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CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.

THE END OP COURT-POETRY.

Causes of decline — Enfances — Revolutionary spirit — Cyclical
poems—Franco-Italian epics—French patriotic verse—Romans
tiCAventureCento Notelle Antiche— The Avoenturoso Cicili-
ano—The Reali di Francia—German epics—Icelandic rimur
Fornsijgur and li/pisGgur—English romances—Alliterative
poetry—Scottish romances—The Bruce—Laurence Minot

CHAPTER IT.

TOWN-VER8E AND FOLK-SONO.

Decline of the Troubadour art—The Leys tit'Amors—Legend of
Clemence Isaure—Old Portuguese poetry—Catalonian verse—
German love of song — The Meistersingers— Volkslieder
Minnesingers in legend—Rcimsprechcr—The Low Countries
-English minstrels—Welsh bards—Robin Hood — Scottish
ballads- North French puis—Italy .... 60

THE FOURTEENTH CENTURY.

CHAPTER I.

THE END OF COURT-POETRY.

CAUSES OF DECLINE—'ENFANCES'—REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT—CYCLICAL POEM8—FRANCO-ITALIAN EPICS—FRENCH PATRIOTIC VERSE—ROMANS D'AVBNTITRB — 'CENTO NOVELLE ANTICHE'—THE 'AVVENTUROSO CICrLIANO'—THE 'RE A LI DI Francia'—GERMAN EPICS—ICELANDIC RIMUR — FORNSORi'R AND LYOISOGUR— ENOLI8H ROMANCES—ALLITERATIVE POETRY—SCOTTISH ROMANCES—THE 'BRUCE'—LAUBENCB MINOT.

How came the old poetry—epic, romance, minnesong —to die out as it did in the fourteenth century? Was who kaicd it suffocated by adverse outward conditions, amrt-poeiry > or l^ ij. cornpleted its natural term of life? Perhaps it is not necessary to choose between these solutions. It seems probable that more than one cause was at work. That there were hostile agencies abroad cannot be doubted. In this task of

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