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The settlement of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay was commenced at Salem in 1628. Boston was settled in 1630.

The two colonies continued separate and elected their own governors annually till 1685-6, when they were deprived of their charters, and were placed under the government of Joseph Dudley, and afterwards of Sir Edmund Andros. In 1692, they were united into one colony under a new charter; and the governors were afterwards appointed by the king.



Colonial Governors elected annually by the People.
Plymouth Colony.

Colony of Massachusetts Bay.
John Carver, elected 1620 John Winthrop,

elected 1630

1634 do.

do. William Bradford,

1621 Thomas Dudley,
John Haynes,


1635 Edward Winslow, do. 1633

Henry Vane,


1636 Thomas Prince,

John Winthrop,


1637 William Bradford, do. 1635 Thomas Dudley,

do. 1640 Edward Winslow, do. 1636 Richard Bellingham, do. 1641

do. 1642 William Bradford, do.

John Winthrop, 1637

John Endicott, do. 1644 Thomas Prince, do. 1638

Thomas Dudley, do. 1645 William Bradford, do. 1639

John Winthrop,

do. 1646 Edward Winslow, do. 1644 John Endicott,

do. 1649 William Bradford, do. 1645 Richard Bellingham, do. 1654

John Endicott, do.. 1655 Thomas Prince,

do. 1657

Richard Bellingham, do. 1665 Josiah Winslow,

do. 1673
John Leverett,


1673 Thomas Hinckley,

1680 | Simon Bradstreet,

do. 1679


After the Dissolution of the First Charter. [Joseph Dudley, appointed President of New England, Oct. 8, 1685.

Sir Edmund Andros assumes the government of New England, Dec. 20, 1686—is deposed by the people, April 18, 1689.] Thomas Hinckley, elected 1689 | Simon Bradstreet,

elected 1689

Governors of Massachusetts under the Second Charter, appointed

by the King. Appointed.

Appointed Sir William Phips,

1692 William Taylor, Lieut. Gov. 1715 Wm. Stoughton, Lieut. Gov. 1694 Samuel Shute,

1716 Earl of Bellamont,

1699 William Dummer, Lieut. Gov. 1723 Wm. Stoughton, Lieut. Gov. 1700 William Burnet,

1728 Joseph Dudley,

1702 | William Dummer, Lieut. Gov. 1729 Appointed.

Appointed. William Taylor, Lieut. Gov. 1730 Thomas Hutchinson, Lt. Gov. 1760 Jonathan Belcher, 1730 Francis Bernard,

1760 William Shirley,

1741 Thomas Hutchinson, Lt. Gov. 1770 Spencer Phips, Lieut. Gov. 1749 Thomas Hutchinson,

1770 Thomas Pownall, 1757 | Thomas Gage,

1774 [In October, 1774, a Provincial Congress assumed the government, and in July, 1775, elected counsellors ; in 1780, the Constitution was formed.]

Governors under the Constitution.

John Hancock, James Bowdoin, John Hancock, Samuel Adams, Increase Sumner, Caleb Strong, James Sullivan,

elected 1780 Christopher Gore,
do. 1785 Elbridge Gerry,
do. 1787 | Caleb Strong,
do. 1794 John Brooks,
do. 1797 | William Eustis,
do. 1800 Levi Lincoln,
do. 1807

elected 1809 do. 1810 do. 1812 do. 1816 do. 1823 do. 1825


The Constitution of this state was formed in 1780, and amended in 1821.

The legislative power is vested in a Senate and House of Representatives, which together are styled The General Court of Massachusetts.

The members of the House of Representatives are elected annually in May; and they must be chosen ten days at least before the last Wednesday of that month. Every corporate town having 150 ratable polls may elect one representative, and another for every additional 225 ratable polls.

The Senate consists of 40 members, who are chosen, by districts, annually, on the first Monday in April.

