Imagens das páginas


gant narration? The critic, probably seldom | who has been reading half the day will not be Several of the mechanical arts would ocdiverging beyond the precints of his study, is much benefited by sitting down to cards ; or cupy very agreeably the vacant hours of the little conversant with these things, and con- engaging in any other sedentary amusement. studious. Such amusements would be parsequently with that habit and determination, The relaxations of the studious ought to ticularly serviceable when the state of the which resist and abhor them. If he dare un- combine bodily exercise, with such a portion weather renders diversions in the open air dertake, I am not incompetent to, the task of of interest as is sufficient to engage and oc- impracticable. I believe that a man might perusal.” But, with many, the Curiosity ex- cupy the mind. This is particularly necessary acquire great skill in the useful arts by emcited by the classical,' &c. 'style,' is consi- when circumstances oblige them to be solitary. ploying himself at such times in this manner : derably heightened, by the plainly-hinted, ever Another requisite is, that they should not be and besides the pleasant and cheap amuseto-be-lamented defects of the • anomalous expensive, for, from whatever cause, studious ments which would result from such occupublication;' and the exparte view, and ana- persons are seldom rich.

pations, the skill thus acquired might be of thematizing decision, of critics, almost inva- It is my intention in the present Essay to frequent use to him in his studies. Pr. Frank riably add to it.

point out amusements proper for the studious : lin observes, that being acquainted with some It now remains for us to say something re- it should however be remembered, that in the of the mechanical arts was of great service to lative to the criticism we should approve. If choice of them a good deal will depend upon him; ' as it enabled me,' says he, 'to make the tendency be to deteriorate the feelings of the difference of tastes, the habit of the body, little things for myself, when I have had no the heart, no style," no arrangement-how- the age and the circumstances of individuals

. mechanic at hand, and to construct small ma• classical, elegant,'or • fascinating,' But these are things in which every one must chines for my experiments, while the idea I can compensate for the injury; or obliterate judge for himself.

have conceived has been fresh and strongly the disgrace attaching to the author and pu- It may perhaps assist in the enquiry, to notice impressed upon my imagination.' lishers of such a work. And it would be here such amusements as have delighted the Music has a very happy effect in relieving most judicious in Reviewers to pass it over learned. I owe most of my information on the mind when fatigued with study. It would with silent disregard :--but, should a critique this subject to that valuable work, the Curi- be well if every studious person were so far acbe looked for and demanded, the task must, of osities of Literature.

quainted with that science as to amuse himself course, be undertaken ; and then, it is only Tycho Brahè diverted himself with polish- after severe thoughts, by playing such airs as requisite that the heart and judgement be ade-ing glasses for spectacles, and making mathe- have a tendency to inspire cheerfulness and good quate to, and co-operate in, the performance. matical instruments.

humour. This amusement is however so fasIu light entertaining compositions generally,

D'Andilly, the translator of Josephus, one cinating, that there is, perhaps, a danger of the critic's real province appears to be-Ist, of the most learned men of his age, after seven its becoming a passion. To ascertain and state the plot, argument, or or eight hours of study every day, amused him

Gardening, in situations where it is pracdesign, and arrangeinent. 2ndly, to elucidate self in cultivating trees; Barclay, in his leisure ticable, is a' relaxation highly to be recomand exemplify the principal characters, or in-hours, was a florist ; Balzac amused himself mended. It not only gives exercise to every cidents, by appropriate selections.--and 3rdly, with making crayons; Peiresc found his amusement amongst his medals, and antiqua- earth and fresh herbs revives and cheers the

part To object, approve, suggest, censure, or eu.

of the body, but the very smell of the logize, in accordance with the sentiment and rian curiosities ; the Abbé de Marolles with his spirits, whilst the perpetual prospect of somestyle of the extracts. For, by these only, engravings ; and Politian in singing airs to his thing coming to maturity, delights and entershould we decide ; aud by these, with candid, lute. apposite, and well-supported remarks alone, Rohault wandered from shop to shop to obtains the mind. :A garden,' observes Addison,

was the habitation of our first parents before should we permit our own judgement to conserve the mechanics labour.

the fall. It is naturally apt to fill the mind cur in his general character of the work. Z. The great Arnauld read in his hours of relaxation, any amusing romance that fell into its turbulent passions at rest. It gives us a

with calmness and tranquillity, and to lay all his hands. This also did the critical War

great insight into the contrivance and wisdom ON THE AMUSEMENTS PROPER

burton. Galileo read Ariosto. FOR THE STUDIOUS. The celebrated Descartes passed his after- of providence, and suggests innumerable sub

I cannot but think noons in the conversation of a few friends, the very complacency and satisfaction which a

and in the cultivation of his little garden.-I, can you pardon the presamption? I,

man takes in these works of nature, to be a Sir Isaac Newton ground optical glasses for No wit, no genius, yet for once will try. telescopes ; Dr. Johnson, in his hours of lei: laudable, if not a virtuous habit of mind."

