Southern Gaul and the Mediterranean: Multilingualism and Multiple Identities in the Iron Age and Roman Periods
Cambridge University Press, 11/07/2013 - 455 páginas
The interactions of the Celtic-speaking communities of Southern Gaul with the Mediterranean world have intrigued commentators since antiquity. This book combines sociolinguistics and archaeology to bring to life the multilingualism and multiple identities of the region from the foundation of the Greek colony of Massalia in 600 BC to the final phases of Roman Imperial power. It builds on the interest generated by the application of modern bilingualism theory to ancient evidence by modelling language contact and community dynamics and adopting an innovative interdisciplinary approach. This produces insights into the entanglements and evolving configurations of a dynamic zone of cultural contact. Key foci of contact-induced change are exposed and new interpretations of cultural phenomena highlight complex origins and influences from the entire Mediterranean koine. Southern Gaul reveals itself to be fertile ground for considering the major themes of multilingualism, ethnolinguistic vitality, multiple identities, colonialism and Mediterraneanization.
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Language contact and community dynamics 53
Bilingual texts and community dynamics 74
Scripts as indicators of contact 95
List ofGreek inscriptions ofFrance not included in
Names as indicators of contact 122
Gallia in Graeciam translata? Investigating GaulishGreek
La Celtique méditerranéenne? Investigating the inﬂuence of
Dou rayonna en Occident la civilisation? Investigating the loci
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Southern Gaul and the Mediterranean: Multilingualism and Multiple Identities ...
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Adams adoption analysis ancient world Arcelin archaeological argues Aristaion attested Bats bi—version bilingual bilingual texts BPATOY brateis calque Cavaillon Celtic names CIL XII code-switching communities complex context creoles cultural contacts dated Decourt dedication deity Dietler difﬁcult discussion epigraphic ethnic ethnolinguistic vitality Etruscan evidence example ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst century formula Gallia Gallia Narbonensis Gallo-Greek Gaulish Glanum grafﬁti Greek inscriptions Greek script Hellenization Hermary Horizontal cross-bar Iberian identiﬁed identity indigenous inﬂuence instance interpretation Ionic Italian Kajanto KGPN koine La Graufesenque Lambert language contact lapidary Latin Latin Latin Lejeune linguistic literacy Marseille Massalia Massaliote material Mediterranean mixed languages Morel Mullen multilingualism Musée Narbonensis Nimes nomina ofthe onomastics origins Oscan patronymic perhaps period personal names Phokaian pidgins possible refers reﬂect region RIGI Rolland Roman Roth Conges Saint-Blaise script second century settlements signiﬁcant Southern Gaul speciﬁc sufﬁx suggests Szemerényi term Thomason Tréziny Ventabren Woolf