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3156ad, 316 Wanisation, 317 with the
Calais, efforts of Elizabeth for restora-
tion of, iii. 297.
Calamy, on the Church Security Act,
Calder, James, slaughter of the Regent
Lennox by, v. 40.
Calderwood, David, vii. 78-on the Kirk
in 1595, v. 297—on the Gowrie Con.
spiracy, 333, note - notices of the
Hampton Court conference from, 425
-on the position of the bishops, 461-
on the execution of Ogilvie the Jesuit,
vi. 13-discussion with James VI., 47
-his account of the passing of the
Five Articles of Perth, 53.
“Caledonians” of Tacitus, the, i. 5-
name first used by him, 17 — their
struggle with Agricola, 5—the battle
of the Mons Grampius, ib.-their out-
break under Commodus, 36-account
of them by Dion Cassius, 39--Tacitus
on them, 183 et seq.
•Calendarium Genealogicum,' notice of
Wallace in the, ii. 225, note.
Callander, the so-called Roman camp at,
i. 70, note.
Callernish, the great stone circle at, i.
131 et seq. passim, 137.
Calvin, letter from Knox to him on the
toleration of the queen, iv. 31 -- cir-
cumstances attending his organisation
of the Church at Geneva, 333—his at-
tempt to establish a theocratic rule
there, v. 142.
Calvin 'or Colville, Robert, the case of
the postnati originated with, v. 412.
Cambria or Cumbria, early application of
the name, i. 337.
Cambuskenneth, the Abbot of, one of
James VI.'s tutors, v. 135, 163
“Cambuslang Wark," the, viii. 413 et seq.
Camden, dimensions of the Roman wall
in his time, i. 25-character of Kerr of
Ferniehurst by, v. 231.
Camelon, the Roman town of, i. 53, note,
Cameron of Lochiel joins Glencairn for
Charles II., vii. 68.
Cameron, Richard, issuing of the Sanqu-
har Declaration by, vii. 235-his death,
237-party called after him, ib.
Cameron of Lochiel, counsels of, to Cla-
verhouse as to disciplining the High-
landers, vii. 360 - his memoirs, 361,
note-joins Claverhouse, 362—at Kil-
liecrankie, 379, 380 - joins the Pre-
tender in 1745, viii. 437-enters Edin-
Camerons and Grants, feud between the,
Cameronian Regiment, raising of it
authorised by the Convention, vii. 297.
Cameronians, their defeat at Airds Moss.
vii. 237-their Apologetical Declara-
tion, 248 - measures of the Council
against them, 250 — the abjuration
oath, ib. continued severities against
them under James II., 264 - their
views on the Indulgences, 272 et seq.
-- the literature of the persecutions,
274, note - removal' to the planta-
tions, and the prisoners at Dunnottar,
277 — their position at the Revolu-
tion, 310 — their views and prin-
ciples, 311 — animosity against the
Indulgence and those who accepted it,
312_influence of their clergy, 313-
their relations to the Presbyterian
Church, ib.—their want of clergymen,
315 - attempt to obtain these from
abroad, 316—want of temporal leaders,
ib. - their organisation, 317-resolu-
tions as to co-operation with the
Dutch, 317 - opposition to William,
318-conduct toward the Episcopalian
clergy, 319-military preparations, 320
-arms distributed among them, 321–
their military organisation, ib.-effect
of the alarm as to invasion from Ire-
land, &c., ib. et seq.-discussions as to
proposed embodiment of regiment, and
conditions finally arranged, 322 et seq.