It is to be lamented that an amusement so sure, was a chemist; and the poet Cowper a gardener.

admirably adapted for studious persons, is It is observed by medical writers, that few Riding and walking in the country are most

so seldom in their power. A great proportion things are inore injurious to health than con- excellent recreations,

of the studious reside in situations in which tinued and intense study. Hard study always

gardening is impracticable, and this amuseimplies a sedentary life; and when intense

For one who long in populous city pent,

ment is, besides, rather expensive. thinking is joined to the want of exercise, the Where houses thick and sewers annoy the air, There is, however, an amusement, which consequences must be bad. A few months Forth issuing on a summers morn, to breathe

possesses all the advantages of gardening of close application to study, have been fre- Ainong the pleasant villages and farms.

without its being costly, and which is besides quently known to ruin an excellent consti

practicable in almost all situations. I allude tution, by inducing a train of nervous com

to the study of Botany. Dr. Aikin observes, plaints which could never be removed. Man is But they should, if possible, be taken in

So many advantages with respect to health, evidently not formed for continual thought the morning and with company. A solitary tranquillity of mind, useful knowledge, and more than for perpetual action, and would be ride or walk is so far from relaxing the mind, inexhaustible amusement, are united in this as soon worn out by the one as by the other. that it rather encourages thought. With com

study, that I cannot recommend it too warmIt would be a tedious and unnecessary task, pany these bad effects are avoided, and the ly. The study of English Botany caused to enumerate all the diseases which are the pleasure of conversation superadded.

several summers to gliile away with me in consequences of close application to study.--

Oh! when my friend and I more pure and active delight, than almost any It is sufficient to observe, that there is no com- In some thick wood bave wander'd heedless on, other single object ever afforded me. It renplaint which can proceed either from a bad Hid from the vulgar eye, and sat us down dered every ride and walk interesting, and state of the humours, a defect of the usual Upon the sloping cowslip-cover'd bank,

converted the plodding rounds of business into secretions, or a debility of the nervous system

Where the pure limpid stream has slid along excursions of pleasure. Nothing is more fawhich may not be induced by intense thinking.

In grateful eddies through the underwood,

vourable to enjoyment than the combination of Studious persons, in order to relieve their

Sweet normuring; methought the shrill-tongued bodily exertion and ardour of mind. This, the

thrush minds, must not only discontinue to read and

Mended his song of love ; the sooty black-bird

study in question affords in the highest degree, write, but engage in some amusement that

and such is the immense variety of its objects,

Mellow'd bis pipe, and softened every note : will so far occupy the thoughts as to make

The eglantine smell'd sweeter, and the rose

that the labours of the longest life cannot exthem forget the business of the closet. Their Assam’d a dye more deep.

haust them.' amusements should not be sedentary. A man

The amusements of the studious may be




agreeably varied by an occasional attendance at ing and well supported character, whose finer | Udaller Magnus, is chiefly interesting from the Theatre.

feelings are perpetually breaking out, through certain scraps of poetry which he introduces. If Jonson's learned sock be on,

the rugged covering which long habits of en- There are many scenes of pathos, of bustle, Or sweetest Shakespear, fancy's child, durance have thrown over them.

and of powerful description, in which this Warble bis native wood-notes wild.

Basil Mertoun, the ci-devant pirate, is im- author surpasses all competitors, and which

L'ALLEGRO. perfectly drawn, and does not always harmo- he introduces into his most inferior producIndeed I do not know a more pleasing relax. nize with the story sufficiently; he is a most tions; in which class, however, I would not ation than this; for what can be more agree- forbidding specimen of the remorseless, vil place. The Pirate,' por would I rank it with able to a cultivated mind, than to hear the most lanous, and misanthropic recluse.

his best. Its principal faults I bare already just and noble sentiments, clothed in the most His son, Mordaunt, (over whose birth how- enumerated, and have only to a Id, that it is elegant language, and delivered with all the ever, an unpleasant mystery is permitted to too long for the interest which it excites, and graces of pronunciation and action.

remain,) is, in the commencement of the story, leaves rather more of the sensation of weariI have now enumerated those amusements sketched with considerable vigour, and his nu- ness, than I have lately been accustomed to which appear to me most proper for the stu- merous embarrassments excite much sympa- feel from the perusal of these novels. The dious. Many doubtless remain unnoticed; but thy; but in the denoueinent he dwindles into motto which the author has chosen for this the student who wishes for variety, will easily obscurity, not altogether to the satisfaction of piece, might, with a little more of the context, discover or invent new ones for himself. In the reader.

be applied to himself:-
doing this, however, he should endeavour as Cleveland, the pirate, son and heir to old “ Nothing in him that doth fade,
much as possible to combine bodily exertion Mertoun, is a strange medley of sentiment But doth suffer a sea change
with ardour of mind.

