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THE

A MERICAN ALMANAC

FOR THE YEAR

1831.

I. THE CALENDAR AND CELESTIAL PHENOMENA FOR THE YEAR.

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SIGNS OF THE PLANETS, &c.
The Sun.
Juno.

ing the same Longitude or The Earth. Pallas.

Right Ascension. D O ( The Moon. Ceres.

a Quadrature, or differing ☆ Mercury. 4 Jupiter.

90° in Long. or R. A. Venus. h Saturn.

8 Opposition, or disering Mars.

H Herschel or Uranus. 180° in Long. or R. A. Vesta.

o Conjunction, or hav- 82 ascend., y descend. node. The sign + prefixed to the latitude or declination of the Sun, &c. indicates that the same is north ; but when the sign — is prefixed, the latitude or declination is south.

The letters M. A. or m. a. are used to denote Morning and Afternoon.

By reduced latitude is meant the latitude referred to the centre of the terrestrial spheroid. If the earth were a perfect sphere, the common latitude and the reduced latitude would be the same.

CHRONOLOGICAL CYCLES. Dominical Letter

B | Solar Cycle Lunar Cycle, or Golden Number 8 Roman Indiction Epact

17 Julian Period

20

4 6544

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Spring Winter Signs. Signs. mm

SIGNS OF THE ZODIAC, With the Mean Time (at Washington) of the Sun's Entrance into, and Continuance in, each of them, and the Length of the Seasons. Sun enters

Continues h. m.

d. h. m.

S. 10. Ve (Capricornus.) 1830, Dec. 21, 13 58 3.7 29 10 37 12.2 11. A (Aquarius.) 1831, Jan. 20, 0 35 15.9 14 42 51.7 12. H (Pisces.)

Feb. 18, 15 18 7.6 30 0 1 46.0 1. g (Aries.)

March 20, 15 19 53.6 12 16 41.3 2. 8 (Taurus.)

April 20, 3 36 34.9 31 0 15 1.4 3. Ü (Gemini.)

May 21, 3 51 36.3 8 36 57.3

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186 11 6 50.5 178 18 48 52.8

Sun North of the Equator (Spring and Summer)
South

(Winter and Autumn) Length of the tropical year, commencing at the winter Mean or average length of the tropical year

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365 5 55 43.3 365 5 48 47.8

EMBER DAYS.

February 23d, 25th, and 26th. September 21st, 23d, and 24th.
May 25th, 27th, and 28th. December 14th, 16th, and 17th.

MOVABLE FESTIVALS OF THE CHURCH IN 1831.

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Septuagesima Sunday, January 30. | Rogation Monday,
Quinq. or Shrove Sunday, Feb. 13.

Tuesday,
Ash Wed., 1st day of Lent,“ 16. | Ascension Day,
Mid-Lent Sunday, March 13. | Whitsunday, or Pentecost,
Palm Sunday,

27. Trinity Sunday, Easter Day,

April 3. Corpus Christi Day, Low Sunday,

10. Advent Sunday, Rogation Sunday,

May 9.

10. 12. 22.

29. June 2. Nov. 27.

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May 8.

JEWISH CALENDAR.

The Fasts or Feasts marked with an asterisk are strictly observed.

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Names of the Months. 5591 21st of Nisan *Seventh Feast

April 4, 1831. 22d *End of the Passover

5,
1st of Ijar

14,
18th
Lag beomer

May 1,
Ist of Sivan

13,
6th
*Feast of Weeks, or Pentecost

18,
7th
Second Feast

19,
1st of Thammus

June 12, 17th

Fast for the Taking of the Temple 28, 1st of Ab

July 11, 9th

*Fast for the Burning of the Temple “ 19, 1st of Elul

Aug. 10, 5592 lst of Tisri *Feast for the New Year

Sept. 8,
2d
*Second Feast for the New Year

9,
3d

Fast of Gedaljah
10th
*Feast of the Reconciliation

5 17,
15th

*Feast of the Huts or Tabernacles " 22, 16th

*Second Feast 21st

Feast of Palms or Branches
22d

*End of the Congregation, or Hut-
Feast

€ 29,
23d

* Rejoicing for the Discovery of the
Law

6 30,
1st of Marchesvan

Oct. 8,
1st of Chisleu

Nov. 6,
25th
Consecration of the Temple

30,
1st of Thebet

Dec. 5,
10th
Fast for the Siege of Jerusalem

14,
1st of Sebat

Jan. 3, 1832.

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Appearance of the Sun, at the apparent Conjunction of the Sun and Moon, in the Eclipse of the 12th of February, at Petersburg, Va., Cahawba, Siasconset, Halifax, and all other places where the Sun is centrally, or very nearly centrally, eclipsed.

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Appearance of the Sun, at the greatest Obscuration, at Natchez, Nashville,

Washington, Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, New Haven, Hartford, Boston, New Bedford, Porismouth, Portland, and all other places where the Sun will be about 111 digits eclipsed on his South Limb.

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