-its character and after history, 325,
326—their discontent with the Govern-
ment as uncovenanted, 326-question
as to whether they could address the
Parliament, 327 - accession of their
clergy to the Established Church, 327,
328 -- their after history, 328-invest-
ment of Edinburgh Castle by them,
357-in arms after Killiecrankie, 385–
headed by Colonel Cleland, 386—the
defence of Dunkeld, 387 et seq.-unre-
presented in the Convention Parlia-
ment, 420_their views as to the settle-
ment of the Church, 424 and note
their dissatisfaction at the non-adop-
tion of the Covenant, 431-their posi-
tion in the Church as finally establish-
ed, 433— terms of the admission of
their leaders into the Establishment,
434, note-their dissatisfaction with
the Assembly of 1690, 439-their dis-
satisfaction with the Act admitting
conforming clergy to the Church, 457
—their declaration against the Union,
viii. 138, 157-outbreak at Glasgow,
159 — their organisation, and danger
from them, 160-supposed outbreak at
Dumfries, 161-attempt at union be-
tween them and the Highlanders, 162
-Jacobite expectations from them in
1708, 201 and the oaths, 236 — the
Auchenshauch Declaration, 237 -
their reasons for remaining in the
Kirk, 238-their secession from it, 240
-their subsequent subdivisions, 241-
present state of their church, ib..-
works relating to their history, 242,
note-their loyalty in 1715, 267-their
secession from the Kirk, 379 — their
testimony against the Seceders, 410--
on the “ Cambuslang Wark," 414 – half of Scotland sent to, 210-difficul.
their loyalty in 1745, 470.
ties of his journey to the king, ib. et
Campbell of Calder, vi. 37.
seq. - reversal by him of sentence of
Campbell of Cessnock, trial and acquittal excommunication on Huntly, vi. 13.
of, vii. 247.
Cantyre, tribute exacted by King Haco
Campbell, Robert, at the coronation of from, ii. 33.
James VI., iv. 285.
Canute, his alleged superiority over
Campbell, Lady Agnes, vi. 26, note.
Scotland, i. 342.
Campbell, Captain Colin, his account of Capitals, local, &c., the early, ii. 52.
the reception of the fugitives from Capitolinus, Julius, the History of, i. 33
Darien in Jamaica, viii. 52, note.
Campbell, Sir Colin, becomes surety for Cappock, Thomas, an adherent of the
the M'Donalds, vii. 412, note.
Pretender, viii. 464.
Campbell, Colonel, in 1745, viii. 4
Caractacus, question as to the received
Campbell, David, of Shawfield, attack history of, i. 12.
on, by a mob, viii. 354.
Carausius, usurpation of the empire by,
Campbell, J. F., 'Popular Tales of the and his overthrow, i. 41 - Arthur's
West Highlands' by, i. 176.
Oon ascribed to him, 53—coin of, 58.
Campbell, the Provost of Edinburg Carber Riadha, founder of the kingdom
measures for its defence in 1715, viii. of Dalriada, i. 286.
Carberry Hill, the position of the queen
Campbell of Ardentinnie, one of the and Bothwell at, iv. 240.
Union Commissioners, viii. 117. Cardross, Lord, at the attack on Dun-
Campbell of Finab, appointed to com- keld, vii. 388.
mand expedition to Darien, viii. 54- Carey, George, named as husband for
defeat of the Spaniards, 57.
Queen Mary, v. 244.
Campbell of Glenderule, heads the Bread Carey, Sir John, his report regarding the
albane men in 1715, viii. 258.
second Both well, V. 285 — saves the
Campbell of Glenlyon, the agent in the two young Ruthvens at Berwick, 344.
massacre of Glencoe, vii. 403 et seq. Carey, Sir Robert, conveys to James VI.
Campbell's 'Grampians Desolate,' i. 18, the intelligence of his accession, v. 358
- his account of Charles I. in child-
Campbells, their increasing power, and hood, 389.
branches, vi. 37-their hatred to the Cargill, Donald, vii. 234 pronounces
Macdonalds of Glencoe, vii. 403.
sentence of excommunication on the
Camps, Roman, in Scotland, i. 70 et seq. king, 236-his capture and execution,
-their special features, 72 et seq.
Candida Casa, the, i. 43.
Carham, victory of the Scots at, i. 340.
Canisius, the Larger and Shorter Cate Carlisle, siege of, by the Scots, ii. 197,
chisms of, vi. 7.
note-removal of Queen Mary to, iv.
Cannon, Colonel, Irish auxiliaries under, 380—necessity of her removal from it,
at Killiecrankie, vii. 380-takes com 392-trials of rebels after 1715 at, viii.
mand after Claverhouse's death, 385– 336 - captured by the Pretender, 463
force under him, and his movements, -alleged subsidy from it, 464--recap-
ib. — movements against the Camer ture of, 476-trials and executions at,
onians at Dunkeld, 387-his repulse
there, 389 — defeat at the Haugħs of Carlisle, the Bishop of, in 1715, viii. 302.