N. O. and villany: on his first arrival in the island, Into something rich and strange.”.
ingratitude and treachery seem to be his prin-


cipal characteristics; the latter trait is however

explained (but most unsatisfactorily), and the THE extraordinary popularity which the no-effects previously supposed to arise from bis REMARKABLE TRAITS OF VANITY, IN CELEBRATED vels of Sir W. Scott have gained, and the firin agency, are attributed to a contemptible news

LITERARY CHARACTERS. hold, which they have retained, of popular mongering pedlar. As the piece advances, opinion, (in spite of adverse criticism) almost Cleveland's character clears up, at the conclu- Voiture was the son of a vintner, and like our renders a review of any of his new productions sion, he is found to be a very amiable man, Prior, was so mortified, whenever reminded of bis a work of supererogation. The critic has now with very virtuous propensities, whom destiny original occupation, that it was said of him, that merely to point out where the author has failed had compelled to follow his father's occupa wine, which cheered the

heart of all men, sickened in comparison with his former works, or where tiou. It appears to me, that the conclusion that of Voiture. John Baptist Rousseap, the poet, an original character, scene of exquisite pa of Cleveland's character is inconsistent with

was the son of a cobbler; and when bis honest pathos, or a charming scrap of poetry, stands the cominencement ; and I almost imagine that rent waited at the door of the theatre, to embrace his pre-eminently conspicuous. All this has been already done, and soon formed his original design. the author altered his character after he had son on the success of his first piece, the inbnman poet

repulsed his venerable father with insult and contempt.

Akenside ever considered his lameness as an insapdone, for the Pirate, by the shoal of monthly,

Norna of the fitful head, is a weak copy of portable misfortune, since it continually reminded weekly, and diurnal Reviewers; and conse- the inimitable Meg Merrilies, with this differ- him of his origin, having been occasioned by the fall quently it would appear, that, according to ence, that early misery had operated on a warm

of a cleaver from one of his father's blocks, a res. my own admission, these remarks are as uunecessary as they will probably be unwelcome from her throne, to ivhich in the conclusion ing his own person; and the engraver not having

imagination so strongly, as to shake reason pectable butcher. Milton delighted in contemplatI (for not having yet obtained the emiuence of of the story she is again restored: while on the reached our sublime bard's idea! grace,' be has a regular critic, the use of the plural number other hand, Meg is inflexible, and never to be pointed bis indignation in four iambics.

Among the might be deemed a presumptuous affectation) changed.

complaints of Pope, is that of the pictur'd shape.' have only to say in excuse, that vio review

Even the strong minded Johnson would not be paintwhich I have yet seen has exactly coincided in

Mr. Triptolemus Yellowley and his avaricious ed. blinking Sam. Mr. Boswell tells as, that my opinion of this work ; and, therefore, ing sister, Miss Baby, bear some resemblance to Goldsmith attempted to shew bis agility to be saperemarks will, at least, lay claim to the merit characters in the preceding novels of this great rior to the dancing of an ape, whose praise had oc

casioned him a fit of jealousy, but be failed ip imitatof novelty, in some degree, and if I add to master, but are neither so amusing nor so nathis, the universally admired requisite (in cri- tural as their predecessors. Mr. Trip. himself ing bis rival. tics and lawyers, of brevity, I'may perhaps is frequently tiresone, and his disquisitions not be an entirely unwelcome intruder upon on agriculture, are often as unpleasant to the your readers.

reader, as they are represented to be to his Taking it for granted that your readers have auditors.

Dr. Blackburn was in the early part of his life an already read the Pirate, I shall not attempt to Jack Bunce, one of the pirates, with his active Buccaneer in the West Indies, for eyen Bucsketch an outline of the story, but confine satellite, Dick Fletcher, are very amusing, caneers could not be without their parson. In one myself to a few remarks upon the leading cha especially the former ; and it is in my opinion of their craises, the first lieutenant having a dispate raiters and actions of the piece, premising at least) a matter of regret that we have so with him, told him, that if it were not for his that I object to the story, and the scene where little of his company. Jack was originally the gown,, be should treat him in a different manner. it is laid, because that genius, which has al- Rover of the stage, where his abilities were so “Oh,” says Blackburn, “ that need be no hindrance, ready furnished us with such historical pic- little encouraged that he became a Sea Rover, as it is easily thrown off--and now I am your man.” tures as are contained in the Scotch Novels, and his success there, did not seem to have On this it was agreed that they should fight on a * Ivanhoe,' and · Kenilworth,' could have been added much to his happiness, for what with small island near where the ship lay, and that the better employed than in illustrating the escapes visions of the gallows, quarrels with his com-vivor, that it might seem as if walking on the cliff

, and adventures of a pirate; or in delineating rades, whom he despised for their ignorance he had slipped his foot and tumbled in. The lieutethe rugged manners and scenery of such an and brutality, and his longing recollections of nant fell, to all appearance shot dead. Blackburn obscure place as the Zetland Isles, while the the stage, Jack's life was very unpleasantly began rolling him down one or two declivities, but whole field of English, and even of European passed, except in occasional interviews with just as they came to the last, the lieutenant recovered history, lay open before it.

Cleveland, (to whom he was warmly attached,) sufficiently to call out, “ For sake, hold your Minna Troil, the heroine of the piece, is an and who was the only one on board the hand.”

