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INDEX

TO

NEW-YORK MUNICIPAL GAZETTE.

SERIES OF NUMBERS, EMBRACING

Numbers 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48.

ISSUED MAY 28th, 1847.

An.

د نیازتان را در امور پر

LIBRARY

Ecort 579258,2 F:

NDEX
Of the_Series composed of Numbers 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, and 48.....June 1, 1846, to May 1, 1847.
E con 5122, 58

CONSTITUTIONAL STATE CONVENTION.

Page.

Executive, Legislative and Judiciary powers... 562
Assessment abuses.......................... 575
For a council of the constitution for defining ex-

ecutive legislative and judiciary powers...... 561

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Organization of Convention; Names of Officers,
Names of Members..............

561
Standing Committees ....

574
Preliminary Resolutions ......

574
Municipal Corporations.
Report thereon, by Mr. Murphy .......

599
by Mr. Allen ............ 609

Rights of Citizens.
Report upon, by Mr. Tallmadge....

584
Local Taxation.
Resolution of enquiry, into by Mr. Morris...... 578
Debates thereon, by 16 members........578 to 580

Double Taxation.
Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Strong .... 580
Debate thereon by 8 members...........580 to 581

Equalization of Taxation:
Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Morris.... 578
Resolutions in relation thereto by Mr. Townsend

610 and 593
Debates thereon by 9 members............... 610

Taxation of Personal Property.
Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Murphy... 599

16 « Mr. Ruggles... 599
Debates thereon by 3 members............... 599

Royal Charters and Grants.
Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Murphy., 581
Debates thereon by 6 members............... 581

Titles to Bills and Acts.
Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Taggart... 585
Debates thereon by 7 members............... 585

Royal Charters and Franchises.
Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Murphy.. 581
Debates thereon by 2 members.....

New-York Registry Law.
Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Tallmadge 596

Cities and Villages.
Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Murphy .. 609
Remonstrances against making Stockholders in

Incorporated Dompanies liable personally-in
State Convention, presented by Mr. Allen and
Mr. Townsend........................... 613

Judiciary.
Speech of Hon. James Tallmadge..619 to 621 and 658

Education.
Speech of Hon. Solomon Townsend ..........

Municipal Corporations.
Speech of Hon. H. C. Murphy ............... 574

Royal Grants and Franchises.
Speech of Hon. H. C. Murphy............... 581

Royal Charters.
Speech of Hon H. C. Murphy .........581 and 581

Corporations other than Banking and Municipal.
Report thereon............................

C. Murphy ........611 and 612

Constitution
Constitution of 1847 ...................625 to 628
Address of the Convention....
Index to the Constitution.......... four pages. 625
Remarks upon the Constitution........ 629 and 630

Miscellaneous.
The phrase "the major part of them.”......... 608
A new court.....

608
Notice of the Constitution of 1847 and 1821.. 609
Election of Judges.....

.... 629. 562
Private responsibility clause in charters....613. 598
The State Constitution should provide in relation to
State Salines,

562
Auction duties

608
Public Ferries, freedom of...

562
Grave Yards.

575
Amended Bills.

List of members of the Council of Appointment,

from 1777 to 1822 ........................ 758
United States Public Stocks, exempt from taxa.
tion by States and Corporations....., 681 and 696

STATE LEGISLATURE.
Annual Tax Bill of 1846, and remarks thereon.. 553
Bill introduced into the House of Assembly of

this State by Mr. Stevenson to authorize a Con-
vention to amend the charter of the city of New-

York ................................... 553
Act authorizing a City Convention.....
Report made in the Senate of this State by Mr.

Porter, March 27, 1846, against taxing non-resi-
dents... Remarks thereon ......

••:............ 557
Wharf Tax, an attempt to authorize, by adding a

clause to a bill of another title ............. 557
Taxation of Incorporated Companies, on their

actual capital, bill reported in the Senate by Mr.
Porter, Jan. 16, 1846 .....

553
Publication of Journals of the Senate and Assem-
bly ...............;

585
Naturalization, in the olden times ..

583
Hasty executive acts ......

583
Names of the members of the State Senate for
1847 ..............

............ 684
Standing Committees of the Senate for 1847... 684
Names of the members of Assembly for 1847. 684--5
Standing Committees of the House of Assembly,

for 1847................................. 685
State officers.....................

...................... 685
Officers of Assembly .......

...................685, 695
Officers of Senate .........

............. 684
Taxation, report upon by Hon. Myndert Van

Schaick in the Senate in 1835.........564 to 566
An act to abolish distress for rent, passed May

13, 1846 ............................
An act to equalize taxation, passed May 13, 1846. 567
A bill concerning passengers................. 567
Prerogative of mercy ..................

685
Legislative power .......

685
City Charter-extraordinary petition to the legis-
lature and remarks thereon.....

686
Remonstrances against the amendments of the

New-York City Charter ................... 687
A bill to amend the amendments to the Charter

of the City of New-York,................687-8
A bill in relation to the Seamen's fund and retreat

in the city of New York, and to reduce and

equalize the tax on Seamen,............... 688
Speaker of the House of Assembly........... 695
Emigrant tax bill.
New-York City Charter, second amendments
Assembly bill 132.

.697-8
Draft of Tax assessment law by the New York
Corporation........

