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Heretofore, the writings of Dr. Taylor have been scattered through the religious periodicals of his day. It is now proposed to publish, in a uniform series of detached volumes, “ such selections from his theological lectures, essays, and discourses, as shall be deemed advisable.” One volume of his Practical Sermons' now lies before us. It illustrates the remark of Prof. Fisher," that the sermons of Dr. Taylor “ were written in terse, idiomatic English, and in so plain a style as to be level to the mind of the humblest auditor. His published writings are not distinguished for perspicuity, but his sermons are. Many who have merely been acquainted with his reputation as a philosopher, have imagined that his discourses to the people were abstruse dissertations, or bold speculations in theology. So far from this, they were made up of great, simple thoughts, clothed in a garb so perfect that it was not noticed, and enlivened by striking illustrations from the Bible, and from common life. Like some of the Epistles of Paul, and his recorded discourses, the sermons of Dr. Taylor were, to use a favorite phrase of his own, specimens of • fervid argumentation.' They nerer omitted a close, searching, pressing appeal to the conscience. When he had brought his truth out of the Scriptures, and set it in such a light that every one saw it, he demanded, in the name of God, the assent and obedience of his hearers. Ile insisted on an instant compliance with every known obligation. He demonstrated the fallacy, and folly, of the excuses of impenitent men for living without God, and with every warning and every pathetic entreaty, urged them to immediate repentance."
That Dr. Taylor, theoretically and practically, adopted the principle, that sinners should be urged to immediate repentance, and to nothing which does not involve immediate repentance, is evident from many passages in the Memorial and in his Sermons now before us. Does he not, however, if we interpret his language strictly, sometimes deviate from this principle ? Does he not sometimes exhort to an effort, which is an act distinct and separate from repentance? “ If the first attempt fail, repeat it, and repeat it again and again, as often as it shall fail.” “If the attempt fails, repeat it with new and increased effort. On this — oh, on this — everything depends.” “ Should your first effort fail, and you have another moment's respite, I would say, repeat that effort.” (p. 316.) Now here is an effort, which fails, and which is to be repeated again and again, and which the sinner is exhorted again and again to make and repeat. Is this effort repentance ? How, then, can it fail of its end? Is it an involuntary act? How, then, can we exhort a sinner to perform it? Is it voluntary? Then it must be holy or sinful. If it be holy, how can it fail of its reward ? If sinful, how can we be justified in exhorting sinners to make it?
There are various passages in these Discourses of Dr. Taylor which, accompanied with his explanatory tones and gestures and whole style of delivery, would be less liable to start an objection, than they will be on the written page. Thus, when he exhorts the sinner to a specified duty, and says : “ Do this, and you would no longer be dependent on the Spirit” (p. 390), he by no means intends to deny the invariable dependence of Christians on the common grace of the Spirit, but merely on the special grace of the Holy Ghost in “ softening the heart." His manner of introducing his different Propositions is attended, sometimes, with an obscurity which his impressive elocution would at once remove. Thus, on p. 401, we read : “ IV. The same thing is evident from facts.” What thing? The duty of making a new heart. “ The thing has often been done, and this in two forms. Thus Adam made himself a new heart,” etc. But is this the thing to which the mind had been previously directed ? We have noticed many similar inaccuracies in the volume (as where sin is said to consist in “preferring God to the world,” p. 384), which are evident lapses of the pen, and might have been easily corrected by the proof-reader.
1 Practical Sermons: by Nathaniel W. Taylor, D. D., late Dwight Professor of Didactic Theology in Yale College. New York: Published by Clark, Austin and Smith, 3 Park Row and 3 Ann Street. 1858. pp. 455. 8vo.
2 Memorial, pp. 29, 30.
We look forward with unusual interest to the forth-coming Volumes of this great work. We are not prepared to sanction all the theories of its revered author; but we anticipate rare pleasure and profit from the results of his rigid study, and from the record of his profound and elaborate thought. He was a man whom posterity will delight to honor.
We regret the necessity of deferring some Literary Notices prepared for the present Number; of deferring, also, the larger part of our Literary and the whole of our German Intelligence. We have room only for the following items.