• Ah.” said Blackburn, “ you spoke just indifferent copy of Flora Mc. Ivor, and her pirate's vessel, who had any feelings in common

in time, for you had but one more cast to the botromantic enthusiasm, depending on her igno- with Jack. The death of Dick Fletcher, from

Will it be believed, that this same fighting par. rance of the world and a deficient education, his warm attachment to Jack, becomes exexcites much less sympathy, than the more tremely affecting, although poor Dick was

son and Buccaneer was afterwards promoted to be

Archbishop of York? When Sir Charles Wager polisherl feelings of her prototype. Brenda, rather too much of an automaton to excite heard of the promotion, What,” said he my her sister, is more natural, and (to my re- any very powerful feelings. Claude Halcro, friend Dr. Blackburn made Archbishop of York! gret) less prominent. Their father, the honest, a poet and admirer of the immortal Dryden, 1 ought to have been preferred to it before him, for warm-hearted, old Udaller, is a very interest- / who is supported by the benevolence of the I was the elder Buccaneer of the two."


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you ?

Those eyes that then my passion blest,

tor's eyes. Assistance is procured, and a full purThat bura'd in love's expression ;

suit of the robber commenced. Tbey reached the

That bosom where I then could rest, APOSTROPHE TO MANCHESTER.

scine of villany; and, monstr um horrendum! the And now have no possession ;

terrific bandit still maintained his post !--The weapon

These waken still in memory Hail! town of freedom, 'tis to thee we draw

of death still extended, and the robber bad not yet Cramp'd and restrained by no imperious law :

Sad ceaseless thought about thee,

stooped to pick up his booty which lay at his feet.

That say how blest I've been with thee, Friendly alike to country, sect, and name,

A pump with the band frozen in a horizontal position,

And how I am without thee. Native and alien, are with thee the same :

was found to bave been mistaken by the sapient DocThy wings expanded at protection's call;

tor for a murderous highwayman. Thy arms extended welcome give to all :

VARIETIES. Art bere encouraged, spreads inventions sail,

ANECDOTE of Sir ABRAHAM REYNARDSON.And genial Science wafts a favouring gale :

When the conduct of a man is regulated, in perilous Wealth is enabled to jocrease it's store,

DANCING.-The Chinese have odd ideas of this times, by a conscientious regard to principle, his meAnd honest labour feeds the industrious poor.

amusement. When Commodore Anson was at Canton, mory ought not to be buried in oblivion.-Such was the officers of the Centurion had a ball upon some

Sir Abraham Reynardson, lord-mayor of London, in court holiday : while they were dancing, a Chinese 1648. When a petition for bringing the king to

who very quietly surveyed the operation, said softly trial was brought forward in the common-council, he TO THE EDITOR, to one of the party, "Why don't you let your ser

opposed it, in spite of tumults within and without; SIR, -At the last Gentlemen's Concert, after several songs vants do this for

and, at last, after a debate of twelve hours, he took from Miss Cheese, Mrs. Salmon was introdaced, which gave

up the city sword, and withdrew, at the hazard of his occasion to the following Epigram.

The original diamond ring of Mary Queen of Scots, life, having entered the proceedings on the records of Euterpe a banquet prepared in this town,

the court. upon which are engraved the Arms of England, Scot

After the king's death, being called upon And a Salmon she made the chief dish; land, and Ireland, quartered, and which was produced to proclaim the abolition of kingly power, be perempBat our musical cooks so forgetful are grown, in evidence at the trial of the unfortunate Mary, as

torily refused; for which he was fined 20001. im. That they sent in the Cheese before fish!

a proof of her pretensions to the Crown of England, prisoned in the tower, and deprived both of his office Jan. 21, 1822. C. was in the possession of the late Mr. Blachford, one

of lord-mayor and alderman. This virtuous, citizen of the Lords of the Admiralty, at the time of his

died at his house at Tottenham, on the 4th of October

death. The history of this fatal ring is carious. It
descended from Mary to her grandson Charles I. who

Sir John DUCKWORTH was always a careful and
gave it on the scaffold to Archbishop Juxon, for his
Taste is from Heaven,

son Charles II

. who, in bis troubles, pawned it in prudent man, and could not escape a sailor's joke, as An inspiration nature cau't bestow, i Holland for £300, where it was bought by Governor well known in the service, testifies :-" When Cap

the following humorous anecdote told of him, and Though Nature's beauties, where a taste is given, Yale, and sold at his sale for £320, supposed for tain of one of his Majesty's ships on the Jamaica Warm the ideas of the soul to flow

the Pretender. Afterwards it came into the posses station, a report reached the quarter-deck, while the With that intense enthusiastic glow

sion of the Earl of Ila, Duke of Argyle, and pro- ship was under a press of sail, that a pig was overThat throbs the bosom, when the curious eye bably from him to the family of Mr. Blachford. At board; at the same moment the Captain's Steward inGlances on beauteous things that give delight, the late sale of his effects, it was said to have been

formed bim that the pig was his property. The necesObjects of earth, or air, or sea, or sky, parchased for his present Majesty.

sary orders were immediately given to the Officer: That bring the very senses in the sight,

Man the fore and mainclue-garnets, weather mainTo relish what we see :--but all is night