............... 698
Safety Fund General Banking Law, reported

by Mr. Hadley, in the House of Assembly..698-9
Draft of amendments to a City Charter by Hon.
Stephen Allen .....,

..........595-6
Amendments suggested .....
Amended City Charter-letters from Hon. James
Tallmadge in relation to........

695
Myndert Van Schaick's petition in relation to
City Charter.............

695
Report on petition of inhabitants of Hastings, Os

wego county. for authority to overflow lands
belonging to a citizen by owners of a mill,

made in the Senate by Hon. A. C. Hand..... 760
Annual Tax Bill, 1847 ..

759
Bill relative to expenses of incorporated compa-
nies ...........::;.

759
Bill to tax surplus capital.........

759
Inquisition Tax Bill ...................

.......... 758
NEW-YORK CITY CONVENTION.
Names of members of city Convention..........567
Amendments of City Charter adopted by the Con-

vention and rejected by the People....614 to 618
| Address of the City Convention to the People.. 618

Remarks thereon and upon the amendments pro-
posed......... ............618. 686 and 687

NEW YORK CITY CORPORATION.
Montgomery Charter, extracts from........... 563
Corporation Comptroller's report in relation to

the unliinited powers of the New York City

Corporation ...
| Letter from Gov. Cosby to the Board of Trade,

dated, New-York, May 6, 1728............. 556
Letter from Gov. Cosby to the Board of Trade,

Sept. 18, 1732, and Aug. 29, 1733. ......555, 556
Remarks thereon........

............. 555
Governor Cosby's letters to the Home Govern.

ment repudiating the New-York City Charter. 563
Remarks thereon.......

......582, 657. 563
Mayor Havemeyer says petitions and Remon-

strances should be reported upon. ........... 563
Mayor Havemeyer's Veto of Resolution to open

a street through Trinity Church Yard, remarks
thereon ...............

............ 568
Expenses of Registry Law, remarks upon...... 596
New-York City Courts, remarks in relation to... 608
Assessors' valuation of Real Estate and Personal

property in the city of New-York.......... 609
Arbitrary and Inquisitorial Taxation, report of a

Special committee of Board of Assistants in

favor of...........
Remarks thereon .....

.........622-3
Draft of a Remonstrance of Chamber of Com-

merce agains a Wharf Tax ................. 759
Draft of bills to alter the law for the assessment

and collection of Taxes; for collecting wharf-
age; and for a passenger lax, by the special
committee of the Board of Assistants, remarks

thereon .......
Draft of tax bill presented the Legislature by the

Corporation, for a new system of assessment, re-
marks thereon.......

698
Names of assessors for 1846..... ......... 577
Injunction of Supreme Court of Massachusetts

restraining the treasurer of the town of Charles-
town from paying money to Volunteers for
Mexico ................................. 760
STREET DEPARTMENT OF THE SUPREME

COURT.
Proceedings in relation to Houston and Leroy

streets.............................. 576. 680
Proceedings in relation to the Bloomingdale

Road..................576. 602. 603. 678 to 680
Taxes in Barbary......

............ .. 576
Assessment case of Doughty vs. Hope.. 600, 601, 602
William street and Fourth avenue.........577. 608
Street Department of the Supreme Court abolish-

en by the New Constisution, Art. 6, sec. 8... 626
Assessment abuses to be prevented. See Con-
stitution, sec. 9, Art. 8, and sec. 8, of Art. 14 627-8

COURTS.
Superior Court assessment case. ....

585
The law's delay .........

NOTICE OF PERSONS.
Stephen Allen; Burtis Skidmore......
J. P. Phenix

759
Joseph Slocomb.....

594
Professor Olmsted....

671
NOTICES.
McCulloughs Geographical Dictionary ......... 575
Valentine's Corporation Manual...
Memoir of Eli Whitney, by Prof. Olmsted....
Boston public documents.................575, 682

MISCELLANEOUS.
Undermining neighbor's houses by sinking deep
foundations..................:•:•

562
Decision in court of Queen's Bench in 1846, in

relation to neighbor's rights as to the light of
day .........

............. 584
Governor Toucey's Veto Message to the Legisla-

ture of Connecticut in relation to building a
bridge for a railroad over the navigable waters

of Connecticut River ..................... 583
Extract from a Proclamation of Gen. Taylor to
the Mexicans............................

608
Life Jusurance, remarks upon................ 590

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VUOOMUNIVULIN.....................

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Speech of Hon. H. C. Mon

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State of the country, war with Mexico, by David

Hale, Esq., one of the Editors of the Journal
of Commerce......

.......... 594 Extracts from letters written in the Southern Hemisphere........

.........: 607 Capt. Fremont's visit to a snow capped mountain

13,570 feet above the ocean, on the pinnacle of
which a humble bee came to him which he
killed .....

591 War and Famine...

........ 695, 696 Famine in Ireland....

758 Committee of aid to Ireland ....

758 Seamen's friend society ; seamen's saving bank. 688 Fruits of industry.........

633 Charitable Societies, remarks upon ........... Savings of Labor....

635 Prosperity of the People of Massachusetts ..... Railroad stocks should be exempt from Taxation 696 Currency and Exchanges .................... 696 Public Policy requires that Marine and Fire Insu

rance companies shonld be exeinpt from Taxa

tion................... .... 681 and 688 Assessors' valuation of real and personal property

in Boston .... Hudson River Railroad........