Carlos, Don, project of marrying Queen
Canon - Frome, the siege of, during the Mary to, iv. 93 et seq. — the scheme
Great Rebellion, ii. 280, note.
broken through, 94.
Canons, the Book of, abolished by As- Carlyle, Dr, his account of the execution
sembly of 1638, vi. 230-and again by of Wilson, viii. 361, note.
that of 1639, 272—and Ecclesiastical Carmichael, Lord, commissioner in the
Constitutions, the, 104-Laud the true Assembly, vii. 437, 456.
author of them, 105--their character, Carmichael, Peter, one of the conspira-
ib.-imposed by the sole authority of tors against Beaton, escapes from
the king, 111-course intended by the France, iri. 267.
• Scots bishops, 112.
Carmichael, William, his murder intend-
Cant, Andrew, one of the commissioners ed instead of Sharp's, vii. 207 et seq.
to Aberdeen, vi. 233.
Carmichael, Scots warden of the Border,
Canterbury, the Archbishop o claims at the Raid of the Redeswire, v. 152.
supremacy over Scotland, i. 421-his Carnegie, Sir D., one of the Octavians,
policy regarding the bishopric of St V. 299.
Andrews, 422 et seq. — struggles be- Carnwath, the Earl of, in 1715, viii. 259
tween, and York for ecclesiastical -rising of, 291, 295—his trial and con-
supremacy, ii. 4-Papal bull on be- demnation, 334-not executed, 336.
Carmichael, Peter, onen. escapes from
Carolina, projected emigration scheme party, 226, 227–a leader in the plot
to, vii. 245.
against Beaton, 359 — his death in
Carpenter, General, movements against France, 291. '
the southern Jacobites in 1715, viii. Cassilis, the Earl of, fraudulent and vio-
298, 301-arrival at Preston, and the lent acquisitions of Church property
capitulation there, 310.
by, iv. 38 et seq.-joins Queen Mary
Carpenter, Nathaniei, viii. 23.
after her escape, 367, 377 note-indem-
Carrawburgh, the Roman Procolitia, i. nity to, v.117.
Cassilis, the Earl of, commissioner to
Carrick, the Earl of, his widow the an Westminster Assembly, vi. 381-one of
cestor of Bruce, ii. 37, note.
the commissioners from the Covenan-
Carrick, the Countess of, marriage of ters to Charles II., vii. 9.
Bruce's father to, ii. 254, note.
Castelnau, conversation of Queen Mary
Carsewell, John, his translation of the with, regarding her suitors, iv. 96
Book of Common Order into Gaelic, sent to propose her marriage to the
Duke of Anjou, 97—sent as ambassador
Carstairs, Principal, tortured, vii. 538 to Queen Mary, and his character, 127
-his character, and influence with -interview with Mary, ib.-statement
William III., 306 et seq. - his father, from his Memoirs regarding supposed
308, note - his intervention in favour daughter of Queen Mary's by Bothwell,
of Lord Ross, 347-his alarm as to col. iv. 363, note.
lision with the clergy, 455—his con- Castilians, the party of Grange and Leth-
duct on this occasion, 456-influence ington so called, v. 115.
of his counsels with the Assembly Castlecary, the Roman fort at, 4, 35.
during the Union agitation, viii. 147 Castlehill fort, i. 34, note.
heads deputation to the Court in 1711,
izure of James VI. at,
223-favours toleration to the Episco V. 186.
palians, 224-attempt by him to mo- Castle Swein, the ruins of, ii. 100, note.
dify the form of the oath for the clergy, Castles, baronial, &c., in Scotland, iii.
Carteret, his hostile position toward Scot- Catechisms, the Larger and Shorter, the
land, viii. 365.
Westminster Assembly's, vi. 401.
Carved woodwork, early, in Scotland, iii. Caterans, laws against, ii. 390.
Caterthun, the hill-fort of, i. 84.
