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CHAP. III. sects. It were absurd to expect, that he should Year after have procured him to be baptized before he himself the apo had renounced that opinion, and thought fit to be

baptized bimself. He says of himo; · We [I and • Alypius) joined him with us of the same age of • ourselves in thy grace, [the grace of baptism,] to • be educated in thy discipline, and were baptized, &c. As Ishmael was circumcised, so this youth was baptized, the same day with his father: which

was at Easter, anno 388. 288. III. When I have spoken of Alypius, whom

St. Austin mentions as baptized together with him; I hope I have done. It is only in compliance to Mr. Tombes, that he need be mentioned at all. He had observed that he was baptized when he was adult, and so makes him an instance for this purpose P, without giving any proof or pretence of it, that his parents were Christians. He might in a week's time have collected a hundred such instances of persons baptized at man's age, whose parents are utterly unknown, as Alypius' are: only people have generally concluded that they were heathens, because they did not baptize their children.

And there happen to be also some more particular proofs in bis case. As that, before his conversion, he abhorred or scorned the name of Christ : as St. Austin gives us to understand, when after having given God thanks for his grace in recovering him himself, he adds; Thou didst also subdue Alypius the brother of my soul, to the name of o Confess. lib. ix. cap. 6.

P Exercitation about Infant-baptism, 4to. 1646. p. 28. also an Examen of Marshall's sermon, 4to. 1645.) p. 14.

the apo

thy only-begotten, our Lord and Saviour Jesus CHAPIT Christ, which be before took in disdain to have year after • inserted in our letters

stles. And also that he was so ignorant of what the Christians believed or held concerning the person of Jesus Christ. For having heard some Christians maintain that he as man had no soul, but that his divinity was in the stead of a soul to his body; and thinking this to be the common opinion of the Christians, and judging it to be absurd; ' he was, as St. Austin says", ‘ the more hardly brought over

to the Christian religion. But afterwards under • standing this to be the mistake of the Apolli* narian hereties, he congratulated the Catholic ' faith,' &c. So improbable is it that he had Christian parents.

IV. There is one Den an antipadobaptist writer, and Danvers from him, that mentions a great many more names yet, viz. Pancratius, Pontius, Nazarius, Thecla, Luigerus, Erasma Tusca, the three sons of Leonilla. But they do but just mention them: and if the reader would know who they are, and upon wbat grounds they are brought in here; he must look to that himself.

For Thecla: if they mean the famous Thecla that is said to be baptized by St. Paul, there is no doubt that she was baptized in her adult age: but there is as much probability of St. Paul's parents having been Christians, as of hers. For the rest, nobody

9 Confess, lib. ix. cap. 4.

r Ibid. lib. vii. c. 19. s (A treatise of Baptism ; wherein that of Believers and that of Infants is examined by the Scriptures; with the history of both out of Antiquity, &c., by John Denne )

'Treatise of Baptism, part i. c. 7. [C'ent. iv. p. 63.)

the apo

stles.

CHAP. II knows whom they mean : for as some of those Year after names have had several persons called by them, so

some have had none at all that I know of.

What I have to add in this second edition to this and the foregoing chapter is, that whereas one Mr. Delaune" an antipædobaptist, in a · Plea for Non* conformists,' written in king Charles II.'s time, had heaped together a great number of quotations out of modern authors, who had reported the ancient opinions or usages to be, in any respect whatsoever, different from the tenets or usages of the church of Englanil; and among the rest bad brought in at p. 11. all that he could rake together against infantbaptism, (taking them, I suppose, out of Danvers,) viz. the sayings of bishop Taylor, Grotius, Lud. Vives, Daillé, Dr. Field, Mr. Baxter, Walafrid Strabo, Boemus; which ainong several others I recited in the last chapter: and whereas there were none of these quotations about infant-baptism, or the other subjects, but had been considered and answered by learned men of the church, (though not in any particular answer to Delaune's pamphlet, but on other occasions,) and consequently, unless the nonconformists could produce some new matter, there seemed to have been said all that was necessary to restore peace and union : now the other day, a certain busy writer, for dissension, instead of offering any new thing, reprinted Delaune's " book, with a

o {De Laune's Plea for the Nonconformists; shewing the true state of their case, &c., in a letter to Dr. B. Calamy, upon his sermon called · Scrupulous Conscience :' to which is added a parallel scheme of the Pagan, Papal, and Christian rites and ceremonies. With a narrative of the remarkable tryal and sufferings underwent for writing, printing, and publishing here

pwompous preface, as a wee LOS perr: Wa- 2*(H:M:. swered. “a finished piece, etc. which caire. Tra! answer from the churchmer..

As for infant-baptis: : ther: I DO 0 Wor. c: quotation in it, but wha: ha beer nur answere: Dit, as I think, on any other sider: ra:e, we must never be ai qnie: : fafter overiyoHS fully proposed, and all of then. publict answerea, the method be, instead of fait redit. tr reprini in a challenging way the very same objections again..

The reason I have to think that lie took ali :be quotations he has againsi infan-bantism, out of Danvers is, because where Danvers has mixed any forgery of his own with the quotation, there Delaune bas done the like. As they do both quote Grotius in Matt. xix. 14. in the same words, but frirged ones: where they make him sat, • Infant* baptism for many bundred years was not ordinary

in the Greek church ;' and where they make him speak of Constantine as an instance against infantbaptism; which he was never ignorant enough to do.

d; by Thomas Delaune, who died in Newgate during his im. prisonment for this book. Printed twenty years ago; but being seized by the messenger of the press, was afterwards burnt by the common hangman : and is now reprinted from the author's original copy; and published by a protestant dissenter, who was the author's fellow-prisoner at the time of his death, for the cause of Non-conformity.-4to. London, 1704. p. 66. There appears to be a second reprint, 1 2mo. 1712.]

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CHAP. IV.

the apo

stles.

Of the Church of the ancient Britons. And of some

ancient Sects, viz. the Nooatians and the Donatists ; which are by some thought to have been Antipưdobap

tists. And of the Arians. CHAP.IV. §. I. ABOUT twenty-six years ago, a certain anYear after tipædobaptist * writer lighted upon an argument to

prove, as he thought, the ancient Christians in Britain, before the coming in of the English, to have been against infant-baptism. It is an evidence how great mistakes may arise from the misprinting of two or three words in a book; and that, in a book of so little regard as Fabian's Chronicle. The account

of the matter is this : 631. Venerable Bede wrote, in the year 731, the

• Church History of the English nation:' and tells 500. how Austin the Monk, after having made some

progress in planting Christianity among the English, made a proposal to the Britons, desiring them to join in communion with him and his new converts, and to assist in converting the English to the Christian faith. But whereas the Britons held and practised rites and traditions, in many things different from those that he then brought from the church of Rome, he insisted that they should leave off their own, and comply with his ceremonies and customs. This they refused. And, after many alterations, he at last made them this final proposal ; • You practise in many things contrary to our cus

tom, and indeed contrary to the custom of the uni'versal church. And yet if you will comply with 'me in these three things; that you keep Easter at

x Danvers, Treatise of Baptism, part ii. ch. 7.

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