682 Color of soils important as to solar heat........ 695 Coal Ashes for Manure......................

642 Artesian Wells ....

648 Ventilation .........., Mainmoth steam engine for pumping out Harlem Lake in Holland...........

........634, 635 Coal ashes a protection against Potato Rot.. 639, 695 Grates for burning coal......................

640 Hoops for large tubs and vats ... Salt Petre Mines in South America............ 675 Darwin's Mountain tour in S. A............... 699 The Galapagos Archipelago ..... The Potatoe, in its natural soil growing wild 682 676 A cloud of locusts ................ ......... 675 Pigeons ................................666 643 Rock Mills.......................

.......... 635 Butterflies; The Butterfly; The Humble Bee ;

Product of Labor; Adirondack Gems....... 591 Talcose earth.....

587 A Blind Sailor and his faithful Dog............ 635 Canine and Feline Sagacity ........

.757, 758 ............633, 560,757, 591

SALT. american Salt. remarks upon in the Senate of

this State, March 20, 1846, by Hon. A. C. Hand. 558 Remarks upon the manufacture of salt at the On

ondaga salines, in this State, by Thos. L. Preston,
Esq., one of the proprietors of the fossil salt
mines in Virginia in a letter dated Syracuse, N.

York, April 20, 1846 ......
Remarks upon the quality of American salt..... 558
Analyses of Salt...

633 Temperature of salt water .................. 659 Specific graaity of salt water at Syracuse ...... 659 Specific gravity of salt water at Saltville, ...... 659 Import of salt into the port of New-York in 1846, 695 Foreigu Salt, letters in relation to, from Am. Consuls........

562 Onondaga State Salines......

695 Sterility and Salt. South America ............ 699 Saline Incrustations................

675 Lake of salt water changed into a field of salt. 675 Salt for manure ........

633 Reverbatory salt furnace..................... 5

587 New mode of constructing salt furnaces ....... 664

ASTRONOMY.
Thoughts on the discovery of the planet Le

Verrier, by Professor Olmstead........669 to 671 Comet ....................................

... 640 Eclipses and temperature..........

CORRESPONDENCE.
A series of letters from a gentleman residing in

the State of Tennessee, upon various scientific
subjects....624, 631, 636, 637, 644, 652, 664, 665,

666, 667,668, 666, 667, 668, 682 and 692. Letters from Thomas Spencer, former State Su

perintendant of the Onondaga Salines, written
from Saltvilla, southwestern mountains of Vir-

ginia 559,560, 575, 587, 606, 631, 643, 659, 673,683 Letters from W. P. Milnor, written from the fossil

salt mines of southwestern Virginia, situate
1782 feet above the level of the sea..605, 606, 642 |

659, 664, 682

Letters from Lyman W. Conkey, Syracuse, On

ondaga Salines, New-York..587, 605, 633, 659, 663 Letter from Professor Henry of Princeton Col

lege, in relation to lightning, and also in rela

tion to the telegraph wires ................ 586 Letter from Prof. Olmsted, Yale College, in rela

tion to lightning, earthquakes, &c............ 586 Letters from Benjamin F. Thompson, Historian of Long Island....

.......663, 695 Letters from Hon. Josiah Butler, of So. Deer

field, N. H., in relation to the earthquakes in New Hampshire ..... ..........660, 661, 756 Extracts from a letter written by a clergyman in

the state of Georgia....................... 683 Letter from a young physician on a visit to Scotland .........::::

........... 692

: Letter from J. B. Wick of Villa Rica, Georgia,

relative to the Gold mines of his vicinity.... 590 etter from H. E. Pierrepont, Brooklyn, relative to winged Ants ......

.......... 590 Extract from a letter from Ozem Strong, dated

Colborne, Upper Canada...... Letter from J. E. Bloomfield, of Oswego, N. Y.. 605 Letter from Levi Disbrow in relation to Little Sodus Bay Salt well ....

.......... 587 Letter from Teunis G. Bergen, ex-member of the State Convention......

695 Letter from Dudley Leavitt, Meredith, N. H... 756

EARTHQUAKES. At Deerfield, N. H., Nov. 24. 1845 ........... 661 At Memphis, Ten., Dec. 23. 1845...

554 At Santo Tomas. Jan. 30, 1846 .........

555 At Cincinnati, Ohio, Feb. 28, 1846....... 555 At Valparasio, S. A., March 18, 1846 ........ At Maysville, Ky., March 23, 1846... At Cuba, Island of Cuba, March 23, 1846.... 555 At Catania, April 22d and 28, 1846 ....... 592 At Santa Cruz, Cuba, April 28, 1846 ...... 555, 592 At Memphis, Ten., May 8, 1846 ......... 569 At Newburyport, Ma B., May 30, 1846........ 661 At Guadaloupe and Martinique, June 16, 1846..

.. 598 At Vera Cruz, Mexico, June 21, 1846........