Carvet, Sir John, a Romish priest, treat- Cathedral cities, origin of,' ii, 86.
ment of, iv. II
Catherine of Medici, dubious policy of, in
Casket letters, the, their discovery, iv. France, iv. 68—her antagonism to the
252-their history, 253—their publica Guises, 92-opposes the marriage of
tion by Buchanan, ib. -summary of Queen Mary to Don Carlos, ib.-project
their contents, 254 et seq.-the sonnets, for interview with Philip II., 93-her
261--the assertion that they were tam duplicity, 94-continued opposition to
pered with, 263 -- the theory of their the Spanish marriage, 97—withholds
being forged, and arguments against aid from Mary, 127 — her conference
it, 264 — their authenticity not im with Alva, and formation of the league,
pugned at the meeting of the Estates, 132–her enmity to Queen Mary, 293,
ib. and note-their affluence in minute 378-her death, v. 268.
details as evidence of their authenti. Catherine of Spain, her marriage to Prince
city, 205 et seq. — their exact coinci. Arthur, iii. 54 — and afterwards to
dence, with Craufurd's testimony, 266 Henry VIII., ib.
et seq.--their general probability, 272– Catholic league, formation of the, iv. 133
if forged, who was the forger? ib.-im -danger to England from it, v. 226.
probability of Buchanan's being so, “ Catrail,” the, an ancient wall in Scot-
273—they are treated by the party in land, i. 99.
power as genuine, 277—the first refer- 'Causes of the Lord's Wrath,' the, vii. 34
once to them in the negotiations with et seq.
England, 404 - reference to them in Cavaliers of the north, the, commence
Mary's instructions to her commis actual hostilities, vi. 246 - march
sioners, 416 - letter of the English southward, but disperse, 247-march
commissioners to Elizabeth on them, of Montrose against them, ib.
428- their formal production before Caves, artificial, at Hawthornden, &c., i.
the commission, 444-their examina- 101.
tion by the Council, and the report on Caw Mills, or Edrington Castle, negotia-
this, 445-negotiations in 1582 regard. tions regarding, iii. 155.
ing them, v. 198.
Cecil, see Burleigh.
Cassilis, the Earl of, one of the “assured Cecil, the younger, correspondence with
lords,” iii. 190 — joins the national James VI. regarding the succession
Mary Sa. 1416 - to Elizoductio
V. 355 et seq.-his reception of James
VI. at Theobalds, 369 et seq.
Cecilia, the Princess of England, be-
trothed to James IV., iii, 18.
Celestine, Pope, Palladius sent as bishop
to the Scots by, i. 238.
Celibacy not adhered to among the Cul.
dees, i. 398.
Celtic civilisation in Ireland, the early,
and its characteristics, i. 294–the early
literature, 295 - races, Druidism, as
their supposed religion, 210—and Teu.
tonic races, division between, in Scot-
land, ii. 389-races of Ireland, their
treatment and character, vi. 341 et seq.
--usages, gradual disappearance of, as
regards government, ii. 57.
Celts, characteristics of their migrations
and settlements, i. 205-long reticence
of Norse superstitions among them,
233—their long resistance to the feudal
system, 361-their ready subservience
to the Normans, ii. 16—their enmity to
the Lowlanders, 248.
Celts or hatchets, stone, i. 116, 119.
Censorship of the press, attempts of the
Reformed Church to establish, iv. 321.
Ceolfrid, Abbot, on the tonsure, i. 273-
his letter to King Naitan, 274..
Cerbeil, the treaty of, ii. 297.
Ceremonies, the Millenary petition
against, v. 423..
Chalmer, James, during interview with
the queen-regent, iii. 347.
Chalmers, Celtic names of rivers from, i.
188, note-Celtic origin given to names
of Pictish kings, 192, note-on the sup-
posed armorial bearings of William the
Lion, 445, note.
Chambered cairns in Scotland, i. 101 et
seq. - apparent connection of the
“Druidical" stones with them, 137.
Chamberlain, the Lord, his duties with
regard to the corporations, ii. 87.
Chambers, David, an emissary of Queen
Mary's, iv. 112-joins the queen after
her marriage, 125-denounced in the
placards as one of Darnley's murderers,
196-rewards conferred by Parliament
on him, 212.
Champlain, his discoveries in America,
Chancellorship, the, latterly monopolised
by Churchmen, iii. 313.
“ Chapter of Mitton," the, il. 281.