Among the works published during the present year, by the enterprising House of Gould & Lincoln, Boston, are the following:
" Annual of Scientific Discovery ; or Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, for 1858, exhibiting the most important Discoveries and Improvements in Mechanics, Useful Arts, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Astronomy, Geology, Zoology, Botany, Mineralogy, Meteorology, Geography, Antiquities, etc.; together with a list of recent Scientific Publications, a classified List of Patents, Obituaries of eminent Scientific Men, Notes on the Progress of Science during the year 1857, etc. Edited by David A. Wells, A. M.” This is a work of rare interest. As a book of reference, it is of permanent value.
" Essays in Biography and Criticism. By Peter Bayne, M. A., author of the Christian Life, Social and Individual,' etc. Second series. pp. 392, 12mo. This volume contains many passages of brilliant rhetoric. Its moral tone is healthy ; its entire influence is stimulating to all good aims.
“ The Epistle of the Apostle Paul to the Romans; with Notes, chiefly explanatory. Designed as an Accompaniment to the Author's Notes on the Gospels and the Acts. By Henry J. Ripley, Newton Theological Institution. pp. 147, 12mo. We have examined this work with some care, and regard it as one of the best popular commentaries on the Epistle to the Ro mans with which we are acquainted.
“ A Commentary on the Original Text of the Acts of the Apostles. By Horatio B. Hackett, D. D., Professor of Biblical Literature in Newton The ological Institution. A new edition, revised and greatly enlarged.” pp. 480, 8vo. The first edition of this learned Commentary has been highly valued in this country and in Europe. The second edition is still more scholarly and complete than the first. We regard it as the best Commentary on the Acts, which can be found in the English or in any other language.
Sheldon, Blakeman & Co., New York, have published the sixth volume of Olshausen's Commentary. Its title is: “ Biblical Commentary on the New Testament, by Dr. Hermann Olshausen, Professor of Theology in the University of Erlangen. Continued, after his death, by Dr. John Henry Augustus Ebrard and Lic. Augustus Wiesinger. Translated from the German, for Clark's Foreign and Theological Library. Revised, after the latest German edition, by A. C. Kendrick, D. D., Professor of Greek in the University of Rochester." pp. 624, 8vo. This volume embraces Wiesinger's Commentary on the Epistles to Timothy and to Philemon, and Ebrard's Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews. The six volumes now completed form an admirable Exposition of the larger part of the New Testament. They supply a peculiar want which English and American Commentaries leave unsatisfied. The faithful study of this Exposition by our clergymen, will not fail to improve the style and general character of the pulpit, giving it a more spiritual tone, more fervor and comprehensive charity.
Sheldon, Blakeman & Co. have also, during the present year, published Select Discourses by Adolphe Monod, Krummacher, Tholuck, and Jalius Müller; translated from the French and German, with Biographical Notices, and Dr. Monod's celebrated Lecture on the Delivery of Sermons. By Rev. II. C. Fish, and D. W. Poor, D. D. With a fine steel Fortrait of Dr. Monod. pp. 408, 12mo. This volume contains many spirited sermons. Their dissimilarity to the discourses of English and American divines, gives them a new and peculiar interest.
Among the other American works, or American re-prints, now lying on our table, are :
A treatise on the Greek Prepositions, and on the Cases of Nouns with which these are used. By Gessner Harrison, M. D., Professor of Latin in the University of Virginia. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. 1858. pp. 498, 8vo. Those who have read Prof. Harrison's " Exposition of some of the Laws of Latin Grammar,” will not be disappointed in the present production. It is a work of substantial merits, indicating close observation, and critical analysis. Some of the views may be thought fanciful, but it will be considered a valuable addition to our philological apparatus.
“ The World of Mind: an Elementary Book. By Isaac Taylor, author of · Wesley and Methodism."" New York: Harper and Brothers, Publishers, Franklin Square. 1858. pp. 377, 12 mo. Those who have studied Isaac Taylor's “ Elements of Thought,” will be interested in the present sequel to that suggestive volume.
“Evil not from God; or The Mystery: being an Inquiry into the Origin of Evil. By John Young, LL.D., Edinburgh.” New York: Mason, Brothers, 108 and 110 Duane Street. 1858. pp. 343, 12mo. Dr. Young is the author of a work which has already gained celebrity among us, “ The Christ of History.” He is a learned and vigorous writer.
“Rational Cosmology: or the Eternal Principles and the Necessary Laws of the Universe. By Laurens P. Hickok, D. D., Union College." New York: D. Appleton and Company, 316 and 348 Broadway. London: 16 Little Britain. 1858. pp. 397. 8vo. We intend to notice this volume in a subsequent Number.