596 At Smyrna, Asia, June 25, 1846.....

608 At Messina and Catania, June 1846 ....... 598, 592 At Deerfield, N. H., July 10, 1846............ 660 At Cologne and in Southern Germany, July 29, 690

1846,................. . At Ningpoo, China, Aug. 4, 1846.............. 651 At Fincastle, Va., Aug. 12. 1846.............. Volcanic action in the Red Sea in Asia and simul

taneously an earthquake of great severity throughout the province of Tuscany in Europe,

August, 14, 1846..................661, 662, 663 At the Island of Iceland, Aug. 22, 1846.....630, 631 At the sea-port and river towns in Maine, Mass

achusetts and New-Hampshire and in the River

towns in Vermont, Aug. 25, 1846 .......661, 689 At Leghorn, Tuscany, Aug. 27, 1846 .......... 703 At Gunang Marrippa, Java, Sept. 2, 1846 ...... 704 At Trinidad, St. Vincents, and Grenada, Sept. 6,

1846 ................................... At Trinidad, Sept. 10, 1846......... At Deerfield, N. H., Sept 12, 1846 ......... 705 At Cape Haytien, St. Domingo, Sept. 15, 1846.. 705 At St. Domingo City, Sept. 16, 1846.. At Trinided, Sept. 1846 .....

631 At Boonsboro', Md., Oct. 19, 1846...

631 At Talabassee, Florida, Oct. 23, 1846... 640 At Algiers, Africa, in Oct. 1846........

644 At Deerfield, N.H., Oct. 29 and 31, 1846...

709, 651, 661 At Deerfield, N.H., Nov. 12, 1846.....709, 651, 661 At several places in Scotland, Nov. 25th, 1846.. 668 At Porto Rico, Nov. 28, 1846......

.. 650 At Deerfield, N.H., Dec. 2, 1846......713, 651, 661 At Trinidad, Dec. 17, 1846......

750 At Grafton Harbor, Jan. 8, 1847,...

652 At Albany, Jan. 11, 1847.... At Rice Lake, Jan. 14, 1847........

682 At Antigonish, Jauuary 29, 1847 ...

718 At Bangor, Maine, in January, 1847,...

753 At Deerfield, N.H. Feb. 2d, 1847... ... 754 and 756 At Meredith. N.H., Feb. 14, 1847........ 756 At Belfast, Me., Feb. 19, 1847............ 754 At Deerfield, N.H., Feb. 21, 1847........ 755 At Capiaco, South America in 1847..... 755 At Green Bay, and Fox River, March 9, 1847... 755 At Limington, Maine, April 1, 1847........ 755 At Mount Morris, N. Y., April 27, 1847 ....... 755

Earthquakes, Remarks upon by Eben. Meriam,
And their connection with volcanoes, thunder,

lightning, snow, hail, wind, rain, cold, heat,
calms and equilibriums affecting the atmos-
phere over vast sections of the Globe and pro-
ducing changes of great magnitude as confirm-
ed by observations made simultaneously on
Brooklyn Heights and published in the Brook-
lyn Star before hearing of the earthquakes.. 624
554, 694, 689,690, 651, 592, 570, 755, 555, 569,571,
586, 589, 593, 596, 598, 608, 630, 640, 650, 652,

661, 662, 668, 674, 675, 670, 682, 695, 700 to 756 Suggestion that an earthquake had taken place on

the 22d of April, 1846, made prior to June 1,
1846 .............

........ 555 Confirmation of the correctness of the above sug.

gestion by an arrival from Sicily, July 7, 1846. 592 Great Earthquake in South America........693, 694 Steamers and Earthquakes................... 690 Earthquake Ruins.......................... 676 Connection of earthquakes and storms.... 674 Earthquakes in New Hampshire......... 660. 661 Simultaneous convulsions in the East ....... 661 Earthquakes at Marseilles, France........... 656 Earthquakes at New-Madrid .....

624 Earthquake at Caraccas,.......

598 Remarks upon earthquakes, by Hon. Josiah

Butler; and by Dudley Leavitt, Esq........ 661 Do. by a native of Deerfield........

... 660 Earthquakes at Martinique in 1727 ........... 760

VOLCANOES. Eruptions of Mount Heckla......569. 591, 596, 630 Volcanic action, extensive in its operations...... 675 Graham Volcanic shoal ................

598 Volcanoes in the Red Sea.................661, 662

MORTALITY. Death of aged persons...

.................... 651 Mortality in Boston. " in New York

......757, 596 The solemn knell—Steamer Atlantic bell tolling

the requiem of 42 persons—moved by the ocean
swell ......

........ 673, 644 Death of an infant in its mother's arms, written by Mrs. Sigourney........

............. 672 Obituary notice of Mrs. Mary S. M. Seaman,. 672. 691 Lines written upon the death of Mrs. Mary Strong

Meriam Seaman, by Miss Cornelia Loomis.

.........673, 691 Miss Julia C. Ringwood

691 Miss Margaretta McNary ....

691 W. H. Starr, Esq.......

691 Letters from Mary S. Meriam to her sister..... 691 Letter from Miss Cornelia Loomis to Mrs. M. S. M. Seaman.....

...................... 673 Letter from Mrs. M. S. M. Seaman to her sister 691 Lines written by Mary S. Meriam in her sister's

album-selected................ Letter from Thomas Spencer.......

673 Extract from a letter written by a lady in New Eugland.................................

673 Obituary notice of Jonathan Thompson, Esq.... 672 “ The Hour Glass," written by John Quincy

Adams, Esq., President of the United States.. 672 Notice of an ancient copy of the Bible......672. 690 Obituary notice of Preserved Fish............. 596 Greenwood Cemetery ; Vocal Willow; Prayers

for Rain ; Birds in the Cemetery ........... 757 The Adirondack Solitary .......

