synod, 7 Classes, 120 500 Associate Presbyterians,
72 104 15,000 Congregationalists, (N. E. Orthodox,)
800 1,000 120,000 Protestant Episcopal Church, 15 Dioceses,
528 Roman Catholic Church, 1 Archbishop,
230 Friends or Quakers,
500 Evangelical Lutheran Church, One General Synod, 200 800 Universalists,
150 300 Unitarians (Congregationalists),
150 160 United Brethren or Moravians,
23 23 2,000 New Jerusalem Church,
29 30 Millennial Church or Shakers,
45 16 Cumberland Presbyterians.
PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH.
Dioceses. Bishops. Cons. M Dioceses. Bishops. Cons. M. E. Diocese, A. V. Griswold, D.D. 1811 63
R.C. Moore, D. D. 1814
Virginia, Connect, Th. C. Brownell, D.D. 1819
Wm. Meade, D.D. 1829 } N. York, B.T.Onderdonk, D.D. 134 S. Carolina, N. Bowen, D.D. 1818 36 N. Jersey, John Croes, D. D. 1815 19 Georgia,
2 Pennsyl. } H.U.Onderdonk, D.D. 1827 William White, D. D. 1787
4 Mississippi, 67 Tennessee,
4 Maryland, Wm. M. Stone, D. d. 1830
Phil.Chase, D. D. 1819 14 N. Carol.
Roman Catholic Bishops. J. Whitfield, D.D., abp., Baltimore ; B. Fen. wick, D. D. Boston; J. Dubois, D. D., New York; H. Conwell, D.D., Philadelphia;
Richmond; J. England, D. D., Charleston; M. Portier, Mobile;
New Orleans; B. Flaget, D. D., Bardstown; E. Fenwick, D. D., Cincinnati; Dr. Rosati, St. Louis, Richard, Detroit.
Bishops of the Methodist Church. Wm. McKendree, R. H. Roberts, Joshua Soule, and Elijah Hedding.
The first permanent settlement in Maine, was formed about the year
and for several years the government of the colony was administered in the name of Sir Ferdinando Gorges as proprietor of the country.
In 1652, the inhabitants of Maine were placed under the jurisdiction of Massachusetts. The country was, however, afterwards claimed by the heirs of Gorges, but was, in 1677, purchased by the colony of Massachusetts. From that time the territory formed a part of the colony and afterwards of the state Masssachusetts, and was styled, the District of Maine, till the year 1820, when it was erected into an independent state,
GOVERNORS. Wm King, entered upon office 1820 | E. Lincoln, entered upon office 1826 Albion K. Paris, do. 1821 | Jonathan G. Hunton, do. ·1830
OUTLINES OF THE CONSTITUTION. The Constitution of this state was formed in 1819, and went into operation in 1820.
The legislative power is vested in a Senate and a House of Representatives, both elected annually by the people, on the second Monday in September. These two bodies are together styled The Legislature of Maine.
The number of representatives cannot be less than 100, nor more than 200. A town having 1,500 inhabitants is entitled to send 1 representative; having 3,750, 2; 6,775, 3; 10,500, 4; 15,000, 5; 20,250, 6; 26,250, 7; but no town can ever be entitled to more than 7 representatives.The number of senators cannot be less than 20, por more than 31.
The Legislature meets (at Portland,-after the present year, 1831, at Augusta) annually, on the first of Wednesday in January.
The executive power is vested in a Governor, who is elected annually by the people, on the second Monday in September, and his term of office commences on the first Wednesday in January. A Council of seven mem. bers is elected annually on the first Wednesday in January, by joint ballot of the senators and representatives, to advise the governor in the executive part of government.
The right of suffrage is granted to every male citizen aged 21 years or upwards (excepting paupers, persons under guardianship, and Indians not taxed), having had his residence established in the state for the term of three months next preceding an election,
The judicial power is vested in a Supreme Judicial Court, and such other courts as the legislature may, from time to time, establish. All the judges are appointed by the governor, with the advice and consent of the council; and they hold their offices during good behavior, but not beyond the age of
Government for the Year ending December 31, 1830.
Salary. Jonathan G. Hunton, Governor,
$1,500 Edward Russell, Secretary of State,
900 Elias Thomas, Treasurer of State,
900 Samuel Cony, Adjutant General,
700 Joel Miller, Warden of the State Prison,
700 Joshua Hall,
President of the Senate.
