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• his single testimony; which is but a pitiful argu-CHAP. II. • ment to prove a tradition apostolical. He is the Year aiter • fint that spoke it: but Tertullian, that was before the apo • him, seems to speak against it; which he would 100. • not have done, if it had been a tradition apo• stolical. And that it was not so, is but too cer"tain, if there be any truth in the words of Ludo-14?2.

rieus Tirers. And then he recites what was ahore cited out of Lud. Virest

The most of this is what he said before !, and on which I did before make what remarks are necessary: as I shall do in the next chapter, on what he says of Ambrose, Hierome, Austin, born of Christian parents, and yet not baptized in infancy. From the whole, one may here see some of the workings of that singular faney that this bishop bad about original sin. I forgot when I saw his • Dissuasive from Popery,' to look at the date of the edition of it, and to see if it were not a posthumous ones: which I suspect, because what he says in it of this indifferency, is contrary to what I quoted before (9. 6.) out of his 'Great Esemplar' and Ductor Dubitantium ;' and is more agreeable to what he had said in his youth, but afterward recanted.

XI. Mr. Thorndyke also, in the third book of his Epilogue",' (which is of the Laws of the Page 118.

See $. 3.

1 See 5.6. Bishop Taylor died in 1667. The edition referred to was pebested in that year, but after the bishop's death.]

in Epilogue to the Tragedy of the Church of England; being a necessary consideration and brief resolution of the chief esctroversies in Religion that di:ide the Western Church: occasieged by the present calamity of the Church of England. Is three books : by Herbert Thorndyke, folio. London, 1659.)

the apo

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CHAP. II. • Church,) yields, that the eastern church, (though Year after they held infant-baptism necessary in case of the

danger of death,) yet did sometimes defer it when there was no such danger. But that the western church enjoined it, as the present church does, to be given presently.

He, as well as Grotius, Taylor, &c., seems to be moved to this concession by the instances of Nazianzen, Nectarius, &c., baptized at man's age; of which I shall speak in the next chapter, and shew the most of them to be mistakes.

XII. Monsieur Daillé has also something to this purpose. He says", 'In ancient times they often • deferred the baptizing both of infants and of

other people; as appears by the history of the • emperors, Constantine the Great, of Constantius, of Theodosius, of Valentinian, and Gratian, out of St. Ambrose : and also by the orations and homilies • of Gregory Nazianzena, and also of St. Basil”, on this subject. And some of the Fathers too have • been of opinion that it is fit it should be deferred, • as namely, Tertullian, as we have formerly noted * out of him.'

I shall have occasion, in the next chapter, to discourse concerning those instances of the emperors. And whereas he speaks of the delay of the baptism of infants and other people, it is fit for the reader to observe, that the orations which he cites, are indeed a proof that many grown people converted did put off their baptism a long time; because those

6

z De Usu Patrum, lib. ii. c. 6. (p. 329, edit. Genev. 1656.)

a Orat. 40.

b Els BattlO MÒV T POT PETTIKY. [Op. tom. i.p.113. edit. Benedict.]

orations or sermons are made on purpose to con- CHAP. II. vince people of their sin and danger in so doing. l'ear after But there is nothing in them that gives any evi-the apodence, that those who were once baptized themselves, did erer delay the baptizing of their children: save that in one of them Gregory Nazianzen gives his opinion, that in case the children are in good health, and there be no fear of their death, one may do well to defer their baptism till they be about three Tears old; but otherwise, to baptize them out of hand. The place I have set down at large, part 1. ch. 11. 6.7.

XIII. Mr. Baxter also, who has shewn a great deal of zeal, and spent a great deal of pains in maintaining the cause of pædobaptism, yet when he is in a complying humour, allows thus much : * That in the days of Tertullian, Nazianzen, and · Augustine, men had liberty to be baptized, or to

bring their children, when, and at what age they * pleased ; and none were forced to go against their * consciences.' And that he knows not that our ' rule or religion is changed: or that we are grown *any wiser or better than there.'

The days of Tertullian and Nazianzen are pitched on, I suppose, because of their sayings, which have been mentioned. The days of Austin have no reason to be brought in here ; but only because Mr. Baxter thought that his parents were Christians, (a mistake common to him with many others.) and that, they not baptizing him in infancy, it was probable that many other Christians omitted it likewise. The same thing, as I hear, is maintained by those

• Defence of the Principles of Love, p. 7. Sro. 1671.

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CHAP. II. Remonstrants that are authors of Censura Cenyear after suræ4, in their 23rd chapter.

XIV. Since the writing of the rest, I find that Garnier the Jesuit is, or would seeni to be, of this opinion; by what he says in his notes upon a sermon of Nestorius, published with Mercator's works : • In those old times baptism was not given pre

sently after the birth, as it is now: but was many * times deferred a great while; not only by the • adults, (who came to it at their own time,) but • also by the parents of infants, till they were 'grown upe?

This race of men at first pretended to no more than this ; that infant-baptism cannot be proved from scripture, without baving recourse to the proof that is taken from the practice of the ancient church. And this they did, that they might force the protestants to own the traditions of the ancient church to be necessary in determining points of religion; for that without them the protestants could not defend their cause against the antipædobaptists. But now that the protestants have largely shown that that recourse to the traditions of the ancient church does turn the scale on the protestants' side against the papists; and that they find it necessary for their cause to decry both scripture and the traditions of the ancient church, as being

# [The box alluded to but muretly named by Dr. Wall, fatitled Apologna puro Confessu sire Declaratione Sen

sum qu tirierato Brigio nuantur Remonstrantes, 79m quatuor prix rum Leidensen. 410. (sine

pressant intered to rurs af p 252, 254, and creat of the text

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both of them together insufficient; and that we CHAP. II. aust throw ourelves on the authority of the pre- l'ear after &nt church, i. e. the church of Rome: they do, in stes. enter to force this down, set their wits to maintain that infant-baptism cannot be proved, neither from scripture, nor from the primitive practice, but only by the infallibility of the present church.

But, as such subtle men do sometimes forget themselves especially if they be voluminous authon; this same Jesuit, in his notes on another book, says. When the apostle writes to the Romans, * of whom serenal had been baptized in infancy, and

Ter sars, So many of us as hare been baptized into ' Christ Jesus, hare been hapticed into his death, &c., * under those general words he comprehends those

that were baptized before the use of reason?' By making some that were grown men at the time of this epistle, viz. twenty-three years after Christ's death, to hare been baptized at Rome in their inmuner, he supposes infant-baptism there practised as soon as the gospel can be reckoned to have been preached there, and perhaps (if we compute the times) suoner.

Mr. Danrer book i. ch. 75, produces one Boemus, who should say, that in the Christian church, and

Notes on the oth chapter of Mercator's Subnotations, p. 03. part i eät. 1673.

Cent. xü. p. 73. edit. 1674. The author produced is Jouna Beemus Aubanus, calling himself · Sacerdes Teutonicæ "mhix derotus' who published a work entitled, Omnium 'reatium Mares. Leges, et Ritus, er multis clarissimis rerum Stiptoribus collecti.' folio, Augustæ Vindel. 1520: (reprinted

155;. again in 1004.) The passage giren (but not fairly) by Decrets occurs at chapter 12 of the second book, fol. 3; in the editioa of 1520.)

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