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The judiciary power is vested in a Superior Court and a Court of Common Pleas. The judges are appointed by the governor and council, and hold their offices during good behavior, but not beyond the age of 70 years.

Government for the Year ending on the first Tuesday in June, 1831.

EXECUTIVE. Matthew Harvey, of Hopkinton, Governor, Salary $1,200.

Districts. Francis N. Fisk of Concord, Counsellor for Rockingham. Thomas E. Sawyer of Dover,

do. for Strafford. Jesse Bowers of Dunstable,

do. for Hillsborough. Joseph Healy of Washington, do. for Cheshire Stephen P. Webster of Haverhill,

do. for Grafton. Dudley S. Palmer of Concord, Secretary of State, Salary $800 William Pickering do.


Do. 600


Residence. 1. John F. Parrot, Portsmouth. 7. William Bixby,

Francestown. 2. Jacob Freeze, Deerfield. 8. Benjamin Evans, Warner. 3. Frederic G. Stark, Manchester. 9. Levi Chamberlain, Fitzwilliam. 4. Joseph M. Harper, Canterbury. 10. Eleazar Jackson, Jr. Cornish. 5. Henry B. Rust, Wolfeborough. 11. Elijah Miller, Hanover. 6. Ezekiel Wentworth, Ossipee. 12. Samuel Cartland, Haverhill.

Joseph M. Harper, President of the Senate. Samuel C. Webster, of Plymouth, Speaker of the House of Representa,

tives. Pay of the counsellors, senators, and representatives, $2,00 a day, for attendance during the session of the legislature, and 10 cents a mile for travel: of the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, also the counsellors (when in service, except during the session of the legislature,) $2,50 a day.

Superior Court.

Appointed. Salary. William M. Richardson of Chester, Chief Justice, 1816 $1,400 Samuel Green

of Concord, Associate Justice, 1819 1,200 John Harris of Hopkinton, do.

1823 1,200 George Sullivan of Exeter, Attorney General, 800 Court of Common Pleas.

Appointed. Salary, Arthur Livermore, of Campton, Chief Justice, 1825 $1,200 Timothy Farrar, of Hanover, Associate Justice, do. 1,000 Josiah Butler, of Deerfield,


do. 1,000





Place. stock paid circula-

Specie in


in. tion. New Hampshire Bank, Portsmouth, $ 165,500 60,764 7,578 23 N. Hampshire Union Bank, do.

150,000 24,514 6,579 00 Rockingham Bank,


100,000 16,034 6,571 00 Portsmouth Bank,


100,000 26,623 20,814 71 Piscata qua Bank,


160,900 56,419 19,713 03 Commercial Bank,


100,000 16,000 5,249 48 Exeter Bank,


100,000 26,401 10,620 67 Derry Bank,


100,000 61,171|42,837 96 Stratford Bank,


100,000 28,018 4,825 22 Dover Bank,

125,000 15,774 4,335 70 Winnipiseogee Bank, Meredith, 84,000 34,737 19,131 35 Concord Bank,

Concord, 100,000 37,590 10,946 44 Merrimack Co. Bank,


100,000 35,012 32,057 53 Farmers' Bank,

Amherst, 65,000 32,489 8,694 27 Manufacturers' Bank,

83,265 48,063 22,486 29 Cheshire Bank,


100,000 51,365 11,236 41 Connecticut River Bank, Charlestown, 60,000 50,516 12,076 40 Claremont Bank,

Claremont, 60,000 28,465 7,816 79 Grafton Bank,

Haverhill, 100,000 34,405 43,413 88 Pemigewasset Bank, Plymouth, 50,000 17,479 3,912 69 Lebanon Bank,

Lebanon, 100,000 35,705 10,983 49 The Bank of the United States has an office of Discount and Deposit at Portsmouth


New Hampshire has a college at Hanover, styled Dartmouth College, with which a medical school is connected; a small academical theological institution at New Hampton; and about 30 incorporated academies, of which the oldest and best endowed is Phillips Academy at Exeter.

Common schools are established throughout the state, and for their support a sum, amounting, each year since 1818, to $90,000, is annually raised by a separate tax. The state has a Literary Fund amounting to $64,000, formed by a tax of one half per cent. on the capital of the banks. The proceeds of this fund, and also an annual income of $9,000 derived from a tax on banks, are appropriated to aid the support of schools.


FORT DUMMER, in the southeast part of Vermont, was built in 1724; and Bennington, the oldest town in the state, was chartered in 1749, by Benning Wentworth, governor of New Hampshire.

The territory of Vermont was originally claimed both by New Hampshire and New York ; and its political condition was, for a considerable time,

unsettled; but the people preferring to have a separate government, formed a Constitution in 1777, under which a government was organized in March, 1788 ; and in 1791, Vermont was admitted into the Union.


Thomas Chittenden, elected 1778 | Martin Chittenden,
Moses Robinson, do. 1789 Jonas Galusha,
Thomas Chittenden, do. 1790 Richard Skinner,
Isaac Tichenor,

do. 1797 C. P. Vau Ness, Israel Smith,

do. 1907 | Ezra Butler, Isaac Tichenor,

do. 1808 Samuel C. Crafts, Jonas Galusha,


elected 1813

do. 1915 do...,1820 do. 1823 do. 1826 do. 1828


The first Constitution of this state was formed in 1777 ; the one now in operation was adopted on the 4th of July, 1793.