The supreme executive magistrate is styled The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and has the title of “ His Excellency.The Governor is elected annually by the people on the first Monday of April, and at the same time a Lieutenant Governor is chosen, who has the title of “ His Honor.” The Governor is assisted in the executive part of government by a Council of nine members, who are chosen by the joint ballot of the Senators and Representatives, from the Senators; and in case the persons elected, or any of them, decline the appointment, the deficiency is supplied from among the people at large.

The General Court meets (at Boston) on the last Wednesday of May, and also in January.

The right of suffrage is granted to every male citizen, 21 years of age and upwards (excepting paupers and persons under guardianship), who has resided within the commonwealth one year, and within the town or district

in which he may claim a right to vote, six calendar months next preceding any election, and who has paid a state or county tax, assessed upon him within two years next preceding such election, and also every citizen who may be by law exempted from taxation, and who may be, in all other respects qualified as above mentioned.

The judiciary is vested in a Supreme Court, a Court of Common Pleas, and such other courts as the Legislature may establish. The judges are appointed by the Governor by and with the advice and consent of the Council, and hold their offices during good behavior.

Government for the Year ending on the last Tuesday in May, 1831. EXECUTIVE.

Salary. Levi Lincoln, of Worcester, Governor,

$3,666 67 Thomas L. Winthrop, of Boston, Lieut. Governor,

533 33 Edward D. Bangs,

of Boston, Sec. of the Common'th, 2,000 00 Joseph Sewall, of Boston, Treas, & Receiver Gen. 2,000 00 William H. Sumner, of Boston,

Adjutant General, 1,500 00

Counsellors. Samuel C. Allen, Nathan Brooks, John Endicott, Russell Freeman, Aaron Hobart,


Greenfield. George Hull,
Concord. James Savage,
Dedham. Joseph E. Sprague,
N. Bedford. Bezaleel Taft, Jun.
E. Bridgewater.

Residence Sandisfield. Boston. Salem. Uxbridge.


The Senate.

Samuel Lathrop, President of the Senate. Francis C. Gray,

Solomon Lincoln, Jun. Plymouth Alexander H. Everett,

Charles J. Holmes, District. Thomas Motley, Suffolk


Elisha Pope,
Charles Wells,

District. Pliny Cutler,

Christopher Webb,

Norfolk Daniel Baxter,

Henry A. S. Dearborn,

District. Amos Spalding,

Moses Thacher, John Merrill,

Elijah Ingraham,

Bristol William Thorndike, Essex Howard Lothrop,

District, James H. Duncan, District. John A. Parker, Stephen White,

John W. Lincoln, Stephen Phillips,

Lovell Walker,

Worcester Benj. F. Varnum,

David Wilder,

District. Asahel Stearns,

Samuel Mixter,

Middlesex John Locke,

William S. Hastings,

District. Francis Winship,

Oliver Warner, Hampshire Thomas J. Goodwin,

John Warner,


John Fowler, Hampden Samuel M. McKay, Berkshire
Samuel Lathrop, District. Russell Brown,

Elihu Hoyt,


Barker Burnell,
Sylvester Maxwell, ) District.

Charles Calhoun, Clerk.
W. P. Gragg,

Assistant Clerk.
The House of Representatives.
William B. Calhoun,

Pelham W. Warren,

Present number of members 389.
The pay of each member of the Senate and of the House of Representa-
tives, is $2 for each day's attendance, and $2 for every ten miles' travel.

Supreme Court.

