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THE EMIGRANT GOLD DIGGER.

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pitous ridges on each side of the creek are studded with horses by the hundred, which after a few days naturalization to their new homes, begin to look as rugged and baggard as their masters.

The diggings commence at the junction of the Summer Hill and Lewis' Ponds Creek, and extend downwards towards the Macquarrie. Several stores have been opened, and it is said are doing a roaring trade, taking gold in payment for their goods. The neighboring flocks supply the miners with mutton, and we hear that it is in contemplation to erect stock-yards to slaughter cattle in. Meat sells readily at four pence a pound, and we have heard of instances in which enormous prices have been given for bread. From the miserable shelter and generally inadequate outfit of scores, whom the mania has allured thither, there can be little doubt that many are paving their way to the grave. And whilst on this part of our subject, we will tender a little advice to intending miners. Before going to Ophir, you must recollect that it is a miserably cold place, and that you require not only plenty of warm bedding, but a tarpaulin or some such convenience for shelter-that as there is abundance of hard work before you, in the performance of which you are sure to get wet, and during a portion of the time must stand in the water, plenty of food is an indispensable requisite. Again, a regular set of tools, comprising shovels, pickaxes, a crowbar, tin-dishes for lading the water, a cradle, &c., is absolutely necessary. If you have means to obtain all these, you may stand your chance of finding more or less of the auriferous wealth of Ophir ; if not, stop at home and mind your ordinary business, if you have any to mind, and we will hazard a guess that in the end you will be as rich as the gold-digger, with perhaps a much sounder constitution. Even at the present time there are much hunger and suffering which do not meet the eye.

The success of ten or a dozen men is not to be understood as the guage by which the luck of all is to be measured ; and although the general impression of respectable people seems to be that most of the diggers are procuring more or less gold in return for their labor, it must be recollected that there are hundreds of whose success or failure we are unable to speak. That there are many cases of failure we have been repeatedly informed, and know of instances in which shepherds have been hired at the diggings, who have been starved and worked into intense disgust against gold-finding, and left the place much poorer than they arrived at it.

From the foregoing relation of facts, some idea may be formed of the state of our town and district. In sober seriousness, “the times are out of joint." The wisest men are mere children in the matter, and are as little aware how it will end.

According to letters of later date, discoveries of gold in incalculable abundance has been made on the Turon River; and prodigious accordingly was the fresh excitement. Wonderful times these! A great future opens on Australia, -and, if we mistake not, on the home country too!

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Borrow's Adventures in Spain. MR. BORROW, the author of a well-known work on the “Gipsies of Spain," has also published, under the somewhat quaint title of “The Bible in Spain," a very remarkable work, abounding in the most vivid and picturesque descriptions of scenery, and sketches of strange and wild adventure. Of his personal history, he tells us little;

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