Charlemagne, influence of his wars as re-
gards the Norse migrations, i. 303–
capitulary of, against burning the dead,
108, and note-laws attributed to, ii. 58.
Charles I., his birth, v. 353-extracts
from his early letters, &c., 385- his
early life, 388 et seq.-created Duke of
York, 300-his accession and tone of
his reign, vi. 73 et seq.-his marriage,
74-measures for resumption of Church
revenues, 75 et seq.-terms of his “Re-
vocation," ib.-efforts to carry it out,
76-measures against recusants, 8o et
seq.-the final arrangements, 82-his
probable ultimate designs, 83-his sub-
sequent vindication, 84-at the Par-
liament of 1633, 87 et seq. -the “Suppli-
cation," and his reception of it, 88 et
seq.-- visit to Scotland, 90_his corona.
tion, 91-measures regarding clerical
dress, 92-return to London, 93-the
Supplication refused, and trial of Bal.
merinoch, 95 et seq.-formation of dio-
cese of Edinburgh, 98 - Archbishop
Spottiswood appointed Chancellor, 99
--the Canons, 104 — they imposed by
his sole authority, 110-gathering ele-
ments of hostility, 113–Laud's Liturgy
and the attempt to introduce it, 125-
the proclamation enforcing it, 144—
continued attempts to enforce the Ser
vice-book, 158 et seq. ---proclamations
against the Supplicants, &c., 164 et seq.
-instructions to the Council regarding
the Supplication, &c., 168 proclama-
tion, 175—fresh proclamation, and its
reception, 178 et seq.-the Covenant,
183 et seq.-refuses to receive the Sup-
plication, 188-Hamilton sent as com-
missioner, 189-terms proposed by the
latter, 193–spies of the Covenanters on
him, 195—his proclamation, 196-com-
promise proposed, 200 policy revealed
in his secret instructions to Hamilton,
ib. et seq. - entire surrender of the
points in dispute, 202-appointment of
Huntly his lieutenant, 215 - with-
drawal of his commissioner from the
Assembly, 229-first actual conflict in
the war, 246–preparations against the
Covenanters, 255—want of resources,
256-assembling of forces, &c., 257–
proclamation, which the authorities
refuse to receive, 259-proclamation on
the march to the Border, 263-his ad-
vance to the Border, 265—his position,
ib.-attempts at mediation, ib. et seq.-
his attendance at the conferences of the
commissioners, 267—the pacification of
Berwick, 268 et seq.-alleged attempt to
kidnap the Covenanting leaders, 269-
his duplicity in the pacification, 270,
et seq.-documents proving his dupli-
city toward the Covenanters, 273 —
his Short and Large Declarations, and
the Assembly's answer, 275 et seq. -
struggle with the Parliament of 1640,
280 et seq.-his position with regard to
it, 284 et seq.-his Large Declaration
denounced by Parliament, 287 - dis-
covers the negotiations of the Cove-
nanters with France, 288—release of
Loudon, 293—the “Short Parliament."
294 — hostilities renewed, 301-agrees
to treat, 300—the treaty of Ripon, 310
et seq.- continuation of his Declaration,
310-proposes transferring the confer-
ence to York, 315—it removed to Lon.
don, 316—the impeachment of Straf.
ford, 318—conclusion of the treaty, 320
et seq.- his visit to Scotland, 325
meeting of Parliament, ib. et seq.-his
speech, 326_curtailing of the preroga-
tive by the Parliament, 329 — secret
correspondence of Montrose with him,
331–the “Incident," 334 et seq.-the
rebellion in Ireland, 340-his intended
employment of Irish against the Scots,
343-his supposed commission to Sir
Phelim O'Neil, 344-commencement of
hostilities with the English Parliament,
352-hostilities resumed by the Scots,
356-battle of Marston Moor, 361-sur-
renders to the Scots, 404-removed to
Newcastle, and his discussion with
Henderson, ib. et seq.-his residence in
the Scots camp, and dismissal of Mon-
trose, 407-motives of the Scots in re-
taining him, 408 — circumstances of
their surrender of him, ib. et seq.-his
seizure by Joyce on behalf of the army,
409—the “ Engagement" at Newport,
ib. —rising of the Engagers on his be-
half, and their defeat, 410 et seq.-his
execution, 417– views in Scotland on
it, ib. et seq.