ENTERTAINING PhilosoPHICAL EXPERIMENT.— brace, clear away the quarter-boat for lowering down, To the gross clown-nature's unfolded book,

Partial flashes of lightning, Aurora Borealis, &c. are As on he blunders, never strikes his eye ;

square the main-yards, or poor piggy will be drowned." to be beautifully exbibited, by taking in a spoon The Steward again reached the ear of his Captain, Pages of landscape, tree, and flow'r, and brook,

about a drachm of the powder or seeds of Lycopodium, and communicated the pleasing information that the Like bare blank leaves he turns upheeded by. and throwing it against a candle, all other lights being pig was the property of the dead-room mess, and not

CLARE. excluded. Powdered rosin is equally fit for the pur-his. The orders now were—“ Stand fast the fore

pose, but from its adhesive quality sticks to the hand and main-tacks, keep fast the boat, for poor piggy
or any thing on which it falls.

A very entertaining could not be saved!”

sort of corruscation of light is obtained by the use of

phosphorised lime. When a small quantity (20 or The amiable founder of the present noble family Again the year on easy wheels has rolld,

30 grains) is thrown into a glass of water, bubbles of of Fitzwilliam was Alderman of Bread-street Ward To bear me to the term of seventy-two !

gas are successively extracted from it, which rising in the year 1506. Before his death he forgave Yet still my eyes can see the distant blue

to the surface of the water, are inflamed on coming all his debtors, and wrote upon the erased account Of yop wild peak, and still my footsteps hold,

in contact with the air of the atmosphere, producing of each “ Amore Dei remitto!' Cardinal Wolsey Unpropp'd by staff, support me to behold

a flash of bright light. And as a succession of such How nature to her MAKER's mandate true,

was the chief means of this worthy citizen acquirbubbles is produced, during a considerable time, aing his large fortune. After the disgrace of the Calls Spring's ricb-mantled Heralds to the view

Cardinal, Mr. Fitzwilliam very hospitably enterThe Snow-drop bright, the Croods spik'd with gold ; repetition of such flashes will be seen.

tained him at Milton, in Northamptonshire, one of And still, thank Heaven ! if I not falsely deem,

A FRAGMENT.-The following, selected from a the finest estates of the present Earl. Henry the My lyre, yet vocal freely can afford

paper published at Boston, America, is said to be Eighth was so enraged at this that be sent for Mr. Strains not discordant to each mortal theme

founded on fact :-“ The wearied animal can proceed Fitzwilliam tu Coart, and said—“Ha! ha! how Fair Truth inspires, and aids me to record, Best of poetic psalms ! my faith supreme

no further," said the Doctor, as he stopped the comes it, ha! that you dare entertain a traitor ?”

horse at the turnpike inn. He entered the bar-room, Fitzwilliam modestly replied, “ Please your HighIn Thee-my God, my SAVIOUR, and my LORD!

inwardly cursing the bad roads, which prevented his ness, I did it not from disloyalty, but gratitude.”

reaching home before midnight, and seated bimself | The angry monarch here interrupted him by “ Ha! SONG,

by the blazing fire. Gloomy were bis meditations, ha!” (the usual interjection of his rage.): Mr. Fitz

which became more so at the entrance of two men, william, with the tear of gratitude in bis eye, and The morning hours the sun begailes,

whose faces presented to bis disturbed imagination the burst of loyalty in his bosom continued, “ From With glories brightly blooming ;

pictures of fierce ambition. “Six hundred dollars," gratitude, as he was my old master, and the means The flower and summer meet in smiles,

thought he ; why did I bring them with me? and of my greatest fortunes.”—Impetuous Harry was so

proceed alone ? but perhaps they may not be robbers pleased with the answer, that be took him heartily And so I've met with woman. But stins must set with dewy eve,

- perhaps they may not overtake me; at any rate by the hand, and said—“ Such gratitude, ha! shall

will proceed.” After an inspiring draught the jour. never want a master. Come into my service, worthy And leare the scene deserted; And flowers must with the summer leave,

vey recommenced, and tremblingly alive is the Doctor man, and teacb my other servants gratitude, for few

to each little noise. I see a rob'er!-and with the of them have any." He then knighted him on the So I and Mary parted.

deadly weapon at that head which has so often di- spot, and Mr. F. was immediately sworn in a Privy O Mary I did meet thy smile,

rected the councils of the commonwealth. And shall Counsellor. When passion was discreetest;

a life so precious to the nation be sacrificed for a And thou didst win my heart the while, little p. If? Shall one vile blow deprive the country

A REMARKABLE Speech OF MR. CUFFE, Secretary Wheo woman seem'd the sweetest; of a hero and a statesman.- No! “Take my money,

to the Earl of Esser, who was executed in the reign of When joys were felt that cannot speak,

and spare my life." excl imed the son of Galen, and Queen Elizabeth, for the same offence which brought

casts his pocket-book at the ruffian's feet. He waits And memory cannot smother,

his master to the block._" I am here adjudged to die When love's first beauty flash'd tby cheek, for no reply, but applies his lash to his jaded steed. for arting an act never plotted, for plotting a plot That never warm'd another.