LIGHTNING. Village destroyed by lightning................ 656 Packet ship Thomas P. Cope and cargo destroy

ed by lightning Nov, 29, 1846.............. 650 Brig Oscar destroyed by lightning Sept. 15, 1846. 727 Ship Christopher Columbus aud cargo destroyed

by lightning Feb. 11, 1847................. 719 Ship Hugenot struck by lightning and cargo set

on fire June 12, 1846........ ......... 571 Lightning wires a complete protection. 554 572, 635

" in South America, in 1793.......... 674 Silicious lightning tubes ..................... 674 Thunder storms... 756, 757, 607, 608. 755. 590. 632.

570, 571, 587, 588, 593, 598, 604, 605, 641, 650, 655, 656, 662, 674, 700 to 755, 586. 572. 592. 589.

573. 642. Telegraph wires and thunder storms

707, 604, 596, 608, 572

Birds.......

598

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Steamboats a protection froin injury by lightning. 554 Several persons killed by lightning in Spain in

ter, course of the wind, dew-point, fall of

No person ever killed in a vessel or building

1846; house burnt by lightning in North Caro-

Rain and snow, thunder, lightning, hail and frost,

protected by a metalic rod of any kind reared

Jina in Oct. 1846 and two persons killed ...... 632

as observed at the State Salines at Syracuse. New-

for the parpose of protection..........

Young Lady struck by lightning in Wisconsin ... 642

York, by L. W. Conkey, March and May 1846. 570

Feathers not a protection against injury by light Thirty-seven places struck by lightning in one April, 1846...

...... 560

ning ...............

......

thunder storm in 1793 and 19 persons killed.. 674

June, 1846 ........ ................. 588

Lightuing always takes the inside of uin spouts Lightning in winter ........................ 695 July, 1846....

and not the outside ........

House struck by lightning Feb. 3, 1847........ 695

August 1, 1846, to March 1, 1847........ 700 to 721

Carburetted hydrogen gas ignited by lightning and

Three persons killed by lightning, and eight per Dew, Snow and Rain for the year 1846 ....... 715

the lightning extinguished....

sons injured at Marshall, Texas, Aug. 2 ; barn

...... 554

Aggregate fall of Rain and Snow at Syracuse for

Warehouses illed with iron never injured by

burat by lightning near Alton, Ilí., Ang. 7 ; boy

7 years ................................. 715

lightuing ......

struck by lightning near Rockville, Md., Aug. Temperature of the air and state of the weather

Buildings with metalic roofs afford protection

7, and so severely shocked that he bit his tongue

at Saltville, Washington county, Va., for May,

nearly oft ................................ 700

against lightning, ......

1846, by W. King, Jr......................

.............. 554

I rou wire sufficient for lightning rods, costing

Man killed by lightning at Winslow, Maine, Aug.

April, 1846 ...

560

less than one dollar per lightning rod........ 554

10, 1846 ; barn burnt by lightning one per June, 1846 ........

. 589

Lightning rods should terminate in water or very

son and iwo horses killed and one person Temperature of the air, fall of rain, course of the

moist gronnd ............................

injured, near Huntingdon, Pa. Aug. 14, 1846. 701 wind, thunder and lightning, &c. as observed

Tin spouts should be straight otherwise they will Barn burnt by lightning in Stark, Maine, Aug. 14

at Saltville, Va., by W. P. Milnor, July 1846. 605

obstruct the water and thus prevent the light-

1846; church edifice struck by lightning, Aug. Meteorlogical observations made every hour from

ning in descending from passing out at the lower

14, 1846; young lady killed by lightning, Aug.

6 A.M. to 10 P.M. at Saltville, Va., by W. P. Mil-

end of the spout...

....... 554

17, 1846 ; dwelling house struck by lightning

nor, from Ang. 1, 1846, to March i, 1847.700 to 721

Iron ships and iron buildings protection against

at Martha's Vineyard, Miss., and set on fire Meteorlogical observations made on Brooklyn

injury by lightning ....................... 554

Aug. 19, 1846............................

Heights, hourly by E. M., 571, 588, 605,700 to 721

Schooner H. $. Cranston struck by lightnfng, one

Four horses killed by.lightning in an open field, Meteorlogical Record kept by Dr. Strong, at

man killed and several severely stunned, June

Aug. 23, 1846 ; a man killed by lightning Aug.

Erasmus Hall Academy, Flatbush, Long Island

7. 1846 ................................. 570

23, 1846 ; church edifice struck by lightning in

571,588,605, 700 to 721

Lightning Rods—Remarks upon by Clark Rich.. 572 Beverly and several of the congregation prostra Meteorlogical Records of New-York Hospital, by
Factory burnt by lightning .................. 572

ted; two dwelling houses struck in North Salem

Mr. Dacey......................... 709 to 721
Three persons and two horses killed by lightning; 572 -the telegraph wires and posts struck in West Accounts in detail of storms on sea and on the
Thunder storm at Goshen, Vt .............. 573
boro, a barn struck in Nantick, and with its con-

land from Sept. 6, 1846 to March 1, 1847,722 to 755
Brig Columbia struck by lightning, set on fire, tents consumed, all on the 27th of Aug. 1846 ;

Tornado at Grenada, Miss. 21 persons killed, 62
and six persons thrown into the sea and lost,
man killed by lightning, August 28, 1846.... 703

wounded and town destroyed ..568, 573

July 3, 1856. ........................... 586

Barn burnt by lightning at Killingworth, Conn.;

Cuba ........