The legislative power is vested in a single body, a House of Representatives, elected annually, on the first Tuesday in September, every town in the state being entitled to send one representative. The representatives meet (at Montpelier) annually on the second Thursday of the October succeeding their election, and are styled The General Assembly of the State of Vermont.

The executive power is vested in a Governor, Lieutenant Governor, and a Council of 12 persons, who are all chosen annually by the freemen on the first Tuesday in September, and their term of office commences on the second Thursday in October. They are empowered to commission all officers; to sit as judges to consider and determine on impeachments ; to prepare and lay before the General Assembly such business as shall appear to them necessary; and have power to revise and propose amendments to the laws passed by the House of Representatives.

The Constitution grants the right of suffrage to every man of the full age of 21 years, who has resided in the state for the space of one whole year, next before the election of representatives, and is of quiet and peaceable behavior.

The judiciary power is vested in a Supreme Court consisting of three judges; and of a County Court of three judges for each county. The judges of the Supreme, County, and Probate Courts, sheriffs, and justices of the peace, are elected annually by the General Assembly.

A Council of Censors, consisting of 13 persons, are chosen every seven years (first elected in 1799) on the last Wednesday in March, and meet on the first Wednesday in June. Their duty is to inquire whether the Constitution has been preserved inviolate; whether the legislative and executive branches of government have performed their duty as guardians of the people; whether the public taxes have been justly laid and collected; in what manner the public moneys have been disposed of; and whether the laws have been duly executed.


for the Year ending October, 1831. Samuel C. Crafts, of Craftsbury, Governor, Salary $750 Mark Richards,

Lieut. Governor,
Myron Clark,

Bennington | Jedediah H. Harris, Orange
Samuel Clark,
Windham John C. Thompson,

Chittenden Wm. G. Hunter, Rutland George Worthington, Washington Robert Pierpoint,

do. Benj. F. Deming, Caledonia Henry F. Jones, Windsor James Davis,

Ezra Hoyt,
Addison Ira H. Allen,


Salary. Norman Williams of Woodstock, Secretary of State,

$ 450 Benjamin Swan do. Treasurer of the State,


Robert B. Bates, Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Timothy Merrill,
Clerk of the Assembly.

Salary $375. The Counsellors and Representatives receive $1,50 a day, during attendance, and six cents a mile for travel in going and returning. The Lieut. Governor and Speaker of the House receive $2,50 a day,


Judges of the Supreme Court.

Salary. Titus Hutchinson, Chief Justice,

$1,050 Charles K. Williams, Assistant Justice,

1,050 Stephen Royce,


1,050 Ephraim Paddock,


1,050 John C. Thompson


1,050 The Supreme Court is a court for the determination of questions of law and petitions, and other matters not triable by jury. Each Judge receives, in addition to his salary, $125 per annum, for preparing reports of the decisions of the Supreme Court, to be published by the state.

The Legislature appoints annually two assistant judges in each county, who, with one judge of the Supreme Court, compose the County Court. The County Court has original and exclusive jurisdiction in cases triable by jury, where the matter or thing in question exceeds the value of one hundred dollars; and in some cases where smaller damages are claimed. The assistant judges of this court have no salaries, but are paid by fees, which vary probably from $50 to $ 250 per annum, according to the amount of business done in the thirteen different County Courts.


The several items are taken from the Report submitted to the Legis

lature, October 13, 1829.

on hand.

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Nominal Stock

Bills in Depos. Funds & Name.

circula- & div. Property capital. paid in.


due. Bank of Burlington,

$ 150,000 63,000 122,273 36,807 251,739 of Windsor,

100,000 80,000 81,050 176,175 of Brattleborough,

100,000 50,000 67,044 22,415 148,687 of Rutland,

100,000 60,000 125,003 33,993 221,548 of Montpelier,

100,000 30,000 52,831 4,141 91,472 of St. Albans,

100,000 20,000 64,634 9,577 95,526 of Caledonia,

100,000 30,000 25,506 11,617 69,056 of Vergennes,

100,000 30,000 40,218 5,277 77,091 of Orange County,

100,000 29,625 21,959 11,536 65,761 of Bennington,

100,000|40,000| 79,763| 4,073 128,031 * The Bank of the United States has an Office of Discount and Deposite at Burlington.

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EDUCATION. There are two colleges in Vermont, at Burlington and Middlebury; medical schools at Burlington and Castleton; and about 20 incorporated academies in the state, where young men may be fitted for college.

Common schools are supported throughout the state. The money raised by the general law for the support of schools, at 3 per cent. on the Grand List (the valuation for taxes], would be about $51,119 42; and about as inuch more is supposed to be raised by school district taxes. The state has a Literary Fund, derived principally, from a tax of 6 per cent. on the annual profits of the banks ; the amount on loan in September, 1829, was $23,763 32.


The territory of Massachusetts comprised, for many years after its first settlement, two separate colonies, styled the Plymouth Colony and the Colony of Massachusetts Bay.

The first English settlement that was made in New England, was formed by 101 persons who fled from religious persecution in England, landed át Plymouth on the 22d of December, 1620, and laid the foundation of Plymouth Colony.

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