The welcome glare of light soon Bashes on the Doc- ! never acted. Justice will bave her course : accusers

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must be heard ; greatuess. will have the victory : With a faultering step, and a countenance as pale street St. Laudrey, for 20 sols each; and it is scholars and martialists (though learning and valour as death, I mounted the rostrum, and awaited the even said that they were given as charity to should have the pre-eminence) in England must die nod of Dr. Smith, as a signal to commerce. In wbat sick women, who made use of these innocent like dogs, and be hanged. To mislike this, were manner I acquitted myself I know not, but believe bat folly : to dispate it, but time lost: to alter it

, me, Sir

, I returned to my seat, with as much delighi creatures to suck froin their breasts a corimpossible: but to endure it, is manly; and to scorn as a transport returns to his native land, after a tedi-l rupted milk!' The children thus abandoned it, magnanimity. . The queen is displeased, the law- ons absence of fourteen years, and was soon able to by the government to the pity of the public, yers injurious, and death terrible : bai I crave pardon take a survey of the light and airy forms that sur

almost all perished, and the few who chanced of the queen;, forgive the lawyers, and the world ; rounded me.

to escape out of so many dangers, were those desire to be forgiven, and welcome death."

The remainder of the day, and often of the week, who were clandestinely introduced into opulent is holiday, and dedicated to social enjoyment; no families, to deprive legitimate heirs of their

thoughts of lessons, or of exercises, are suffered to successions : a practice that for more than a RBPOSITORY OF GENIUS. disturb the peace and tranquillity that reigns; but century was a perpetual source of law-suits,

alas! vain are all sudden sallies of delight; our the details of which are seen in the compilaDi

pleasurable ideas quickly vanish; school with all its tions of the old French lawyers. Required to form a perfect square by the arrange- terrors too soon returns; tasks are once more resumed; ment of five squares, each cut into two parts as in the lexicon again is elevated to it's wonted station,

V. de Paule at first supplied funds for the the annexed diagram, A B being equal to B C. The and the noted Tuesday is well nigh forgotten; or, if support of twelve of these children, and it was most convenient way to do the puzzle is, to cut the remembered, remembered only with a sigh.

soon put in his power to relieve all those who five' squares in pasteboard, and arrange the parts


were found at the doors of churches. But that on a table.

Manchester, January 31st, 1822.

fervour which is always attendant. on a novel B с

establishment shortly began to cool.; the sup:

plies of money entirely failed, and the horrid “Those evening bells, those evening bells,

outrages on nature were about to recommence. How many a tale their music tells

Vincent de Paul was not discouraged. He Of youth, and home, and that sweet time

convoked an extraordinary meeting, caused a When first I heard their soothing chime.'

great number of these unfortunate infants to A solation of the above is respectfully requested

be placed in the church, and ascending imfrom the juvenile readers of the Manchester. Iris ;

mediately into the pulpit, pronounced, his and the geometrical demonstration is solicited from TO THE EDITOR,

eyes streaming with tears, the following dismathematical students.

SIR,-I have often observed, with no small degree course :
R. B. G.

of surprize, that on no occasion of public rejoicing • You are not ignorant, Ladies, that com23rd January, 1822.

and festivity, do the bells of St. Ann's Church join passion and charity first made you adopt these in the celebration, and swell the sounds of joy.' little creatures as your children. You have

I have frequently made enquiries respecting the cir- been their mothers according to grace since CORRESPONDENCE.

cumstance, but always, until lately, to no purpose. the time that their mothers according to nature

I am, however, assured that the bells alluded to have abandoned them. Consider now if you will TO THE EDITOR, been condemned to perpetual silence on public occa

also abandon them. Cease for a moment to sions, because they once rang a welcome peal to

be their mothers, and become their judges. Sir,—The first Tuesday in October, is appointed, cheer the delusive hopes of the Pretender. I am by the High Master of the Manchester Free Grammar anxious to know what authority there is for such an Their life and death are in your hands, Behold! School, as a public speech day, and, upon that occa

explanation of the mystery; and I shall, therefore, I take the votes and suffrages. It is time! sion, extracts, selected from the best and most feel much obliged to any of your readers who is able You must pronounce sentence, and declare if approved anthors, are delivered by the senior scho- and willing to inform me,

you will no longer shew them mercy. They lars. To be amongst the number of the speakers, is

QUERIST. will live if you continue your charitable care, an honor, to which every member of this most excel

but if

you consent to abandon them, they all lent institution, looks forward with delight, and to

perish.' the attainment of wbich, every nerve is strained.


