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manner and to an extent, most propitious for his own fame, and for the honor and benefit of his country; presenting at once a splendid model of the character developed under our republican institutions, and an illustrious instance of die power of character, thus developed, to preserve and improve those institutions.

To an extent of practice and a degree of success in the profession of the Law, rarely equalled in any age or country; to experience in public affairs as great as his years allow; to singular powers of conception, habits of discrimination, and the faculty of popular reasoning such as renders his eloquence peculiar, and gives it in a great degree a character of its own ; to large and liberal views of things ; to a surprising familiarity with the great features of our own domestic and foreign policy since the foundation of the government, and with die course of other governments,—to all diese traits of Mr. Webster's character and history, we are, by a coincidence as uncommon as it is admirable, permitted to add the most pure and honorable principle, all the domestic and social virtues, containing in themselves the only certain pledges of public good faitli and love of country, and consecrating the man to the affections of his age and of posterity.

We look upon it as eminently fortunate, for the country and for mankind, that such a man has not merely left the impress of his mind on die professional and official transactions in which he has been engaged, but has already found occasion to secure a perjictual memorial of many of his opinions upon our history,s institutions, and principal objects of legislation and jurisprudence; as well as a monument of liis patriotic and humane sentiments, in die literature of his country. Of other individuals of splendid genius, and powerful influence in their day, death has left an impalpable shadow only, with posterity. Mr. Webster, should he be cut off without another opportunity of exerting his powers for the benefit of the public or his friends, cannot thus pass from the memory of men. He would still be to be seen, in the true features of his character, in those productions of his mind, which are already before the public.

In conclusion we may be permitted to add, that several of the speeches and addresses contained in this volume, possessing a character of more permanent and general interest, have been translated and published in most of the languages of Europe. And we are not without authority for saying, that they have been regarded, by men of enlightened judgments and cultivated taste, as fine examples of forensic and popular eloquence. In the language of one of the most eminent statesmen of England, some of these speeches have been read in that country, with "no less admiration of their eloquence, than satisfaction in the soundness and ability of their general views." This tribute, coming as it does from those who are not apt to over-estimate the intellectual power or literary taste of our country, may be regarded by us, with an honest pride, as evidence of uncommon merit. As such, we offer this volume of Mr. Webster's speeches to our countrymen, in full confidence that they will sustain the high reputation they have acquired for political wisdom and true eloquence.

CONTENTS.

Dncoibii delivered at I'lymouth, in Commemoration of the first Settlement

of New England.—Deo. 22, 1820 25

Addbess delivered at the taring of the Corner Stone of the Banker Hill Monument.—Jane 17, 1825 57

Discourse in Commemoration of the Lives and Services of John Adams and

Thomas Jefferson, delivered in Faneuil Hall, Boston.—Aug. 2, 1826. . 71

Speech delivered at a Meeting of Citizens of Boston, held in Faneuil Hall on the evening of April 3, 1825, preparatory to the General Election in Massachusetts. 97

Spkech in Faneuil Hall, on Thursday, Jane 6th, 182S, at a public dinner given

him by the Citizens of Boston, as a mark of respect for his public services. 102

Argument in the Case, the Trustees of Dartmouth College vs. William H. Woodward, before the Supreme Court of the United States, on the 10th day of March, 1818. , 110

Aiooum in the Impeachment of James Prescott, before the Senate of

Massachusetts.—1821. 138

Abodmeht in the Case of Gibbons tit. Ogden, in the Supremo Court of the

United States, February Term, 1824. 170

AjceMim in the Case of Ogden ri. Saunders, in the Supreme Court of the

United States, January Term, 1827 186

Rimaki in the Convention of Delegates chosen to revise the Constitution of

Massachusetts, upon the resolution relative to Oaths of Office. 1821. . . 197

KiMaiii in the Convention, upon the Resolution to divide the Commonwealth into Districts for the choice of Senators according to population. 200