The members of the Senate and House of Representatives receive each $2 a day; and the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House, $4.
Prentiss Mellen of Portland,
1,500 1,500 1,000
Oourt of Common Pleas. Ezekiel Whitman of Portland, Chief Justice, Samuel E. Smith of Wiscasset, Associate Justice, Daniel Perham of Brewer,
1,200 1,200 1,200
BANKS. Bank of Portland, Portland, 200,000 Augusta Bank, Augusta, 100,000 Canal Bank, do. 300,000 Gardiner Bank, Gardiner, 100,000 Casco Bank, do. 200,000 Waterville Bank, Waterville, 75,000 Cumberland Bank, do. 200,000 Bangor Bank, Bangor, 75,000 Merchants’ Bank, do. 150,000 Thomaston Bank, Thomaston, 50,000 Saco Bank, Saco, 120,000 S. Berwick B’k S. B. 50,000 Manufacturers' B’k do. 100,000 Union Bank, Bruns'k, 50,000 Bath Bank, Bath, 100,000 Vassalboro' B’k Vassalboro'50,000 Lincoln Bank, do. 100,000 Winthrop Bank, Winthrop, 50,000 Kennebunk B’k Kenneb. 100,000 |
The Bank of the United States has an office of Discount and Deposit at Portland.
The principal literary seminaries in Maine are Bowdoin College at Brunswick; Waterville College at Waterville ; the Bangor Theological Seminary at Bangor; the Gardiner Lyceum at Gardiner, which was established “for the purpose of giving to farmers and mechanics, such a scientific education as may enable them to become skilful in their professions"; the Marine Wesleyan Seminary at Readfield; and 29 incorporated academies.
Every town is required by law to raise annually, for the support of common schools, a sum equal at least to 40 cents for each person in the town, and to distribute this sum among the several school districts according to the number of scholars in each. According to the reports made in 1826, there were, in the state, 2,499 school districts; 137,931 children between the ages of 4 and 21 ; of which 101,325 usually attended school; the sum required by law to be annually raised, $119,334; annual expenditure $137,878,57.
II. NEW HAMPSHIRE.
THE earliest grant of the territory of New Hampshire was made in 1622, to John Mason and Ferdinando Gorges; and the first settlements were begun, in 1623, at Dover and Portsmouth.
In 1641, the settlements in New Hampshire voluntarily put themselves under the government of the colony of Massachusetts, and were allowed to send representatives to the General Court at Boston, till 1679, when a new government was formed, and New Hampshire was made a separate province.
In 1686, New Hampshire was placed, together with the rest of New England, under the government of Sir Edmund Andros ; in 1689, the union with Massachusetts was revived, and continued till 1692. From 1699 to 1702, it was united with Massachusetts and New York; in 1702, it was again united with Massachusetts, and so continued till 1741, when a final separation took place.
Under the Royal Government. John Cutt, President, 1680, Walter Barefoot, Dep. Gov. 1685 Richard Waldron, do, 1681 Joseph Dudley, President, 1686 Edward Cranfield, Lieut. Gov. 1682
In 1686 under the government of Sir Edmund Andros.
In 1689 the union with Massachusetts revived. John Usher, Lieut. Gov. 1692 | Samuel Allen, Governor, 1698 William Partridge, do. 1697
In 1699 united with Massachusetts and New York.
In 1702 united with Massachusetts. Benning Wentworth, Gov. 1741 | John Wentworth, Gov. 1767
The English government terminated in 1775, and in 1776 a temporary government was formed, which continued during the war; Meshech Weare being annually elected President.
Governors under the Constitution of 1792.
OUTLINES OF THE CONSTITUTION.
A Constitution was established in 1784; and in 1792, this Constitution was altered and amended, by a convention of delegates held at Concord, and is now in force.
The legislative power is vested in a Senate and House of Representatives, which, together, are styled The General Court of New Hampshire.
Every town, or incorporated township, having 150 ratable polls, may send one representative; and for every 300 additional polls, it is entitled to an additional representative.
The Senate consists of 12 members, who are chosen by the people in districts.
The executive power is vested in a Governor and a Council, which consists of five members.
The governor, council, senators, and representatives are all elected annually, by the people, on the second Tuesday in March; and their term of service commences on the first Wednesday in June.
The General Court meets annually (at Concord) on the first Wednesday in June,
The right of suffrage is granted to every male inhabitant of 21 years of age, excepting paupers and persons excused from paying taxes at their own request.