The only answer to this pathetic appeal was I was, at an early age, placed in this seminary, under the care of the Rev. Mr. Elsdale, a gentleman

the tears and sighs of the audience; and on

St. Vincent de Paule was successively a as distinguished for integrity of character, and sua

the same day, in the same church, and at the vity of manners, as for his literary attainments. In slave at Tunis, tutor to the cardinal de Retz, very instant, the Foundling Hospital was estaprocess of time, I arrived at the head form, and fond- village curate, almoner-general to the galleys, blished and endowed with a revenue of forty ly wished for that eventful month, in the which 1, and joint director for the distribution of be- thousand livres. together with my class-fellows, should ascend the nefices. He instituted in France the religious hastings, and in the presence of a gay assemblage of societies of the Seminarists, the Lazarites, beauty and fashion, give a specimen of our oratorical and the Sisters of Charity, who devote thempowers. For some weeks previons to the time selves to the service of the unfortunate, and appointed, all is bustle and anxiety, all are equally seldom change their condition, although their Mr. Buckley, of New York, has invented desirous to outshine their neighbours in suiting the vows are binding only for a year. He also and obtained a patent for a Fire Shield. It action to the word, and the word to the action. To founded charitable institutions for foundlings, is intended to protect firemen whilst employed prevent the destruction of books, desks, tables, &c. orphans, galley-slaves, and old men. &c., it has been found necessary to close the doors ercised for some time a ministry of zeal and signed to prevent fire from spreading. It is

He ex. in extinguishing fires, but particularly debut, in order that all due preparation may be made charity among the galley-slaves.' In the num- made of a metallic substance; thin, light, and for this most important event

, the youthful aspirants ber of these wretches, he observed one who impervious to heat ; it is of a length and after fame are, at stated periods, entrasted with the had been condemned to three years captivity breadth sufficient to cover the whole person, key, for the purpose of a rehearsal.

for defrauding the revenue, and who appeared and it may be used in several different posiThe day, the long expected day, at length arrives. inconsolable at having left his wife and chil- tions. For example: when used in the street, At an early hour, I bastened to the school, and took dren to suffer the extremities of wretchedness it is firmly fixed on a small platform, with my seat; but, so impressed was I with the great im- and want. Vincent de Paule, deeply affected wheels, and a short elevation from the ground. portance of the task assigned me, so fearful I should by his situation, offered to restore him to his 'The fireman takes his stand on this platform not perform it to my own satisfaction, to that of my family by putting himself in his place, and, and behind the shield; he is drawn by ropes friends, that I was perfectly unconscious of every it will hardly be credited, the exchange acthing that passed near me, and around me, until my tually took place. This virtuous man

near the current of heat and flames, without good friend L

was being scorched or feeling any inconvenience; i whispered in my ear, my chaired to the galley, and his feet remained and with the hose pipe, or leader, in his hand, lad you are next.' Had I been about to deliyer my maiden speech in the parliament house, to address swollen during the rest of his life from the he directs the water to the part where it is the assembled peers of the realm, or to present a

weight of the honourable tetters which he had most required. In this way à line of shields petition to the sovereign, tuy agitation could not have borne.

may be formed in close order, in front of a been greater, than upon delivering a copy of my When this illustrious philanthropist came to powerful heat, behind which the firemen may speech, to the Warden of the Collegiate Church, Paris, it was customary for the children who stand with safety, and play upon the house who invariably attends on this occasiou.

had been found exposed, to be sold in the with their water-pipes.


Of the Atmospherical Pressure and Temperature, Rain, Wind, &c. deduced from Diurnal Observations,

Made at MANCHESTER, in the Year 1821, by Mr. THOMAS HANSON, Sargeon.

Latitude 53. 05° North. —Longitude 2.. 10° West of London.

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January 29.750.6428.96 1.63.66 3.10 40.05 55°
February... 30.11|30.52 29.20 1.32 .42 2.157 37. 955
Marcb.. 29.42 30.16 28.92 1.23 .67 5.2011 44. 7) 61
April...... 29.5 30.00 28,96 1.04 .50 4.101 8 52. 2 74
May.. 29,76 30.10/29.16 .94 .40 4.10 6 52. 6 73
June. 29 97 30.28/29.55 .731.34 1.80 7 57. 41 74
July ... 29.79 30.18129.32 .891 .40 3.2017 61. 91 81
August..... 29.80 30.08 29.25 .75) .50 2.80 8 63. 1 79
September. 29.69 30.10/29.16 .941 .56 3.20 13 60. 676
October... 29,71 30.16 28.75 1.41.63 5.20 10 52. 466
November. 29.59|30.16 28.92 1.241.67 5.00 9 17. 8 62
December. 29.24 30.10 28.16 1.94.56 7.80 15 43. 8 62

29.96130.20.28.94 1.171.53 147.65/105 61. 2' 68

15 20 36 25 30 27 23 23 34

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32° 30 32 41 39 34 37 31 30 27 27 31

1.095 6

.535 2.625 18 3.320 19 2.520 15 1.060 8 1.905 3.1351 17 4.595/ 23 2.900) 20 4.390 22

3.800 19 31.801180

1.324 1.0451 1.703


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0 4011 2 1 3.145|| 2.947 3.876|| 0

17 6 3 2.11 3.984 2.739 3.523

1 23 0 4 1 3.194 2.252 2.884

3 13 9 21 o o 1.458 1.390 1.203 0

7 5 2 1 0 2.496 1.143 1.872

5 40 0 16 5 0 0 3.519 2.537 3.281 0 0 0 3 2 12 103 5.466 3.815 4.279|| 0 0 0 2 2- 202 3.287 2.270 4.323|| 0 0 0 1 20 5 0 cl o 5.400 3.771 3.442 0 11 0 5 16 5 2 1 1 2 4.971 3.880) 3.864 0 710 6 a 141 0 1 3 39.108|| 28.087|| 34.778|| 0l3elli 33/1.115:15:342'1c1 9/10

