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edition of the New Testament, consisting of five thousand copies, was speedily published. As soon as this was accomplished, the indefatigable agent resolved to put in execution a plan on which he had mused off Cape Finisterre in the tempest, in the cut-throat passes of the Morena, and on'the plains of La Mancha, as he jogged along with his smuggler guide. “I had determined,” says he, after depositing a certain number of copies in the shops of the booksellers of Madrid, to ride forth, Testament in hand, and endeavor to circulate the Word of God among the Spaniards not only of the towns, but of the villages; amongst the children not only of the plains, but of the hills and mountains. I intended to visit Old Castile, and to traverse the whole of Galicia and the Asturias—to establish Scripture depots in the principal towns, and to visit the people in secret and secluded spots—to talk to them of Christ, to explain to them the nature of His book, and to place that book into the hands of those whom I should deem capable of deriving benefit from it. I was aware that such a journey would be attended with considerable danger, and very possibly the fate of St. Stephen might overtake me; but does the man deserve the name of a follower of Christ, who would shrink from danger of any kind in the cause of him whom he calls his Master ?” Into the details of this journey, which occupied a considerable portion of the year 1837, our limits forbid us to enter. It abounds in strange and deeply-interesting adventures and hairbreadth escapes, not merely from the banditti, by whom the roads were infested, but especially from the

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partisans of Don Carlos, who were at that time ravaging the country with fire and sword.

At Finesterre, Mr. Borrow was mistaken for the redoubtable Carlos himself, or at the very least one of his partisans, and narrowly escaped being shot, by the orders of a stupid, ill-natured alcaid. The results of the journey, however, were on the whole propitious, as regarded the great object which the missionary had in view ceeded in securing the friendly interest and co-operation of the booksellers of Salamanca, Leon, Compostella, and the other towns through which he passed, and, moreover, disposed of a considerable number of Testaments with his own hands to private individuals of the lower classes. On his return to Madrid, he took the bold step of establishing a shop for the sale of Testaments; and to call public attention to it, he resorted to the English practice of covering the sides of the streets with colored placards, no doubt to the great surprise of the Spaniards; and, besides this, inserted an account of it in all the journals and periodicals. These proceedings, of course, caused a great sensation in Madrid, and excited no little indignation and alarm among the priests and their partisans; and their fury was so much increased by the publication of the Gospel in the Spanish, Gipsy, and Biscayan languages, that they procured from the governor a peremptory order prohibiting the further sale of the New Testament in Madrid. Mr. Borrow was even threatened with assassination unless he would discontinue selling his “ Jewish books," and shortly after, on some frivolous charge, was committed to prison. This last step, however, was taken in such an illegal manner,



that the authorities were glad to release him, aʻ'er making a humiliating apology for the violence to which he had been subjected. Mr. Borrow's sketches of the prison and its robber inmates are among the most interesting portions of his work. Snow-white linen, it seems, constitutes the principal feature in the robber foppery of Spain. But it is only the higher classes among them in other words, the most hardened and desperate villians—who can indulge

in this luxury.

Various interesting incidents are mentioned by Mr. Borrow, to show the desire which the people manifested to obtain possession of the Scriptures. “One night,” says he as I was bathing myself and my horse in the Tagus, a knot of people gathered on the bank, crying: "Come out of the water, Englishman, and give us books; we have got our money in our hands.'

The poor creatures then held out their hands, filled with small copper coins of the value of a farthing; but, unfortunately, I had no Testaments to give them. Antonio, however, who was at a short distance, having exhibited one, it was instantly torn from his hands by the people, and a scuffle ensued to obtain possession of it. It very frequently occurred that the poor laborers in the neighborhood, being eager to obtain Testaments, and having no money to offer in exchange, brought various articles to our habitation as equivalents; for example, rabbits, fruit, and barley; and I made a point never to disappoint them, as such articles were of utility either for our own consumption or that of the horses."

A poor old schoolmaster expended all the money he possessed in purchasing a dozen testaments for his scholars. “ An old , easant is reading in the portico. Eighty-four years have passed over his head, and he is almost entirely deaf; nevertheless, he is reading aloud the second of Matthew; three days since, he bespoke a Testament, but not being able to raise the money, he has not redeemed it till the present moment. He has just brought thirty farthings."

Our limited space prevents us from entering into the enthusiastic proceedings. We regret to say that sudden illness compelled Mr. Borrow to return to Madrid, and afterwards to visit England for change of scene and air. On the last day of the year 1838, Mr. Borrow again visited Spain for the third time, and resumed his labors, with considerable success, among the villages to the east of Madrid; but he soon found that his proceedings had caused so much alarm among the heads of the clergy, that they had made a formal complaint to the government, who immediately sent orders to all the alcaids of the villages in New Castile to seize the New Testament wherever it might be exposed for sale. Undiscouraged by this blow, Mr. Borrow determined to change the scene of action, and abandoning the rural districts, to offer the sacred volume from house to house. This plan he forthwith put into execution, and with such success, that, in less than fifteen days, nearly six hundred copies had been sold in the streets and alleys of the capital; and many of these books found their way into the best houses in Madrid. One of the most zealous agents in the propagation of the Bible was an ecclesiastic. He never walked out without carrying (ne beneath his gown, which he offered to the first person he met whom



he thought likely to purchase. The circulation of these volumes has produced a powerful effect on the minds of the Spanish people; indeed, their influence is already beginning to be felt. Mr. Borrowinforms us that, in two churches of Madrid, the New Testament was regularly expounded every Sunday evening by the respective curates, to about twenty children who attended, and who were all provided with copies of the Scriptures. By the middle of April, Mr. Borrow had sold as many Testaments as he thought Madrid would bear. Every copy of the Bible was by this time disposed of; and with the remaining copies of the Testament, he betook himself to Seville, where he succeeded in circulating about two hundred. Finding, however, that the authorities still continued to thwart his exertions, he determined to repair for a few months to the coast of Barbary, for the purpose of distributing copies of the Scriptures amongst the Christians whom he hoped to meet with there. He accordingly sailed from Cadiz to Gibraltar, and thence to Tangier, where his narrative abruptly terminates. The extracts we have given will enable our readers to form some idea of the nature of this work, which has been pronounced on high authority to be “about the most extraordinary one that has appeared in our own, or, indeed, in any other language for a very long time past.'

We have confined our notice of Mr. Borrow's book almost entirely to the events connected with the main object which he had in view in visiting Spain; but some of his episodical narrations are among the most remarkable and interesting portions of the work.

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