Lemuel Shaw, of Boston,

Chief Justice, Samuel Putnam, of Salem;

Associate Justice, Sam’l S. Wilde, of Newburyport,

do. Marcus Morton, of Taunton,

Perez Morton, of Dorchester, Attorney General,
Daniel Davis, of Cambridge, Solicitor General,
Octavius Pickering, of Boston,


Court of Common Pleas. Artemas Ward, of Boston,

Chief Justice, Solomon Strong, of Leominster, Associate Justice, John M. Williams, of Taunton,

do. David Cummins, of Salem,


Salary. $3,500

3,000 3,000 3,000 2,000 2,000 1,000

2,100 1,800 1,800 1,800

Municipal Court of Boston. Peter 0. Thacher,


1,200 1. Justices of the Peace have original and exclusive jurisdiction in all civil cases in which the debt or damages demanded do not exceed $ 20, except where the title to real estate comes in question. They have concurrent criminal jurisdiction as to breaches of the peace, not aggravated in their nature, and in cases of larceny, where the goods stolen do not exceed the value of $5.

2. The Court of Common Pleas has appellate jurisdiction in all civil and criminal cases tried originally before a justice of the peace. It has original and exclusive jurisdiction in all civil, common-law cases, where the debt or damage demanded exceeds the sum of $20 ; and final jurisdiction where the damages demanded do not exceed $100. Its criminal jurisdiction depends generally on particular statutes. In relation to offences at common law, its jurisdiction includes every thing, where the punish. ment does not extend to life, member, or banishment, except where the punishment is, by statute, to be adrinistered by the Supreme Court. In case of mortgages and forfeitures annexed to contracts, this court has a concurrent chancery jurisdiction.

3. The Supreme Judicial Court has appellate jurisdiction in all civil cases where the debt or damage exceeds $ 100, and in all criminal cases originally tried in the Court of Common Pleas or the Municipal Court of the city of Boston. It has concurrent jurisdiction in all criminal cases cognizable by the inferior courts, and original and exclusive jurisdiction in all capital cases. It has also original and exclusive jurisdiction in all cases of alimony and divorce ; and chancery powers in cases of trusts, specific performance of contracts in writing, mortgages, settlement of partner. ship accounts, waste, nuisance, and forfeitures annexed to contracts. It is the Supreme Court of Probate, entertains appeals from the Probate Courts of the counties, and has a general superintending power over all inferior tribunals by writ of error, certiorari, quo warranto, &c.

4. The Probate Courts, of which there is one in each county, consisting of a single judge, have original and exclusive jurisdiction in the probate of wills, settlement of estates, and guardianship of minors, idiots, lunatics, &c.

5. There is, in Boston, a court consisting of three justices, styled the Police Court for the city of Boston, and a Justices' Court for the county of Suffolk, which has the same civil jurisdiction as justices of the peace in other counties, and the same criminal jurisdiction as justices of the peace, concurrently with the Municipal Court.

6. There is also in Boston a Municipal Court, consisting of one judge, which has cognizance of all crimes, not capital, committed within the county of Suffolk, and appellate jurisdiction in all criminal cases tried before the Police Court.

BANKS. The state of the Banks as reported to the General Court in January,


Capital Bills in

Rate pr. ct. &
Name. Stock paid circula- Specie. amount of the
in. tion.

last dividend. Ardoyer, Andover,

100,000 44,252 4,403 79 3

3,000 Beverly, Beverly,

100,000 35,016 2,366 96| 3 3,000 Belchertown, Farmers',

100,000 42,527 422 31 3 3,000 Boston, State,

1,300,000 256,886 59,728 55 21 45,000 Boston, New England, 1,000,000 97,704 37,121 63 3 30,000 Boston, Globe,

1,000,000 255,164 51,595 17 3 30,000 Boston, City,

1,000,000 152,741 19,621 44 2.1 25,000 Boston, Boston,

900,000 94,441 26,785 03 23 24,000 Boston, Massachusetts, 800,000 106,818 66,056 71 2; 20,000 Boston, Union,

800,000 108,930 51,796 79 23 20,000 Boston, Manu. and Mec. 750,000 50,790 32,355 03 3 22,500 Boston,

North Bank, 750,000144,255 20,310 05 34 24,375 Boston, Suffolk,

750,000192,879|154,313 04 3 22,500

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