.... 649

Dwelling house near Brooklyn, L. I., struck by

dwelling house struck by lightning, and servant Hurricane in Oct. 1846, ...........

lightning, july 11, 1846.................... 586

man killed, Aug. 30, 1846 ; house struck by

Nov. 1846.....

642

Dwelling House and barn destroyed by lightning
lightning and three persons killed ; militia cap-

at Brownsville, Pa................ 575

at Abington, Mass. July 12, 1846........... 581 tain knocked down on parade by lightning

at Wilmington, Del................

570

Barn in Dedham and its contents burnt by light-

Sept. 3, 1846 ; lady killed by lightning Sept. Hail Storms in 1738 ...
ning, July 12, 1846; Barn struck by lightning

3, 1846 ; man killed by lightning Sept. 4, 1846 Hail Storm in Soulh America ................ 676

at Dedham same day ; Vessel struck by light-

and a dwelling in St. Louis torn to atoms; two Storm at Alexandria ........................ 635

ning same day at Newport, R. I.: Five men

oxen killed by lightning Sept. 4, 1846 ; three Great Snow Storm in 1777...

755

killed by lightuing in the woods ; Mansion persons while'iu bed killed by lightning Sept. Hurricane in Sicily and also in Russia.......... 586

House, Washington, Dutchess County, burnt

25, 1846 ................................

........ 706

Comparison of Climate.......

by lightning July 5, 1846, loss $7000........ 586
Ship Independence struck twice by lightning the

Comparative meteorology and Freemont's Rocky
Stable struck by lightning and horse killed ; church

same day 5 men knocked down and 2 disabled

Mountain tour ...........................
edifice struck by lightniug; Lightning struck
N. lat. 49, W. long. 23, Jan. 14, 1847 ; house Hail Storm at Natchez ........

......... 573

the surface of the water of the Hudson river

struck by lightning at Gravesend, L.I., Feb. 3, Great flood in France, in Oct. 1846 ........... 643

astern of the steamer Maria................ 589

1847 ........

................ 716

Great flood in the Kiskimauites............... 573

Man killed by lightning; barn burnt by lightning

Railroad cars struck by lightning in Georgia, March

Drought ................. 570, 572, 674, 635, 624

in New Jersey, loss $3,000................. 598

13, 1847 ; barn burnt by lightning near Union

The weather..652, 655, 656, 633, 644, 640, 650, 651,

Thunder storm at Baltinore, Aug. 7, 1846 ; brig

town, Md.; barn burnt by lightning near

555, 592, 589, 758

Juliet, schooner Union, City Mills, a banking

Chambersburgh, Pa. April 13, 1847 ; man kill-

Rain ............. 741, 715,721, 607, 633, 640, 649

house, store, and hotel struck by lightning, one

ed by lightuing near Woodbrige, N. J., also 2 Icebergs.......................

....................586, 570

man killed by lightning under a bridge, and

horses, March 26, 1847 ; hotel struck and man

Snow storms ........................

several persons loading a vessel knocked down

killed by lightning at Westport, same day ; Baronieter................................. 643

and stunned. The lightning took full possess-

barn burnt by lightuing in Hadley, Saratoga Rise and fall of Lake Ontario..

ion of the telegraph wires ; several cattle in

county, together with its contents, April 21, 1847 757 Temperature of the Sea and of the Gulf Stream 608

the neighborhood of Baltimore killed by light Two barns and contents burnt by lightning in Opening and closing of Erie Canal and H. River, 633 ·

Herkimer county, dwelling house struck by

ning .................................... 604

Meteorlogical Record for March and April 1847, 758

lightning and man knocked down in Madison
Balloon struck by lightning; man killed by light-

Shipwreck of steamers .......

county, April 12, 1847 ; horse killed by light-

steamers ..................690, 644

ning, July 27, 1846 ; house struck by ligbtning

Mountain Morning ......................... 755

in Richmond, Va. and 4 persons in the street

ning near Chelsea, Mass. ; house struck by light-
ning at Newburyport, Mass. ; church editice

GEOLOGICAL.
opposite the building knocked down; 2 houses,

struck by lightning at Nashville, April 22, 1847;
i brewery and the telegraph wires struck by

Specimens of rock, sand, ore, &c., from the Gold .

Telegraph Wires struck by lightning, March 30, Mines of Villa Rica, Georgia................ 590
lightning in Phila., Aug. 9, 1846, bed set on

1847, at Rochester, N.Y....

fire and man knocked down; child killed by

......... 756 Geological formations of the regions round about

Lightning and Snow................650, 651, 757 Saltville, south western mountains of Virginia, 667
lightning July 30 1846, at Somersworth, N.H. 607 | Persons killed by lightning ....

755 Deep Cavern in Onondago county ............ 659
Man killed by lightning in Indiana; two men Vessels struck by lightning...........

755 Volcanic Lake, Onondago County........
killed by lightning, June 10, 1846, under a tree Looking Glasses struck by lightning .

