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OF TIIE

FORTIETH MEETING

*

or THE

BRITISH ASSOCIATION

TOIl THE

ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE;

HELD AT

LIVERPOOL IN SEPTEMBER 1870.

[graphic]

LONDON:
JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET.
1871.

PRINTED BT

TAYLOH AND FRANCIS, HKD LION COUHT, FIF.KT STKFF.I.

[merged small][graphic]

Pago

of Sir William Fairbairn, Bart., C.E., LL.D., F.R.S., &c, Sir Joseph

Whitworth, Bart,, C.E., F.R.S., John Penn, C.E., F.R.S., Frederick

J. Bramwell, C.E., Hugh Mason, Samuel Rigby, TnoMAS Scuofield,

Charles F. Beter, C.E., Thomas Webster, Q.C., and Latington E.

Fletcher, C.E ." 1

Report of the Committee appointed for the purpose of calling the atten-

tion of Her Majesty's Government to the importance of completing,

without delay, the valuable investigation into the composition and

geological distribution of the Haematite Iron-ores of Great Britain

and Ireland, which has been already in part published in the Memoirs

of the Geological Survey,—consisting of Prof. Stokes, F.R.S., Prof.

Harkness, F.R.S., and It. A. C. Godwin-austen, F.lt.S 9

Report on the Sedimentary Deposits of the Itivcr Onny. Bv the Rev.

J. D. La Touche 11

Report of the Committee on the Chemical Naiuro of Cast Iron. The

Committee consists of F. A. Abel, F.R.S., D. Forbes, F.R.S., and

A. Matthiessen, F.R.S 13

lleport on the practicability of establishing "A Close Time " for the pro-

tection of indigenous Animals. By a Committee, consisting of Prof.

Newton, M.A., F.L.S., Rev. H. B. Tristram, F.R.S., J. E. Hartino,

F.L.S., F.Z.S., Rev. H. Barnes, and H. E. Dresser (Reporter) 13

Report of the Committee on Standards of Electrical Resistance. The

Committee consists of Prof. Williamson, F.R.S., Prof Sir Charles

Wheatstone, F.R.S., Prof. Sir W. Thomson, F.R.S., Prof. W. A.

Miller, F.R.S., Dr. A. Matthiessen, F.R.S., Sir Charles Bright,

C.E., F.R.G.S., J. Clerk Maxwell, F.R.S., C. W., Siemens, F.R.S.,

Balfour Stewart, F.R.S., Dr. Joule, F.R.S., C. F. Varley, Prof. G.

C. Foster, F.R.S., C. Hockin, M.D., and Prof. Fleeming Jenkin,

F.R.S. (Secretary) 14

Sixth Report of the Committee for Exploring Kent's Cavern, Devon-

shire,—the Committee consisting of Sir Cuari.es Ltell, Bart., F.R.S.,

Professor Phillips, F.R.S., Sir JonN Lubbock, Hart., F.R.S., John

Evans, F.R.S., Edward Vivian, George Busk, F.R.S., William Boyd

Dawkins, F.R.S., William Ayshford Sanford, F.G.S., and William

Pengelly, F.R.S. (Reporter) 1G

Third Report of the Committee for the purpose of investigating the rate

of Increase of Underground Temperature downwards in various Locali-

ties of Dry Land and under Water. Drawn up by Professor Everett,

at the request of the Committee, consisting of Sir William Thomson,

F.R.S., Sir Charles Lyell, F.R.S., J. Clkrk Maxwell, F.R.S., Pro-

fessor Phillips, F.R.S., G. J. Symoxs, F.M.S., Dr. Balfour Stewart,

F.R.S., Prof. Ramsay, F.R.S., A. Geikie, F.R.S., J. Glaishkr, F.R.S.,

Rev. Dr. Graham, E. W. Binney, F.R.S., George Maw, F.G.S., W.

Pengelly, F.R.S., S.J. Mackie, F.G.S., and Professor Everett, D.C.L.