48 46 39 35 31


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The annual mean temperature of the past year, is winter months, 29.63. The meau daily movements measuring the rain collected in these fuppel-areas degrees; being about two degrees above the of the barometrical surface ; measure near forty-eight be correct, and wbich I have every reason to conaverage : the mean of the first three months, 40° 9; | inches : total number of changes, one hundred and clude is the case ; and provided their sarfaces are second, 54° 1; third, 61° 9; fourthi, 48°; of the six five. The barometer throughout the month of Febru- parallel with the horizon, and at safficient distances winter months, 449 4; six summer months, 57° 9. ary, was remarkably high and desultory in its move- from trees, buildings, or any object that might obThe inaximum, or biottest state of the year, was 81°, ments : on the contrary, in the month of December it struct a free access ; it must follow, that there can which occurred on the memorable 19th of Jaly, the oscillated most extraordinarily ; and towards the close be no error in our results. I bave noted down 180 Coronation of King George the Foarth ; the minimum of the year, very low: the utmost depression, was days, on which rain fell more or less, wbich number or coldest stat“, was 23°, which is only 9 below the minimum of the year.

is one less than last year. In the last five months of freezing, this happened on the 4th January, making Much has been said about the wetness of the past 1820, there were 85 wet days ; the pomber in the an annual variation of 58o. From the above, the year. My annual account scarcely amounts to 32 corresponding ones of 1821 is. 101. February was reporter is enabled to draw the following comparison, inches in depth, which is certainly under the average the dryest, and September and November the wettest. between the past and preceding year, viz. the average for Manchester. Mr. John BLACKWALL, of Crump- The south, south-west, and west winds, have been heat of the six summer months of 1821, was nearly sall, makes his annual fall three inches more, and the most prevalent: those winds were noticed to blow one degree more than that of 1820, and the heat of Mr. John Dalton, for Ardwick, nearly eight inches on 224 days. On the 18th, 19th, and 20th of March, the six winter months, three degrees above the cor- more than mine. On the contrary Mr. EDWARD (about the vernal equinox) the wind blew hurricanes responding ones of the preceding year, so that the STELFOX, of Lymm, near Warrington, has only regis from the north-west, at ended with rain, snow, and temperature of 1821, has been more mild than usual, tered a fall of twenty-eight inches. The differences sleet. On the night of the 30th of November, and and not marked by any very great extremes, in our annnal statements of rain, from places so near following morning, the wind blew a most violent gale

The annual mean elevation of the barometer, is together are singular, and certainly require an atten- from the south-west, accompanied with hail and rain, nearly twenty-nine inches and seven-tenths ; highest live inquiry: the only difference in our apparat as, the damage done in consequence, by the falling of 30.65, which was on the 23rd of January ; lowest is, that Mr. Dalton's rain fannel is larger ; min, Mr. chimneys, unroofing of houses, &c. was great, several 28.16 which happened on the 28th of December : the Black wall's, and Mr. Stelfox's are made alike, tbe lives were lost in Liverpool, and other places, and a difference of these extremes, makes 2.49 inches : same size, and of one material, which is that of large number of vessels suffered in the harbours and mean of the six summer months, 29.75 ; of the six copper. Provided our calculations of the method of on the neighbouring coasts.



a great number of lights; in remembrance, each going individually, and kneeling at

as it is supposed, of our blessed Saviour's the throne to receive it. The ceremony FEBRUARY.

being declared by Simeon to be a light to commences with the cardinals ; then fol

lighten the Gentiles ; hence the name of low the bishops, prelati, canons, priors, Some etymologists derive February Candlemas-day. It is also called Christ's abbots, priests, &c., down to the sacrisfrom Februa, an epithet given to Juno, as Presentation, the Holiday of Saint Si- tans and meanest officers of the church. the Goddess of Purification ; while others meon,' and, in the north of England, the When the last of these has gotten his attribute the origin of the name to Februa, Wives' Feast-day.'

candle, the poor conservatori, the reprea feast held by the Romans in this month, The Benedictions of the Candles at sentatives of the Roman senate and peoin behalf of the manes of the deceased.

Rome, on this day, as witnessed by Lady ple, receive theirs. This ceremony over, REMARKABLE DAYS.

Morgan in 1820, is thus described :- ihe candles are lighted, the pope is mountSATURDAY, 24Purification of the Bles

• The ceremony takes place in the beanti ed in his chair and carried in procession, sed Virgin Mary,

ful chapel of the Quirinal, where the pope with hymns chaunting, round the anticha

himself officiates, and blesses, and distri pel ; the throne is stripped of it's splenThis festival is of high antiquity, and butes with his own hands, a candle to did hangings, the pope and cardinals the ancient christians observed it by using every person in the body of the church; take of their gold and crimson dresses,

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