674 Virgin (ron...
in Indiana ; house burnt by lightning June Electric, magnetic and meteoric wires....

689
26, 1846, near Niagara, also a barn ; 3 horses, Long Island in the electric current............ 689

NOTE.-The present serios of numbers, 41 to 48 inclusive,
2 cows, 5 sheep, and several pigs killed, a man Suggestion of the cause of the Lightning striking

are bound up under one cover in order to place in the hands
killed by lightning at the same time 5 miles

80 frequently at New-Haven.... ...

689 of the members of the Legislature on the adjournment of

distant ; bark Hortensia, struck by lightning Persons struck by lightning should be showered that body. The State Constitution, commencing with page

May 30, 1846; 74 sheep killed by lightning at

with cold water ......

............... 757 625, is accompanied by an INDEX of four pages all marked

Wells, Eug., 1846; barn burnt by lightning in
Warren, Mass. Aug. 8, 1846 ; horse killed by

NATURAL PHENOMENA.

with the same folio, this index is more ample and extensive
lightning ; barn burnt by lightning at Spring-
Magnetic Rocks....

than any index yet published, and will be found of great con-
.......

573
field, Otsego co., N. Y. July 11, 1846, same

Magnetic Island......

573 venience. The meteorlogical records are not accompanied
time a boy was killed by lightning while under

Magnetic Cove............

573 with detailed remarks as the preparation of these require
a tree in the same neighborhood ; Steamer
Magnetic Pole..........

more leisure and more time than I had at iny disposal--they
Citizen struck by lightning in river Thames,

Magnetic attraction ....... ......... 624, 573 will, however, be found more ample than any meteorlogical
Aug. 1, 1846, but no person injured. House

Ærolites .................

... 624,714, 754. 640 records (that I have ever seen) published, and being made
struck by lightning near Mercersburg, Pa.,

Meteors ..
..........586, 718,720, 640, 624, 631

simultaneously at three different stations several hundred
and every person in the house prost rated one

Shower of Grubs in winter..

719

miles apart, will afford information in reference to the changes
of whom did not recover.................. 608
| Diseased Vegetation ........

of temperature rarely to be met with. The record in this

Man killed by lightning near Kingston, Upper

. METEORLOGICAL.

series embraces observations made hourly for nine consecu-

Canada, Oct. 2, 1846..

........ 631 Temperature of the atmosphere, state of the Barome-| tive months.-Ed.

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Itunicipal Gazette.

PUBLISHED BY THE ANTI-ASSESSMENT COMMITTEE AND DISTRIBUTED GRATUITOUSLY.

EDITED BY E. Meriam.]

NEW-YORK, JUNE 1, 1846.

[VOL. I....No. 41

The May No. of the Gazette containing the Con- | by tax on the estates, real and personal, of the free

Ø 6. The charter or amendments adopted by the stitution of Massachusetts, Connecticut and Vermont, holders and inhabitants of and situated within the said

convention to be organized under this act, shall be &c. pg. 81 to 96 of the volume both inclusive, is issued city and county, and to be collected according to law,

submitted to the electors of the city and county of to supply a vacant number in the volume in order that to be applied towards defraying the expenses of po

New-York, each provision separately at the election to we may be able to place the entire volume complete lice in said city and county. And also a further sum be held in the said city on the first Tuesday after the in the hands of each of the members of the Conven of one hundred and ninety-one thousand one hundred first Monday of November, in the year one thousand tion as soon as they shall be organised for business. and ninety-three dollars eighty-two cents, by tax on eight hundred and forty-six ; and such amendments The present number contains some important facts in the estates, real and personal, of the freeholders and as may be approved by a majority of said electors at relation to the Montgomerie charter, copied from the inhabitants of and situated within the said city and said election, shall thenceforth be incorporated in, and volumes of copies of documents obtained in England, county, and to be collected according to law, to be form a part of the charter of the city of New-York. by Mr. BROADHEAD, and now in the State archieves. applied to supplying the deficiency in taxation in said And if an entirely new charter be submitted to the

city and county for the year one thousand eight hun electors at said election, the same shall, upon being ANNUAL TAX BILL.

dred and forty-five. And also a further sum not ex adopted by a majority of said electors, become the

ceeding one hundred and seventy-four thousand nine charter of the city of New-York. We give below the annual Tax Bill. It authorises

The tickets to be hundred and sixty eight dollars, by tax on the estates, used at the election to be held under this section, shall the assessment of the heaviest tax ever before imposed

real and personal, of the freeholders and inhabitants of in the city of New-York. The necessity for such a

be prepared in such form as the said convention may and situated within that pars ef the said city and coun direct. tax does not exist. One half the sun authorised,

ty of New York, which is or may be designated by a Ø 7. The expenses of the election of delegates held properly expended, would be far more useful to the

resolution or ordinance of the common council of the 1 City than this great waste of money lavished upon

under this act, and all expenses attending the convensaid city of New-York as the “ Lamp district," to be tion, shall be paid out of the treasury of the city of political favorites.

dollected according to law, and applied towards de New-York. The proceeding of the convention shall A question of great importance arises under this act

fraying expenses of such parts of the said city last be filed in the office of the clerk of the county, when with respect to what particular personal property is mentioned.

duly certified to by the pressding officer and secretary assessable. The act is special-has a local and not a general

or secretaries of said convention. CITY CONVENTION.