(Secretary) 29

Second Report of the Committee appointed to get cut and prepared

Sections of Mountain-Limestone Corals for Photographing. The

Committee consists of Henp.y Woodward, F.G.S., Prof. Duncan,

F.R.S., Prof. Harkness, F.R.S., and James Thomson, F.G.S 44

Togo

Second Report of the Committee, consisting of C. W. Merriftlld,

F.R.S., G. P. Bidder, C.E., F.E.G.S., Capt. Douglas Galton, F.R.S.,

F. Galton, F.R.S., Prof. Rankine, F.R.S., and W. Froude, appointed

to report. on the state of existing knowledge on tho Stability, Pro-

pulsion, and Sea-goiDg Qualities of Ships, and as to the application

which it may be desirable to make to Her Majesty's Government on

these subjects. Prepared for the Committee by C. W. Merrifield,

F.Pv.S 44

Report of the Committee on Earthquakes in Scotland. The Committee

consists of Sir W. Thomson, M.A., LL.D., F.R.S., D. Milne-home,

F.R.S.E., P. Macfarlane, and J. Bryce, M.A., LL.D., F.G.S. (Re-

porter) 48

Report of the Committee on the "Treatment and Utilization of Sewage,"

reappointed at Exeter, 1869, and consisting of Richard B. Grantham,

M. Inst. C.E., F.G.S., Chairman, M. C. Cooke, M.A., Prof. Corfield,

M.A., M.B., J. Bailey Denton, M. Inst. C.E., F.G.S., John Thorn-

Hill Harrison, M. Inst. C.E., William Hope, V.C., Prof. Marshall,

F.R.C.S., F.R.S., Benjamin H. Paul, Ph.D., F.C.S., Prof. Wanklyn,

Prof. Williamson, Ph.D., F.R.S., and Sir John Lubbock, Bart., M.P.,

F.R.S., Treasurer 49

Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1809-70. By a Com-

mittee, consisting of James Glaisher, F.R.S., of the Royal Observa-

tory, Greenwich, Robert P.- Greg, F.G.S., F.R.A.S., Alexander S.

Hersctiel, F.R.A.S., and Charles Brooke, F.R.S., Secretary to tho

Meteorological Society 76

Report on Recent Progress in Elliptic and Hyperelliptic Functions. By

W. H. L. Russell, F.R.S 102

Committee for the purpose of promoting the extension, improvement,

and harmonic analysis of Tidal Observations. Consisting of Sir

William Thomson, LL.D., F.R.S., Prof. J. C. Adams, F.R.S., Tho

Astronomer Royal, F.R.S., -J. F. Bateman, F.R.S., Admiral Sir

Edward Belcher, K.C.B., T. G. Bunt,' Staff-Commander Burdwood,

R.N., Warren De La Rub, F.R.S., Prof. Fischer, F.R.S., J. P. Gassiot,

F.R.S., Prof. Haichton, F.R.S., J. R. Hind, F.R.S., Prof. Kixland,

F.R.S., Staff-Captain Moriarty, C.B., J. Oldham, C.E., W. Parkes,

M. Inst. C.E., Prof. B. Price, F.R.S., Rev. C. Pritciiard, LL.D.,

F.R.S., Prof. Rankine, LL.D., F.B.S., Captain Richards, R.N., F.R.S.,

Dr. Robinson, F.R.S., General Sabine, President of the Royal Society,

W. Sissons, Prof. Stokes, D.C.L., F.R.S., T. Webster, M.A., F.R.S.,

and Prof. Fuller, M.A., and J. F. Iselin, M.A., Secretaries 120

On a New Steam-power Meter. By Messrs. Ashton and Storey .... 151

Report on the Action of the Methvl and Allied Series. By Benjamin

W. Richardson, M.D., F.R.S. 155

Report of the Rainfall Committee for the Year 1869-70, consisting of

C. Brooke, F.R.S. (Chairman), J. Glaisher, F.R.S., Prof. Phillips,

F. R.S., J. F. Bateman, C.E., F.R.S., R. W. Mylne, C.E., F.R.S.,

T. Hawksley, C.E., Prof. Adams, F.R.S., C. Tomlinson, F.R.S.,

Prof. Sylvester, F.R.S., Dr. Pole, F.R.S., Rogers Field, C.E., and

G. J. Symons, Secretary , 170

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