Remakes in the Convention upon a Resolution to alter the Constitution, so that Judicial Officers shall be removable by the Governor and Council upon the address of two thirds (instead of a majority) of each branch of the I'egWIature, and also tliat the Legislature shall have power to create a Supreme Court of Equity and a Court of Appeals. .... 217

Speech on the Bank of the United States, delivered in the House of Representatives of the United States, Jan. 2, 1815 222

Speech on a Resolution relative to the more effectual collection of the public Revenue, delivered in the House of Representatives of the United States. 1816. 232

Speech on the Greek Revolution, delivered in the House of Representatives

ofthe United States, Jan. 19, 1823. . 241

Speech upon the Tariff; delivered in the House of Representatives of the

United States, April, 1824 265

Speech in the Senate of the United States, on the TariffBill.—May 9,1828. 807

Speech upon the Panama Mission; delivered in the House of Representatives

ofthe United States.—April, 1826 322

Speech in the Senate of the United States, on the Bill for the relief of the

surviving Officers of the Revolution.—April .25, 1828 851

Speeches in the Senate ofthe United States, on the Resolution of Mr. Foote

respecting the sale, &c. of Public Lands.—Jan. 1S30 358

Remarks in the Senate ofthe United States, on the application for the erection of a Breakwater at Nantucket—1828 4S3

Introductorv Lecture, read to the Boston Mechanics' Institution, at the

opening of the Course of Lectures.—Nov. 12, 1828 439

Argument on the Trial of John F. Knapp, for the Murder of Joseph White, Esq. of Salem, in the county of Essex, Massachusetts; on the night of the 6th of April, 1830 450

Remarks in the House of Representatives of the United States, on the Bill to

amend the Judiciary System.—Jan. 4, 1826. 490

MISCELLANIES.

Examination ofthe remarks in the Quarterly Review on the Laws of Creditor and Debtor in the United States. (1820.) 610

Letter of Mr. Webster, addressed to Rev. Louis Dwight, Secretary of the Prison Discipline Society, on the subject of Imprisonment for Debt—May 2, 1830 519

DISCOURSE

DELIVERED AT PLYMOUTH, IN COMMEMORATION OP THE FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW ENGLAND. DEC. 22,1820.

Let Us rejoice that we behold this day. Let us be thankful that we have lived to see the bright and happy breaking of the auspicious morn, which commences the third century of the history of New Ku^land. Auspicious indeed; bringing a happiness beyond the common allotment of Providence to men; full of present joy, and gilding with bright beams the prospect of futurity, is the dawn that awakens us to the commemoration of the landing of the Pilgrims.

Living at an epoch which naturally marks the progress of the history of our native land, we have come hither to celebrate the great event with which that history commenced. Forever honored be this, the plncc of our fathers' refuge! Forever remembered the day which saw them, weary and distressed, broken in. everything but spirit,poor in all but faith and courage, at last secure from the dangers of wintry seas, and impressing this shore with the first footsteps of civilized man!

It is a noble faculty of our nature which enables us to connect our thoughts, our sympathies, and our happiness, with what is distant, in place or time; and, looking before and after, to hold communion at once with our ancestors and our posterity. Human and mortal although we are, we arc nevertheless not mere insulated beings, without relation to the past or the future. Neither the point of time, nor the spot of earth, in which we physically live, bounds our rational and intellectual enjoyments. Wc live in the past by a knowledge of its history; and in the future by hope and anticipation. By ascending to an association with our ancestors; by contemplating their example'and studying their character; by partaking their sentiments, and unbibing their spirit; by accompanying them in their toils, by sympathizing in their sufferings, and rejoicing in their successes and their triumphs, we mingle our own existence with theirs, and seem to belong to their age. We become their contemporaries, live the lives which they lived, endure what they endured, and partake in the rewards which they enjoyed. And in like manner, by running al*mg the line of future time, by contemplating the probable fortunes of those who uro coming after us; by attempt

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