$ 8. The members of the convention shall have powoperation, and differs in that respect from the State Tax act. The act has been bunglingly drawn. It pro

No. 341.

er to provide for their own pay, which shall not exvides as follows: to be collected according to law."

IN ASSEMBLY March 24, 1846.

ceed one dollar and fifty cents per day for every day As to the assessment of it, the provision is special

actually in session.

Introduced by Mr. STEVENSON. and no personal property is anthorised to be assessed

(Amended... See page 556.) except of freeholders and inhabitants of the city and

AN ACT county whose real and personal estate is situate within To provide for the calling of a convention to amend

TAX UPON ACTUAL CAPITAL. the county.

the charter of the city of New-York.

The following bill was reported in the Senate. The The question then arises under section 5 of page

The People of the State of New York, represented in same bill has been three times reported in the same 381 of the 1st volume of the Revised Statutes as to

Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows :

form, and yet remains dormant. the oath. If the person taxed declares that he is

Section 1. An election shall be held in the city of worth only a certain sum named in the affidavit over

No. 16. New-York on the first Monday of June ensuing the and above his just debts and property exempted from passage of this act, for the selection of delegates

IN SENATE, January 16, 1846. taxation, and he iucludes in this exemption all his

in each ward of said city, to a county convention for [Reported by Mr. Porter, from the Committee on personal estate without the county of New York, revising and amending the charter of the said city of

Finance. whether such a construction is right? New-York.

An Act to amend the Revised Statutes in relation to The counsel of the corporation, Mr. Brady (whose

2. The delegates chosen to this convention shall the exemption of incorporated companies from taxacourse so far in office has been greatly approbated on

be chosen as representatives from each ward, each tion, and for other purposes. account of his honesty of purpose and careful com

delegate representing ten thousand inhabitants; and The People of the State of New-York, represented pliance with law) should instruct the assessors in this.

if any ward have, in addition to this ratio, a fraction of in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows: No. 282.

six thonsand and upwards, one representative shall be Section 1. Section nine of title four, of chapter IN ASSEMBLY March 5, 1846. allowed to be chosen for said fraction : but each of thirteen of part one of the Revised Statutes, which

authorizes the exemption of incorporated companies Introduced by Mr. ALBERTSON.

the present wards of the city of New-York, without
regard to its population, shall be allowed one repre-

in certain cases from taxation, is hereby repealed.
AN ACT
sentative in said convention.

2. All banks established under the act entitled To enable the supervisors of the city and county of 3. Notice of such election shall be given, and the " An act to authorize the business of Banking," passed New-York to raise money by tax.

same shall be conducted in the manner now provided April 18, 1838, shall be subject to taxation on the The People of the State of New-York, represented in by law in regard to the charter elections in the city of amount of capital paid in or secured to be paid, in the Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows :

New-York, and the name of each delegate voted for same manner as incorporated banks; and the proper Sec. 1. The mayor, recorder and aldermen of the shall be written or printed, or partly written and partly officer or officers of such banks shall make an annual city of New York, as the supervisors of the

printed upon each ballot, and the ballot shall be en- statement to the Comptroller and the assessors in the county of New-York, of whom the mayor or recorder dorsed “Delegates to the Convention," and a separate manner provided by the second section of title four, shall be one, are hereby empowered, as soon as con box for the deposite of such ballots shall be kept by chapter thirteen, of the first part of the Revised Statveniently may be after the passage of this act, to order || the inspectors of each election district in the several utes. and cause to be raised by tax, on the estates, real and wards of the said city. The result of such election 0 3. The provisions of the fifteenth section of the personal, of the freeholders and inhabitants of and shall be ascertained and certified in the manner now second title of the thirteenth chapter of the first part situated within the said city and county, and to be provided in the act regulating charter elections in of the Revised Statutes, shall be extended to all such collected according to law, a sum not exceeding nine said city.

banks, and to all incorporated companies subject to hundred and sixty thousand one hundred and sixty 04. All the provisions of law for the purity of elec taxation, and the affidavit in such case may be made two dollars, to be applied towards defraying the vari. tions in the city of New York shall apply to the elec by the president, cashier, secretary, or treasurer thereous contingent expenses legally chargeable to the said tion held under this act; and all false swearing at said of; and such banks and incorporated companies shall city and county, and such expenses as the mayor, al- || election shall be deemed and punished as perjury. be assessed on the actual value of all their real and dermen and commonalty of the city of New-York may 5. The delegates to be chosen under this act, shall personal estate at the time of making such assessment; in any manner sustain or be put to by law. Such meet in the city of New York on the first Monday of land all provisions of law which are inconsistent with portion of the contingent expenses of the said city of || July next, at the chamber of the board of aldermen, this act are hereby repealed. The proper officer or New-York as relates to re-paving and cleaning streets and shall then, or as soon after as may be practicable, officers of such banks and incorporated companies in that part of the said city lying south of a line run- ||| organize and adopt rules for their government. They shall make and deliver to the assessors an annual statening through the centre of Thirty-fourth street, shall shall complete their business so that any charter or ment of the amount of all their real and personal be assessed only that part of the said city lying south amendments adopted by them, may be submitted to estate in the manner required by section two, title of the said line. And also the further sum not exceed || the electors of the city and county of New York, es in | four, chapter thirteen, of the first part of the Revised ing four hundred and twenty-eight thousand dollars, ll the next section provided.

Statutes.

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