Charles II. proclaimed at Edinburgh, vi.
419-urges on Montrose the invasion of
Scotland, vii. 4-commissioners from
the Covenanters to him, and treaty, 9
et seq.-he accepts the Covenant, 13-
landing in Scotland, 14-dealings of the
Covenanting leaders with him, 17 et seq.
--signs their declaration, 18-day of
fasting, 19-removed to Dunfermline,
204his evasion from the Covenanters,
and recapture, 31-coronation at Scone,
32—again signs the Covenant, 33-his
flight from Worcester, 41- Glencairn's
expedition in his favour, 68—his arri-
val in London, and reception, 119-re-
joicings in Scotland, ib., note-suppli-
cation of the Covenanters to him, 123-
causes of his hatred to them, 127-de-
putation from the Scots clergy, 128-
the Earl of Middleton appointed High
Commissioner, 143—the Act Rescis-
sory, ib.-restoration of Episcopacy,
145 et seq.-creation of Privy Council,
148–execution of Argyle, Warriston,
&c., 149 et seq.—the Act of Indem-
nity, 149 et seq., 157 et seq. - mea-
sures against the Covenanters, 158
et seq. —the Court of High Commission,
161 et seq.—the struggle between Mid-
dleton and Lauderdale, and fall of the
former, 162 et seq.-his treatment of the
Billeting Act, 166—the rising in the
west, and its suppression, 170 et seq.
the Indulgence, 177—measures of re-
pression, 187 et seq.-encroachments on
the municipalities, 193—the murder of
Sharp, 206 et seq.-the insurrection at
Loudon Hill, 222 et seq.- declaration of
the Covenanters against him, 235-ex-
communicated by them, 236-increased
severities in Scotland, 238—the Succes-
sion and Test Acts, 241-the Ryehouse
and Assassination plots, 245—his death,
Charles the Bold and Louis XI., the
meeting between, iii. 179.
Charles II. of Spain, intrigues regarding
the succession to, viii. 49.
Charles V. of France, embassy from, to
Scotland, ii. 350.
Charles IX., suggested marriage of, to
Queen Mary, iv. 08-at the conferences
between his mother and Alva, 135-ap-
peal from Queen Mary to him for aid,
Charles XII. of Sweden, threatened in-
vasion by, 1716, viii. 339.
Charles, the Archduke, proposed as hus-
band to Queen Mary, iv. 95, 96.
Charles Edward, the first rumours re-
garding his landing, viii. 431 - his
views, &c., 432-sails for Scotland, 433
-landing, 434—his first reception, 435
—on the mainland, 436 – joined by
Clanranald, Lochiel, '&c., 437 - the
gathering in Glenfinnan, 438-the march
to the Lowlands, 441 et seq.-enters
Perth, 442—contrast to his father, ib.
et seq. --capture of Edinburgh, 449 et
seq. — at Holyrood, 451 — march to
Prestonpans, 452-the battle, 453 et
seq. — return to Edinburgh and life
there, 458-accessions of force, 459-
attempted investment of the castle,
460, 461-the march to England, 461--
his force, 462captures Carlisle, 463-
the march toward London, 465 et seq.-
reception at Preston, 466-and Man-
chester, ib. - arrival at Derby, 467—the
retreat, 475-recapture of Carlisle, 477
contributions levied on Dumfries and
Glasgow, 478 et seq.- battle of Falkirk,
481 - continued retreat, 483-opera-
tions at Inverness, &c., 484 et seq.-
movement toward Culloden, 487—the
battle, 489 et seq.-his flight, 492-his
after adventures and escape, 498 et seq.
Charterhouse Monastery, Perth, destroy-
ed by the Reformers, iii. 352.
Charters of the Forest, the, i. 434-speci-
alities of early, as indicating the germ
of Parliament, ii. 82.
Chartley, Queen Mary's removal to, and
the trap laid for her there, v. 250 et
Chasles, M., on the poems ascribed to
Queen Mary, iv. 262, note.
Chastellar accompanies Queen Mary to
Scotland, iv. 18–Brantôme's account
of him, 86 -- his attempts on Queen
Mary, 87–his execution, 88.
Chatelherault, dukedom of, conferred on
Arran, iii. 283.