The History of Basque
Psychology Press, 1997 - 458 páginas
Basque is the sole survivor of the very ancient languages of western Europe. Due to its unusual structure and its seeming lack of relatives, the language has long been the object of curiosity and speculation. More than a century of specialist work has succeeded in shedding a great deal of light on the history and especially the prehistory of Basque, but this work has up until now been almost entirely confined to the specialist literature, and has not been available to general historical linguists. This book, written by an internationally renowned specialist in Basque, finally rectifies the problem. It provides a comprehensive survey of all that is known about the prehistory of the language, including pronunciation, the grammar and the vocabulary. It also provides a long critical evaluation of the search for relatives, as well as a thumbnail sketch of the language, a summary of its typological features, an external history and an extensive bibliography.
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adjectives adverbs allocutive ancient appears Aquitanian Araba aspiration attested auxiliary Azkue Azkue's Basque language Basque word Basque-speaking Bizkaia borrowed Castilian Celtic century Chapter cited clauses clusters common compound consonant contrast dative derived dialects dictionary diphthongs earlier eastern varieties edun egin element ergative etorri etymology evidence example final finite formation French Basque Country frequent fricatives genitive gerund Gipuzkoa gizon gorri red he/she hence Iberian ikusi Indo-European initial intervocalic intransitive verbs izan Lapurdian large number lexical items loan from Latin loan words locative meaning medieval Michelena modern Basque morph morpheme morphology nasal Navarre non-finite northern varieties nouns Occitan occur origin palatal participle personal names phonological place names plosives plural possible postpositions Pre-Basque prefix probably pronouns proposed represent rhotic Romance sibilant singular Spanish stem suffix surnames syllable texts toponyms usually variant Vascones vasconists verb-forms verbal voiced voiceless plosives vowel western word-formation word-initial Zuberoan