ENGLAND. Messrs. T. & J. Clark, Edinburgh, have now published the second and the fourth volumes of the “Gnomon of the New Testament, by John Albert Bengel; now first translated into English ; with Original Notes, explanatory and illustrative, revised and edited by Rev. Andrew R. Fausset, M. A., of Trinity college, Dublin.” pp. 732 and 502, 8vo. The second volume contains the Commentary on the Gospels of Luke and John, and on the Acts of the Apostles. The fourth volume contains the Commentary on the Galatians, Ephesians, Colossians, I. and II. Thessalonians, I. and II. Timothy, Titus, Philemon, and Hebrews. The first and third volumes of this Commentary we noticed in a previous Number of this Review. The whole work is one of rare interest and value; seldom equalled in definiteness and precision of statement, breadth and comprehensiveness of view.
The same enterprising House have also added the seventh and eighth volumes, to the preceding six volumes, of “ The Words of the Lord Jesus, by Rudolf Stier, Doctor of Theology, Chief Pastor and Superintendent of Schkeuditz. Translated from the second revised and enlarged German edition, by the Rev. William B. Pope, Hull.” pp. 500, 468, 8vo. These volumes complete the work. The whole Commentary evinces wide research, and abounds with impressive thoughts. It is an important aid in interpreting some of the most difficult, as well as the most affecting, passages of the Sacred History.
I N D E X.
| the doctrine of pædobaptism, 68; Agassiz's Natural History,noticed,480. universal consecration required of Annals of the American Pulpit, no Christians, 69; the family, a social ticed, 481.
unit, 70; the head of the family Arnold, Dr. Thomas, his theological should consecrate the whole fami
opinions, article on, by Rev. Ben- ly to God, 71 ; the relation of bapjamin Tappan, Jr., 1; his attain tism to circumcision, 73 ; objecments and character, 1; his views tions to this relation, 74; the mode in reference to the inspiration of of baptism, 76. the Scriptures, 3; interpretation, Baptism, a symbol of the commence6; interpretation of prophecy, 8; ment of the new life, article on, by Bible doctrine, 12; Christ and his Rev. II. L. Wayland, 744; conwork, 13; human sinfulness, 15; version, a most momentous change, the penalty of sin, 17; conver 744 ; such a change should have sion, 18; justification by faith, 20; an appropriate celebration, 745; predestination, 23; the Trinity, baptism, designed to symbolize the 24; the church, 25.
commencement of the new life, Atonement, account of Griffin's The 745; the history of baptism before ory of, 132.
Christ, in accordance with this B.
idea, 746; Christ made no change Baptism, a consecratory rite, article in the import of the rite, 746;
on, by Rev. I. E. Dwinell, 54; John's baptism, substantially of the different views of baptism, by dif same import, 746; the same import ferent writers, 54; writers on the illustrated in the formula of bapsubject, not always consistent with tism, 747 ; this view confirmed by themselves, 55; the nature and regarding baptism as a symbol of import of the rite, not sufficiently purification, 748; the analogy beattended to, 55 ; two leading theo tween the deluge and the rite of ries of the import of baptism, 56 ; baptism, 749; baptism unto Moses the rite, consecratory and not dis in the cloud and in the sea, 750; tinctively a purifying rite, 56 ; the analogy between baptism and proof of this, found in the language the death, burial, and resurrec. of the New Testament on the sub tion of Christ, 751; harmony beject, 56; els td óvoua points to the tween the theory of initiation and end or object of the rite, 57 ; the earliest mode of baptism, 752. proof, drawn from the word used Barrows, Prof. E. P., articles by, 353, to denote baptism, in the Peschito 625. version and by Syrian Christians, Bengel's Gnomon, noticed, 246, 889. 59; the theory of consecration best Bible and the People, The, noticed, 489. preserves the unity of the rite, 61; Burgess, Rev. E., article by, 844. this theory best explains the origin Bush's Notes on Numbers, noticed, 692. of different baptisms, 63; baptism, Buller's Lectures on the History of an emblem of purification as well Ancient Philosophy, noticed, 485. as consecration, 64; mode in which Bultmann's Greek Testament, nothe idea of purification is con- ticed, 877. nected with that of consecration,65; the subjects of baptism, 68; the Caprices and Laws of Literature, artheory of purification, at war with i ticle on, by Rev. Leonard With